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Language Teaching Methods

Subject : teaching
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Habit formation; skills learned more effectively if oral before written; analogy - not analysis

2. Leaning involves whole person; social process of growth

3. To be able to read literature in L2; translate L2 to L1 and vice versa; achieve proficiency in L2 reading and writing

4. Act as model in presenting structures; lead drill practice; correct errors; test progress

5. Learners as negotiator - interactor - giving & receiving information

6. Learning cannot lead to acquisition; learning- a conscious process; acquisition- a natural - subconscious process

7. Literary language is superior to spoken language

8. Initiatives - question and answer - role play; listening exercises while deeply relaxed

9. Language is a rule governed system - hierarchically arranged

10. Texts - tapes - classroom items and music; texts must have force and literary quality

11. Graded syllabus of phonology - morphology & syntax; contrastive analysis

12. Teacher oriented; tapes & visuals; language lab often used

13. Text - plays - dialogues drive T's demonstrations of their meanings; objects (realia) in class

14. Language involved whole person and culture; educational - developmental - communicative process

15. Ten-unit courses consisting of 1 -200 word dialogues - graded by vocab and grammar

16. No basic text; initially use voice - gestures and action; later use materials and media

17. Innovative and conventional; translation - group work - recording - transcription - free conversation

18. Listen and repeat; respond to questions and commands; no control over content; make own statements questions later

19. Facilator of communication process; needs analyst - counsellor; process manager

20. Structures - functions - notions - themes & tasks; order based on learners' needs

21. Maintain passive state; allow materials to work on them

22. Authority; has all control; corrects students; assign tasks to be memorized

23. Sentence-based with grammatical and lexical criteria being primary focus on meaning - not form

24. Responsible for their own learning' must develop independence - autonomy and responsibility

25. Objectives reflect needs of learners; include functional skills & linguistic objectives

26. Information sharing; negotiation of meaning & interaction

27. Should try to lose themselves in activities involving meaningful communication

28. Use language meaningful to promote learning; activities involving real communication

29. Learners are members of a community; learning not an individual accomplishment - but is achieved collaboratively

30. Memorization and habit forming

31. Each language has unique rhythm and spirit; core structure and functional vocab are keys to spirit

32. Relies on text and visual aids; test is tightly organized - has structurally graded lessons

33. Language is primarily speech; learning language involves culture

34. No specific objectives; near native mastery is goal

35. Based on situations and topics - not usually linguistic

36. Leaning L2 and L1 different; L2 learning is intellectual; feel music of language; silent awareness - then active trial

37. Conventional - but memorization of whole meaningful text is recommended

38. Main source of comprehensible input; must create positive; low-anxiety climate; lead rich mixture of activities

39. Literary passages to be translated; vocab and grammar based lessons based on passages

40. A list of structures and vocab - graded by grammatical complexity

41. No set syllabus; syllabus comes from learners' intentions and teachers reformulations

42. Central & active teacher centered method; provides model - controls direction & pace

43. Based on selection of communicative activities and topics derived from learners' needs

44. Communicate orally and think in L2 - students make direct association between meaning and L2

45. Learners are directed by skilled training techniques to produce correct response

46. Language is a set of structures related to situations

47. Direct class activities; demonstrate - not explain or translate; give Ss choices to correct selves

48. Answer and ask questions - use L2 and communicate as if in real situations

49. Control of structures of sound; form & order; mastery over symbols of L2; native speaker mastery

50. L2 learning same as L1; comprehension before production; carry out commands and reduction of stress