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Introductory Logic Vocab

Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A statement that reverses the subject and predicate






2. The fallacy of transferring attributes from whole to part






3. Changing the definition of a term in the middle of an argument






4. A term that - within a statement - refers to all members of its class






5. Alters the meaning of a statement through changed emphasis






6. Deductive argument consisting of three statements in categorical form that together use only three terms - called the major - minor - and middle






7. A real disagreement is an actual inconsistancy between two statements: they cannot both be true at the same time






8. A sentence which is either true or false






9. Points to an inconsistency between a person's argument and behavior






10. A tautology is a statement which is always true because of its logical structure






11. An argument based merely on the passage of time






12. A vagueness of grammar that disguises or alters meaning






13. A concept that can be expressed precisely






14. A syllogism is valid if and only if the conclusion is necessarily true given that the premises are true






15. A question crafted to exclude any possible legitimate response






16. An illegitimate appeal to a majority






17. Improperly assuming that a sequence in time implies a cause and effect






18. The premise containing the major term






19. The conclusion of an argument is the statement which appears to be implied by the other statements in the argument - which are called premises






20. A supported statement is a statement whose truth value depends on evidence or information from outside itself






21. A genus of a term is a term that is more general - broad - or abstract than the original term and includes it






22. Is a syllogism of the same form as the original - but with obviously true premises and false conclusion - in order to show the original to be invalid






23. A self-supporting statement is a statement whose truth value can be determined from the statement itself






24. The result of the condition - the part after the 'then'






25. Two statements are subcontraries if and only if both can be true but both cannot be false






26. Two statements are logically equivalent if they imply one another






27. Contains the minor term






28. Two statements are independant if the truth or falsity of one has no effect on the truth or falsity of the other






29. A verbal attack on a person rather than his argument






30. An argument in which a statement is unstated and assumed. Specifically - it is a syllogism with one assumed statement






31. The sum of all the common attributes denoted by the term






32. Deals directly with the proper modes of reasoning






33. A set of statements - one of which appears to be implied or supported by the others






34. An illegitimate appeal to force






35. A number from 1 to 4 identifying the placement of its middle term






36. A statement which can be inferred directly from another statement






37. Words that set boundaries - referring only to a limited class of things






38. Reasoning with probability from examples or experience to general rules






39. A verbal disagreement is a misunderstanding due to differing definitions to differing definitions for one or more words






40. Two statements are consistent if they can both be true at the same time






41. A statement cannot be both true and false






42. Two statements are in contradiction if and only if they always have opposite truth values






43. The predicate of the conclusion and is used in one premise






44. A word is ambiguous if it has more than one possible meaning






45. A statement that reverses and negates both the subject and predicate of the original






46. The condition - the part following the 'if'






47. Arguments that confuse the issue by pointing to information that is actually irrelevant to the conclusion






48. Two statements are contrary if and only if they can both be false but cannot both be true






49. An illegimate appeal to authority






50. A statement that affirms an outcome based on a condition.