Test your basic knowledge |

Subject : law
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A method of determining whether a person is intoxicated using a motor skills test which is administered by testing the driver's speaking ability and/or physical coordination.

2. Legal document issued by a court that shows an executor's legal right to take control of assets in the deceased person's name.

3. Oral or written request made by a party to an action before - during - or after a trial asking the judge to issue a ruling or order in that party's favor.

4. Intentional - unlawful deception to deprive another person of property or to injure that person in some other way.

5. Language in a will that provides that a person who makes a legal challenge to the will's validity will be disinherited.

6. To make it appear that one is guilty of a crime.

7. Evidence that can be legally and properly introduced in a civil or criminal trial.

8. A written direction or command delivered by a court or judge.

9. The means by which a right is enforced or the violation of a right is prevented - redressed or compensated.

10. The hearing available to a person charged with a felony to determine if there is enough evidence (probable cause) to hold him for trial.

11. An order by the court telling a person to stop performing a specific act.

12. An obligation signed by the accused to secure his or her presence at the trial. This obligation means that the accused may lose money by not properly appearing for the trial. Often referred to simply as bond.

13. The act that caused an event to occur. A person generally is liable only if an injury was proximately caused by his or her action or by his or her failure to act when he or she had a duty to act.

14. The closing statement - by counsel - to the trier of facts after all parties have concluded their presentation of evidence.

15. A request made after a trial - asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial wasconducted properly. To make such a request is 'to appeal' or 'to take an appeal.'

16. To determine finally.

17. The person filing an action in a court of original jurisdiction. Also - the person who appeals the judgment of a lower court. The opposing party is called the respondent.

18. The appellate court has the right to review and revise the lower court decision.

19. A lawsuit.

20. A judge's private office. A hearing in chambers takes place in the judge's office outside of the presence of the jury and the public.

21. Any form of cruelty to a child's physical - moral - or mental well-being.

22. Allowance ordered to be paid by one spouse to the other for support while the spouses are living apart but not divorced.

23. Those which do not constitute a justification or excuse for an offense but which may be considered as reasons for reducing the degree of blame.

24. The hearing given to person accused of crime - by a magistrate or judge - to determine whether there is enough evidence to warrant the confinement and holding to bail the person accused.

25. Opportunity to present rebuttal evidence after one's evidence has been subjected to cross-examination.

26. The constitutional prohibition under the Fifth Amendment against a person being put on trial more than once for the same offense.

27. The process by which the property of a person who has died without a will passes on to others according to the state's distribution statutes.

28. A previously decided case that guides the decision of future cases.

29. One which implicitly instructs the witness how to answer or which suggests to the witness the answer desired.

30. An order issued by a judge for the arrest of a person.

31. The act of not following an order that is directed by the court.

32. The person who sets up a trust.

33. A crime - such as a felony - misdemeanor - or other punishable unlawful act.

34. A method of discharging a claim upon agreement by the parties to give and accept something in settlement of the claim.

35. Unlawful killing of another - without malice - when the act is committed with a sudden extreme emotional impulse.

36. An association of persons jointly undertaking some commercial enterprise. Unlike a partnership - a joint venture does not entail a continuing relationship among the parties.

37. A state tax on property that an heir or beneficiary under a will receives from a deceased person's estate. The heir or beneficiary pays this tax.

38. An accounting for the whereabouts of the tangible evidence from the moment it is received in custody until it is offered in evidence in court.CHALLENGE - An objection - such as when an attorney objects at a hearing to the seating of a particular pers

39. A program of parental care for children who do not have an in-home parental relationship with either biological or adoptive parents.

40. 1) The disputed point in a disagreement between parties in a lawsuit. 2) To send out officially - as in to issue an order.

41. Member of the jury.

42. A short - abbreviated form of the case as found in the record.

43. Supervised release of a prisoner before the expiration of his or her sentence.

44. Another term for arraignment.

45. Oral or anal copulation between humans - or between humans or animals.

46. Courts having jurisdiction over cases involving children under 18. Casesinvolve delinquent - dependent - and neglected children.

47. A legal doctrine by which acts of the opposing parties are compared to determine the liability of each party to the other - making each liable only for his or her percentage of fault.

48. Generally - a tax on the privilege of transferring property to others after a person's death. In addition to federal estate taxes - many states have their own estate taxes.

49. 1. The process of removing some minor criminal traffic - or juvenile cases from the full judicial process - on the condition that the accused undergo some sort of rehabilitation or make restitution for damages. 2. Unauthorized use of funds.

50. A malicious injury which disables or disfigures another.