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Praxis II Music Education Vocab

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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Used to give a more melodic bass part and to give variety to the music.

2. An annual budget is provided for the replacement of school - owned instruments that is equivalent to at least ______ of the current replacement value of the total inventory.

3. V - vi

4. American Society of Composers - Authors - and Publishers

5. Between 2/3 - 5/6 - 7/8

6. Articulation for guitar produced by sliding the finger from one fret to the next down and back. Similar to a slur.

7. Breaking of a melody into single notes or very short phrases by using rests. The melody is then shared between different voices.

8. Repeating a rhythm in a different part of the bar.

9. Sounds major 13th lower. i.e. major sixth + octave

10. Music that attemtps to paint a picture or mood - describe an action - or tell a story. Very popular in the Romantic period.

11. Key note. Tonic of C major is C. The tonic triad is C E G.

12. A B A C A. Usually sections B and C are in a different key.

13. Glissando in vocal music

14. Thick or thin - How many instruments or voices are performing together.

15. Only the rhythm of a passage is imitated - not the melody.

16. Tone color or quality of sound.

17. Chord that is in a different key to the one before it with no notes in common.

18. Sharpened leading note ascending and descending

19. Way of playing or singing in which some of the notes are slightly hurried while others are slowed down. Free flowing expressiveness according to the performer.

20. A- A

21. Sounds major second lower. Same as B flat trumpets.

22. I - IV - V

23. General music courses involve listening - composing - and performing for all students.

24. Child - developmental approach. Quarter note = ta. Eight note pairs = ti ti. Half note = ta - a. Moveable do and hand signs.

25. Developing a phrase or motif by making it longer.

26. Two part form - A B. The first section modulates (usually to the dominant). The second section is often longer than the first and uses similar material.

27. Glissando in jazz music

28. Educator in Moravian church in 1600s. Believed music ed was instinctual for children who first learn to make sounds through vocalizations..

29. Exact transposition of each note in a sequence.

30. Short - constantly repeated motif. Usually - but not always in the bass.

31. Smallest unit of musical form. Can be as short as two notes or as long as six. A motif has Clear rhythmic patterns as well as a clear melodic outline.

32. Sounds a perfect fifth lower than it is written. Music is written with a key.

33. An unessential note that falls on the beat

34. C clef used by the viola. C is on the middle line.

35. V - I

36. Accenting of a beat that is not normally accented

37. Smallest complete unit of musical form containing about as much as can be held in a normal breath. Can be two to eight bars long.

38. Interval of less than a semitone

39. Another word for key.

40. Part of the total pitch range of an instrument that has a distinctive quality.

41. Founder of kindergarten. Advocated dance and music in regards to nature as they played outside. Wrote Mother Play and Nursery songs with tunes.

42. Gives stopping place to breathe. Signals the end of both small and large musical sections.

43. Teaching methods help teachers establish ewquential curricular objectives in accord with their own teaching styles and beliefs.

44. Highest natural adult male voice

45. D- D

46. Modification of motif and themes. The main ways of developing a theme are by imitation - sequence - inversion - fragmentation - augmentation - and diminution.

47. Second melody above or below the main melody. Descant is a type of countermelody.

48. Smallest interval in common use in western music. The interval between one note on the piano and the next.

49. IV - I

50. Scale made entirely of semitones.