Test your basic knowledge |

NCLEX General

Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Manifestations 1) Hypotension - cyanosis - tachycardia 2) Increased venous pressure - loss of consciousness b. Prevention 1) Run fluid through tubing and needle or catheter to force air out before starting infusion 2) When using glass bottle - change






2. HIV is a ___ that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) - leading to a loss of immune function and subsequent development of opportunitstic infections.






3. Antidepressant.......MAOI inhibitor.....Relieves depression......Nardil..food without tyramine






4. The nurse recognizes that one of the risks with ___ is increased risk of heart disease - pulmonary embolism - stroke - and breast and endometrial cancers.






5. Inadequate blood supply to the vital organs: the brain - heart and kidneys; inadequate circulating volume. Manifestations A. Pulse pressure decreases B. Blood pressure deceases C. Urine output decreases (ADH and Aldosterone) D. Pulse increases E. Res






6. Deficient oxygen in the blood.






7. 16-18 F is standard adult size - children are standard 5-12F






8. Hang bag above stomach - clamp tubing - fill bag with formula - prime tubing - reclamp tube - attach to tube and open clamp - adjust flow - flush tube with water - disconnect






9. Obesity B. Aging - plus recovery C. Concomitant diseases 1. Cardiovascular a. Danger of congestive failure - avoid fluid overload b. Avoid prolonged immobilization as it may cause venous stasis c. Encourage change of position; avoid sudden exertion 2






10. Medications used to treat ___ must be given continuously and on time throughout the client's life to maintain therapeutic blood levels.






11. Manifestations 1) Hypotension - cyanosis - tachycardia 2) Increased venous pressure - loss of consciousness b. Prevention 1) Run fluid through tubing and needle or catheter to force air out before starting infusion 2) When using glass bottle - change






12. Fluid buildup in tissues - palpate areas for tenderness/consistency






13. On the person's back 2. Maintains alignment






14. Wasting






15. Purposes 1. Relaxes muscle spasm 2. Softens exudate for removal 3. Vasodilates; hastens healing 4. Localizes infection 5. Reduces congestion 6. Relaxes - comforts






16. Used to tx symptoms of menopause - hormone replacement therapy involves the administration of ___ combination medications.






17. The ___ is generally printed on the package of the IV infusion set.






18. Produced by adrenal cortex. Target most cells to promote breakdown of glycogen - fats - and proteins as energy sources; raise blood level of glucose.Cortisol and Cortisone are types of these hormones.






19. In the elderly - change in mental status - particularly confusion - is very often the presenting symptom of infection; fever may be absent even when bacteremia or pneumonia are present






20. Lack of mature erythrocytes caused by inability to absorb vitamin B12 into the body






21. Decreases RR






22. 22 - 29 mEq/l






23. Anesthesia is the partial or complete loss of sensation - and general anesthesia produces a complete loss of sensation (unconsciousneess). It is also referred to as ___.






24. Urinary analgesic. For pain with UTIs. May cause urinary discoloration. May cause glomerulonephritis - hepatitis - renal impairment.






25. Pain relievers r/t opium






26. 3.5 - 5.5 mEq/l






27. Dermatologic






28. PH 7.35-7.45 2. pCO2 = 35 - 45 3. pO2 = 80 - 100 4. HCO3 = 22 - 26






29. Vasoconstrictor (trade names Privine and Sudafed) used in nasal sprays to treat symptoms of nasal congestion and in eyedrops to treat eye irritation






30. Onset:15-30mins. - clear - peak: 30-11/2 - duration: 3-4 hrs. - mix with intermed. - reg - short






31. Caused by a midbrain lesion; vertical gaze center impaired. Sx's: no vertical gaze - dilated and irregular pupils - eyelid abnormalities and impaired convergence. - characterized by impaired upward vertical gaze and loss of the pupillary light reflex






32. Increases heart rate






33. PH 7.32 2. pCO2 30 3. HCO3 18 4. Causes: a. Diabetes b. Renal failure c. Diarrhea






34. VS - LOC - Skin color - IV infusions - Drainage Tubes - Dressings - DB & C-h






35. Extracellular fluid volume deficit 1. Causes: Loosing more fluid than is taken in a. Vomiting b. Diarrhea c. Diuretics d. Increased respirations e. Insufficient I.V. fluid replacement or PO 2. Manifestations a. Weight loss b. Poor skin turgor c. Dry






36. Antihistamine medications are often prescribed for ___ - and the nurse should advise clients that these medications can cause drowsiness and the lcient should avoid operating any type of eqpt (including driving).






37. To slow formation of scar tissue






38. Nausea and vomiting that come before abdominal pain






39. Stop feeding q 4-8 hrs to check residual - flush q 4-6






40. Is the in ability of the heart to pump sufficient blood to meet the body's needs. Symptoms include SOB - cold and pale extremities - and a persistent - dry cough due to fluid congestion in the lungs.






41. Manifestations 1) Tenderness and pain in vein 2) Edema and redness at site 3) Warmth b. Management 1) Cold compresses immediately to relieve pain and inflammation 2) Follow with moist warm compresses to stimulate circulation and promote absorption






42. Neurotransmitters that play important role in body's stress response






43. Made in the hypothalamus and stored and secreted by the posterior pituitary b. Causes kidney to retain sodium and water






44. Do not give anything by mouth - position on side - admin glucagon - call 911 - stay with pt.






45. PH 7.32 2. pCO2 30 3. HCO3 18 4. Causes: a. Diabetes b. Renal failure c. Diarrhea






46. On left side with lower arm behind the back 2. Good position for administering enema






47. Shaky - slurred speech - weak - seizure - drowsy - sweating - inability to swallow






48. Do not give more than 3 consecutive bouts






49. Given right befor meals to control blood sugar






50. Fever that waxes and wanes - is associated with Hodgkins Lymphoma