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Praxis II Music Education Vocab

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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Sounds a perfect fifth lower than it is written. Music is written without a key.

2. Three part musical form created by repeating the first section without changing. A B A.

3. American Bandmaster's Association

4. Combination of aggreable tones.

5. Between 2/3 - 5/6 - 7/8

6. Instruction on string instruments begins no later than grade...

7. Smallest interval in common use in western music. The interval between one note on the piano and the next.

8. Sharpened leading note ascending and descending

9. Sounds major 16th lower. i.e. major second + two octaves

10. Made smaller.

11. V - vi

12. American Choral Director's Association

13. Developing a phrase or motif by making it longer.

14. V - I

15. Sharpened 6 and 7 - but reverted to naturals when descending

16. Modification of motif and themes. The main ways of developing a theme are by imitation - sequence - inversion - fragmentation - augmentation - and diminution.

17. B- B

18. Phrase is imitated by turning it upsidedown.

19. General music is required until grade...

20. Thick or thin - How many instruments or voices are performing together.

21. Increasing the note values of a musical theme - usually to twice their value.

22. Form of decoration; Unessential note that is not part of the harmony. Occurs off the beat.

23. For these instruments to sound a major second lower than it is written - their music needs to be written a major second higher.

24. Series of tones arranged in a rhythmic pattern - often built by repeating and varying a motif.

25. Tones that sound alike but have different names (C sharp and D flat)

26. Repeating a rhythm in a different part of the bar.

27. Teaching methods help teachers establish ewquential curricular objectives in accord with their own teaching styles and beliefs.

28. Highest natural adult male voice

29. A composition or part of a composition that can be performed backwards as well as forwards.

30. Scale consisting of five notes. No semitones. One major third - two minor thirds. All fifths are perfect.

31. Occurs when a phrase is repeated immediately at exactly the same pitch.

32. Third tone in a major or minor scale

33. Steady beat that is present in almost every musical composition.

34. Sounds major 13th lower. i.e. major sixth + octave

35. Instruction to use the bow after a plucked passage of music.

36. Fifth tone in a major or minor scale.

37. Exact transposition of each note in a sequence.

38. Distance between any two notes

39. An unessential note that falls on the beat

40. Repetition of a musical idea at a higher or lower pitch.

41. Scales that share the same key signature (C major - A minor)

42. Come at the end of a passage and anticipate the final chord.

43. 1. Avoiding ledger lines 2. Provide a better key signature 3. Avoid changing the pattern of fingering for different pitches

44. Ending section designed to round off a musical composition.

45. American String Teachers Assocation

46. Two part form - A B. The first section modulates (usually to the dominant). The second section is often longer than the first and uses similar material.

47. C clef sometimes used by the cello - bassoon - and trombone. C is on the second to top line

48. Journal of Research for Music Education

49. Educator in Moravian church in 1600s. Believed music ed was instinctual for children who first learn to make sounds through vocalizations..

50. Minor key with the same tonic as a major one. C major and C minor.