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Language Teaching Methods

Subject : teaching
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Create situations and present materials to encourage positive reception and retention; exude authority and confidence

2. Control of structures of sound; form & order; mastery over symbols of L2; native speaker mastery

3. Based on structure- grammar and vocab; items introduced by grammatical complexity

4. Learning cannot lead to acquisition; learning- a conscious process; acquisition- a natural - subconscious process

5. A list of structures and vocab - graded by grammatical complexity

6. Learning occurs through suggestion - when learners are in deeply relaxed state; baroque music used to induce state

7. Unique materials' colored rods; coded pronunciation and vocab charts

8. No basic text; initially use voice - gestures and action; later use materials and media

9. Language is a set of structures related to situations

10. Active and direct role - 'director' of stage play with students as actors

11. Repetition; substitution drills; avoid translation and grammar explanation; students not allowed to make mistakes

12. Ten-unit courses consisting of 1 -200 word dialogues - graded by vocab and grammar

13. Must teach - test - get out of way; remain impassive; resist temptation to model - assist - direct - or exhort

14. Leaning L2 and L1 different; L2 learning is intellectual; feel music of language; silent awareness - then active trial

15. Use language meaningful to promote learning; activities involving real communication

16. L2 learning same as L1; comprehension before production; carry out commands and reduction of stress

17. Information sharing; negotiation of meaning & interaction

18. Authority; has all control; corrects students; assign tasks to be memorized

19. Should try to lose themselves in activities involving meaningful communication

20. Objectives reflect needs of learners; include functional skills & linguistic objectives

21. To be able to read literature in L2; translate L2 to L1 and vice versa; achieve proficiency in L2 reading and writing

22. Act as model in presenting structures; lead drill practice; correct errors; test progress

23. Literary language is superior to spoken language

24. Maintain passive state; allow materials to work on them

25. Relies on text and visual aids; test is tightly organized - has structurally graded lessons

26. Learners are members of a community; learning not an individual accomplishment - but is achieved collaboratively

27. Translation; reading comp; memorization of vocab lists; identify synonyms - antonyms - cognates - deductive application of grammar rules

28. Listen and perform; little influence over content of learning

29. Counselling and parent analogy; provide safe environment for students to learn and grow

30. Student respond to commands - questions - visual cues; encourage and shape oral responses; no grammar explanation or modeling

31. Texts - tapes - classroom items and music; texts must have force and literary quality

32. Literary passages to be translated; vocab and grammar based lessons based on passages

33. Read and write; no control over content; memorize; answer-usually written

34. Answer and ask questions - use L2 and communicate as if in real situations

35. Initiatives - question and answer - role play; listening exercises while deeply relaxed

36. Use L2 exclusively; inductive grammar; much speaking - T to Ss and Ss to Ss; dictation

37. Habit formation; skills learned more effectively if oral before written; analogy - not analysis

38. Responsible for their own learning' must develop independence - autonomy and responsibility

39. No set syllabus; syllabus comes from learners' intentions and teachers reformulations

40. Language is a system for expression of meaning; primary function is interaction & communication

41. Central & active teacher centered method; provides model - controls direction & pace

42. Language involved whole person and culture; educational - developmental - communicative process

43. Dialogues & drills; repetition & memorization pattern practice

44. Communicate orally and think in L2 - students make direct association between meaning and L2

45. Each language has unique rhythm and spirit; core structure and functional vocab are keys to spirit

46. Sentence-based with grammatical and lexical criteria being primary focus on meaning - not form

47. Translation and memorization - learn about L2 by translating L2 to L1 and vice versa and by learning vocab and grammar of L2

48. Based on situations and topics - not usually linguistic

49. Essence of language is meaning; vocab not grammar is heart of the language

50. Learners are directed by skilled training techniques to produce correct response