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Praxis II Music Education Vocab

  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Come at the end of a passage and anticipate the final chord.

2. Bed post - double reed - connected with a bocal

3. Organization of musical notes in time.

4. V - I

5. Musical shaping and phrasing. Marks include staccato - legato - accent.

6. Consists entirely of whole steps.

7. Needs to be written a minor third higher.

8. Only occur in the melody over an independent bass.

9. Smallest complete unit of musical form containing about as much as can be held in a normal breath. Can be two to eight bars long.

10. Alternate singing or playing by different groups.

11. Highest natural adult male voice

12. Piccolo - Guitar - Bass Guitar

13. Music that attemtps to paint a picture or mood - describe an action - or tell a story. Very popular in the Romantic period.

14. Type of counterpoint (polyphony) where one or more voices imitate a leading voice.

15. Increasing the note values of a musical theme - usually to twice their value.

16. Sounds a perfect fifth lower than it is written. Music is written without a key.

17. Repeating a rhythm in a different part of the bar.

18. I - V ii - V IV - V

19. Repetition of a musical idea at a higher or lower pitch.

20. Pick up bar.

21. Sounds major sixth lower. Written with key signature.

22. Form of decoration; Unessential note that is not part of the harmony. Occurs off the beat.

23. Bars of music before the main tune begins.

24. Notes that are not in the key of the composition. Romatic period is known as the period of chromaticism.

25. Made larger.

26. Glissando in jazz music

27. Rhythms that constantly change or are grouped in a different way.

28. Smallest interval in common use in western music. The interval between one note on the piano and the next.

29. G- G

30. Effect of tension or disturbance made by using discords in music. Jazz uses many colorful dissonant chords.

31. Clarinets - bass clarinets - trumpets - tenor saxes - baritones

32. Exercises played by beginning pianists using only five consecutive notes of the scale.

33. Music with a single melody line and no harmony.

34. Breaking of a theme into segments in order to develop it

35. Scale consisting of five notes. No semitones. One major third - two minor thirds. All fifths are perfect.

36. Turning upside down. Change of the relative position of an interval - chord - or melody.

37. High - clear - pure sound produced on a string instrument by lightly stopping the string at its halfway point.

38. Chord that is in a different key to the one before it with no notes in common.

39. C- C

40. Key note. Tonic of C major is C. The tonic triad is C E G.

41. I - IV - V

42. C clef sometimes used by the cello - bassoon - and trombone. C is on the second to top line

43. Another word for key.

44. Sound that results when two or more notes are played at the same time.

45. Occurs when a phrase is repeated immediately at exactly the same pitch.

46. Between 2/3 - 5/6 - 7/8

47. 1. Avoiding ledger lines 2. Provide a better key signature 3. Avoid changing the pattern of fingering for different pitches

48. Middle C

49. Founder of kindergarten. Advocated dance and music in regards to nature as they played outside. Wrote Mother Play and Nursery songs with tunes.

50. Series of tones arranged in a rhythmic pattern - often built by repeating and varying a motif.