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Praxis II Music Education Vocab

Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Come at the end of a passage and anticipate the final chord.






2. Second melody above or below the main melody. Descant is a type of countermelody.






3. Musical shaping and phrasing. Marks include staccato - legato - accent.






4. Effect of tension or disturbance made by using discords in music. Jazz uses many colorful dissonant chords.






5. Breaking of a theme into segments in order to develop it






6. Intervals of the first phrase are NOT reproduced exactly.






7. Occurs when a phrase is repeated immediately at exactly the same pitch.






8. Sounds major 16th lower. i.e. major second + two octaves






9. Trademark teaching methods using solfege hand signs - musical shorthand - rhythm solmization






10. Bed post - double reed - connected with a bocal






11. Accompaniment style popular in the classical period. Instead of writing simple chords for the left hand - the composer arranges the same notes in a pattern of broken chords.






12. Rhythms that constantly change or are grouped in a different way.






13. Smallest unit of musical form. Can be as short as two notes or as long as six. A motif has Clear rhythmic patterns as well as a clear melodic outline.






14. Interval of less than a semitone






15. Sounds major second lower. Same as B flat trumpets.






16. Thick or thin - How many instruments or voices are performing together.






17. Glissando in vocal music






18. American Orff - Schulwerk Association






19. I - IV - V






20. Alternate singing or playing by different groups.






21. V - vi






22. Part of the total pitch range of an instrument that has a distinctive quality.






23. Phrase is imitated by turning it upsidedown.






24. Idiophones - Membranophones - Chordophones - Aerophones - Electrophones






25. Only occur in the melody over an independent bass.






26. Ending section designed to round off a musical composition.






27. C- C






28. Two conflicting rhythms used at the same time. Also known as polyrhythm.






29. Type of counterpoint (polyphony) where one or more voices imitate a leading voice.






30. Background support for a melody.






31. V - I






32. Sound that results when two or more notes are played at the same time.






33. Chord that is in a different key to the one before it with no notes in common.






34. Rate of speed at which a musical composition is to be played.






35. Steady beat that is present in almost every musical composition.






36. Note that does not form part of the harmony and is approached by a leap and quitted by a step






37. Sounds a perfect fifth lower than it is written. Music is written with a key.






38. Musical announcement played on brass instruments before the arrival of an important person. Usually played on trumpets and built from the notes of one major triad.






39. Occur in all parts.






40. Music that attemtps to paint a picture or mood - describe an action - or tell a story. Very popular in the Romantic period.






41. Sounds a perfect fifth lower than it is written. Music is written without a key.






42. Repetition of a musical idea at a higher or lower pitch.






43. Actual pitch at which an instrument sounds.






44. Three part musical form created by repeating the first section without changing. A B A.






45. Third tone in a major or minor scale






46. Journal of Research for Music Education






47. Instruction on string instruments begins no later than grade...






48. Tones that sound alike but have different names (C sharp and D flat)






49. Pure music - not linked to words or descriptive ideas. Opposite of program music.






50. Fourth tone in a major/minor scale