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Language Teaching Methods

Subject : teaching
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Learners are directed by skilled training techniques to produce correct response

2. Sentence-based with grammatical and lexical criteria being primary focus on meaning - not form

3. Language is a system for expression of meaning; primary function is interaction & communication

4. Text - plays - dialogues drive T's demonstrations of their meanings; objects (realia) in class

5. Learners as negotiator - interactor - giving & receiving information

6. Responsible for their own learning' must develop independence - autonomy and responsibility

7. Read and write; no control over content; memorize; answer-usually written

8. Authority; has all control; corrects students; assign tasks to be memorized

9. Listen and perform; little influence over content of learning

10. Habit formation; skills learned more effectively if oral before written; analogy - not analysis

11. Use L2 exclusively; inductive grammar; much speaking - T to Ss and Ss to Ss; dictation

12. Facilator of communication process; needs analyst - counsellor; process manager

13. Answer and ask questions - use L2 and communicate as if in real situations

14. No basic text; initially use voice - gestures and action; later use materials and media

15. Create situations and present materials to encourage positive reception and retention; exude authority and confidence

16. Conventional - but memorization of whole meaningful text is recommended

17. Based on structure- grammar and vocab; items introduced by grammatical complexity

18. Language is primarily speech; learning language involves culture

19. Information sharing; negotiation of meaning & interaction

20. Memorization and habit forming

21. No set syllabus; syllabus comes from learners' intentions and teachers reformulations

22. Innovative and conventional; translation - group work - recording - transcription - free conversation

23. Acquire vocab by speaking full sentences in L2; communication is purpose of language learning

24. Listen and repeat; respond to questions and commands; no control over content; make own statements questions later

25. Control of structures of sound; form & order; mastery over symbols of L2; native speaker mastery

26. Graded syllabus of phonology - morphology & syntax; contrastive analysis

27. Objectives reflect needs of learners; include functional skills & linguistic objectives

28. Textbooks; prepared passages and related grammar and vocab exercises

29. Initiatives - question and answer - role play; listening exercises while deeply relaxed

30. To be able to read literature in L2; translate L2 to L1 and vice versa; achieve proficiency in L2 reading and writing

31. Repetition; substitution drills; avoid translation and grammar explanation; students not allowed to make mistakes

32. Translation; reading comp; memorization of vocab lists; identify synonyms - antonyms - cognates - deductive application of grammar rules

33. Central & active teacher centered method; provides model - controls direction & pace

34. Teacher oriented; tapes & visuals; language lab often used

35. L2 learning same as L1; comprehension before production; carry out commands and reduction of stress

36. Act as model in presenting structures; lead drill practice; correct errors; test progress

37. Direct class activities; demonstrate - not explain or translate; give Ss choices to correct selves

38. Based on selection of communicative activities and topics derived from learners' needs

39. Realia rather than textbooks; aim is to promote comprehension and communication

40. Essence of language is meaning; vocab not grammar is heart of the language

41. Literary language is superior to spoken language

42. Based on situations and topics - not usually linguistic

43. Maintain passive state; allow materials to work on them

44. Active and direct role - 'director' of stage play with students as actors

45. Should try to lose themselves in activities involving meaningful communication

46. Relies on text and visual aids; test is tightly organized - has structurally graded lessons

47. Use language meaningful to promote learning; activities involving real communication

48. Each language has unique rhythm and spirit; core structure and functional vocab are keys to spirit

49. Basically structuralist - grammar-based view of language

50. No textbook; materials developed as course progresses