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Praxis II Music Education Vocab

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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Modification of motif and themes. The main ways of developing a theme are by imitation - sequence - inversion - fragmentation - augmentation - and diminution.

2. Rhythms that constantly change or are grouped in a different way.

3. Repetition of a musical idea at a higher or lower pitch.

4. Where a composer imitates a passage - but the second part enters before the first part has ended.

5. Breaking of a melody into single notes or very short phrases by using rests. The melody is then shared between different voices.

6. How high or low a note is.

7. Scale consisting of five notes. No semitones. One major third - two minor thirds. All fifths are perfect.

8. Music that attemtps to paint a picture or mood - describe an action - or tell a story. Very popular in the Romantic period.

9. Sounds a perfect fifth lower than it is written. Music is written without a key.

10. Between 2/3 - 5/6 - 7/8

11. Type of counterpoint (polyphony) where one or more voices imitate a leading voice.

12. Highest natural adult male voice

13. Effect of tension or disturbance made by using discords in music. Jazz uses many colorful dissonant chords.

14. A long held note or series of repeated notes - usually in the bass - above which harmonies constantly change. Tonic and dominant pedals are the most common.

15. Natural Pitch

16. Educator in Moravian church in 1600s. Believed music ed was instinctual for children who first learn to make sounds through vocalizations..

17. Second tone in a major/minor scale

18. Two part form - A B. The first section modulates (usually to the dominant). The second section is often longer than the first and uses similar material.

19. Articulation on guitar produced by sliding the finger from one fret to the next up and back.

20. Sharps - flats - and naturals placed in front of notes that alter their pitch.

21. Consists entirely of whole steps.

22. Glissando in vocal music

23. Founder of kindergarten. Advocated dance and music in regards to nature as they played outside. Wrote Mother Play and Nursery songs with tunes.

24. American String Teachers Assocation

25. Middle C

26. Sounds major sixth lower. Written with key signature.

27. Two conflicting rhythms used at the same time. Also known as polyrhythm.

28. F- F

29. Teaching methods help teachers establish ewquential curricular objectives in accord with their own teaching styles and beliefs.

30. B- B

31. Rhythmic Gymnastics - teaches concept of rhythm - structure - and expression through movement.

32. Another word for key.

33. American Choral Director's Association

34. Sounds minor seventh higher.

35. IV - I

36. Key note. Tonic of C major is C. The tonic triad is C E G.

37. Piccolo - Guitar - Bass Guitar

38. Smallest complete unit of musical form containing about as much as can be held in a normal breath. Can be two to eight bars long.

39. V - I

40. I - V ii - V IV - V

41. Pure music - not linked to words or descriptive ideas. Opposite of program music.

42. For these instruments to sound a major second lower than it is written - their music needs to be written a major second higher.

43. Tone color or quality of sound.

44. E- E

45. Simultaneous use of two or more keys.

46. Second melody above or below the main melody. Descant is a type of countermelody.

47. General music is required until grade...

48. Phrase is imitated by turning it upsidedown.

49. C- C

50. Articulation for guitar produced by sliding the finger from one fret to the next down and back. Similar to a slur.