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Important Court Cases

Subject : law
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Strikes by labor unions are constitutional

2. States can regulate abortion but not with regulations that impose an 'undue burden' on women

3. Secular rather than religious purpose? neither promote nor discourage religion? avoid 'excessive entanglement?'

4. Cross burning = 'fighting words' = unconstitutional

5. BSA could expel any homosexual member they wanted because of first amendment right of expressive association

6. Overturned Olmstead - warrants were required to listen in on phone conversation

7. Mandated 21-year-old drinking age (if you don't feds will take away all federal highway funds

8. Libel and obscenity not protected by first amendment - so three-part obscenity test established

9. Court rebuffed an attempt by state of New Hampshire to take control of Dartmouth by holding that Dartmouth's corporate charter was qualified as a contract between private parties

10. Ordered house districts to be near as equal as possible - enshrined principal of 'one man - one vote.'

11. Any defendant who asked for a lawyer had to have one granted to him - or any confession after that point is inadmissible

12. Established judicial review

13. Made the CRA 1964 apply to virtually all businesses

14. Giving money to political campaign = free speech - so wealthy people can now spend as much of their own money as they want if they choose to run for federal office

15. State govs must provide counsel in cases involving the death penalty to those who can't afford it

16. Separate is not equal

17. Separate but equal for races

18. Gave states more power to regulate abortion

19. States cannot set term limits on members of congress

20. You can burn the flag

21. 'Bad Tendency Doctrine -' speech restricted if it has tendency to lead to illegal actions; selectively incorporated freedom of speech to states

22. Extended exclusionary rule to the states

23. Forbids state-mandated bible reading

24. NY could not grant steamship company monopoly - increased federal power over interstate commerce

25. Overruled Powell - state govs do not have to provide lawyers to indigent defendants in capital cases

26. Banned presidential use of a line=item veto as a violation of legislative powers.

27. Threw out undergraduate system of selection - generally upheld Bakke

28. African Americans denied right to vote in primaries = violate fifteenth amendment

29. NC makes mandatory punishment for certain crimes - deemed unconstitutional

30. Parents may remove children from public school for religious reasons

31. Citizens of Japanese descent could be interned and deprived of basic constitutional rights due to executive order

32. Established exclusionary rule

33. Selectively incorporates freedom of the press - prevents prior restraint -state injunctions to prevent publication unconstitutional

34. First time court overturned state law on constitutional grounds.

35. Invalidated 1989 Flag Protection Act

36. Peaceable assembly for lawful discussion cannot be made a crime - selectively incorporated right to lawful assembly to all state governments

37. Segregate with al 'due and deliberate speed'

38. States did not have power to tax the national bank - reinforces supremacy clause

39. Protesters have substantially fewer assembly rights in malls and other private establishments

40. Florida recount in 2000 election was a violation of fourteenth amendment's equal protection clause

41. No such thing as executive privilege in criminal cases - but definitely at other times

42. Cities could legitimately require parade permits in the interest of pubic order (Jehovah's Witnesses march w/out permit)

43. Race cannot be sole or predominant factor in redrawing legislative district boundaries (1982 VRA wants them to do that - though)

44. School district can suspend students for lewd or indecent speech

45. Intentional infliction of emotional distress was permissible First Amendment speech as long as it was about a public official - and no one would actually think it was fact

46. All state governments must provide an attorney in all cases for those who can't afford one - powerful repudiation of Betts v Brady

47. State prohibition of consensual sodomy in private is unreasonable invasion of privacy

48. Helped states to engage in eminent domain - said that fifth amendment right to take private property for public use is legal for states without eminent domain

49. Prohibited state-sponsored recitation of prayer in public schools

50. Commerce clause of the constitution does not give congress the power to regulate guns near state operated schools