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Introductory Logic Vocab

Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A sentence which is either true or false






2. A statement that affirms an outcome based on a condition.






3. Two statements are independant if the truth or falsity of one has no effect on the truth or falsity of the other






4. An illegitimate appeal to a majority






5. The extention of a term is the sum of all the individual objects described by it






6. The quantity of a statement is the scope of its claim about the extension of the subject: universal (entire extension) or particular (partial)






7. Words that set boundaries - referring only to a limited class of things






8. The relationship between a universal and particular statement of the same quality - in which the truth of the universal necessitates the truth of the particular






9. The relationship between a universal and particular statement of the same quality - in which the falsity of the particular necessitates the falsity of the universal






10. Two statements are subcontraries if and only if both can be true but both cannot be false






11. A vagueness of grammar that disguises or alters meaning






12. Difference of opinion or perception






13. A popular but invalid (or unhelpful) form of argument






14. A term that - within a statement - refers to all members of its class






15. A statement which can be inferred directly from another statement






16. A set of statements - one of which appears to be implied or supported by the others






17. Any statement is either true or false






18. Found once in each premise






19. Attacking a position by pointing out how the arguer came to hold it






20. A hasty generalization






21. An argument that uses only hypothetical statements






22. A diagram of the basic relationships between statements with the same subject and predicate






23. A self-contradiction is a statement that is false due to its logical structure






24. A supported statement is a statement whose truth value depends on evidence or information from outside itself






25. When there appears to be inconsistency - we have a disagreement






26. A statement that reverses the subject and predicate






27. The set of all terms not included in the given term






28. Secretly assuming what you are trying to prove






29. Contains the minor term






30. Deductive argument consisting of three statements in categorical form that together use only three terms - called the major - minor - and middle






31. The subject of a statement is the term being described - or about which something is asserted






32. Deals directly with the proper modes of reasoning






33. The conclusion of an argument is the statement which appears to be implied by the other statements in the argument - which are called premises






34. Arguments that confuse the issue by pointing to information that is actually irrelevant to the conclusion






35. The premise containing the major term






36. Improperly assuming that a sequence in time implies a cause and effect






37. A question crafted to exclude any possible legitimate response






38. Two statements are related by implication if the truth of one requires the truth of the other






39. A verbal attack on a person rather than his argument






40. A representation of a syllogism - having statements in standard order with standard abbreviations of its terms






41. An argument based merely on the passage of time






42. Two statements are consistent if they can both be true at the same time






43. An illegimate appeal to authority






44. The result of the condition - the part after the 'then'






45. The sum of all the common attributes denoted by the term






46. The fallacy of transferring attributes from part to whole






47. A word is ambiguous if it has more than one possible meaning






48. The science and art of reasoning well






49. A verbal disagreement is a misunderstanding due to differing definitions to differing definitions for one or more words






50. A word - often a relative pronoun or adverb - that refers to a broad range of things or times