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NCLEX General

Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A corticosteroid drug (trade names Decadron or Dexamethasone Intensol or Dexone or Hexadrol or Oradexon) used to treat allergies or inflammation






2. Manifestations 1) Headache - flushed skin - tachycardia 2) Venous distention 3) Increased venous pressure 4) Coughing - dyspnea - cyanosis 5) Pulmonary edema b. Prevention 1) Check for preexisting heart condition 2) Monitor flow rate of solution 3) P






3. Needle punctures dura and cerebral spinal fluid lost. 2. Patient at risk for spinal headache.






4. Quick sugar source(glucose tabs - 4oz. juice - 6 oz. soda) wait 5-10 mins - recheck sugar - rrepreat if persists






5. Acts by blocking opiate receptors in the brain 2. Used to treat: a. Opiate induced respiratory depression b. Opiate overdose 3. Side effects: a. Withdrawal symptoms in addicted persons b. Return of pain 4. Drug is rapid acting; narcotic may last long






6. 1cc






7. PH 7.52 2. pCO2 30 3. HCO3 20 4. Cause: hyperventilation; rebreathe CO2






8. To slow formation of scar tissue






9. Lack of mature erythrocytes caused by inability to absorb vitamin B12 into the body






10. Emphysema is a ___ in which the alveoli of the lungs are distended - causing difficulty in exhaling air with chronically elevated carbon dioxide levels.






11. Excessive thirst (as in cases of diabetes or kidney dysfunction)






12. A skin sensation - such as burning - prickling - itching - or tingling - with no apparent physical cause.






13. What is the outcome of each remaining answers? Determine if the outcome of each answer is disire and select the correct answer.






14. Legs up in stirrups 2. Uses a. Gyn exams b. Perineal surgery 3. Increases risk of venous stasis and deep vein thrombophlebitis






15. 50% of all primary tumors - linked to specific genetic mutations






16. Movement of fluid from lower to higher concentration. Across semipermeable membrane; high concentration of glucose






17. Sudden suppression of RBC production with worsening of anemia and disappearance of reticulocytes in peripheral blood. May be result of PARVOVIRUS infection of bone marrow or sickle cell crisis.






18. Inadequate blood supply to the vital organs: the brain - heart and kidneys; inadequate circulating volume. Manifestations A. Pulse pressure decreases B. Blood pressure deceases C. Urine output decreases (ADH and Aldosterone) D. Pulse increases E. Res






19. Movement of particles from higher to lower concentration






20. Mask symptoms of hypoglycemia - removing your body's early warning systembeta - blockers bind beta - adrenergic receptor sites - which prevents adrenaline from causing symptoms and glycogenolysis






21. The ___ has been proven to be effective in preventing two of the strains of human papilloma virus (HPV) responsible for a large percentage of cervical cancer cases.






22. Most common problem: when fluid or med leaks out of vein into tissue - edema occurs - feels cool - fluid in tissue will reabsorb eithin 24 hrs.






23. Increases heart rate






24. Is the condition in which endometrial tissue grows outside of the uterine cavity - most commonly in the pelvic cavity and responds to hormonal changes of the menstrual cycle.






25. Atb






26. 80% to 90% of brain tumors - named for What part of the nerve cell affected.






27. Cause drowsiness; maintain client safety






28. Vit B12 Defiency Anemia is caused from a lack of liver meats - other meats - eggs - milk - increased need - tapeworms and ___.






29. The pressure demonstrated when a solvent moves through the semipermeable membrane from weaker to stronger concentrations






30. Onset:15-30mins. - clear - peak: 30-11/2 - duration: 3-4 hrs. - mix with intermed. - reg - short






31. Treatment of CHF associated with an acute MI - relievs anginal attacks






32. Postexposure protocol






33. Generalized infection throughout body






34. Hang bag above stomach - clamp tubing - fill bag with formula - prime tubing - reclamp tube - attach to tube and open clamp - adjust flow - flush tube with water - disconnect






35. The 55-yr - old male client has recently been diagnosed with ___. The nurse recognizes that this dx increases the client's risk of coronary heart disease - myocardial infarction - and peripheral vascular disease.






36. VS - LOC - Skin color - IV infusions - Drainage Tubes - Dressings - DB & C-h






37. O2 sat is less than 93






38. Slows down mental/physical processes






39. Symptoms of Vit B12 Defiency Anemia include pallor - jaundice - fatigue - weight loss - neurologic symptoms and in particular a ___.






40. Acts of both omission and commission. 2. Failure to provide care that a reasonably prudent heath care professional would provide in the given circumstances. 3. Failure to provide care that meets the accepted standards of care - or giving care that re






41. Anesthesia is the partial or complete loss of sensation - and general anesthesia produces a complete loss of sensation (unconsciousneess). It is also referred to as ___.






42. Tinnitus - headache - hyperventilation - agitation - confusion - diarrhea - and sweating; withhold medication and contact the physician






43. PH 7.35-7.45 2. pCO2 = 35 - 45 3. pO2 = 80 - 100 4. HCO3 = 22 - 26






44. Contralateral dystonia - Contralateral choreoathetosis






45. Head lower than trunk and feet 2. Uses a. Shock - sometimes b. Prolapsed cord when mother not in hospital; Increases venous return






46. Hormone Replacement Therapy






47. Check order - set up tube feed equip/suction - positon in fowlers - place towel - measure tube length - wipe face - ask about diff breathing through one nostril - apply lub. - flex head forward - insert gently until coughs - have swallow water - ch -






48. Check lung sounds q shift for crackles






49. 135 - 145 mEq/l






50. Antihistamine and antiemetic - used to treat motion sickness