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Praxis II Music Education Vocab

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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. American Society of Composers - Authors - and Publishers

2. Musical shaping and phrasing. Marks include staccato - legato - accent.

3. Repeating a theme or motif with notes of smaller value (usually half)

4. Sounds a perfect fifth lower than it is written. Music is written without a key.

5. Scale made entirely of semitones.

6. An unessential note that falls on the beat

7. Notes that are not in the key of the composition. Romatic period is known as the period of chromaticism.

8. V - I

9. Sounds Major 9th lower. i.e. major second + octave

10. American Orff - Schulwerk Association

11. Ending section designed to round off a musical composition.

12. Combination of aggreable tones.

13. Trademark teaching methods using solfege hand signs - musical shorthand - rhythm solmization

14. F- F

15. Child - developmental approach. Quarter note = ta. Eight note pairs = ti ti. Half note = ta - a. Moveable do and hand signs.

16. Repetition by one or more different voices of a phrase.

17. Tone color or quality of sound.

18. Sounds major second lower. Same as B flat trumpets.

19. Sharps - flats - and naturals placed in front of notes that alter their pitch.

20. Increasing the note values of a musical theme - usually to twice their value.

21. C clef sometimes used by the cello - bassoon - and trombone. C is on the second to top line

22. Unessential note that forms part of the harmony

23. Short - constantly repeated motif. Usually - but not always in the bass.

24. General music is required until grade...

25. Repeating a rhythm in a different part of the bar.

26. Repetition of a musical idea at a higher or lower pitch.

27. Instruction on string instruments begins no later than grade...

28. Between 2/3 - 5/6 - 7/8

29. Minor key with the same tonic as a major one. C major and C minor.

30. Organization of musical notes in time.

31. Two conflicting rhythms used at the same time. Also known as polyrhythm.

32. Continuously repeated musical phrase in jazz music - played over changing harmonies.

33. Instruction to use the bow after a plucked passage of music.

34. Way of playing or singing in which some of the notes are slightly hurried while others are slowed down. Free flowing expressiveness according to the performer.

35. Alto and tenor clefs

36. Bars of music before the main tune begins.

37. Sharpened leading note ascending and descending

38. Key note. Tonic of C major is C. The tonic triad is C E G.

39. Three part musical form created by repeating the first section without changing. A B A.

40. Third tone in a major or minor scale

41. I - V ii - V IV - V

42. C clef used by the viola. C is on the middle line.

43. Between 3/4 and 7/8

44. Actual pitch at which an instrument sounds.

45. Exact transposition of each note in a sequence.

46. Exercises played by beginning pianists using only five consecutive notes of the scale.

47. A- A

48. Sounds major sixth lower. Written with key signature.

49. 1. Avoiding ledger lines 2. Provide a better key signature 3. Avoid changing the pattern of fingering for different pitches

50. Made smaller.