Test your basic knowledge |

Important Court Cases

Subject : law
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Any defendant who asked for a lawyer had to have one granted to him - or any confession after that point is inadmissible






2. You can burn the flag






3. Helped states to engage in eminent domain - said that fifth amendment right to take private property for public use is legal for states without eminent domain






4. Extended exclusionary rule to the states






5. Confessions given immediately before rights are given means the confession is still admissible






6. Demonstrations near schools that disrupted classes could be legally banned






7. Peaceable assembly for lawful discussion cannot be made a crime - selectively incorporated right to lawful assembly to all state governments






8. Banned presidential use of a line=item veto as a violation of legislative powers.






9. Federal wiretaps of phone conversation is constitutional






10. Established exclusionary rule






11. 'Bad Tendency Doctrine -' speech restricted if it has tendency to lead to illegal actions; selectively incorporated freedom of speech to states






12. Selectively incorporates freedom of the press - prevents prior restraint -state injunctions to prevent publication unconstitutional






13. State govs must provide counsel in cases involving the death penalty to those who can't afford it






14. State prohibition of consensual sodomy in private is unreasonable invasion of privacy






15. States did not have power to tax the national bank - reinforces supremacy clause






16. Libel and obscenity not protected by first amendment - so three-part obscenity test established






17. All defendants must be informed of legal rights before they are arrested






18. Not libel when they thought it was true at the time of printing






19. NY could not grant steamship company monopoly - increased federal power over interstate commerce






20. Prohibited state-sponsored recitation of prayer in public schools






21. Forbids execution of defendants who are mentally retarded






22. Students don't 'shed their constitutional rights at the schoolhouse door -' Iowa students suspended for wearing armbands to protest Vietnam war






23. BSA could expel any homosexual member they wanted because of first amendment right of expressive association






24. Cross burning = 'fighting words' = unconstitutional






25. Protesters have substantially fewer assembly rights in malls and other private establishments






26. Fed can limit speech that doesn't lead to action (upholding Smith Act - which made it a crime to support any communist organization)






27. States cannot set term limits on members of congress






28. Clear and present danger (yelling fire) - Holmes






29. States not allowed to prevent or punish inflammatory speech unless it will lead to imminent lawless action






30. Made the CRA 1964 apply to virtually all businesses






31. Federal courts = final authority on creation of house districts






32. Gave states more power to regulate abortion






33. Invalidated 1989 Flag Protection Act






34. Citizens of Japanese descent could be interned and deprived of basic constitutional rights due to executive order






35. Secular rather than religious purpose? neither promote nor discourage religion? avoid 'excessive entanglement?'






36. Halt to all death penalty punishments in nation until a less arbitrary method of sentencing was found






37. Separate is not equal






38. First time court overturned state law on constitutional grounds.






39. Overruled Powell - state govs do not have to provide lawyers to indigent defendants in capital cases






40. Executive efforts to prevent publication forbidden (Ellsburg & Vietnam)






41. Right to privacy






42. Intentional infliction of emotional distress was permissible First Amendment speech as long as it was about a public official - and no one would actually think it was fact






43. Established judicial review






44. All state governments must provide an attorney in all cases for those who can't afford one - powerful repudiation of Betts v Brady






45. Commerce clause of the constitution does not give congress the power to regulate guns near state operated schools






46. Threw out undergraduate system of selection - generally upheld Bakke






47. Cities could legitimately require parade permits in the interest of pubic order (Jehovah's Witnesses march w/out permit)






48. Prohibited states from banning teaching of evolution in public schools






49. Legitimate use of eminent domain - town wanting to buy private land and turn it over to private developers






50. Race-based affirmative action was permissible so long as it was in the service of creating greater diversity