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Language Teaching Methods

Subject : teaching
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Language is primarily speech; learning language involves culture

2. Authority; has all control; corrects students; assign tasks to be memorized

3. Textbooks; prepared passages and related grammar and vocab exercises

4. Based on here and now - focus on meaning - not form; must allow for comprehensible input

5. Produce learners who can communicate orally - intelligibly uninhibitedly with native speakers

6. Student respond to commands - questions - visual cues; encourage and shape oral responses; no grammar explanation or modeling

7. Texts - tapes - classroom items and music; texts must have force and literary quality

8. Listen and perform; little influence over content of learning

9. Create situations and present materials to encourage positive reception and retention; exude authority and confidence

10. Acquire vocab by speaking full sentences in L2; communication is purpose of language learning

11. Language is a rule governed system - hierarchically arranged

12. Based on structure- grammar and vocab; items introduced by grammatical complexity

13. Graded syllabus of phonology - morphology & syntax; contrastive analysis

14. Essence of language is meaning; vocab not grammar is heart of the language

15. Realia rather than textbooks; aim is to promote comprehension and communication

16. Repetition; substitution drills; avoid translation and grammar explanation; students not allowed to make mistakes

17. Must teach - test - get out of way; remain impassive; resist temptation to model - assist - direct - or exhort

18. Answer and ask questions - use L2 and communicate as if in real situations

19. Learners are directed by skilled training techniques to produce correct response

20. Learning cannot lead to acquisition; learning- a conscious process; acquisition- a natural - subconscious process

21. Translation and memorization - learn about L2 by translating L2 to L1 and vice versa and by learning vocab and grammar of L2

22. Literary language is superior to spoken language

23. A list of structures and vocab - graded by grammatical complexity

24. Relies on text and visual aids; test is tightly organized - has structurally graded lessons

25. Based on situations and topics - not usually linguistic

26. Memorization and habit forming

27. Objectives reflect needs of learners; include functional skills & linguistic objectives

28. Habit formation; skills learned more effectively if oral before written; analogy - not analysis

29. Conventional - but memorization of whole meaningful text is recommended

30. Language is a system for expression of meaning; primary function is interaction & communication

31. To be able to read literature in L2; translate L2 to L1 and vice versa; achieve proficiency in L2 reading and writing

32. Facilator of communication process; needs analyst - counsellor; process manager

33. Based on selection of communicative activities and topics derived from learners' needs

34. Translation; reading comp; memorization of vocab lists; identify synonyms - antonyms - cognates - deductive application of grammar rules

35. Authentic & task based materials to promote communication

36. Basically structuralist - grammar-based view of language

37. Communicate orally and think in L2 - students make direct association between meaning and L2

38. Leaning involves whole person; social process of growth

39. Literary passages to be translated; vocab and grammar based lessons based on passages

40. Should try to lose themselves in activities involving meaningful communication

41. Leaning L2 and L1 different; L2 learning is intellectual; feel music of language; silent awareness - then active trial

42. Structures - functions - notions - themes & tasks; order based on learners' needs

43. Maintain passive state; allow materials to work on them

44. Learners as negotiator - interactor - giving & receiving information

45. Innovative and conventional; translation - group work - recording - transcription - free conversation

46. L2 learning same as L1; comprehension before production; carry out commands and reduction of stress

47. Text - plays - dialogues drive T's demonstrations of their meanings; objects (realia) in class

48. Initiatives - question and answer - role play; listening exercises while deeply relaxed

49. No basic text; initially use voice - gestures and action; later use materials and media

50. Direct class activities; demonstrate - not explain or translate; give Ss choices to correct selves

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