Test your basic knowledge |

Subject : law
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. An order of the court. A final decree is one that fully and finally disposes of the litigation. Aninterlocutory decree is a preliminary order that often disposes of only part of a lawsuit.

2. A trust that - once set up - the grantor may not revoke.

3. Giving or pronouncing a judgment or decree. Also the judgment given.

4. The facility where juvenile offenders are held in custody.

5. A procedure by which a charge(s) against a minor is transferred from a juvenile to circuit court.

6. In tort law - a defense to a personal injury suit. The essence of an affirmative defense is that the plaintiff assumed the known risk of whatever dangerous condition caused the injury.

7. Generally - a tax on the privilege of transferring property to others after a person's death. In addition to federal estate taxes - many states have their own estate taxes.

8. The court officer responsible for choosing the panel of persons to serve as potential jurors for a particular court term.

9. The taking or detaining of a person against his or her will and without lawful authority.

10. The act that caused an event to occur. A person generally is liable only if an injury was proximately caused by his or her action or by his or her failure to act when he or she had a duty to act.

11. To give a gift to someone through a will.

12. The act of showing a weapon to another person - typically the police or the victim.

13. A formal written document filed by the prosecutor detailing the criminal charges against the defendant. An alternative to an indictment - it serves to bring a defendant to trial.

14. A body of persons temporarily selected from the citizens of a particular district sworn to listen to the evidence in a trial and declare a verdict on matters of fact.

15. Evidence given to explain - repel - counteract - or disprove facts given in evidence by the adverse party.

16. A party to a lawsuit. Litigation refers to a case - controversy - or lawsuit.

17. Exhibit and/or evidence that is offered by the prosecution.

18. To state - recite - assert - claim - maintain - charge or set forth. To make an allegation.

19. A conference between the judge and lawyers - usually in the courtroom - out of earshot of the jury and spectators.

20. 1. In a criminal case - the person accused of the crime. 2. In a civil case - the person being sued.

21. An action instituted with intention of injuring the defendant and without probable cause -and which terminates in favor of the person prosecuted.

22. A punitive act designed to secure enforcement by imposing a penalty for its violation. For example - a sanction may be imposed for failure to comply with discovery orders.

23. An action of a higher court in setting aside or revoking a lower court decision.

24. Dying without a will.

25. Professional legal services available usually to persons or organizations unable to afford legal representation.

26. Fatherhood.

27. With knowledge - willfully or intentionally with respect to a material element of an offense.

28. Antisocial behavior by a minor; especially behavior that would be criminally punishable if the actor were an adult - but instead is usually punished by special laws pertaining only to minors.

29. In criminal law - the hearing at which a judge determines whether there is sufficient evidence against a person charged with a crime to hold him or her for trial.

30. A moot case or a moot point is one not subject to a judicial determination because it involves an abstract question or a pretended controversy that has not yet actually arisen or has already passed. Mootness usually refers to a court's refusal to con

31. Member of the jury.

32. Evidence not sufficiently related to the matter in issue.

33. A will whose validity does not have to be testified to in court by the witnesses to it - because the witnesses executed an affidavit reflecting proper execution of the will prior to the maker's death.

34. Circumstances which render a crime less aggravated - heinous - or reprehensible than it would otherwise be.

35. A will that leaves some or all estate assets to a trust established before the will-maker's death.

36. A form of alternative dispute resolution in which the parties bring their dispute to a neutral third party - who helps them agree on a settlement.

37. Judge's explanation to the jury before it begins deliberations of the questions it must answer and the applicable law governing the case. Also called charge.

38. Each of the allegations of an offense listed in a charging document.

39. A written or verbal command from a court directing or forbidding an action.

40. Help - assist - or facilitate the commission of a crime.

41. 1. The action of sending a person to a penal or mental institution. 2. The order directing an officer to take a person to a penal or mental institution.

42. The court with authority to supervise estate administration.

43. A statement of the details of the charge made against the defendant.

44. The state - as in the People of the State of Florida.

45. Legally responsible.

46. The party who complains or sues; one who applies to the court for legal redress. Also called the plaintiff.

47. Any willful attempt or threat to inflict injury upon the person of another - when coupled with the present ability to do so - and any intentional display of force such as would give victim reason to fear or expect immediate bodily harm.

48. A person - business - or government agency actively involved in the prosecution or defense of a legal proceeding.

49. Law enacted by the legislative branch of government - as distinguished from case law or common law .

50. The jury's decision-making process after hearing the evidence and closing arguments and being giventhe court's instructions.