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Language Teaching Methods

Subject : teaching
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Maintain passive state; allow materials to work on them

2. Ten-unit courses consisting of 1 -200 word dialogues - graded by vocab and grammar

3. Answer and ask questions - use L2 and communicate as if in real situations

4. Learning cannot lead to acquisition; learning- a conscious process; acquisition- a natural - subconscious process

5. No basic text; initially use voice - gestures and action; later use materials and media

6. No textbook; materials developed as course progresses

7. To be able to read literature in L2; translate L2 to L1 and vice versa; achieve proficiency in L2 reading and writing

8. Language is a rule governed system - hierarchically arranged

9. Facilator of communication process; needs analyst - counsellor; process manager

10. Each language has unique rhythm and spirit; core structure and functional vocab are keys to spirit

11. Should try to lose themselves in activities involving meaningful communication

12. Basically structuralist - grammar-based view of language

13. Direct class activities; demonstrate - not explain or translate; give Ss choices to correct selves

14. Graded syllabus of phonology - morphology & syntax; contrastive analysis

15. Dialogues & drills; repetition & memorization pattern practice

16. Act as model in presenting structures; lead drill practice; correct errors; test progress

17. Objectives reflect needs of learners; include functional skills & linguistic objectives

18. Active and direct role - 'director' of stage play with students as actors

19. Imperative drills to elicit physical actions

20. Translation; reading comp; memorization of vocab lists; identify synonyms - antonyms - cognates - deductive application of grammar rules

21. Teacher oriented; tapes & visuals; language lab often used

22. Use L2 exclusively; inductive grammar; much speaking - T to Ss and Ss to Ss; dictation

23. Initiatives - question and answer - role play; listening exercises while deeply relaxed

24. Authority; has all control; corrects students; assign tasks to be memorized

25. Listen and repeat; respond to questions and commands; no control over content; make own statements questions later

26. Acquire vocab by speaking full sentences in L2; communication is purpose of language learning

27. Information sharing; negotiation of meaning & interaction

28. No specific objectives; near native mastery is goal

29. Produce learners who can communicate orally - intelligibly uninhibitedly with native speakers

30. Unique materials' colored rods; coded pronunciation and vocab charts

31. Leaning involves whole person; social process of growth

32. Structures - functions - notions - themes & tasks; order based on learners' needs

33. Realia rather than textbooks; aim is to promote comprehension and communication

34. Learners are directed by skilled training techniques to produce correct response

35. Main source of comprehensible input; must create positive; low-anxiety climate; lead rich mixture of activities

36. L2 learning same as L1; comprehension before production; carry out commands and reduction of stress

37. Texts - tapes - classroom items and music; texts must have force and literary quality

38. Based on situations and topics - not usually linguistic

39. Must teach - test - get out of way; remain impassive; resist temptation to model - assist - direct - or exhort

40. Central & active teacher centered method; provides model - controls direction & pace

41. Translation and memorization - learn about L2 by translating L2 to L1 and vice versa and by learning vocab and grammar of L2

42. Counselling and parent analogy; provide safe environment for students to learn and grow

43. Create situations and present materials to encourage positive reception and retention; exude authority and confidence

44. Use language meaningful to promote learning; activities involving real communication

45. Habit formation; skills learned more effectively if oral before written; analogy - not analysis

46. Essence of language is meaning; vocab not grammar is heart of the language

47. Control of structures of sound; form & order; mastery over symbols of L2; native speaker mastery

48. Leaning L2 and L1 different; L2 learning is intellectual; feel music of language; silent awareness - then active trial

49. Learning occurs through suggestion - when learners are in deeply relaxed state; baroque music used to induce state

50. Based on selection of communicative activities and topics derived from learners' needs