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Important Court Cases

Subject : law
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Established exclusionary rule






2. Libel and obscenity not protected by first amendment - so three-part obscenity test established






3. Fighting words - certain offensive types of speech prohibited






4. Court rebuffed an attempt by state of New Hampshire to take control of Dartmouth by holding that Dartmouth's corporate charter was qualified as a contract between private parties






5. States not allowed to prevent or punish inflammatory speech unless it will lead to imminent lawless action






6. Extended exclusionary rule to the states






7. Race cannot be sole or predominant factor in redrawing legislative district boundaries (1982 VRA wants them to do that - though)






8. BSA could expel any homosexual member they wanted because of first amendment right of expressive association






9. States can regulate abortion but not with regulations that impose an 'undue burden' on women






10. No such thing as executive privilege in criminal cases - but definitely at other times






11. Overturned Olmstead - warrants were required to listen in on phone conversation






12. Demonstrations near schools that disrupted classes could be legally banned






13. Overruled Powell - state govs do not have to provide lawyers to indigent defendants in capital cases






14. FCRA mandated that places of public accommodation are prohibited from discrimination against blacks






15. Banned presidential use of a line=item veto as a violation of legislative powers.






16. Forbids state-mandated bible reading






17. Prohibited states from banning teaching of evolution in public schools






18. Gave states more power to regulate abortion






19. Race-based affirmative action was permissible so long as it was in the service of creating greater diversity






20. Confessions given immediately before rights are given means the confession is still admissible






21. Helped states to engage in eminent domain - said that fifth amendment right to take private property for public use is legal for states without eminent domain






22. State prohibition of consensual sodomy in private is unreasonable invasion of privacy






23. Federal wiretaps of phone conversation is constitutional






24. Legitimate use of eminent domain - town wanting to buy private land and turn it over to private developers






25. Cities could legitimately require parade permits in the interest of pubic order (Jehovah's Witnesses march w/out permit)






26. 'Bad Tendency Doctrine -' speech restricted if it has tendency to lead to illegal actions; selectively incorporated freedom of speech to states






27. Invalidated 1989 Flag Protection Act






28. Secular rather than religious purpose? neither promote nor discourage religion? avoid 'excessive entanglement?'






29. First time court overturned state law on constitutional grounds.






30. Established judicial review






31. States cannot set term limits on members of congress






32. Cross burning = 'fighting words' = unconstitutional






33. Federal courts = final authority on creation of house districts






34. Any defendant who asked for a lawyer had to have one granted to him - or any confession after that point is inadmissible






35. Forbids execution of defendants who are mentally retarded






36. All defendants must be informed of legal rights before they are arrested






37. States did not have power to tax the national bank - reinforces supremacy clause






38. Segregate with al 'due and deliberate speed'






39. NY could not grant steamship company monopoly - increased federal power over interstate commerce






40. Parents may remove children from public school for religious reasons






41. Students don't 'shed their constitutional rights at the schoolhouse door -' Iowa students suspended for wearing armbands to protest Vietnam war






42. Made the CRA 1964 apply to virtually all businesses






43. Strikes by labor unions are constitutional






44. School district can suspend students for lewd or indecent speech






45. Not libel when they thought it was true at the time of printing






46. Threw out undergraduate system of selection - generally upheld Bakke






47. State govs must provide counsel in cases involving the death penalty to those who can't afford it






48. Commerce clause of the constitution does not give congress the power to regulate guns near state operated schools






49. Clear and present danger (yelling fire) - Holmes






50. Prohibited state-sponsored recitation of prayer in public schools