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GRE Biochemistry

Subjects : gre, science
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Preferable to hydrolysis (like in the breakdown of glycogen or starch - as in the example above) because glucose 1-phosphate yields more ATP than does free glucose when subsequently catabolized to pyruvate.

2. Donates electrons to form a bond such as N in amines and O in alcohols

3. Neutralizes H2O2 - found in lysosomes

4. Vitamin B1 - cofactor that aids in dehydrogenase mostly

5. Ser - Cys - Thr - Gln - Asn

6. An enzyme that removes a phosphate group from its substrate

7. Regulator of glycolysis when glucose is low by cleaving 2;6 BPG lowering PFK1 - opposite effect when glucose is high

8. Phe - Trp - Tyr - Gly - Pro

9. Val - Leu - Ile - Ala - Met

10. Gprotein association - exchanges GDP to GTP - converts AMP into cyclic AMP. Cyclic AMP binds to protein kinase A: Protein kinase A phosphorylates phosphorylase kinase. increases Ca which binds calmodulin proteins which then binds to phosphorylase kin

11. When exons are arranged in multiple orders after removal of introns

12. Non-protein chemical compound that is bound to a protein and is required for the protein'S biological activity

13. Catalyzes the irreversible carboxylation of pyruvate to oxaloacetate (OAA).

14. = pKa+ log(B/A) - -log(Ka)

15. Enzymes in Krebs cycle that produce NADH

16. Operon 1/2 - gene 1/6

17. Unwound - participates in the active transcription of DNA to mRNA products - site of RNA Pol II regulation

18. Derived from golgi vesicles

19. Possess an F plasmid that also includes some DNA taken from the bacterial genome. Sometimes it is formed by incorrect excision from the chromosome

20. Cleaves on C terminal side of lysine and arginine

21. Serine protease that cleaves on c terminal side of aromatics

22. Only one carbon center is changed

23. Possess F factor as a plasmid independent of the bacterial genome. The F plasmid contains only F factor DNA and no DNA from the bacterial genome.

24. Measures physical base pair distance

25. Failure of chromosome pairs to separate during meiosis

26. Vitamin B7 - cofactor that aids in CO2 transfer (carboxylase)

27. Nuclear lamins - desmins - keratins - internexins (structure)

28. Acts as a coenzyme in all transamination reactions - and in some decarboxylation and deamination reactions of amino acids. The aldehyde group of PLP forms a Schiff-base linkage (internal aldimine) with the e-amino group of a specific lysine group of

29. Acetyl-CoA to malonyl-CoA - rate limiting step in fatty acid synthesis

30. Catalyzes the transport of tRNA and mRNA down the ribosome in eukaryotes

31. Circular and double stranded

32. Do not contain F factor

33. Can result in allele differences - suce as 3:1 and 1:3

34. Phosphotransferase - is a type of enzyme that transfers phosphate groups from high-energy donor molecules - such as ATP -[2] to specific substrates. The process is referred to as phosphorylation -

35. It uncouples oxidative phosphorylation by carrying protons across the mitochondrial membrane - leading to a rapid consumption of energy without generation of ATP.

36. (His - Arg - Lys +) - (Glu - Asp -)

37. Can undergo both lytic and lysogenic cycle

38. Irreversible reaction that require ATP first part of glycolosis

39. Measure tendency for recombination (frequency) 1cM = 1% chance of being separated

40. Krebs cycle enzyme

41. Recognizes and targets specific proteins to the endoplasmic reticulum in eukaryotes and the plasma membrane in prokaryotes

42. The most important regulatory enzyme of glycolysis. It is an allosteric enzyme made of 4 subunits and controlled by many activators and inhibitors. PFK-1 catalyzes the important 'committed' step of glycolysis - the conversion of fructose 6-phosphate

43. Catalyze the phosphorylation of tyrosine residues in proteins - involved in signal cascades

44. Can serve as a primer

45. Dynins and kinesins (movement) - cilia and flagella

46. Enter cells freely

47. PKa = pH

48. Gene duplication

49. Isoelectric point and MW

50. 1e-14