Test your basic knowledge |

Technology In Action - 2

Subjects : it-skills, literacy
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A tyoe of audio processing that makes the listner experiance sound as if it were coming in all directions.






2. A user interface in which the user chooses a command from menus displayed on the screen.






3. 'Programs used to create and edit written documents such as papers - letters - and r






4. An application program for creating dynamic slide shows such as Microsoft PowerPoint or Apple Keynote.






5. 'Allows you to read flash memory cards such as CompactFlash - Memory Sticks - and Secure Digital.'






6. A specialized computing device designed to store and manage network data.






7. 'Software that handles requests for information - Internet access - and the use of peripherals for the rest of the network nodes.'






8. 'In a file name - the three letters that follow the user-supplied file name after the dot (.); the extension identifies what kind of family of files the file belongs to - or which application should be used to read the file.'






9. A network device that is used to send data between two different local area networks (LANs) or two segments of the same LAN.






10. A collection of files stored on a computer.






11. A network that uses public communication pathways (usually the Internet) to provide branch offices or employees who are not at the office with secure access to the company network. VPNs maintain privacy by using secure data communication protocols.






12. A special circuit board in the system unit that contains the central processeing unit (CPU) - the memory (RAM) chips - and the slots available for expansion cards; all of the other boards (video cards - sound cards - and so on) connect to it to recie






13. A device that routes packets of data between two or more networks.






14. A small - tough-sensitive screen at the base of a notebook keyboard. To use the touchpad - you simply move your finger across the pad to direct the cursor.






15. A Windows utility that removes unnecessary files from the hard drive.






16. Software that turns an artificial environment into a realistic experience.






17. An expansion card that enables a computer to produce sounds that are omnidirectional or three dimensional.






18. A computer running a specialized operating system that enables it to host Web pages (and other information) and provide requested Web pages to clients.






19. A computer that requests information from a server in a client/server network (such as your computer when you are connected to the Internet).






20. One of the fastest ports available - moving data at 800Mbps.






21. The percentage of time a central processing unit (CPU) is working.






22. The instructions programmers write in a higher-level language.






23. A temporary storage area on the hard drive where the operating system 'swaps out' or moves the data or instructions from random access memory (RAM) that have not recently been used. This process takes place when more RAM space is needed.






24. 'A server that handles all communications between the network and other networks - including managing Internet connectivity.'






25. 'A device for transmitting data on a network. A switch makes decisions - based on the media access control (MAC) address of the data - as to where the data is to be sent.'






26. 'A tag that looks like a sticker or label - is attached to a batch of merchandise - and contains a microchip that holds a unique sequence of numbers used to identify the product to which it is attached.'






27. The pre-installed software (often trial versions) on a new computer.






28. A unit of computer storage equal to approximately 1 million bytes.






29. 'Unlike the command- and menu-driven interfaces used in earlier software - GUIs display graphics and use the point-and-click technology of the mouse and cursor - making them much more user-friendly.'






30. Custom software application that is owned and controlled by the company that created it.






31. 'A specialized logic chip that is dedicated to quickly displaying and calculating visual data such as shadows - textures - and luminosity.'






32. A block of code in the operating system that software applications need to interact with.






33. Acts as a go-between for computers on the internal network and the external network (the Internet).






34. 'In Windows 7 - a folder that is used to display files from different locations as if they were all saved in a single folder - regardless of where they are actually stored in the file hierarchy.'






35. The layout and structure of the network.






36. A hardware device used to enter user responses and commands into a computer.






37. A drive that uses the same kind if memory that flash drives use - but can reach data in only a tenth of the time a flash drive requires.






38. 'A small program that performs many of the general housekeeping tasks for the computer - such as system maintenance and file compression.'






39. 'An operating system by Microsoft that incorporates a user-friendly - graphical interface.'






40. The accommodation of current devices being able to use previously issued software standards in addition to the current standards.






41. 'A network - consisting of client and server computers - in which the clients make requests of the server and the server returns the response.'






42. System software that controls hardware devices.






43. Software that facilitates the communication between a device and the operating system.






44. The first part of the label applied to a file; it is generally the name a user assigns to the file when saving it.






45. An active topology (meaning that data is retransmitted) in which the nodes connect to a central communications device called a switch. The switch receives a signal from the sending node and retransmits it to the node that should receive it.






46. Software that is developed for and customized to a specific industry's needs (such as a wood inventory system for a sawmill) as opposed to software that is useful across a range of industries (such as word processing software).






47. 'Software - often used for training purposes - which allows the user to experience or control an event as if it is reality.'






48. A type of network that uses servers to deliver services to computers that are requesting them (clients).






49. A network name that wireless routers use to identify themselves.






50. A design in newer routers that provides for faster wireless data transmission by utilizing more than one antenna to transmit and receive data.