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Language Teaching Methods

Subject : teaching
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Based on situations and topics - not usually linguistic

2. Graded syllabus of phonology - morphology & syntax; contrastive analysis

3. Realia rather than textbooks; aim is to promote comprehension and communication

4. Active and direct role - 'director' of stage play with students as actors

5. Text - plays - dialogues drive T's demonstrations of their meanings; objects (realia) in class

6. Unique materials' colored rods; coded pronunciation and vocab charts

7. Language is primarily speech; learning language involves culture

8. Facilator of communication process; needs analyst - counsellor; process manager

9. Sentence-based with grammatical and lexical criteria being primary focus on meaning - not form

10. Relies on text and visual aids; test is tightly organized - has structurally graded lessons

11. Should try to lose themselves in activities involving meaningful communication

12. Literary language is superior to spoken language

13. Ten-unit courses consisting of 1 -200 word dialogues - graded by vocab and grammar

14. Literary passages to be translated; vocab and grammar based lessons based on passages

15. Control of structures of sound; form & order; mastery over symbols of L2; native speaker mastery

16. A list of structures and vocab - graded by grammatical complexity

17. Innovative and conventional; translation - group work - recording - transcription - free conversation

18. Maintain passive state; allow materials to work on them

19. Act as model in presenting structures; lead drill practice; correct errors; test progress

20. Use language meaningful to promote learning; activities involving real communication

21. No specific objectives; near native mastery is goal

22. Based on structure- grammar and vocab; items introduced by grammatical complexity

23. Initiatives - question and answer - role play; listening exercises while deeply relaxed

24. Acquire vocab by speaking full sentences in L2; communication is purpose of language learning

25. Answer and ask questions - use L2 and communicate as if in real situations

26. Essence of language is meaning; vocab not grammar is heart of the language

27. Leaning involves whole person; social process of growth

28. Authentic & task based materials to promote communication

29. Learning occurs through suggestion - when learners are in deeply relaxed state; baroque music used to induce state

30. To be able to read literature in L2; translate L2 to L1 and vice versa; achieve proficiency in L2 reading and writing

31. Create situations and present materials to encourage positive reception and retention; exude authority and confidence

32. Responsible for their own learning' must develop independence - autonomy and responsibility

33. Textbooks; prepared passages and related grammar and vocab exercises

34. Communicate orally and think in L2 - students make direct association between meaning and L2

35. Imperative drills to elicit physical actions

36. Texts - tapes - classroom items and music; texts must have force and literary quality

37. No set syllabus; syllabus comes from learners' intentions and teachers reformulations

38. Counselling and parent analogy; provide safe environment for students to learn and grow

39. Based on selection of communicative activities and topics derived from learners' needs

40. Learners are directed by skilled training techniques to produce correct response

41. Information sharing; negotiation of meaning & interaction

42. Language is a set of structures related to situations

43. Listen and repeat; respond to questions and commands; no control over content; make own statements questions later

44. Language involved whole person and culture; educational - developmental - communicative process

45. Each language has unique rhythm and spirit; core structure and functional vocab are keys to spirit

46. Dialogues & drills; repetition & memorization pattern practice

47. L2 learning same as L1; comprehension before production; carry out commands and reduction of stress

48. Translation and memorization - learn about L2 by translating L2 to L1 and vice versa and by learning vocab and grammar of L2

49. Language is a rule governed system - hierarchically arranged

50. Produce learners who can communicate orally - intelligibly uninhibitedly with native speakers