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Language Teaching Methods

Subject : teaching
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Should try to lose themselves in activities involving meaningful communication

2. Each language has unique rhythm and spirit; core structure and functional vocab are keys to spirit

3. Based on selection of communicative activities and topics derived from learners' needs

4. Essence of language is meaning; vocab not grammar is heart of the language

5. Direct class activities; demonstrate - not explain or translate; give Ss choices to correct selves

6. Dialogues & drills; repetition & memorization pattern practice

7. Textbooks; prepared passages and related grammar and vocab exercises

8. Learning occurs through suggestion - when learners are in deeply relaxed state; baroque music used to induce state

9. Imperative drills to elicit physical actions

10. Based on situations and topics - not usually linguistic

11. Use L2 exclusively; inductive grammar; much speaking - T to Ss and Ss to Ss; dictation

12. Initiatives - question and answer - role play; listening exercises while deeply relaxed

13. Central & active teacher centered method; provides model - controls direction & pace

14. Teacher oriented; tapes & visuals; language lab often used

15. Repetition; substitution drills; avoid translation and grammar explanation; students not allowed to make mistakes

16. Habit formation; skills learned more effectively if oral before written; analogy - not analysis

17. Read and write; no control over content; memorize; answer-usually written

18. Basically structuralist - grammar-based view of language

19. Answer and ask questions - use L2 and communicate as if in real situations

20. Student respond to commands - questions - visual cues; encourage and shape oral responses; no grammar explanation or modeling

21. Create situations and present materials to encourage positive reception and retention; exude authority and confidence

22. Acquire vocab by speaking full sentences in L2; communication is purpose of language learning

23. Leaning L2 and L1 different; L2 learning is intellectual; feel music of language; silent awareness - then active trial

24. Text - plays - dialogues drive T's demonstrations of their meanings; objects (realia) in class

25. Learners are members of a community; learning not an individual accomplishment - but is achieved collaboratively

26. Based on structure- grammar and vocab; items introduced by grammatical complexity

27. Language involved whole person and culture; educational - developmental - communicative process

28. Innovative and conventional; translation - group work - recording - transcription - free conversation

29. Ten-unit courses consisting of 1 -200 word dialogues - graded by vocab and grammar

30. No specific objectives; near native mastery is goal

31. Based on here and now - focus on meaning - not form; must allow for comprehensible input

32. Control of structures of sound; form & order; mastery over symbols of L2; native speaker mastery

33. Relies on text and visual aids; test is tightly organized - has structurally graded lessons

34. Translation; reading comp; memorization of vocab lists; identify synonyms - antonyms - cognates - deductive application of grammar rules

35. Listen and perform; little influence over content of learning

36. Graded syllabus of phonology - morphology & syntax; contrastive analysis

37. Maintain passive state; allow materials to work on them

38. Realia rather than textbooks; aim is to promote comprehension and communication

39. Language is a system for expression of meaning; primary function is interaction & communication

40. To be able to read literature in L2; translate L2 to L1 and vice versa; achieve proficiency in L2 reading and writing

41. Leaning involves whole person; social process of growth

42. Facilator of communication process; needs analyst - counsellor; process manager

43. No set syllabus; syllabus comes from learners' intentions and teachers reformulations

44. Language is a rule governed system - hierarchically arranged

45. Act as model in presenting structures; lead drill practice; correct errors; test progress

46. Literary language is superior to spoken language

47. Counselling and parent analogy; provide safe environment for students to learn and grow

48. Language is primarily speech; learning language involves culture

49. Produce learners who can communicate orally - intelligibly uninhibitedly with native speakers

50. Learning cannot lead to acquisition; learning- a conscious process; acquisition- a natural - subconscious process