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Praxis II Music Education Vocab

  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Exercises played by beginning pianists using only five consecutive notes of the scale.

2. American Bandmaster's Association

3. General music is required until grade...

4. Clarinets - bass clarinets - trumpets - tenor saxes - baritones

5. Part of the total pitch range of an instrument that has a distinctive quality.

6. V - I

7. Pure music - not linked to words or descriptive ideas. Opposite of program music.

8. Instruction on string instruments begins no later than grade...

9. Stress placed on a particular note in relation to others around it.

10. Distance between any two notes

11. Accenting of a beat that is not normally accented

12. Child - developmental approach. Quarter note = ta. Eight note pairs = ti ti. Half note = ta - a. Moveable do and hand signs.

13. A long held note or series of repeated notes - usually in the bass - above which harmonies constantly change. Tonic and dominant pedals are the most common.

14. I - V ii - V IV - V

15. Educator in Moravian church in 1600s. Believed music ed was instinctual for children who first learn to make sounds through vocalizations..

16. Type of counterpoint (polyphony) where one or more voices imitate a leading voice.

17. Rhythmic Gymnastics - teaches concept of rhythm - structure - and expression through movement.

18. Sharpened leading note ascending and descending

19. Gliding or sliding from one note to another. Can be shown by a line between notes or by writing the actual notes to be played.

20. Needs to be written a minor third higher.

21. Sounds a perfect fifth lower than it is written. Music is written with a key.

22. Teaching methods help teachers establish ewquential curricular objectives in accord with their own teaching styles and beliefs.

23. Series of tones arranged in a rhythmic pattern - often built by repeating and varying a motif.

24. Without key center

25. Sharps - flats - and naturals placed in front of notes that alter their pitch.

26. Idiophones - Membranophones - Chordophones - Aerophones - Electrophones

27. Accompaniment style popular in the classical period. Instead of writing simple chords for the left hand - the composer arranges the same notes in a pattern of broken chords.

28. Based on a chord pattern using primary chords (I IV V).

29. Seventh tone in a major or minor scale

30. Tones that sound alike but have different names (C sharp and D flat)

31. Piccolo - Guitar - Bass Guitar

32. Notes that are not in the key of the composition. Romatic period is known as the period of chromaticism.

33. Continuously repeated musical phrase in jazz music - played over changing harmonies.

34. 1. Avoiding ledger lines 2. Provide a better key signature 3. Avoid changing the pattern of fingering for different pitches

35. Alto and tenor clefs

36. Two conflicting rhythms used at the same time. Also known as polyrhythm.

37. A melody moves by inversion if it moves in ___________ when repeated. Sometimes the intervals are not exact.

38. Organization of musical notes in time.

39. American Choral Director's Association

40. Unessential note that forms part of the harmony

41. Where a composer imitates a passage - but the second part enters before the first part has ended.

42. Sharpened 6 and 7 - but reverted to naturals when descending

43. Tone color or quality of sound.

44. Thick or thin - How many instruments or voices are performing together.

45. Used to give a more melodic bass part and to give variety to the music.

46. Combination of aggreable tones.

47. Alternate singing or playing by different groups.

48. C clef used by the viola. C is on the middle line.

49. Come at the end of a passage and anticipate the final chord.

50. Repetition of a musical idea at a higher or lower pitch.