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Praxis II Music Education Vocab

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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Occurs when a phrase is repeated immediately at exactly the same pitch.

2. Fifth tone in a major or minor scale.

3. Sound that results when two or more notes are played at the same time.

4. Trademark teaching methods using solfege hand signs - musical shorthand - rhythm solmization

5. A long held note or series of repeated notes - usually in the bass - above which harmonies constantly change. Tonic and dominant pedals are the most common.

6. Repetition by one or more different voices of a phrase.

7. Middle C

8. Musical announcement played on brass instruments before the arrival of an important person. Usually played on trumpets and built from the notes of one major triad.

9. Based on a chord pattern using primary chords (I IV V).

10. Way of playing or singing in which some of the notes are slightly hurried while others are slowed down. Free flowing expressiveness according to the performer.

11. Notes that are not in the key of the composition. Romatic period is known as the period of chromaticism.

12. Chord whose notes are played one after another. Sometimes it is written as a chord preceded by a wiggly line.

13. Alternate singing or playing by different groups.

14. How high or low a note is.

15. Occur in all parts.

16. Flutes - oboes - bassoons - trombones - tubas - string instruments

17. Glissando in vocal music

18. Come at the end of a passage and anticipate the final chord.

19. Child - developmental approach. Quarter note = ta. Eight note pairs = ti ti. Half note = ta - a. Moveable do and hand signs.

20. Minor key with the same tonic as a major one. C major and C minor.

21. Sounds a perfect fifth lower than it is written. Music is written with a key.

22. American Choral Director's Association

23. Scale made entirely of semitones.

24. 1. Avoiding ledger lines 2. Provide a better key signature 3. Avoid changing the pattern of fingering for different pitches

25. Breaking of a theme into segments in order to develop it

26. I - IV - V

27. V - I

28. Gives stopping place to breathe. Signals the end of both small and large musical sections.

29. Accenting of a beat that is not normally accented

30. Pick up bar.

31. Developing a phrase or motif by making it longer.

32. Only the rhythm of a passage is imitated - not the melody.

33. Where a composer imitates a passage - but the second part enters before the first part has ended.

34. Scales that share the same key signature (C major - A minor)

35. Between 2/3 - 5/6 - 7/8

36. Between 3/4 and 7/8

37. Pure music - not linked to words or descriptive ideas. Opposite of program music.

38. Organization of musical notes in time.

39. D- D

40. Repeating a theme or motif with notes of smaller value (usually half)

41. Rate of speed at which a musical composition is to be played.

42. Tones that sound alike but have different names (C sharp and D flat)

43. C clef sometimes used by the cello - bassoon - and trombone. C is on the second to top line

44. IV - I

45. Smallest interval in common use in western music. The interval between one note on the piano and the next.

46. An annual budget is provided for the replacement of school - owned instruments that is equivalent to at least ______ of the current replacement value of the total inventory.

47. Another word for key.

48. Effect of tension or disturbance made by using discords in music. Jazz uses many colorful dissonant chords.

49. Combination of aggreable tones.

50. Music with a single melody line and no harmony.