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Language Teaching Methods

Subject : teaching
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Based on here and now - focus on meaning - not form; must allow for comprehensible input






2. Active and direct role - 'director' of stage play with students as actors






3. Main source of comprehensible input; must create positive; low-anxiety climate; lead rich mixture of activities






4. Initiatives - question and answer - role play; listening exercises while deeply relaxed






5. Use language meaningful to promote learning; activities involving real communication






6. Authentic & task based materials to promote communication






7. Basically structuralist - grammar-based view of language






8. Each language has unique rhythm and spirit; core structure and functional vocab are keys to spirit






9. No basic text; initially use voice - gestures and action; later use materials and media






10. Structures - functions - notions - themes & tasks; order based on learners' needs






11. Innovative and conventional; translation - group work - recording - transcription - free conversation






12. Should try to lose themselves in activities involving meaningful communication






13. Memorization and habit forming






14. Unique materials' colored rods; coded pronunciation and vocab charts






15. Answer and ask questions - use L2 and communicate as if in real situations






16. Essence of language is meaning; vocab not grammar is heart of the language






17. Create situations and present materials to encourage positive reception and retention; exude authority and confidence






18. Control of structures of sound; form & order; mastery over symbols of L2; native speaker mastery






19. Objectives reflect needs of learners; include functional skills & linguistic objectives






20. Leaning involves whole person; social process of growth






21. Facilator of communication process; needs analyst - counsellor; process manager






22. Habit formation; skills learned more effectively if oral before written; analogy - not analysis






23. To be able to read literature in L2; translate L2 to L1 and vice versa; achieve proficiency in L2 reading and writing






24. Textbooks; prepared passages and related grammar and vocab exercises






25. No set syllabus; syllabus comes from learners' intentions and teachers reformulations






26. Acquire vocab by speaking full sentences in L2; communication is purpose of language learning






27. Text - plays - dialogues drive T's demonstrations of their meanings; objects (realia) in class






28. Language is a system for expression of meaning; primary function is interaction & communication






29. Communicate orally and think in L2 - students make direct association between meaning and L2






30. Literary passages to be translated; vocab and grammar based lessons based on passages






31. Graded syllabus of phonology - morphology & syntax; contrastive analysis






32. Leaning L2 and L1 different; L2 learning is intellectual; feel music of language; silent awareness - then active trial






33. Translation and memorization - learn about L2 by translating L2 to L1 and vice versa and by learning vocab and grammar of L2






34. Central & active teacher centered method; provides model - controls direction & pace






35. Maintain passive state; allow materials to work on them






36. Authority; has all control; corrects students; assign tasks to be memorized






37. Conventional - but memorization of whole meaningful text is recommended






38. Realia rather than textbooks; aim is to promote comprehension and communication






39. Use L2 exclusively; inductive grammar; much speaking - T to Ss and Ss to Ss; dictation






40. Listen and perform; little influence over content of learning






41. Language involved whole person and culture; educational - developmental - communicative process






42. Relies on text and visual aids; test is tightly organized - has structurally graded lessons






43. No textbook; materials developed as course progresses






44. Student respond to commands - questions - visual cues; encourage and shape oral responses; no grammar explanation or modeling






45. Repetition; substitution drills; avoid translation and grammar explanation; students not allowed to make mistakes






46. Teacher oriented; tapes & visuals; language lab often used






47. Listen and repeat; respond to questions and commands; no control over content; make own statements questions later






48. Direct class activities; demonstrate - not explain or translate; give Ss choices to correct selves






49. Learners are members of a community; learning not an individual accomplishment - but is achieved collaboratively






50. Based on structure- grammar and vocab; items introduced by grammatical complexity