Test your basic knowledge |

Technology In Action - 2

Subjects : it-skills, literacy
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A device similar to a switch in an Ethernet network. It takes the place of a wireless network adapter and helps relay data between network nodes.






2. A computing device that runs a full-featured operating system but weighs two punds or less.






3. An internal hard drive that is enclosed in a protective case to make it portable - the drive is connected to the computer with a data transfer cable and is often used to back up data.






4. 'The steady and constant pace at which a computer goes through machine cycles - measured in hertz (Hz).'






5. Any of the main files of an operating system.






6. Temporary storage - such as in random access memory (RAM) - When the power is off - the data in volatile storage is cleared out.






7. A type of monitor that is lighter and more energy-efficient than a CRT monitor; often used with portbale computers such as notebooks.






8. 'Allows you to read flash memory cards such as CompactFlash - Memory Sticks - and Secure Digital.'






9. 'Small blocks of memory - located directly on and next to the central processing unit (CPU) chip - that act as holding places for recently or frequently used instructions or data that the CPU accesses the most. When these instructions or data are sto






10. The process of restarting the system while it's powered on.






11. A topology comprised of several topologies and combined into one network.






12. Programs designed to provide users with entertainment. Computer games make up the vast majority of entertainment software.






13. An interface port that transfers data at 400 Mbps.






14. 'A physical address - similar to a serial number on an appliance - that is assigned to each network adapter; it is made up of six 2-digit characters such as 01:40:87:44:79:A5.'






15. A design in newer routers that provides for faster wireless data transmission by utilizing more than one antenna to transmit and receive data.






16. The maximum speed at which data can be transmitted between two nodes on a network; usually measured in megabits per second (Mbps).






17. The most popular transmission media option for Ethernet networks. UTP cable is composed of four pairs of wires that are twisted around each other to reduce electrical interference.






18. The first commercially available operating system to incorporate a graphical user interface (GUI) with user-friendly point-and-click technology.






19. A single copper wire surrounded by layers of plastic insulation and sheathing; used mainly in cable television and cable Internet service.






20. A type of wireless technology that uses radio waves to transmit data over short distances. Often used to connect peripherals such as printers and keyboards to computers or headsets to cell phones.






21. 'A server that handles all communications between the network and other networks - including managing Internet connectivity.'






22. The metal or plastic case that holds all the physical parts of the computer together - including the computer's processor (its brains) - its memory - and the many circuit boards that help the computer function.






23. 'Portable storage devices - such as CDs - DVDs - and Blu-ray discs - that use a laser to read and write data.'






24. The accommodation of current devices being able to use previously issued software standards in addition to the current standards.






25. The system software the controls the way in which a computer system functions - including the management of hardware - peripherals - and software.






26. 'A process that involves examining incoming data packets to ensure they originated from - or are authorized by - valid users on the internal network.'






27. 'A device on a network such as a router - hub - and switch that moves data signals around the network.'






28. 'A device that reads information from a magnetic strip on the back of a credit card-like access card (such as a student ID card); card readers are easily programmed by adding authorized ID card numbers - Social Security numbers - and so on.'






29. Programs for incorporating and arranging graphics and text to produce creative documents.






30. A common output device that creates tangible or hard copies of text and graphics.






31. 'System that is used to control many 'back office' operations and processing functions such as billing - production - inventory management - and human resources management.'






32. Eight binary digits(bits)






33. A Windows utility that enables you to schedule tasks to run automatically at predetermined times with no interaction necessary on your part.






34. A small camera that sits on top of a computer monitor (connected to the computer by a cable) or is built into a notebook computer and is usually used to transfer live video.






35. A power supply regulates the wall voltage to the voltages required by computer chips; it is housed inside the system unit.






36. 'A special signal sent to all network nodes - alerting them that a data collision has occurred.'






37. A self-regulatory body established in 1994 by the Entertainment Software Association that rates computer and video games according to the age appropriateness of content.






38. 'A type of hard drive that uses much thinner cables - and can transfer data more quickly - than IDE drives.'






39. The width-to-height proportion of a monitor.






40. 'In a file name - the three letters that follow the user-supplied file name after the dot (.); the extension identifies what kind of family of files the file belongs to - or which application should be used to read the file.'






41. A concentric circle that serves as a storage area on a hard drive platter.






42. A type of technology used to transmit video signals; used on newer LCD monitors - as well as other multimedia devices such as televisions - DVD players - and projectors.






43. A Windows utility that checks for lost files and fragments as well as physical errors on a hard drive.






44. 'The top level of the filing structure in a computer system. In Windows computers - the root directory of the hard drive is represented as C:.'






45. The layout and structure of the network.






46. 'The set of programs on a computer that helps a user carry out tasks such as word processing - sending e-mail - balancing a budget - creating presentations - editing photos - taking an online course - and playing games.'






47. A small segment of data that is bundled for sending over transmission media. Each packet contains the address of the computer or peripheral device to which it is being sent.






48. The process for loading the operating system (OS) into random access memory (RAM) when the computer is turned on.






49. A small - compact portable computer.






50. A technology that permits quicker processing of information by enabling a new set of instructions to start executing before the previous set has finished.