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Important Court Cases

Subject : law
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. NC makes mandatory punishment for certain crimes - deemed unconstitutional






2. States did not have power to tax the national bank - reinforces supremacy clause






3. States not allowed to prevent or punish inflammatory speech unless it will lead to imminent lawless action






4. Segregate with al 'due and deliberate speed'






5. Demonstrations near schools that disrupted classes could be legally banned






6. No such thing as executive privilege in criminal cases - but definitely at other times






7. Prohibited state-sponsored recitation of prayer in public schools






8. Overturned Olmstead - warrants were required to listen in on phone conversation






9. Protesters have substantially fewer assembly rights in malls and other private establishments






10. Fed can limit speech that doesn't lead to action (upholding Smith Act - which made it a crime to support any communist organization)






11. Federal courts = final authority on creation of house districts






12. Race-based affirmative action was permissible so long as it was in the service of creating greater diversity






13. States can regulate abortion but not with regulations that impose an 'undue burden' on women






14. Intentional infliction of emotional distress was permissible First Amendment speech as long as it was about a public official - and no one would actually think it was fact






15. Secular rather than religious purpose? neither promote nor discourage religion? avoid 'excessive entanglement?'






16. Legitimate use of eminent domain - town wanting to buy private land and turn it over to private developers






17. Peaceable assembly for lawful discussion cannot be made a crime - selectively incorporated right to lawful assembly to all state governments






18. School district can suspend students for lewd or indecent speech






19. Banned presidential use of a line=item veto as a violation of legislative powers.






20. State govs must provide counsel in cases involving the death penalty to those who can't afford it






21. Separate is not equal






22. You can burn the flag






23. Students don't 'shed their constitutional rights at the schoolhouse door -' Iowa students suspended for wearing armbands to protest Vietnam war






24. Strikes by labor unions are constitutional






25. BSA could expel any homosexual member they wanted because of first amendment right of expressive association






26. Not libel when they thought it was true at the time of printing






27. Selectively incorporates freedom of the press - prevents prior restraint -state injunctions to prevent publication unconstitutional






28. Extended exclusionary rule to the states






29. All state governments must provide an attorney in all cases for those who can't afford one - powerful repudiation of Betts v Brady






30. Gave states more power to regulate abortion






31. Right to privacy






32. Threw out undergraduate system of selection - generally upheld Bakke






33. Overruled Powell - state govs do not have to provide lawyers to indigent defendants in capital cases






34. Libel and obscenity not protected by first amendment - so three-part obscenity test established






35. Invalidated 1989 Flag Protection Act






36. Parents may remove children from public school for religious reasons






37. Giving money to political campaign = free speech - so wealthy people can now spend as much of their own money as they want if they choose to run for federal office






38. Prohibited states from banning teaching of evolution in public schools






39. States cannot set term limits on members of congress






40. State prohibition of consensual sodomy in private is unreasonable invasion of privacy






41. Court rebuffed an attempt by state of New Hampshire to take control of Dartmouth by holding that Dartmouth's corporate charter was qualified as a contract between private parties






42. FCRA mandated that places of public accommodation are prohibited from discrimination against blacks






43. Confessions given immediately before rights are given means the confession is still admissible






44. Executive efforts to prevent publication forbidden (Ellsburg & Vietnam)






45. Clear and present danger (yelling fire) - Holmes






46. All defendants must be informed of legal rights before they are arrested






47. Forbids execution of defendants who are mentally retarded






48. Mandated 21-year-old drinking age (if you don't feds will take away all federal highway funds






49. Any defendant who asked for a lawyer had to have one granted to him - or any confession after that point is inadmissible






50. NY could not grant steamship company monopoly - increased federal power over interstate commerce