Test your basic knowledge |

Subject : law
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. 1) The disputed point in a disagreement between parties in a lawsuit. 2) To send out officially - as in to issue an order.

2. Among other matters - the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution prohibits states from depriving any person of life - liberty - or property without adequate due process .

3. Crime in which the driver of a vehicle leaves the scene of an accident without identifying himself or herself.

4. The unlawful use of force against another with unusual or serious consequences such as theuse of a dangerous weapon.

5. A police identification procedure by which the suspect to a crime is exhibited - along with others - before the victim or witness to determine if the victim or witness can identify the committed the crime.suspect as the person who

6. Ordinarily refers to a summary proceeding for restoring possession of land to one who has been wrongfully deprived of possession.

7. Ill will - hatred - or hostility by one person toward another which may prompt the intentional doing of a wrongful act without legal justification or excuse.

8. A legal right - exemption or immunity granted to a person - company or class - that is beyond the common advantages of other citizens.

9. Mutual or successive relationships to the same right of property - or the same interest of one person with another which represents the same legal right.

10. Asserted to be true as depicted or a person who is accused but has not yet been tried in court.

11. The closing statement - by counsel - to the trier of facts after all parties have concluded their presentation of evidence.

12. Strict legal rights of the parties; a decision 'on the merits' is one that reaches the right(s) of a party - as distinguished from disposition of a case on a ground not reaching the right(s) raised in an action;

13. The section of a courthouse in which the judge presides over the proceedings.

14. A judge's private office. A hearing in chambers takes place in the judge's office outside of the presence of the jury and the public.

15. Summary of a larger work - wherein the principal ideas of the larger work are contained.

16. Elected officer of a county whose job is to conserve peace within his or her territorial jurisdiction as well as aid in the criminal and civil court processes.

17. Postponing the effect of a judgment already entered - ordinarily because of an error apparent on the record .

18. The final decision of the court - resolving the dispute; an opinion; an award of damages.

19. Formal conclusion by a judge or jury on issues of fact.

20. To legally certify the innocence of one charged with a crime. To set free - release or discharge from an obligation - burden or accusation. To find a defendant not guilty in a criminal trial.

21. A false statement given while under oath or in a sworn affidavit.

22. The correction of an error admitted in any process.

23. An attorney appointed by a court or employed by a government agency whose work consists primarily of defending people who are unable to hire a lawyer due to economic reasons.

24. Voluntary statement made by one who is a defendant in a criminal trial - which - if true - discloses his or her guilt.

25. The process of photographing - fingerprinting - and recording identifying data of a suspect. This process follows the arrest.

26. A form of legal co-ownership of property (also known as survivor ship ). At the death of one co-owner - the surviving co-owner becomes sole owner of the property.

27. A mutual understanding and intention between two or more parties. The writing or instrument which isevidence of an agreement. (Although often used as synonymous with contract - agreement is a broader term.)

28. Sexual intercourse between persons so closely related that marriage between them would be unlawful.

29. The first questioning of witnesses by the party on whose behalf they are called.

30. Punishment by death for capital crimes. Death penalty.

31. The referral of a dispute to an impartial third person chosen by the parties to the dispute who agree in advance to abide by the arbitrator's award issued after a hearing at which both parties have an opportunity to be heard.

32. Formal authorization of a person to act in the interest of another person.

33. Operation of a motor vehicle that shows a reckless disregard of possible consequences and indifference of others rights.

34. A case brought by the government against a person accused of committing a crime.

35. A defense claim that the accused was somewhere else at the time a crime was committed.

36. Any form of cruelty to a child's physical - moral - or mental well-being.

37. The testimony of witnesses who know the general character and reputation of a person in the community in which he or she lives.

38. A collection - compendium - or revision of laws - rules - and regulations enacted by legislative authority.

39. The place where a person has his or her permanent legal home. A person may have several residences - but only one domicile.

40. A release from custody which imposes regulations on the activities and associations of the defendant. If a defendant fails to meet the conditions - the release is revoked.

41. Case - cause - suit - or controversy disputed or contested before a court of justice.

42. 1. A unit of the judiciary authorized to decide disputed matters of fact - cases or controversies. 2. Figuratively - the judge or judicial officer. Judges sometimes use 'court' to refer to themselves in the third person - as in 'the court has read

43. A specialized court that hears crimes dealing with traffic offenses.

44. The act of taking money - personal property - or any other article of value that is in the possession of another done by means of force or fear.

45. A person's own act - or acceptance of facts - which preclude his or her later making claims to the contrary.

46. The act which produces an effect.

47. To make it appear that one is guilty of a crime.

48. A body of persons temporarily selected from the citizens of a particular district sworn to listen to the evidence in a trial and declare a verdict on matters of fact.

49. The lack of power or the legal ability to act.

50. Refers to courts that have no limit on the types of criminal and civil cases they may hear.