Test your basic knowledge |

Subject : law
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. To set right; to remedy; to compensate; to remove the causes of a grievance.

2. A legal right - exemption or immunity granted to a person - company or class - that is beyond the common advantages of other citizens.

3. Money or other security (such as a bail bond) provided to the court to temporarily allow a person's release from jail and assure his or her appearance in court. Bail and Bond are often used interchangeably.

4. An endeavor or effort to do an act or accomplish a crime - carries beyond preparation - but lacking execution.

5. Chains or shackles for the hands to secure prisoners.

6. Someone named to receive property or benefits in a will. In a trust - a person who is to receive benefits from the trust.

7. A rule or order prescribed for management or government.

8. The reduction of a sentence - such as from death to life imprisonment.

9. Money or a written instrument such as a deed that - by agreement between two parties - is held by a neutral third party (held in escrow) until all conditions of the agreement are met.

10. An action instituted with intention of injuring the defendant and without probable cause -and which terminates in favor of the person prosecuted.

11. Strict legal rights of the parties; a decision 'on the merits' is one that reaches the right(s) of a party - as distinguished from disposition of a case on a ground not reaching the right(s) raised in an action;

12. A will entirely written - dated - and signed by the testator in his/her own handwriting.

13. Illegal sex acts performed against a minor by a parent - guardian - relative or acquaintance.

14. A trust that the grantor may change or revoke.

15. One acting without formal appointment as guardian for the benefit of an infant - a person of unsound mind not judicially declared incompetent - or other person under some disability.

16. A trust set up and in effect during the lifetime of the grantor. Also called inter vivos trust.

17. An attempt to cause serious bodily injury to another or purposely - knowingly or recklesslycausing such injury - or an attempt to cause or purposely or knowingly cause bodily injury to another with a deadly weapon.

18. The standard in a criminal case requiring that the jury be satisfied to a moralcertainty that every element of a crime has been proven by the prosecution. This standard of proof does not require that the state establish absolute certainty by eliminat

19. In criminal trial - a witness whose testimony is crucial to either the defense or prosecution.

20. A collection - compendium - or revision of laws - rules - and regulations enacted by legislative authority.

21. Evidence that helps to prove a point or issue in a case.

22. An order requiring a person to appear in court and present reasons why a certain order - judgment - or decree should not be issued.

23. An order of an administrative agency or court prohibiting a person or business from continuing a particular course of conduct.

24. To seize or take private property for public use (the police confiscated the weapon).

25. The continued - habitual - or compulsive commission of law violations after first having been convicted of prior offenses.

26. 1. Defendant's statement of a reason why the plaintiff or prosecutor has no valid case against defendant -especially a defendant's answer - denial - or plea. 2. Defendant's method and strategy in opposing the plaintiff or theprosecution. 3. One or mo

27. Among other matters - the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution prohibits states from depriving any person of life - liberty - or property without adequate due process .

28. Law established by previous decisions of appellate courts - particularly the Supreme Court.

29. A prison or place of confinement where convicted felons are sent to serve out the term of their sentence.

30. To withhold a debtor's money - and turn it over to another in order to pay a debt. Typically - the one withholding the money is the debtor's employer.

31. Oral or anal copulation between humans - or between humans or animals.

32. There are essentially three standards of proof applicable in most court proceedings. In criminal cases - the offense must be proven beyond a reasonable doubt - the highest standard. In civil cases and neglect and dependency proceedings - the lowest

33. All the judges of a court sitting together. Appellate courts can consist of a dozen or more judges - but often they hear cases in panels of three judges. If a case is heard or reheard by the full court - it is heard en banc.

34. A formal - written application to the court requesting judicial action on some matter.

35. 1. One who administers the estate of a person who dies without a will. 2. A court official.

36. To unite - to combine - to enter into an alliance.

37. Responsible for a delinquency - crime - or other offense; not innocent.

38. A false statement given while under oath or in a sworn affidavit.

39. In a criminal proceeding - it is the defendant's declaration in open court that he or she is guilty or not guilty. The defendant's answer to the charges made in the indictment or information.

40. The matter can only be filed in one court.

41. To give a gift to someone through a will.

42. The act of bringing to an end; termination. The dissolution of a marriage or other relationship.

43. A proceeding instituted and carried on in order to determine the guilt or innocence of the accused.

44. Legal document issued by a court that shows an executor's legal right to take control of assets in the deceased person's name.

45. Written questions asked by one party in a lawsuit for which the opposing party must provide written answers.

46. The response by a party to charges raised in a pleading by the other party.

47. Legal dissolution of a marriage by a court. Also termed dissolutionof marriage.

48. 1. A unit of the judiciary authorized to decide disputed matters of fact - cases or controversies. 2. Figuratively - the judge or judicial officer. Judges sometimes use 'court' to refer to themselves in the third person - as in 'the court has read

49. A right guaranteed by the U. S. Constitution - interpreted by the federal courts; also - a right guaranteed by some other constitution (such as a state constitution).

50. Claim that an act otherwise criminal was legally justifiable because it was necessary to protect a person or property from the threat or action of another.