Test your basic knowledge |

Subject : law
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. The section of a courthouse in which the judge presides over the proceedings.

2. A legal doctrine that makes each of the parties who are responsible for an injury liable for all the damages awarded in a lawsuit if the other parties responsible cannot pay.

3. The constitutional prohibition under the Fifth Amendment against a person being put on trial more than once for the same offense.

4. A hearing held for the purpose of deciding issues or fact of law that both parties are disputing.

5. Dying without a will.

6. A court officer who has charge of a court session in the matter of keeping order and has custody of the jury.

7. A hearing established to re-evaluate the bail amount that was originally set for the accused.

8. One not trained in law.

9. A listing of all the criminal convictions against an individual.

10. An action by which a third person who may be affected by a lawsuit is permitted to become a party to the suit. Differs from the process of becoming an amicus curiae.

11. The state or condition of a person who is unable to pay his or her debts as they are or become due.

12. A court order requiring that some action be taken - or that some party refrain from taking action. It differs from forms of temporary relief - such as a temporary restraining order or preliminary injunction.

13. The confirmation or adoption of a previous act done either by the party himself or by another.

14. The generic name for the defendant in a criminal case.

15. A punitive act designed to secure enforcement by imposing a penalty for its violation. For example - a sanction may be imposed for failure to comply with discovery orders.

16. Needy and poor. A defendant who can demonstrate his or her indigence to the court may be assigned a court appointed attorney at public expense.

17. List of cases scheduled for hearing in court.

18. A mutual understanding and intention between two or more parties. The writing or instrument which isevidence of an agreement. (Although often used as synonymous with contract - agreement is a broader term.)

19. The loss of money or property resulting from failure to meet a legal obligation or from the illegal nature or use of the money or property.

20. The combination of those rules and principles of conduct promulgated by legislative authority - derived from court decisions - and established by local custom.

21. A specialized court that deals with cases during the late evening and early morning hours.

22. The authority of a court to review the official actions of other branches of government. Also - the authority to declare unconstitutional the actions of other branches.

23. Antisocial behavior by a minor; especially behavior that would be criminally punishable if the actor were an adult - but instead is usually punished by special laws pertaining only to minors.

24. A formal - written statement by legislature declaring - commanding - or prohibiting something.

25. There are essentially three standards of proof applicable in most court proceedings. In criminal cases - the offense must be proven beyond a reasonable doubt - the highest standard. In civil cases and neglect and dependency proceedings - the lowest

26. False and defamatory spoken words tending to harm another's reputation - community standing - office - trade - business - or means of livelihood.

27. A will entirely written - dated - and signed by the testator in his/her own handwriting.

28. A violation of law - not punishable by imprisonment. Minor traffic offenses are generally considered infractions.

29. The act of sending a case back to the trial court and ordering the trial court to conduct limited new hearings or an entirely new trial.

30. Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start.

31. Any fact or evidence that leads to a judgment of the court.

32. Process by which a court seeks to interpret the meaning and scope of legislation.

33. An official or formal statement of facts or proceedings.

34. A place of confinement that is more than a police station and less than a prison. It is usually used to hold persons convicted of misdemeanors or persons awaiting trial.

35. A legal inquiry to discover and collect facts concerning a certain matter.

36. Court order requiring action or forbidding action until a decision can be made whether to issue a permanent injunction. It differs from a temporary restraining order.

37. The appellate court has the right to review and revise the lower court decision.

38. Immorality. An element of crimes inherently bad - as opposed to crimes bad merely because they are forbidden by statute.

39. Judicial officer having strictly limited jurisdiction exercising some of the functions of a judge.

40. Written or oral pledge by a witness to speak the truth.

41. The process whereby the accused and the prosecutor in a criminal case work out a mutually satisfactory disposition of the case subject to court approval. Usually involves the defendant's pleading guilty to a lesser offense or to only one.

42. In practice - a notice in writing requiring the opposite party to produce a certain described paper or document at the trial - or in the course of pre-trial discovery.

43. A program of parental care for children who do not have an in-home parental relationship with either biological or adoptive parents.

44. To disagree. An appellate court opinion setting forth the minority view and outlining the disagreement of one or more judges with the decision of the majority.

45. Keeping all witnesses (except plaintiff and defendant) out of the courtroom except for their time on the stand - and cautioning them not to discuss their testimony with other witnesses. Also called separation of witnesses. This prevents a witness fro

46. That which tends to injure a person's reputation. Libel is published defamation - whereasslander is spoken.

47. The person who administers an estate. If named in a will - that person's title is an executor . If there is no valid will - that person's title is an administrator.

48. Any willful attempt or threat to inflict injury upon the person of another - when coupled with the present ability to do so - and any intentional display of force such as would give victim reason to fear or expect immediate bodily harm.

49. A failure to respond to a lawsuit within the specified time.

50. A procedure by which a charge(s) against a minor is transferred from a juvenile to circuit court.