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Language Teaching Methods

Subject : teaching
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Facilator of communication process; needs analyst - counsellor; process manager

2. Read and write; no control over content; memorize; answer-usually written

3. Answer and ask questions - use L2 and communicate as if in real situations

4. Maintain passive state; allow materials to work on them

5. Use language meaningful to promote learning; activities involving real communication

6. Responsible for their own learning' must develop independence - autonomy and responsibility

7. Texts - tapes - classroom items and music; texts must have force and literary quality

8. Sentence-based with grammatical and lexical criteria being primary focus on meaning - not form

9. Learning occurs through suggestion - when learners are in deeply relaxed state; baroque music used to induce state

10. Active and direct role - 'director' of stage play with students as actors

11. Realia rather than textbooks; aim is to promote comprehension and communication

12. Dialogues & drills; repetition & memorization pattern practice

13. Learning cannot lead to acquisition; learning- a conscious process; acquisition- a natural - subconscious process

14. Translation; reading comp; memorization of vocab lists; identify synonyms - antonyms - cognates - deductive application of grammar rules

15. Language involved whole person and culture; educational - developmental - communicative process

16. Relies on text and visual aids; test is tightly organized - has structurally graded lessons

17. A list of structures and vocab - graded by grammatical complexity

18. Control of structures of sound; form & order; mastery over symbols of L2; native speaker mastery

19. Innovative and conventional; translation - group work - recording - transcription - free conversation

20. Based on structure- grammar and vocab; items introduced by grammatical complexity

21. Literary language is superior to spoken language

22. Must teach - test - get out of way; remain impassive; resist temptation to model - assist - direct - or exhort

23. Structures - functions - notions - themes & tasks; order based on learners' needs

24. Unique materials' colored rods; coded pronunciation and vocab charts

25. Literary passages to be translated; vocab and grammar based lessons based on passages

26. Language is a set of structures related to situations

27. Learners are members of a community; learning not an individual accomplishment - but is achieved collaboratively

28. Based on here and now - focus on meaning - not form; must allow for comprehensible input

29. Ten-unit courses consisting of 1 -200 word dialogues - graded by vocab and grammar

30. Act as model in presenting structures; lead drill practice; correct errors; test progress

31. Based on selection of communicative activities and topics derived from learners' needs

32. Imperative drills to elicit physical actions

33. Each language has unique rhythm and spirit; core structure and functional vocab are keys to spirit

34. Textbooks; prepared passages and related grammar and vocab exercises

35. Main source of comprehensible input; must create positive; low-anxiety climate; lead rich mixture of activities

36. Repetition; substitution drills; avoid translation and grammar explanation; students not allowed to make mistakes

37. Listen and repeat; respond to questions and commands; no control over content; make own statements questions later

38. No textbook; materials developed as course progresses

39. Leaning L2 and L1 different; L2 learning is intellectual; feel music of language; silent awareness - then active trial

40. Based on situations and topics - not usually linguistic

41. Communicate orally and think in L2 - students make direct association between meaning and L2

42. Authority; has all control; corrects students; assign tasks to be memorized

43. Student respond to commands - questions - visual cues; encourage and shape oral responses; no grammar explanation or modeling

44. Leaning involves whole person; social process of growth

45. Language is a rule governed system - hierarchically arranged

46. Essence of language is meaning; vocab not grammar is heart of the language

47. Produce learners who can communicate orally - intelligibly uninhibitedly with native speakers

48. Information sharing; negotiation of meaning & interaction

49. Conventional - but memorization of whole meaningful text is recommended

50. Direct class activities; demonstrate - not explain or translate; give Ss choices to correct selves