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NCLEX General

Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Sheck of proper placement - note last patchplacement - clean skin - inital/date/time






2. A decrease in total blood volume such as hemorrhage - transfusions






3. Bruising will occur aroun inj. sites - apply pressure for at least 30 seconds - check for bleeding gums - stools - sheck V/S for internal bleeding with anticoagulants






4. Is a centrally acting alpha - adrenergic used to treat hypertension; apply to nonhairy site every 7 days; side effects include drowsiness - sedation - orthostatic hypotension; heart failure






5. Inability to look in a particular direction of gaze (both eyes signals a brain disease)






6. Gloves - mask - gown






7. Is a skin eruption caused by one of the two families of herpesvirus - herpes simplex or herpes zoster.






8. Act on local tissue






9. Caused by a midbrain lesion; vertical gaze center impaired. Sx's: no vertical gaze - dilated and irregular pupils - eyelid abnormalities and impaired convergence. - characterized by impaired upward vertical gaze and loss of the pupillary light reflex






10. Purposes 1. Relaxes muscle spasm 2. Softens exudate for removal 3. Vasodilates; hastens healing 4. Localizes infection 5. Reduces congestion 6. Relaxes - comforts






11. 1 g






12. Cause drowsiness; maintain client safety






13. Put air into cloudy first - then clear






14. The nurse should perform a detailed assessment to determine whether the client is experiencing ___ - because certain drugs - and other medical and neurologic disorders may mimic the symptoms of depression.






15. 135 - 145 mEq/l






16. Administer bronchodilators before other meds






17. Symptoms of Vit B12 Defiency Anemia include pallor - jaundice - fatigue - weight loss - neurologic symptoms and in particular a ___.






18. Generalized infection throughout body






19. Glaucoma and cataracts (lens becomes opaque) occur frequently 2. Presbyopia (farsightedness of aging) occurs in almost all persons as they age Difficulty seeing in dim light due to loss of light responsiveness Presbycussis: progressive hearing loss a






20. An antagonist for estrogen that is used in the treatment of breast cancer






21. Piece obstructing blood flow may have decreased bp - pain along vein - loss of conscoiusness






22. Shaky - slurred speech - weak - seizure - drowsy - sweating - inability to swallow






23. Made in the adrenal cortex b. Causes kidney to retain sodium and water and get rid of potassium






24. Gown - mask - gloves






25. Stiff joints






26. Also known as a 'health screening' is a test to assess specific areas of physical growth - development - and health status. Different health screenings are done at each age/development stage.






27. People over the age of 50 are recommended to have the ___ test for colon cancer - a colonoscopy.






28. Outside of arachnoidal tissue - usually benign and slow growing






29. Tom move TOWARDS the midline






30. Manifestations 1) Hypotension - cyanosis - tachycardia 2) Increased venous pressure - loss of consciousness b. Prevention 1) Run fluid through tubing and needle or catheter to force air out before starting infusion 2) When using glass bottle - change






31. Increasing dyspnea with periods of apnea






32. Patient is likely to be taking isoniazid (INH); INH is a mainstay in prevention and treatment of tuberculosis - used in combination with other antitubercular drugs if the disease is active; vitamin B6 is given to prevent the peripheral neuropathy - d






33. Is a condition in which Bp is abnormally high. In adults - ___ is dx with Bp readings higher than 140 mmHg systolic or 90 mmHg diastolic after 3 separate readings that are recorded several weeks apart.






34. The ___ has been proven to be effective in preventing two of the strains of human papilloma virus (HPV) responsible for a large percentage of cervical cancer cases.






35. Partial thickness loss of skin involving epidermis and/or part of dermis






36. A drug (trade name Capoten) that blocks the formation of angiotensin in the kidneys resulting in vasodilation






37. The pressure demonstrated when a solvent moves through the semipermeable membrane from weaker to stronger concentrations






38. Drowsiness - mood change - depression






39. Clean gloves - position cliient so drainage runs down - drape - discard gloves - open irrigation tray sterily - pour solution - sterile gloves - open packs - draw up solution - irrigate until runs clear - pat dry






40. PH 7.52 2. pCO2 30 3. HCO3 20 4. Cause: hyperventilation; rebreathe CO2






41. Mask symptoms of hypoglycemia - removing your body's early warning systembeta - blockers bind beta - adrenergic receptor sites - which prevents adrenaline from causing symptoms and glycogenolysis






42. Narcotic






43. Local anemia in a given body part sometimes resulting from vasoconstriction or thrombosis or embolism - to hold back blood; decreased blood flow to tissue caused by constriction or occlusion of a blood vessel






44. Emergency care can be given to stabilize patient who is not able to give consent. 2. Age of majority is eighteen 3. Unconscious adults need permission for care by parents or spouse if married. 4. Persons who are not alert or have been given mind alte






45. Onset:15-30mins. - clear - peak: 30-11/2 - duration: 3-4 hrs. - mix with intermed. - reg - short






46. Legs up in stirrups 2. Uses a. Gyn exams b. Perineal surgery 3. Increases risk of venous stasis and deep vein thrombophlebitis






47. Oral hypoglycemic that decreases blood sugar by stimulating insulin release from the beta cells of the pancreas; prednisone is a corticosteroid that causes hyperglycemia






48. Dermatologic






49. Common for debriding






50. Sickled cells are sequestered in the spleen - by the time the kiddo is 5 they will have infarced their spleen therefore it happens under the age of 5 and given prophylactic antibiotics up until age 5. results in an emergency spleenectomy - large volu