Test your basic knowledge |

Technology In Action - 2

Subjects : it-skills, literacy
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A display that uses organic compounds to produce light when exposed to an electric current. Unlike LCD's - OLEDs do not require a backlight to function and therefore draw less power and have a much thinner display - sometimes as thin as 3mm.






2. 'A section of a hard drive platter - wedge-shaped from the center of the platter to the edge.'






3. 'The exact location of a file - starting with the drive in which the file is located - and including all folders - subfolders (if any) - the file name - and the extension. (Example: C:Usersusername DocumentsIllustrationsEBronte.jpg)'






4. An expansion card that enables a computer to connect other computers or to a cable modem to facilitate a high-speed internet connection.






5. A cable that transmits data at close to the speed of light along glass or plastic fibers.






6. A Windows feature that starts the computer by using the registry information that was saved during the last shutdown.






7. A computer that provides resources to other computers on a network.






8. 'An application program that helps business owners manage their finances more efficiently by providing tools for tracking accounting transactions such as sales - accounts receivable - inventory purchases - and accounts payable.'






9. The application of computer systems and techniques to gather potential legal evidence; a law enforcement specialty used to fight high-tech crime.






10. 'A small program that performs many of the general housekeeping tasks for the computer - such as system maintenance and file compression.'






11. A signal that tells the operating system that it is in need of immediate attention.






12. 'Permanent storage - as in read-only memory (ROM).'






13. 'Someone who has training in computer and peripheral maintenance and repair - network design - and the installation of network software; installs new equipment - configures computers for users - repairs equipment - and assigns network access to users






14. The measurement (in miliseconds) of the time it takes for a pixel to change color; the lower the response time - the smoother moving images will appear on the monitor.






15. The radio waves or cable that transport data on a network.






16. 'A device designed to store media - share media across the network - and back up files on computers connected to a home network.'






17. A measure of the difference in light intensity between the brightest white and the darkest black colors that a monitor can produce. If the contrast ratio is too low - colors tend to fade when the brightness is adjusted to a high or low setting.






18. Any object that a user carries to identify him- or herself and that grants the user access to a computer system or computer facility.






19. A computer that requests information from a server in a client/server network (such as your computer when you are connected to the Internet).






20. A block of code in the operating system that software applications need to interact with.






21. 'On the desktop - the bar that appears at the side or bottom of the window and controls which part of the information is displayed on the screen.'






22. A circuit board with specific functions that augment the computer's basic functions and provide connections to other devices; examples include sound card and video card.






23. A network name that wireless routers use to identify themselves.






24. An expansion card that is installed inside a system unit to translate binary data (the 1s and 0s the computer uses) into the images viewed on the monitor.






25. A device that allows you to capture sound waves - such as those created by your voice - and transfer them to digital format on your computer.






26. A folder on a Windows desktop in which deleted files from the hard drive are held until permanently purged from the system.






27. 'The first job the basic input/output system (BIOS) performs - ensuring that essential peripheral devices are attached and operational. This process consists of a test on the video card and video memory - a BIOS identification process (during which t






28. 'The main function of an Internet appliance is easy access to the Internet - social networking sites - e-mail - video - news - and entertainment.'






29. The set of programs that run on a computer to help a user carry out tasks such as word processing - sending e-mail - balancing a budget - creating presentations - editing photos - taking an online course - and playing games.






30. A power-management mode that saves the current state of the current system to the computer's hard drive.






31. An expansion card that is installed inside a system unit to translate binary data ( the 1s and the 0s the computer uses) into the images viewed on the monitor.






32. 'A large - expensive computer that supports hundreds or thousands of users simultaneously and executes many different programs at the same time.'






33. 'A server that handles all communications between the network and other networks - including managing Internet connectivity.'






34. A portion of the hard drive containing all the different configurations (settings) used by the Windows operating system (OS) as well as by other applications.






35. 'Software - often used for training purposes - which allows the user to experience or control an event as if it is reality.'






36. The instructions programmers write in a higher-level language.






37. A software holding area for printing jobs.






38. Comprises computing devices - softeare - or peripherals that use techniques - parts - and methods from an earlier time that are no longer popular.






39. A network configuration in which the computers and peripherals are laid out in a configuration resembling a circle. Data flows around the circle from device to device in one direction only.






40. 'The top level of the filing structure in a computer system. In Windows computers - the root directory of the hard drive is represented as C:.'






41. A low-power mode for electronic devices such as computers that saves electric poer consumption and sace your computer settings where you left off. When the computer is 'woken up -' you can resume working more quickly that when cold booting the comput






42. A container designed to hold multiple data packets.






43. 'The process of identifying a computer user - based on a login or username and password. The computer system determines whether the computer user is authorized and what level of access is to be granted on the network.'






44. The set of techniques used in processing and retrieving information.






45. An expansion card that enables a computer to connect other computers or to a cable modem to facilitate a high-speed Internet connection.






46. DVD format in which data can only be read and not written.






47. A printer that works either by melting wax-based ink onto ordinary paper (in a process called thermal wax transfer printing) or by burning dots onto specially coated paper (in a process called direct thermal printing).






48. Unwanted or junk e-mail






49. An index of all sector numbers that the hard drive stores in a table to keep track of which sectors hold which files.






50. 'Programs such as Microsoft Outlook or Lotus Organizer that strive to replace the various management tools found on a traditional desk such as a calendar - address book - notepad - and to-do lists.'