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Match each statement with the correct term.
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1. A court order forbidding the defendant from doing any action or threatened action until a hearing on the application can be conducted.
MANSLAUGHTER - VOLUNTARY
2. Courts having jurisdiction over cases involving children under 18. Casesinvolve delinquent - dependent - and neglected children.
COURTS - JUVENILE and DEPENDENCY
ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION (ADR)
3. In criminal trial - a witness whose testimony is crucial to either the defense or prosecution.
STATEMENT - OPENING
4. A reduction in sentenced time in prison as a reward for good behavior. It usually is one-third to one-half of fthe maximum sentence.
5. Having no force - legal power to bind - or validity.
NULL AND VOID
6. Numerous and unnecessary attempts to litigate the same issue.
MULTIPLICITY OF ACTIONS
7. Evidence which might unfairly sway the judge or jury to one side or the other.
8. Conduct which tends to annoy all citizens - including unnecessary and distractingnoisemaking.
CALLING THE DOCKET
DISTURBING THE PEACE
CHAIN OF CUSTODY
9. The presence of drugs on the accused for recreational use or for the purpose to sell.
POSSESSION OF DRUGS
10. 1. A statement of acceptance of responsibility. 2. The short declaration at the end of a legal paper showing that the paper was duly executed and acknowledged.
11. To take into one's family the child of another and give him or her the rights - privileges - and duties of a child and heir.
12. Money or a written instrument such as a deed that - by agreement between two parties - is held by a neutral third party (held in escrow) until all conditions of the agreement are met.
13. A collection - compendium - or revision of laws - rules - and regulations enacted by legislative authority.
14. A formal - written application to the court requesting judicial action on some matter.
PROBATION BEFORE JUDGMENT (PBJ)
15. The dismissal of a case without preventing the plaintiff from bringing the same cause of action against the defendant in the future.
DISMISSAL WITHOUT PREJUDICE
16. One which implicitly instructs the witness how to answer or which suggests to the witness the answer desired.
17. To annul or make void by recalling or taking back.
18. The designation assigned to each case filed in a particular court. Also called a case number.
19. Voluntary acknowledgment of the existence of certain facts relevant to the adversary's case.
REASONABLE DOUBT - BEYOND A
20. State laws that provide for the distribution of estate property of a person who dies without a will. Same as intestacy laws.
DISMISSAL WITH PREJUDICE
DESCENT AND DISTRIBUTION STATUTES
21. Intentional - unlawful deception to deprive another person of property or to injure that person in some other way.
22. Pre-trial release based on the person's own promise that he or she will show up for trial (no bond required). Also referred to as release on own recognizance or ROR.
23. Evidence which is of greater weight or more convincing than the evidence which is offered in opposition to it.
PREPONDERANCE OF THE EVIDENCE
24. An action by which a third person who may be affected by a lawsuit is permitted to become a party to the suit. Differs from the process of becoming an amicus curiae.
25. To place a paper in the official custody of the clerk of court to enter into the files or records of a case.
26. One acting without formal appointment as guardian for the benefit of an infant - a person of unsound mind not judicially declared incompetent - or other person under some disability.
27. Court order requiring action or forbidding action until a decision can be made whether to issue a permanent injunction. It differs from a temporary restraining order.
28. Member of the jury.
29. The hearing available to a person charged with a felony to determine if there is enough evidence (probable cause) to hold him for trial.
30. The voluntary transfer - by a debtor - of all property to a trustee for thebenefit of all of his or her creditors.
31. A form of executive clemency preventing criminal prosecution or removing or extinguishing a criminal conviction.
COURT - APPEALS
32. A child born or adopted after a will is executed - who is not provided for in the will.
33. To legally certify the innocence of one charged with a crime. To set free - release or discharge from an obligation - burden or accusation. To find a defendant not guilty in a criminal trial.
SENTENCE - CONCURRENT
34. Youths charged with the status of being beyond the control of their legal guardian or are habitually disobedient - truant from school - or have committed other acts that would not be a crime if committed by an adult. They are not delinquents (in that
35. A formal written document filed by the prosecutor detailing the criminal charges against the defendant. An alternative to an indictment - it serves to bring a defendant to trial.
CLEMENCY OR EXECUTIVE CLEMENCY
36. A county court that handles civil claims for amounts less than $5 -00. People often represent themselves rather than hire an attorney.
SMALL CLAIMS COURT
37. Legal right given to a person to be responsible for the food - housing - health care - and other necessities
38. Formal authorization of a person to act in the interest of another person.
POWER OF ATTORNEY
39. A procedure by which a convicted defendant challenges the conviction and/or sentence on the basis of some alleged violation or error.
POST CONVICTION RELIEF PROCEEDING
40. A document or other item introduced as evidence during a trial or hearing.
41. The act of taking money - personal property - or any other article of value that is in the possession of another done by means of force or fear.
EVIDENCE - CIRCUMSTANTIAL
42. Another hearing of a civil or criminal case by the same court in which the case was originally heard.
43. A temporary location that is meant to secure the accused while waiting for trial to begin or continue.
SERVE A SENTENCE
44. The wellness of a person's state of mind.
45. A criminal case in which the allowable punishment includes death. CAPITAL CRIME - A crime punishable by death.
46. An agreement between parties that dictates what is being received from one party to the other.
PRESUMPTION OF LAW
47. A proceeding in which the accused is brought before the court to plead to the criminal charge in the indictment or information. The charge is read to him or her and he or she is asked to plead guilty or not guilty or - where permitted - nolo contende
PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE
48. The right to challenge a juror without assigning a reason for the challenge.
PERSON IN NEED OF SUPERVISION
49. An invalid trial caused by some legal error. When a judge declares a mistrial - the trial must start again from the beginning - including the selection of a new jury.
ORDER - COURT
50. The formal statement before the court that the accused admits committing the criminal act.
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