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Praxis II Music Education Vocab

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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Tones that sound alike but have different names (C sharp and D flat)

2. Used by composers in the Baroque period. Numbers underneath the bass line told the performer which chords to play. The bass part was called the continuo. Each number represents an interval between the bass and the note to be supplied.

3. Second tone in a major/minor scale

4. Without key center

5. General music is required until grade...

6. V - I

7. Gliding or sliding from one note to another. Can be shown by a line between notes or by writing the actual notes to be played.

8. Distance between any two notes

9. C clef sometimes used by the cello - bassoon - and trombone. C is on the second to top line

10. Between 2/3 - 5/6 - 7/8

11. A composition or part of a composition that can be performed backwards as well as forwards.

12. Made larger.

13. Breaking of a melody into single notes or very short phrases by using rests. The melody is then shared between different voices.

14. Alternate singing or playing by different groups.

15. Sounds major 16th lower. i.e. major second + two octaves

16. Another word for key.

17. A long held note or series of repeated notes - usually in the bass - above which harmonies constantly change. Tonic and dominant pedals are the most common.

18. Come at the end of a passage and anticipate the final chord.

19. Sounds major sixth lower. Written with key signature.

20. Phrase is imitated by turning it upsidedown.

21. Smallest interval in common use in western music. The interval between one note on the piano and the next.

22. Accenting of a beat that is not normally accented

23. Smallest unit of musical form. Can be as short as two notes or as long as six. A motif has Clear rhythmic patterns as well as a clear melodic outline.

24. Two part form - A B. The first section modulates (usually to the dominant). The second section is often longer than the first and uses similar material.

25. Gives stopping place to breathe. Signals the end of both small and large musical sections.

26. An unessential note that falls on the beat

27. D- D

28. Teaching methods help teachers establish ewquential curricular objectives in accord with their own teaching styles and beliefs.

29. Come between notes of the same pitch - either a note higher or note lower.

30. Only the rhythm of a passage is imitated - not the melody.

31. Rhythmic Gymnastics - teaches concept of rhythm - structure - and expression through movement.

32. C- C

33. Musical announcement played on brass instruments before the arrival of an important person. Usually played on trumpets and built from the notes of one major triad.

34. Idiophones - Membranophones - Chordophones - Aerophones - Electrophones

35. Organization of musical notes in time.

36. General music courses involve listening - composing - and performing for all students.

37. Form of decoration; Unessential note that is not part of the harmony. Occurs off the beat.

38. Trademark teaching methods using solfege hand signs - musical shorthand - rhythm solmization

39. Based on a chord pattern using primary chords (I IV V).

40. Tone color or quality of sound.

41. Background support for a melody.

42. For these instruments to sound a major second lower than it is written - their music needs to be written a major second higher.

43. Repetition by one or more different voices of a phrase.

44. Scale made entirely of semitones.

45. Type of counterpoint (polyphony) where one or more voices imitate a leading voice.

46. Bed post - double reed - connected with a bocal

47. Exact transposition of each note in a sequence.

48. Developing a phrase or motif by making it longer.

49. Sharpened 6 and 7 - but reverted to naturals when descending

50. Rhythms that constantly change or are grouped in a different way.