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Language Teaching Methods

Subject : teaching
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Structures - functions - notions - themes & tasks; order based on learners' needs

2. Control of structures of sound; form & order; mastery over symbols of L2; native speaker mastery

3. Teacher oriented; tapes & visuals; language lab often used

4. Main source of comprehensible input; must create positive; low-anxiety climate; lead rich mixture of activities

5. Central & active teacher centered method; provides model - controls direction & pace

6. Use L2 exclusively; inductive grammar; much speaking - T to Ss and Ss to Ss; dictation

7. No basic text; initially use voice - gestures and action; later use materials and media

8. L2 learning same as L1; comprehension before production; carry out commands and reduction of stress

9. Sentence-based with grammatical and lexical criteria being primary focus on meaning - not form

10. Innovative and conventional; translation - group work - recording - transcription - free conversation

11. Learners are directed by skilled training techniques to produce correct response

12. Communicate orally and think in L2 - students make direct association between meaning and L2

13. Listen and repeat; respond to questions and commands; no control over content; make own statements questions later

14. Realia rather than textbooks; aim is to promote comprehension and communication

15. Produce learners who can communicate orally - intelligibly uninhibitedly with native speakers

16. Use language meaningful to promote learning; activities involving real communication

17. Read and write; no control over content; memorize; answer-usually written

18. Language is primarily speech; learning language involves culture

19. Facilator of communication process; needs analyst - counsellor; process manager

20. Leaning involves whole person; social process of growth

21. No set syllabus; syllabus comes from learners' intentions and teachers reformulations

22. Authentic & task based materials to promote communication

23. Learners as negotiator - interactor - giving & receiving information

24. Must teach - test - get out of way; remain impassive; resist temptation to model - assist - direct - or exhort

25. Acquire vocab by speaking full sentences in L2; communication is purpose of language learning

26. Basically structuralist - grammar-based view of language

27. A list of structures and vocab - graded by grammatical complexity

28. Textbooks; prepared passages and related grammar and vocab exercises

29. Student respond to commands - questions - visual cues; encourage and shape oral responses; no grammar explanation or modeling

30. Answer and ask questions - use L2 and communicate as if in real situations

31. Unique materials' colored rods; coded pronunciation and vocab charts

32. Based on structure- grammar and vocab; items introduced by grammatical complexity

33. Maintain passive state; allow materials to work on them

34. Translation; reading comp; memorization of vocab lists; identify synonyms - antonyms - cognates - deductive application of grammar rules

35. Information sharing; negotiation of meaning & interaction

36. Learning occurs through suggestion - when learners are in deeply relaxed state; baroque music used to induce state

37. Leaning L2 and L1 different; L2 learning is intellectual; feel music of language; silent awareness - then active trial

38. Objectives reflect needs of learners; include functional skills & linguistic objectives

39. Act as model in presenting structures; lead drill practice; correct errors; test progress

40. Counselling and parent analogy; provide safe environment for students to learn and grow

41. No textbook; materials developed as course progresses

42. Based on selection of communicative activities and topics derived from learners' needs

43. Relies on text and visual aids; test is tightly organized - has structurally graded lessons

44. Essence of language is meaning; vocab not grammar is heart of the language

45. To be able to read literature in L2; translate L2 to L1 and vice versa; achieve proficiency in L2 reading and writing

46. Ten-unit courses consisting of 1 -200 word dialogues - graded by vocab and grammar

47. Should try to lose themselves in activities involving meaningful communication

48. Literary passages to be translated; vocab and grammar based lessons based on passages

49. Language is a set of structures related to situations

50. Listen and perform; little influence over content of learning