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Language Teaching Methods

Subject : teaching
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Each language has unique rhythm and spirit; core structure and functional vocab are keys to spirit

2. Main source of comprehensible input; must create positive; low-anxiety climate; lead rich mixture of activities

3. Based on structure- grammar and vocab; items introduced by grammatical complexity

4. Based on selection of communicative activities and topics derived from learners' needs

5. Structures - functions - notions - themes & tasks; order based on learners' needs

6. Produce learners who can communicate orally - intelligibly uninhibitedly with native speakers

7. Translation and memorization - learn about L2 by translating L2 to L1 and vice versa and by learning vocab and grammar of L2

8. Graded syllabus of phonology - morphology & syntax; contrastive analysis

9. Literary language is superior to spoken language

10. Communicate orally and think in L2 - students make direct association between meaning and L2

11. To be able to read literature in L2; translate L2 to L1 and vice versa; achieve proficiency in L2 reading and writing

12. Sentence-based with grammatical and lexical criteria being primary focus on meaning - not form

13. Initiatives - question and answer - role play; listening exercises while deeply relaxed

14. Learners are directed by skilled training techniques to produce correct response

15. Must teach - test - get out of way; remain impassive; resist temptation to model - assist - direct - or exhort

16. Central & active teacher centered method; provides model - controls direction & pace

17. Authentic & task based materials to promote communication

18. No textbook; materials developed as course progresses

19. Control of structures of sound; form & order; mastery over symbols of L2; native speaker mastery

20. Texts - tapes - classroom items and music; texts must have force and literary quality

21. Listen and perform; little influence over content of learning

22. Innovative and conventional; translation - group work - recording - transcription - free conversation

23. Student respond to commands - questions - visual cues; encourage and shape oral responses; no grammar explanation or modeling

24. Objectives reflect needs of learners; include functional skills & linguistic objectives

25. Create situations and present materials to encourage positive reception and retention; exude authority and confidence

26. Habit formation; skills learned more effectively if oral before written; analogy - not analysis

27. Based on here and now - focus on meaning - not form; must allow for comprehensible input

28. Conventional - but memorization of whole meaningful text is recommended

29. Information sharing; negotiation of meaning & interaction

30. Repetition; substitution drills; avoid translation and grammar explanation; students not allowed to make mistakes

31. Authority; has all control; corrects students; assign tasks to be memorized

32. Learning occurs through suggestion - when learners are in deeply relaxed state; baroque music used to induce state

33. Essence of language is meaning; vocab not grammar is heart of the language

34. Teacher oriented; tapes & visuals; language lab often used

35. Literary passages to be translated; vocab and grammar based lessons based on passages

36. Language is primarily speech; learning language involves culture

37. Learners are members of a community; learning not an individual accomplishment - but is achieved collaboratively

38. L2 learning same as L1; comprehension before production; carry out commands and reduction of stress

39. Learning cannot lead to acquisition; learning- a conscious process; acquisition- a natural - subconscious process

40. Language is a rule governed system - hierarchically arranged

41. Counselling and parent analogy; provide safe environment for students to learn and grow

42. Relies on text and visual aids; test is tightly organized - has structurally graded lessons

43. Listen and repeat; respond to questions and commands; no control over content; make own statements questions later

44. Answer and ask questions - use L2 and communicate as if in real situations

45. Based on situations and topics - not usually linguistic

46. Language is a system for expression of meaning; primary function is interaction & communication

47. No set syllabus; syllabus comes from learners' intentions and teachers reformulations

48. No specific objectives; near native mastery is goal

49. Imperative drills to elicit physical actions

50. Leaning L2 and L1 different; L2 learning is intellectual; feel music of language; silent awareness - then active trial