Test your basic knowledge |

Technology In Action - 2

Subjects : it-skills, literacy
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. 1 -099 -511 -627 -776 bytes or 2^40 bytes( approximately 1 trillion bytes).






2. A large - expensive computer that supports hundreds or thousands of users simultaneously and executes many different programs at the same time.






3. 'A program that provides traditional classroom tools - such as calendars and grade books - over the Internet - as well as areas for students to exchange ideas and information in chat rooms - discussion forums - and e-mail.'






4. The discrepancy between those who have access to the oppertunities and knowledge computers and the internet offer and those who do not.






5. A server that manages all client-requested printing jobs for all printers on the network.






6. Any of the main files of an operating system.






7. The 802.11 standard for wireless data transmissions established by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).






8. 'A tag that looks like a sticker or label - is attached to a batch of merchandise - and contains a microchip that holds a unique sequence of numbers used to identify the product to which it is attached.'






9. Data that has been organized or presented in a meaningful fashion.






10. 'Programs such as Microsoft Outlook or Lotus Organizer that strive to replace the various management tools found on a traditional desk such as a calendar - address book - notepad - and to-do lists.'






11. A group of icons collected for easy access.






12. The design of a computer network; includes both physical and logical design.






13. 'The portion of a company's intranet that is used to share business information with business partners such as vendors - suppliers - and customers.'






14. Connects the processor (CPU) in your computer to the system memory and allows data to your processor at a faster speed.






15. 'The system software that controls the way in which a computer system functions - including the management of hardware - peripherals - and software.'






16. 'A device that enables the computer (or peripheral) to communicate with the network using a common data communication language - or protocol.'






17. Software that provides street maps and written directions to locations.






18. The process of swapping data or instructions that have been placed in the swap file for later use back into active random access memory (RAM). The contents of the hard drive's swap file then become less active data or instructions.






19. 'The result of an action - such as a keystroke - mouse click - or signal to the printer - in the respective device (keyboard - mouse - or printer) to which the operating system responds.'






20. 'A group of two or more computers (or nodes) that are configured to share information and resources such as printers - files - and databases.'






21. A program that is hosted on a Web site and does not require installation on the computer.






22. A concentric circle that serves as a storage area on a hard drive platter.






23. One of three competing technologies for rewritable DVDs.






24. A concentric circle that serves as a storage area on a hard drive platter.






25. A device that holds all permanently stored programs and data; can be located inside the system unit or attached to the system unit via a USB port.






26. 'A device for transmitting data on a network. A switch makes decisions - based on the media access control (MAC) address of the data - as to where the data is to be sent.'






27. A data-processing device that gathers - processes - outputs - and stores digital data and information.






28. A single copper wire surrounded by layers of plastic insulation and sheathing; used mainly in cable television and cable Internet service. Key Terms






29. A server that keeps track of who is logging on to the network and which services on the network are available to each user.






30. A wide area network (WAN) that links users in a specific geographic area (such as within a city or county).






31. A common output device that creates tangible or hard copies of text and graphics.






32. A device that holds all permanently stored programs and data; can be located inside the system unit or attached to the system unit via a USB port.






33. 'The time it takes for the hard drive's read/write heads to move over the surface of the disk - between tracks - to the correct track.'






34. 'A device on a network such as a router - hub - and switch that moves data signals around the network.'






35. 'The essential component of the operating system that is responsible for managing the processor and all other components of the computer system. Because it stays in random access memory (RAM) the entire time the computer is powered on - the kernel is






36. A network located in a home that is used to connect all of its digital devices.






37. A program for editing digital video.






38. Programs for editing photographs and other images.






39. A device that amplifies your wireless signal to get it out to parts of your home that are experiencing poor connectivity.






40. An active topology (meaning that data is retransmitted) in which the nodes connect to a central communications device called a switch. The switch receives a signal from the sending node and retransmits it to the node that should receive it.






41. Software that turns an artificial environment into a realistic experience.






42. The ability to easily add more users to a network without affecting the performance of the other network nodes (computers or peripherals).






43. A computer that requests information from a server in a client/server network (such as your computer when you are connected to the Internet).






44. 'Program code made publicly available for free; it can be copied - distributed - or changed without the stringent copyright protections of proprietary software products.'






45. When data merely travels the entire length of the communications medium and is received by all network devices.






46. 'The set of programs on a computer that helps a user carry out tasks such as word processing - sending e-mail - balancing a budget - creating presentations - editing photos - taking an online course - and playing games.'






47. Impact of read/write head against magnetic platter of the hard drive; often results in data loss.






48. A notebook computer designed specifically to work with handwriting recognition technology.






49. One of the fastest ports available - moving data at 800Mbps.






50. The process of connecting to a wireless network without the permission of the owner of the network.