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Important Court Cases

Subject : law
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Any defendant who asked for a lawyer had to have one granted to him - or any confession after that point is inadmissible

2. Legitimate use of eminent domain - town wanting to buy private land and turn it over to private developers

3. African Americans denied right to vote in primaries = violate fifteenth amendment

4. Confessions given immediately before rights are given means the confession is still admissible

5. Race cannot be sole or predominant factor in redrawing legislative district boundaries (1982 VRA wants them to do that - though)

6. First time court overturned state law on constitutional grounds.

7. Banned presidential use of a line=item veto as a violation of legislative powers.

8. Fighting words - certain offensive types of speech prohibited

9. Overturned Olmstead - warrants were required to listen in on phone conversation

10. Established exclusionary rule

11. Invalidated 1989 Flag Protection Act

12. Race-based affirmative action was permissible so long as it was in the service of creating greater diversity

13. Made the CRA 1964 apply to virtually all businesses

14. Separate but equal for races

15. Strikes by labor unions are constitutional

16. Protesters have substantially fewer assembly rights in malls and other private establishments

17. Prohibited state-sponsored recitation of prayer in public schools

18. Mandated 21-year-old drinking age (if you don't feds will take away all federal highway funds

19. Threw out undergraduate system of selection - generally upheld Bakke

20. Executive efforts to prevent publication forbidden (Ellsburg & Vietnam)

21. Not libel when they thought it was true at the time of printing

22. Students don't 'shed their constitutional rights at the schoolhouse door -' Iowa students suspended for wearing armbands to protest Vietnam war

23. States not allowed to prevent or punish inflammatory speech unless it will lead to imminent lawless action

24. NY could not grant steamship company monopoly - increased federal power over interstate commerce

25. Florida recount in 2000 election was a violation of fourteenth amendment's equal protection clause

26. Selectively incorporates freedom of the press - prevents prior restraint -state injunctions to prevent publication unconstitutional

27. Peaceable assembly for lawful discussion cannot be made a crime - selectively incorporated right to lawful assembly to all state governments

28. Overruled Powell - state govs do not have to provide lawyers to indigent defendants in capital cases

29. No such thing as executive privilege in criminal cases - but definitely at other times

30. Established national abortion guidelines by extending inferred right of privacy from Griswold

31. BSA could expel any homosexual member they wanted because of first amendment right of expressive association

32. NC makes mandatory punishment for certain crimes - deemed unconstitutional

33. Segregate with al 'due and deliberate speed'

34. Established judicial review

35. Intentional infliction of emotional distress was permissible First Amendment speech as long as it was about a public official - and no one would actually think it was fact

36. You can burn the flag

37. FCRA mandated that places of public accommodation are prohibited from discrimination against blacks

38. Extended exclusionary rule to the states

39. States can regulate abortion but not with regulations that impose an 'undue burden' on women

40. Gave states more power to regulate abortion

41. 'Bad Tendency Doctrine -' speech restricted if it has tendency to lead to illegal actions; selectively incorporated freedom of speech to states

42. Parents may remove children from public school for religious reasons

43. Prohibited states from banning teaching of evolution in public schools

44. Cross burning = 'fighting words' = unconstitutional

45. Cities could legitimately require parade permits in the interest of pubic order (Jehovah's Witnesses march w/out permit)

46. Forbids execution of defendants who are mentally retarded

47. School district can suspend students for lewd or indecent speech

48. Citizens of Japanese descent could be interned and deprived of basic constitutional rights due to executive order

49. States cannot set term limits on members of congress

50. Secular rather than religious purpose? neither promote nor discourage religion? avoid 'excessive entanglement?'