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Test your basic knowledge 
Introductory Logic Vocab
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Study First
Subject
:
logicandreasoning
Instructions:
Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
If you are not ready to take this test, you can
study here
.
Match each statement with the correct term.
Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.
This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it reenforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. An illegitimate appeal to force
ad baculum
obverse of a statement
inclusive
apriorism
2. Is valid and has true premises
obverse of a statement
valid
sound syllogism
either/or
3. Arguments that confuse the real issue with multiple  vague  or otherwise unclear meanings
fallacies of ambiguity
ad ignorantiam
induction
converse of a statement
4. The subject of the conclusion and is used in the other premise
minor term
ad ignorantiam
selfcontradiction
contrapositive of a statement
5. Two statements are related by implication if the truth of one requires the truth of the other
either/or
chronological snobbery
bulverism
implication
6. The sum of all the common attributes denoted by the term
consequent
figure
intension
pure hypothetical syllogism
7. A vagueness of grammar that disguises or alters meaning
amphiboly
counterexample
antecedent
consistant
8. A hasty generalization
apriorism
post hoc ergo propter hoc
sound syllogism
schema
9. Improperly assuming that a sequence in time implies a cause and effect
inclusive
obverse of a statement
minor term
post hoc ergo propter hoc
10. Is a syllogism of the same form as the original  but with obviously true premises and false conclusion  in order to show the original to be invalid
counterexample
apriorism
complement of a term
logical equivalence
11. Deals directly with the proper modes of reasoning
term
formal logic
subject
division
12. A tautology is a statement which is always true because of its logical structure
exclusives
tautology
consistant
enthymeme
13. Any statement is either true or false
law of excluded middle
supported statements
ipse dixit
induction
14. Two statements are consistent if they can both be true at the same time
implication
consistant
counterexample
ipse dixit
15. The set of all terms not included in the given term
genus
complement of a term
exclusives
middle term
16. The premise containing the major term
apriorism
circular reasoning
contrary
major premise
17. A word  often a relative pronoun or adverb  that refers to a broad range of things or times
bulverism
fallacies of form
contrapositive of a statement
inclusive
18. The predicate of the conclusion and is used in one premise
non sequitur
term
supported statements
major term
19. Reasoning with probability from examples or experience to general rules
immediate reference
non sequitur
induction
inclusive
20. Secretly assuming what you are trying to prove
chronological snobbery
inclusive
formal logic
circular reasoning
21. A supported statement is a statement whose truth value depends on evidence or information from outside itself
law of identity
supported statements
either/or
division
22. A representation of a syllogism  having statements in standard order with standard abbreviations of its terms
circular reasoning
minor term
schema
post hoc ergo propter hoc
23. A statement that affirms an outcome based on a condition.
informal fallacy
non sequitur
hypothetical
middle term
24. A popular but invalid (or unhelpful) form of argument
informal fallacy
ad baculum
ad populum
logic
25. Alters the meaning of a statement through changed emphasis
bulverism
fallacy of accent
valid
selfcontradiction
26. Words that set boundaries  referring only to a limited class of things
ipse dixit
independance
division
exclusives
27. A selfsupporting statement is a statement whose truth value can be determined from the statement itself
real disagreement
selfsupporting statements
hypothetical
genus
28. A statement that reverses the subject and predicate
bulverism
division
converse of a statement
minor premise
29. Two statements are independant if the truth or falsity of one has no effect on the truth or falsity of the other
ad hominem
immediate reference
independance
complement of a term
30. If a statement is true  then it is true
law of identity
converse of a statement
enthymeme
verbal disagreement
31. A statement which can be inferred directly from another statement
obverse of a statement
subcontrariety
immediate reference
tautology
32. The subject of a statement is the term being described  or about which something is asserted
term
contradiction
subject
real disagreement
33. A set of statements  one of which appears to be implied or supported by the others
argument`
law of excluded middle
quantity
ad baculum
34. A statement cannot be both true and false
fallacy of distraction
conclusion
law of NonContradiction
obverse of a statement
35. Found once in each premise
square of oppisition
middle term
counterexample
verbal disagreement
36. The science and art of reasoning well
induction
either/or
logic
quantity
37. The fallacy of transferring attributes from whole to part
intension
subject
division
distributed term
38. Changing the definition of a term in the middle of an argument
argument`
sound syllogism
genus
equivocation
39. Points to an inconsistency between a person's argument and behavior
tu quoque
non sequitur
bulverism
division
40. An illegitimate appeal to a majority
distributed term
immediate reference
ad populum
fallacies of ambiguity
41. A sentence which is either true or false
statement
chronological snobbery
figure
complex question
42. A verbal attack on a person rather than his argument
formal logic
non sequitur
ad hominem
inclusive
43. The relationship between a universal and particular statement of the same quality  in which the truth of the universal necessitates the truth of the particular
mood
genus
subimplication
bulverism
44. Arguments that confuse the issue by pointing to information that is actually irrelevant to the conclusion
ad hominem
major premise
fallacy of distraction
sound syllogism
45. The fallacy of transferring attributes from part to whole
tautology
composition
superimplication
law of NonContradiction
46. A term that  within a statement  refers to all members of its class
equivocation
distributed term
exclusives
apparent disagreement
47. An argument based merely on the passage of time
pure hypothetical syllogism
either/or
fallacy of accent
chronological snobbery
48. Contains the minor term
minor premise
subimplication
major term
statement
49. An argument from lack of evidence
informal fallacy
genus
ad ignorantiam
contrapositive of a statement
50. The extention of a term is the sum of all the individual objects described by it
extension
selfcontradiction
selfsupporting statements
apparent disagreement