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PMI Project Management Vocab

  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A numbering system used to uniquely identify each component of the work breakdown structure.

2. A process whereby modifications to documents - deliverables - or baselines associated with the project are identified - documented - approved - or rejected.

3. An intentional activity that ensures the future performance of the project work is aligned with the project management plan.

4. Any activity on the critical path in a project schedule.

5. An uncertain event or condition that - if it occurs - has a positive or negative effect on one or more project objectives.

6. A dependent activity that logically comes after another activity in a schedule.

7. The person assigned by the performing organization to lead the team that is responsible for achieving the project objectives.

8. An earned value management technique used to indicate performance trends by using a graph that displays cumulative costs over a specific time period.

9. A component of the human resource plan that describes when and how team members will be acquired and how long they will be needed.

10. The series of phases that represent the evolution of a product - from concept through delivery - growth - maturity - and to retirement.

11. A measure of the cost efficiency of budgeted resources expressed as the ratio of earned value to actual cost.

12. A methodology that combines scope - schedule - and resource measurements to assess project performance and progress.

13. A group of potential causes of risk.

14. A grid that links product requirements from their origin to the deliverables that satisfy them.

15. A component of the project or program management plan that describes how the scope will be defined - developed - monitored - controlled - and verified.

16. A grid for mapping the probability of each risk occurrence and its impact on project objectives if that risk occurs.

17. An estimate of the most probable activity duration that takes into account all of the known variables that could affect performance.

18. A significant point or event in a project - program - or portfolio.

19. A review at the end of a phase in which a decision is made to continue to the next phase - to continue with modification - or to end a project or program.

20. A logical relationship in which a successor activity cannot start until a predecessor activity has finished.

21. A grid that shows the project resources assigned to each work package.

22. The document that describes how the project will be executed - monitored - and controlled.

23. In the critical path method - the earliest possible point in time when the uncompleted portions of a schedule activity can finish based on the schedule network logic - the data date - and any schedule constraints.

24. A dependency between two activities - or between an activity and a milestone.

25. The uncontrolled expansion to product or project scope without adjustments to time - cost - and resources.

26. A bar chart of schedule information where activities are listed on the vertical axis - dates are shown on the horizontal axis - and activity durations are shown as horizontal bars placed according to start and finish dates.

27. An individual - group - or organization who may affect - be affected by - or perceive itself to be affected by a decision - activity - or outcome of a project - program - or portfolio.

28. The application of knowledge - skills - tools - and techniques to project activities to meet the project requirements.

29. A risk that would have a positive effect on one or more project objectives.

30. A set of conditions that is required to be met before deliverables are accepted.

31. A response to a threat that has occurred - for which a prior response had not been planned or was not effective.

32. An activity that does not produce definitive end products and is measured by the passage of time. (Note: Level of effort is one of three earned value management [EVM] types of activities used to measure work performance.)

33. An activity where effort is allotted proportionately across certain discrete efforts and not divisible into discrete efforts. (Note: Apportioned effort is one of three earned value management [EVM] types of activities used to measure work performance

34. A hierarchical representation of risks that is organized according to risk categories.

35. A logical relationship in which a successor activity cannot start until a predecessor activity has started.

36. Projects - programs - subportfolios - and operations managed as a group to achieve strategic objectives.

37. The application of knowledge - skills - tools - and techniques to a program to meet the program requirements and to obtain benefits and control not available by managing projects individually.

38. A technique used to shorten the schedule duration for the least incremental cost by adding resources.

39. An activity that can be planned and measured and that yields a specific output. (Note: Discrete effort is one of three earned value management [EVM] types of activities used to measure work performance.)

40. The knowledge gained during a project which shows how project events were addressed or should be addressed in the future for the purpose of improving future performance

41. A risk response strategy whereby the project team shifts the impact of a threat to a third party - together with ownership of the response.

42. An activity that logically comes before a dependent activity in a schedule.

43. The authorized budget assigned to scheduled work.

44. A person or group who provides resources and support for the project - program - or portfolio - and is accountable for enabling success.

45. The process of optimizing the mix of portfolio components to further the strategic objectives of the organization.

46. A group of related schedule activities aggregated and displayed as a single activity.

47. A risk response strategy whereby the project team acts to reduce the probability of occurrence or impact of a risk.

48. The work performed to deliver a product - service - or result with the specified features and functions.

49. A technique for estimating the duration or cost of an activity or a project - using historical data from a similar activity or project.

50. A measure of the cost performance that is required to be achieved with the remaining resources in order to meet a specified management goal - expressed as the ratio of the cost to finish the outstanding work to the remaining budget.