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Praxis II Music Education Vocab

Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Bars of music before the main tune begins.






2. Sharpened 6 and 7 - but reverted to naturals when descending






3. Third tone in a major or minor scale






4. Repetition of a musical idea at a higher or lower pitch.






5. F- F






6. IV - I






7. Way of playing or singing in which some of the notes are slightly hurried while others are slowed down. Free flowing expressiveness according to the performer.






8. Sharps - flats - and naturals placed in front of notes that alter their pitch.






9. A melody moves by inversion if it moves in ___________ when repeated. Sometimes the intervals are not exact.






10. Actual pitch at which an instrument sounds.






11. Distance between any two notes






12. American Bandmaster's Association






13. Based on a chord pattern using primary chords (I IV V).






14. Tones that sound alike but have different names (C sharp and D flat)






15. Exercises played by beginning pianists using only five consecutive notes of the scale.






16. Founder of kindergarten. Advocated dance and music in regards to nature as they played outside. Wrote Mother Play and Nursery songs with tunes.






17. G- G






18. Used by composers in the Baroque period. Numbers underneath the bass line told the performer which chords to play. The bass part was called the continuo. Each number represents an interval between the bass and the note to be supplied.






19. Ending section designed to round off a musical composition.






20. Sounds minor seventh higher.






21. Phrase is imitated by turning it upsidedown.






22. Chord without a third.






23. Smallest complete unit of musical form containing about as much as can be held in a normal breath. Can be two to eight bars long.






24. Key note. Tonic of C major is C. The tonic triad is C E G.






25. Without key center






26. American Orff - Schulwerk Association






27. Developing a phrase or motif by making it longer.






28. Pure music - not linked to words or descriptive ideas. Opposite of program music.






29. V - vi






30. Middle C






31. Between 2/3 - 5/6 - 7/8






32. Glissando in vocal music






33. Teaching methods help teachers establish ewquential curricular objectives in accord with their own teaching styles and beliefs.






34. Only the rhythm of a passage is imitated - not the melody.






35. Breaking of a theme into segments in order to develop it






36. Rate of speed at which a musical composition is to be played.






37. Occurs when a phrase is repeated immediately at exactly the same pitch.






38. Unessential note that forms part of the harmony






39. Sharpened leading note ascending and descending






40. For these instruments to sound a major second lower than it is written - their music needs to be written a major second higher.






41. Trademark teaching methods using solfege hand signs - musical shorthand - rhythm solmization






42. Sounds major 13th lower. i.e. major sixth + octave






43. Repeating a theme or motif with notes of smaller value (usually half)






44. Sounds a perfect fifth lower than it is written. Music is written with a key.






45. Natural Pitch






46. An annual budget is provided for the replacement of school - owned instruments that is equivalent to at least ______ of the current replacement value of the total inventory.






47. Fourth tone in a major/minor scale






48. Modification of motif and themes. The main ways of developing a theme are by imitation - sequence - inversion - fragmentation - augmentation - and diminution.






49. (Elementary/Middle School) Every music course meets at least every other day in periods of at least ____ minutes.






50. Stress placed on a particular note in relation to others around it.