Test your basic knowledge |

Subject : law
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Presiding or Administrative Judge in a court.

2. A lawsuit brought by one or more persons on behalf of a larger group.

3. Evidence which is of greater weight or more convincing than the evidence which is offered in opposition to it.

4. Unlawful killing of another - without malice - when the death is caused by some other unlawful act not usually expected to result in great bodily harm.

5. A formal written document filed by the prosecutor detailing the criminal charges against the defendant. An alternative to an indictment - it serves to bring a defendant to trial.

6. Putting a person to death - usually by hanging - without legal authority.

7. 1. Defendant's statement of a reason why the plaintiff or prosecutor has no valid case against defendant -especially a defendant's answer - denial - or plea. 2. Defendant's method and strategy in opposing the plaintiff or theprosecution. 3. One or mo

8. Conduct which tends to annoy all citizens - including unnecessary and distractingnoisemaking.

9. The court with authority to supervise estate administration.

10. Any factors associated with the commission of a crime which increase the seriousness of theoffense or add to its injurious consequences.

11. Fatherhood.

12. 1. To execute - perpetrate - or carry out an act. To commit a crime. 2. To send a person to prison - asylum - or reformatory by a court order.

13. Evidence given to explain - counteract - or disprove facts given by the opposing counsel.

14. Confirmation or support of a witness' statement or other fact.

15. Lack of capacity to understand the nature and object of the proceedings - to consult with counsel - and to assist in preparing a defense.

16. An order of an administrative agency or court prohibiting a person or business from continuing a particular course of conduct.

17. That which - under the rules of evidence - cannot be admitted as evidence in a trial or hearing.

18. A phrase commonly applied to counsel employed to assist in the preparation or management of the case - or its presentation on appeal - but who is not the principal attorney for the party.

19. Any form of indecent or sexual activity on - involving - or surrounding a child under the state's designated age.

20. An order commanding an accused to appear in court.

21. With knowledge - willfully or intentionally with respect to a material element of an offense.

22. An action instituted with intention of injuring the defendant and without probable cause -and which terminates in favor of the person prosecuted.

23. A person appointed by will or by law to assume responsibility for incompetent adults or minor children.

24. A parent's or custodian's act of leaving a child without adequate care - supervision - support - or parental

25. Attorney at law - lawyer - counselor at law.

26. Among other rights - the Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution guarantees that a person cannot be compelled to present self-incriminating testimony in a criminal proceeding.

27. Legal debts and obligations.

28. Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.

29. The initial appearance of an arrested person before a judge to determine whether there is probable cause for his or her arrest. Generally the person comes before a judge within hours of the arrest - and are informed of the charges against him or her

30. The facility where juvenile offenders are held in custody.

31. The term pertains to liability for loss shifted from one person held legally responsible to another.

32. The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.

33. Supplementary evidence that tends to strengthen or confirm the initial evidence.

34. Another term for arraignment.

35. The generic name for the defendant in a criminal case.

36. Professional legal services available usually to persons or organizations unable to afford legal representation.

37. A jury which is unable to agree on a verdict after a suitable period of deliberation.

38. Tangible physical property (such as cars - clothing - furniture - and jewelry) and intangible personal property. This does not include real property such as land or rights in land.

39. In some states - the highest appellate court - where it is the Court's discretion whether to hear the case on appeal.

40. Among other matters - the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution prohibits states from depriving any person of life - liberty - or property without adequate due process .

41. A case brought by the government against a person accused of committing a crime.

42. The facts that give rise to a lawsuit or a legal claim.

43. Written questions asked by one party in a lawsuit for which the opposing party must provide written answers.

44. A person who directs a commission; a member of a commission. The officer in charge of a department or bureau of a public service.

45. Oral or written request made by a party to an action before - during - or after a trial asking the judge to issue a ruling or order in that party's favor.

46. Willful destruction of property - from actual ill will or resentment toward its owner or possessor.

47. Youths charged with the status of being beyond the control of their legal guardian or are habitually disobedient - truant from school - or have committed other acts that would not be a crime if committed by an adult. They are not delinquents (in that

48. Taking and carrying away the personal property of another person of a value in excess of an amount set by law with the .intent to deprive the owner or possessor of it.

49. An order by the court telling a person to stop performing a specific act.

50. Requirement that police tell a suspect in their custody of his or her constitutional rights before they question him or her: specifically - the right to remain silent; that any statement made may be used against him or her; the right to an attorney;