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Praxis II Music Education Vocab

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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Tones that sound alike but have different names (C sharp and D flat)

2. Alternate singing or playing by different groups.

3. Interval of less than a semitone

4. Founder of kindergarten. Advocated dance and music in regards to nature as they played outside. Wrote Mother Play and Nursery songs with tunes.

5. Repeating a theme or motif with notes of smaller value (usually half)

6. Occur in all parts.

7. Sounds Major 9th lower. i.e. major second + octave

8. Minor key with the same tonic as a major one. C major and C minor.

9. Music that moves in harmonic blocks (as opposed to the linear way polyphonic music moves)

10. Instruction on string instruments begins no later than grade...

11. Three part musical form created by repeating the first section without changing. A B A.

12. E- E

13. Maelzel's Metronome

14. Seventh tone in a major or minor scale

15. Accompaniment style popular in the classical period. Instead of writing simple chords for the left hand - the composer arranges the same notes in a pattern of broken chords.

16. An annual budget is provided for the replacement of school - owned instruments that is equivalent to at least ______ of the current replacement value of the total inventory.

17. Breaking of a theme into segments in order to develop it

18. Sound that results when two or more notes are played at the same time.

19. American Choral Director's Association

20. (Elementary/Middle School) Every music course meets at least every other day in periods of at least ____ minutes.

21. A melody moves by inversion if it moves in ___________ when repeated. Sometimes the intervals are not exact.

22. Accenting of a beat that is not normally accented

23. Sounds a perfect fifth lower than it is written. Music is written with a key.

24. Only the rhythm of a passage is imitated - not the melody.

25. Modification of motif and themes. The main ways of developing a theme are by imitation - sequence - inversion - fragmentation - augmentation - and diminution.

26. Type of counterpoint (polyphony) where one or more voices imitate a leading voice.

27. Child - developmental approach. Quarter note = ta. Eight note pairs = ti ti. Half note = ta - a. Moveable do and hand signs.

28. Needs to be written a minor third higher.

29. Unessential note that forms part of the harmony

30. Occurs when a phrase is repeated immediately at exactly the same pitch.

31. Only occur in the melody over an independent bass.

32. American String Teachers Assocation

33. Sounds major sixth lower. Written with key signature.

34. Fifth tone in a major or minor scale.

35. Scales that share the same key signature (C major - A minor)

36. C clef sometimes used by the cello - bassoon - and trombone. C is on the second to top line

37. Sixth tone in a major or minor scale

38. A composition or part of a composition that can be performed backwards as well as forwards.

39. Glissando in vocal music

40. Natural Pitch

41. Note that does not form part of the harmony and is approached by a leap and quitted by a step

42. D- D

43. Idiophones - Membranophones - Chordophones - Aerophones - Electrophones

44. General music is required until grade...

45. Music with a single melody line and no harmony.

46. Rhythms that constantly change or are grouped in a different way.

47. Glissando in jazz music

48. Gliding or sliding from one note to another. Can be shown by a line between notes or by writing the actual notes to be played.

49. A long held note or series of repeated notes - usually in the bass - above which harmonies constantly change. Tonic and dominant pedals are the most common.

50. Instruction to use the bow after a plucked passage of music.