Test your basic knowledge |

Important Court Cases

Subject : law
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Citizens of Japanese descent could be interned and deprived of basic constitutional rights due to executive order

2. Any defendant who asked for a lawyer had to have one granted to him - or any confession after that point is inadmissible

3. Forbids state-mandated bible reading

4. All state governments must provide an attorney in all cases for those who can't afford one - powerful repudiation of Betts v Brady

5. Confessions given immediately before rights are given means the confession is still admissible

6. Extended exclusionary rule to the states

7. State prohibition of consensual sodomy in private is unreasonable invasion of privacy

8. Strikes by labor unions are constitutional

9. Made the CRA 1964 apply to virtually all businesses

10. Cities could legitimately require parade permits in the interest of pubic order (Jehovah's Witnesses march w/out permit)

11. Forbids execution of defendants who are mentally retarded

12. First time court overturned state law on constitutional grounds.

13. Fed can limit speech that doesn't lead to action (upholding Smith Act - which made it a crime to support any communist organization)

14. Parents may remove children from public school for religious reasons

15. NC makes mandatory punishment for certain crimes - deemed unconstitutional

16. Right to privacy

17. Florida recount in 2000 election was a violation of fourteenth amendment's equal protection clause

18. Cross burning = 'fighting words' = unconstitutional

19. Prohibited state-sponsored recitation of prayer in public schools

20. States cannot set term limits on members of congress

21. Federal wiretaps of phone conversation is constitutional

22. Libel and obscenity not protected by first amendment - so three-part obscenity test established

23. You can burn the flag

24. Threw out undergraduate system of selection - generally upheld Bakke

25. Protesters have substantially fewer assembly rights in malls and other private establishments

26. Race cannot be sole or predominant factor in redrawing legislative district boundaries (1982 VRA wants them to do that - though)

27. BSA could expel any homosexual member they wanted because of first amendment right of expressive association

28. Demonstrations near schools that disrupted classes could be legally banned

29. Intentional infliction of emotional distress was permissible First Amendment speech as long as it was about a public official - and no one would actually think it was fact

30. Established national abortion guidelines by extending inferred right of privacy from Griswold

31. Gave states more power to regulate abortion

32. NY could not grant steamship company monopoly - increased federal power over interstate commerce

33. Students don't 'shed their constitutional rights at the schoolhouse door -' Iowa students suspended for wearing armbands to protest Vietnam war

34. Banned presidential use of a line=item veto as a violation of legislative powers.

35. Ordered house districts to be near as equal as possible - enshrined principal of 'one man - one vote.'

36. Federal courts = final authority on creation of house districts

37. Legitimate use of eminent domain - town wanting to buy private land and turn it over to private developers

38. Clear and present danger (yelling fire) - Holmes

39. Not libel when they thought it was true at the time of printing

40. Mandated 21-year-old drinking age (if you don't feds will take away all federal highway funds

41. Secular rather than religious purpose? neither promote nor discourage religion? avoid 'excessive entanglement?'

42. Separate but equal for races

43. States not allowed to prevent or punish inflammatory speech unless it will lead to imminent lawless action

44. FCRA mandated that places of public accommodation are prohibited from discrimination against blacks

45. Prohibited states from banning teaching of evolution in public schools

46. Selectively incorporates freedom of the press - prevents prior restraint -state injunctions to prevent publication unconstitutional

47. No such thing as executive privilege in criminal cases - but definitely at other times

48. Giving money to political campaign = free speech - so wealthy people can now spend as much of their own money as they want if they choose to run for federal office

49. Commerce clause of the constitution does not give congress the power to regulate guns near state operated schools

50. Race-based affirmative action was permissible so long as it was in the service of creating greater diversity