Test your basic knowledge |

Subject : law
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Illegal sex acts performed against a minor by a parent - guardian - relative or acquaintance.

2. Claim that an act otherwise criminal was legally justifiable because it was necessary to protect a person or property from the threat or action of another.

3. That which - under the rules of evidence - cannot be admitted as evidence in a trial or hearing.

4. An assault committed with the intention of committing some additional crime.

5. The time in a lawsuit when the complaining party has stated his or her claim and the other side has responded with a denial and the matter is ready to be tried.

6. A belief in the American legal system which states that all people accused of a criminal act are considered not to have committed the crime until the evidence leaves no doubt in the mind of the court or the jury .

7. The unlawful use of force against another with unusual or serious consequences such as theuse of a dangerous weapon.

8. An allowance for expenses in prosecuting or defending a suit. Ordinarily this does not include attorney fees.

9. Process by which a court seeks to interpret the meaning and scope of legislation.

10. A pretrial discovery device by which one party questions the other party or a witness for the other party. It usually takes place in the office of one of the lawyers - in the presence of a court reporter - who transcribes what is said. Questions are

11. Successive sentences - one beginning at the expiration of another - imposed against a person convicted of two or more violations.

12. Remarks addressed by attorney to judge or jury on the merits of case or on points of law.

13. A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.

14. An attack on a judgment other than a direct appeal to a higher court.

15. The person filing an action in a court of original jurisdiction. Also - the person who appeals the judgment of a lower court. The opposing party is called the respondent.

16. Yearly judicial review - usually in juvenile dependency cases - to determine whether the child requirescontinued court supervision or placement.

17. One who is joined as a party or defendant merely because the technical rules of pleading require his presence in the record.

18. The act of bringing to an end; termination. The dissolution of a marriage or other relationship.

19. Estate property that may be disposed of by a will.

20. A second examination of a witness by the counsel who called the witness to testify. This examination is usually focused on certain matters that were discussed by the opposing counsel's examination.

21. A ruling by the court against the party making the objection.

22. A foundation or basis; points relied on.

23. Strict legal rights of the parties; a decision 'on the merits' is one that reaches the right(s) of a party - as distinguished from disposition of a case on a ground not reaching the right(s) raised in an action;

24. Recovery of land or rental property from another by legal process.

25. Legal right given to a person to be responsible for the food - housing - health care - and other necessities

26. A formal charge against a person - to the effect that he has engaged in a punishable offense.

27. Pimping. Arranging for acts of prostitution.

28. A formal written document filed by the prosecutor detailing the criminal charges against the defendant. An alternative to an indictment - it serves to bring a defendant to trial.

29. Without denying the charge - the defendant raises circumstances such as insanity - self-defense -or entrapment to avoid civil or criminal responsibility.


31. The guarantee in the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution that all persons be treated equally by the law.

32. The matter can only be filed in one court.

33. Ruling or order issued by the judge granting the party's request.

34. The act of taking and carrying away the personal property of another of a value less than $300 with the intent to deprive the owner or possessor of it permanently.

35. A person who aids or contributes in the commission of a crime.

36. Professional legal services available usually to persons or organizations unable to afford legal representation.

37. Now called Judgment as a Matter of Law. An instruction by the judge to the jury to return a specific verdict.

38. A form of executive clemency preventing criminal prosecution or removing or extinguishing a criminal conviction.

39. Proof of facts by witnesses who saw acts done or heard words spoken.

40. Declarations by either side in a civil or criminal case reserving the right to appeal a judge's ruling upon a motion. Also - in regulatory cases - objections by either side to points made by the other side or to rulings by the agency or one of its he

41. Against - or not authorized by law; unlawful.

42. Inclination - bent - a pre-conceived opinion or a predisposition to decide a cause or an issue a certain way.

43. Legal right given to a person to manage the property and financial affairs of a person deemed incapable of doing that for himself or herself. (Conservators have somewhat less responsibility than guardians. See also guardianship.)

44. Those which do not constitute a justification or excuse for an offense but which may be considered as reasons for reducing the degree of blame.

45. The authority of a court to review the official actions of other branches of government. Also - the authority to declare unconstitutional the actions of other branches.

46. Legal dissolution of a marriage by a court. Also termed dissolutionof marriage.

47. A lawsuit.

48. In some states - the highest appellate court - where it is the Court's discretion whether to hear the case on appeal.

49. An order of an administrative agency or court prohibiting a person or business from continuing a particular course of conduct.

50. A legal representative - attorney - lawyer.