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Language Teaching Methods

Subject : teaching
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Active and direct role - 'director' of stage play with students as actors

2. Use L2 exclusively; inductive grammar; much speaking - T to Ss and Ss to Ss; dictation

3. Control of structures of sound; form & order; mastery over symbols of L2; native speaker mastery

4. Facilator of communication process; needs analyst - counsellor; process manager

5. Create situations and present materials to encourage positive reception and retention; exude authority and confidence

6. L2 learning same as L1; comprehension before production; carry out commands and reduction of stress

7. Memorization and habit forming

8. Essence of language is meaning; vocab not grammar is heart of the language

9. Listen and perform; little influence over content of learning

10. To be able to read literature in L2; translate L2 to L1 and vice versa; achieve proficiency in L2 reading and writing

11. Ten-unit courses consisting of 1 -200 word dialogues - graded by vocab and grammar

12. Based on structure- grammar and vocab; items introduced by grammatical complexity

13. Central & active teacher centered method; provides model - controls direction & pace

14. Unique materials' colored rods; coded pronunciation and vocab charts

15. Objectives reflect needs of learners; include functional skills & linguistic objectives

16. Should try to lose themselves in activities involving meaningful communication

17. Based on situations and topics - not usually linguistic

18. Literary passages to be translated; vocab and grammar based lessons based on passages

19. Leaning involves whole person; social process of growth

20. No textbook; materials developed as course progresses

21. Counselling and parent analogy; provide safe environment for students to learn and grow

22. Information sharing; negotiation of meaning & interaction

23. Language is a system for expression of meaning; primary function is interaction & communication

24. Repetition; substitution drills; avoid translation and grammar explanation; students not allowed to make mistakes

25. Graded syllabus of phonology - morphology & syntax; contrastive analysis

26. Communicate orally and think in L2 - students make direct association between meaning and L2

27. Main source of comprehensible input; must create positive; low-anxiety climate; lead rich mixture of activities

28. Answer and ask questions - use L2 and communicate as if in real situations

29. Language is a set of structures related to situations

30. Relies on text and visual aids; test is tightly organized - has structurally graded lessons

31. Conventional - but memorization of whole meaningful text is recommended

32. Language is primarily speech; learning language involves culture

33. Based on here and now - focus on meaning - not form; must allow for comprehensible input

34. No specific objectives; near native mastery is goal

35. Learning cannot lead to acquisition; learning- a conscious process; acquisition- a natural - subconscious process

36. Text - plays - dialogues drive T's demonstrations of their meanings; objects (realia) in class

37. Leaning L2 and L1 different; L2 learning is intellectual; feel music of language; silent awareness - then active trial

38. No basic text; initially use voice - gestures and action; later use materials and media

39. Listen and repeat; respond to questions and commands; no control over content; make own statements questions later

40. Student respond to commands - questions - visual cues; encourage and shape oral responses; no grammar explanation or modeling

41. Each language has unique rhythm and spirit; core structure and functional vocab are keys to spirit

42. Authentic & task based materials to promote communication

43. Acquire vocab by speaking full sentences in L2; communication is purpose of language learning

44. Dialogues & drills; repetition & memorization pattern practice

45. Texts - tapes - classroom items and music; texts must have force and literary quality

46. Teacher oriented; tapes & visuals; language lab often used

47. Learners as negotiator - interactor - giving & receiving information

48. Language involved whole person and culture; educational - developmental - communicative process

49. Structures - functions - notions - themes & tasks; order based on learners' needs

50. Sentence-based with grammatical and lexical criteria being primary focus on meaning - not form