Test your basic knowledge |

Subject : law
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A lawyer appointed or elected to represent the state in criminal cases in his or her respective judicial districts. See PROSECUTOR.

2. A change - alteration - or amendment which introduces new elements into the details - or cancels some of them - but leaves the general purpose and effect of the subject-matter intact.

3. Any of the drugs whose production and use are regulated by law - including narcotics - stimulants - and hallucinogens.

4. Member of the jury.

5. The procedure by which one or both parties disclose evidence which will be used at trial. The specific tools of discovery include depositions - interrogatories and motions for the production of documents.

6. The form of verdict in criminal cases where the jury acquits the defendant - finds him or her not guilty.

7. Specific factors that define a crime which the prosecution must prove beyond a reasonable doubt in order to obtain a conviction. The elements that must be proven are 1) that a crime has actually occurred - 2) the accused intended the crime to happen

8. 1. To execute - perpetrate - or carry out an act. To commit a crime. 2. To send a person to prison - asylum - or reformatory by a court order.

9. To make it appear that one is guilty of a crime.

10. The matter can only be filed in one court.

11. An estate consists of personal property (car - household items - and other tangible items) - real property - and intangible property - such as stock certificates and bank accounts - owned in the individual name of a person at the time of the person's

12. A special kind of executor - permitted by the laws of certain states - who performs the duties of an executor without intervention by the court.

13. A concept applied by courts in product liability cases in which a seller is liable for any and all defective or hazardous products which unduly threaten a consumer's personal safety.

14. The party who makes an answer to a bill or other proceedings in equity; also refers to the party against whom an appeal is brought. Sometimes called an appellee.

15. The act of obtaining the property of another person through wrongful use of actual or threatened force - violence - or fear.

16. That quality of evidence which tends to influence the trier of fact because of its logical connection with the issue.

17. In some states - the highest appellate court - where it is the Court's discretion whether to hear the case on appeal.

18. The final decision of the court - resolving the dispute; an opinion; an award of damages.

19. One not trained in law.

20. A protest to the court against an act or omission by the opposing party.

21. An established standard - guide - or regulation.

22. Claim that an act otherwise criminal was legally justifiable because it was necessary to protect a person or property from the threat or action of another.

23. The department that oversees the actions of probationers as well as the location of where probation officers work.

24. 1. Property that is pledged as security against a debt. 2. A person belonging to the same ancestral stock (a relation) - but not in a direct line of descent.

25. Questioning the qualifications of an entire jury panel - usually on the ground of partiality or some fault in the process of summoning the panel.

26. The process by which a judge is disqualified from hearing a case - on his or her own motion or upon the objection of either party.

27. A claim presented by a defendant in a civil lawsuit against the plaintiff. In essence - a counter lawsuit within a lawsuit.

28. The questioning of a witness produced by the other side.

29. A trial lawyer representing the government in a criminal case and the interests of the state in civil matters.

30. The term pertains to liability for loss shifted from one person held legally responsible to another.

31. An agreement between parties that dictates what is being received from one party to the other.

32. The jurisdiction of two or more courts - each authorized to deal with the same subject matter.

33. The method - established normally by rules to be followed in a case; the formal steps in a judicial proceeding.

34. To put off or delay a court hearing.

35. An action between two or more persons in the courts of law - not a criminal matter.

36. Confirmation or support of a witness' statement or other fact.

37. To seat a jury. When voir dire is finished and both sides have exercised their challenges - the jury is impaneled.The jurors are sworn in and the trial is ready to proceed.

38. The process of photographing - fingerprinting - and recording identifying data of a suspect. This process follows the arrest.

39. The act of spending an allotted amount of time in a designated location such as a prison as punishment for the crime committed.

40. 1. The action of sending a person to a penal or mental institution. 2. The order directing an officer to take a person to a penal or mental institution.

41. A belief in the American legal system which states that all people accused of a criminal act are considered not to have committed the crime until the evidence leaves no doubt in the mind of the court or the jury .

42. Any willful attempt or threat to inflict injury upon the person of another - when coupled with the present ability to do so - and any intentional display of force such as would give victim reason to fear or expect immediate bodily harm.

43. A reduction in sentenced time in prison as a reward for good behavior. It usually is one-third to one-half of fthe maximum sentence.

44. In bankruptcy proceedings - a debt is secured if the debtor gave the creditor a right to repossess the property or goods used as collateral.

45. Ordinarily refers to a summary proceeding for restoring possession of land to one who has been wrongfully deprived of possession.

46. The reduction by a judge of the damages awarded by a jury.

47. Presiding or Administrative Judge in a court.

48. Jury of inquiry. The jury which determines which charges - if any - are to be brought against a defendant.

49. A false statement given while under oath or in a sworn affidavit.

50. The act of bringing to an end; termination. The dissolution of a marriage or other relationship.