Test your basic knowledge |

Subject : law
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. An order made by a court having competent jurisdiction. Rules of court are either general or special; the former are the regulations by which the practice of the court is governed - the latter are special orders made in particular cases.

2. Evidence that helps to prove a point or issue in a case.

3. The hearing given to person accused of crime - by a magistrate or judge - to determine whether there is enough evidence to warrant the confinement and holding to bail the person accused.

4. Words - gestures - and actions which tend to annoy - alarm - and verbally abuse another person.

5. A claim presented by a defendant in a civil lawsuit against the plaintiff. In essence - a counter lawsuit within a lawsuit.

6. One who commits a crime - such as a felony - misdemeanor - or other punishable unlawful act.

7. Release of a person from custody without the payment of any bail or posting of bond - upon the promise to return to court.

8. A judge's private office. A hearing in chambers takes place in the judge's office outside of the presence of the jury and the public.

9. Strict legal rights of the parties; a decision 'on the merits' is one that reaches the right(s) of a party - as distinguished from disposition of a case on a ground not reaching the right(s) raised in an action;

10. An action which may be brought for the purpose of restraining the threatened infliction of wrongs or injuries - and the prevention of threatened illegal action.

11. Help - assist - or facilitate the commission of a crime.

12. The delivery of a legal document - such as a complaint - summons - or subpoena - notifying a person of a lawsuit or other legal action taken against him or her. Service - which constitutes formal legal notice - must be made by an officially authorize

13. A child born or adopted after a will is executed - who is not provided for in the will.

14. The act of sending a case back to the trial court and ordering the trial court to conduct limited new hearings or an entirely new trial.

15. The court with authority to supervise estate administration.

16. A person appointed by will or by law to assume responsibility for incompetent adults or minor children.

17. A certificate or evidence of a debt. Often used interchangeably with bail.

18. The act of collecting the bets of others or making odds on future gambling events.

19. The procedure where the accused is brought before the court to hear the criminal charge(s) against him or her and to enter a plea of either guilty - not guilty or no contest.

20. Standards governing whether evidence in a civil or criminal case is admissible.

21. A contract in which the promise made by the obligor is not expressed - but inferred by one's conduct or implied in law.

22. An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.

23. To act in accordance with - to accept - to obey.

24. Pimping. Arranging for acts of prostitution.

25. To advise or caution. For example the Court may caution or admonish counsel for wrong practices.

26. Property owned in common by husband and wife each having an undivided one-half interest by reason of their marital status. For example - the earnings of one spouse during the marriage do not belong solely to that spouse; the earnings are community pr

27. All evidence except eyewitness testimony. One example is physical evidence - such as fingerprints - from which an inference can be drawn.

28. A claim by a defendant that he or she lacks the soundness of mind required by law to accept responsibility for a criminal act.

29. This phrase - endorsed by a grand jury on the written indictment submitted to it for its approval - means that the evidence was found insufficient to indict.

30. The legal process by which the government takes private land for public use - paying the owners a fair price. See EMINENT DOMAIN.

31. A will entirely written - dated - and signed by the testator in his/her own handwriting.

32. An estate consists of personal property (car - household items - and other tangible items) - real property - and intangible property - such as stock certificates and bank accounts - owned in the individual name of a person at the time of the person's

33. The degree of certainty required for a juror to legally find a criminal defendant guilty

34. A lawsuit brought to enforce - redress - or protect private rights or to gain payment for a wrong done to a person or party by another person or party. In general - all types of actions other than criminal proceedings.

35. Recovery of land or rental property from another by legal process.

36. A legal proceeding in which a debtor's money - in the possession of another (the garnishee) - is applied to the debts of the debtor - such as when an employer garnishes a debtor's wages.

37. An amendment to a will.

38. The rules and process by which a civil case is tried and appealed - including the preparations for trial - the rules of evidence and trial conduct - and the procedure for pursuing appeals.

39. A procedure by which a convicted defendant challenges the conviction and/or sentence on the basis of some alleged violation or error.

40. Inferences drawn from proven facts.

41. A reasonable belief that a crime has or is being committed; the basis for all lawful searches - seizures -and arrests.

42. A ruling by the court against the party making the objection.

43. A judgment entered against a party who fails to appear in court - respond to the charges - or does not comply with an order - especially an order to provide or permit discovery.

44. Declarations by either side in a civil or criminal case reserving the right to appeal a judge's ruling upon a motion. Also - in regulatory cases - objections by either side to points made by the other side or to rulings by the agency or one of its he

45. A meeting either on or off the record at the judge's bench between the judge - counsel - and sometimes the defendant - out of the hearing of the jury.

46. A formal charge against a person - to the effect that he has engaged in a punishable offense.

47. One who lives in a location for a period of time and denotes it as their official address or residence.

48. Opportunity for the side that opened the case to offer limited response to evidence presented during the rebuttal by the opposing side.

49. The process whereby the accused and the prosecutor in a criminal case work out a mutually satisfactory disposition of the case subject to court approval. Usually involves the defendant's pleading guilty to a lesser offense or to only one.

50. The postconviction stage in which the defendant is brought before the court for imposition of sentence.