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Important Court Cases

Subject : law
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. No such thing as executive privilege in criminal cases - but definitely at other times

2. All defendants must be informed of legal rights before they are arrested

3. 'Bad Tendency Doctrine -' speech restricted if it has tendency to lead to illegal actions; selectively incorporated freedom of speech to states

4. Invalidated 1989 Flag Protection Act

5. Mandated 21-year-old drinking age (if you don't feds will take away all federal highway funds

6. Peaceable assembly for lawful discussion cannot be made a crime - selectively incorporated right to lawful assembly to all state governments

7. Florida recount in 2000 election was a violation of fourteenth amendment's equal protection clause

8. Gave states more power to regulate abortion

9. Demonstrations near schools that disrupted classes could be legally banned

10. Strikes by labor unions are constitutional

11. Separate is not equal

12. Executive efforts to prevent publication forbidden (Ellsburg & Vietnam)

13. Overturned Olmstead - warrants were required to listen in on phone conversation

14. BSA could expel any homosexual member they wanted because of first amendment right of expressive association

15. Established judicial review

16. State prohibition of consensual sodomy in private is unreasonable invasion of privacy

17. Citizens of Japanese descent could be interned and deprived of basic constitutional rights due to executive order

18. First time court overturned state law on constitutional grounds.

19. Ordered house districts to be near as equal as possible - enshrined principal of 'one man - one vote.'

20. Intentional infliction of emotional distress was permissible First Amendment speech as long as it was about a public official - and no one would actually think it was fact

21. Federal wiretaps of phone conversation is constitutional

22. States cannot set term limits on members of congress

23. Cities could legitimately require parade permits in the interest of pubic order (Jehovah's Witnesses march w/out permit)

24. NC makes mandatory punishment for certain crimes - deemed unconstitutional

25. State govs must provide counsel in cases involving the death penalty to those who can't afford it

26. Established exclusionary rule

27. Separate but equal for races

28. Fighting words - certain offensive types of speech prohibited

29. Helped states to engage in eminent domain - said that fifth amendment right to take private property for public use is legal for states without eminent domain

30. States not allowed to prevent or punish inflammatory speech unless it will lead to imminent lawless action

31. Segregate with al 'due and deliberate speed'

32. Race cannot be sole or predominant factor in redrawing legislative district boundaries (1982 VRA wants them to do that - though)

33. Court rebuffed an attempt by state of New Hampshire to take control of Dartmouth by holding that Dartmouth's corporate charter was qualified as a contract between private parties

34. Confessions given immediately before rights are given means the confession is still admissible

35. School district can suspend students for lewd or indecent speech

36. Not libel when they thought it was true at the time of printing

37. NY could not grant steamship company monopoly - increased federal power over interstate commerce

38. Right to privacy

39. Extended exclusionary rule to the states

40. Students don't 'shed their constitutional rights at the schoolhouse door -' Iowa students suspended for wearing armbands to protest Vietnam war

41. Established national abortion guidelines by extending inferred right of privacy from Griswold

42. Banned presidential use of a line=item veto as a violation of legislative powers.

43. Forbids state-mandated bible reading

44. Threw out undergraduate system of selection - generally upheld Bakke

45. Race-based affirmative action was permissible so long as it was in the service of creating greater diversity

46. Secular rather than religious purpose? neither promote nor discourage religion? avoid 'excessive entanglement?'

47. Giving money to political campaign = free speech - so wealthy people can now spend as much of their own money as they want if they choose to run for federal office

48. Forbids execution of defendants who are mentally retarded

49. Legitimate use of eminent domain - town wanting to buy private land and turn it over to private developers

50. Prohibited state-sponsored recitation of prayer in public schools