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Language Teaching Methods

Subject : teaching
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Memorization and habit forming

2. Language is a set of structures related to situations

3. Texts - tapes - classroom items and music; texts must have force and literary quality

4. Literary passages to be translated; vocab and grammar based lessons based on passages

5. Graded syllabus of phonology - morphology & syntax; contrastive analysis

6. Learners are members of a community; learning not an individual accomplishment - but is achieved collaboratively

7. Authentic & task based materials to promote communication

8. No set syllabus; syllabus comes from learners' intentions and teachers reformulations

9. Use L2 exclusively; inductive grammar; much speaking - T to Ss and Ss to Ss; dictation

10. Learners as negotiator - interactor - giving & receiving information

11. Must teach - test - get out of way; remain impassive; resist temptation to model - assist - direct - or exhort

12. Language is primarily speech; learning language involves culture

13. Produce learners who can communicate orally - intelligibly uninhibitedly with native speakers

14. Conventional - but memorization of whole meaningful text is recommended

15. Control of structures of sound; form & order; mastery over symbols of L2; native speaker mastery

16. Active and direct role - 'director' of stage play with students as actors

17. Essence of language is meaning; vocab not grammar is heart of the language

18. Repetition; substitution drills; avoid translation and grammar explanation; students not allowed to make mistakes

19. Based on selection of communicative activities and topics derived from learners' needs

20. Ten-unit courses consisting of 1 -200 word dialogues - graded by vocab and grammar

21. Acquire vocab by speaking full sentences in L2; communication is purpose of language learning

22. Should try to lose themselves in activities involving meaningful communication

23. Based on here and now - focus on meaning - not form; must allow for comprehensible input

24. Initiatives - question and answer - role play; listening exercises while deeply relaxed

25. Realia rather than textbooks; aim is to promote comprehension and communication

26. Objectives reflect needs of learners; include functional skills & linguistic objectives

27. Habit formation; skills learned more effectively if oral before written; analogy - not analysis

28. Use language meaningful to promote learning; activities involving real communication

29. Answer and ask questions - use L2 and communicate as if in real situations

30. Each language has unique rhythm and spirit; core structure and functional vocab are keys to spirit

31. Translation and memorization - learn about L2 by translating L2 to L1 and vice versa and by learning vocab and grammar of L2

32. Read and write; no control over content; memorize; answer-usually written

33. Listen and perform; little influence over content of learning

34. Leaning involves whole person; social process of growth

35. Facilator of communication process; needs analyst - counsellor; process manager

36. No textbook; materials developed as course progresses

37. Listen and repeat; respond to questions and commands; no control over content; make own statements questions later

38. No specific objectives; near native mastery is goal

39. Language is a rule governed system - hierarchically arranged

40. Learning cannot lead to acquisition; learning- a conscious process; acquisition- a natural - subconscious process

41. Direct class activities; demonstrate - not explain or translate; give Ss choices to correct selves

42. Teacher oriented; tapes & visuals; language lab often used

43. A list of structures and vocab - graded by grammatical complexity

44. Basically structuralist - grammar-based view of language

45. Act as model in presenting structures; lead drill practice; correct errors; test progress

46. Structures - functions - notions - themes & tasks; order based on learners' needs

47. Create situations and present materials to encourage positive reception and retention; exude authority and confidence

48. Dialogues & drills; repetition & memorization pattern practice

49. Sentence-based with grammatical and lexical criteria being primary focus on meaning - not form

50. Student respond to commands - questions - visual cues; encourage and shape oral responses; no grammar explanation or modeling