Test your basic knowledge |

Technology In Action - 2

Subjects : it-skills, literacy
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. 'Programs that enable a user to perform various tasks generally required in home - school - and business. Examples include word processing - spreadsheet - presentation - personal information management (PIM) - and database programs.'






2. The 802.11 standard for wireless data transmissions established by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).






3. A wide area network (WAN) that links users in a specific geographic area (such as within a city or county).






4. 'A specialized logic chip that is dedicated to quickly displaying and calculating visual data such as shadows - textures - and luminosity.'






5. A small program that groups a series of commands to run as a single command.






6. 'A section of a hard drive platter - wedge-shaped from the center of the platter to the edge.'






7. A small - joystick-like nub that enables you to move the cursor with the tip of your finger.






8. 'A device on a network such as a router - hub - and switch that moves data signals around the network.'






9. A single copper wire surrounded by layers of plastic insulation and sheathing; used mainly in cable television and cable Internet service.






10. A common output device that creates tangible or hard copies of text and graphics.






11. RAM that is included as part of a video card.






12. A system of networking connections in which all devices are connected to a central cable called the bus (or backbone).






13. A power-management mode that saves the current state of the current system to the computer's hard drive.






14. A device that holds all permanently stored programs and data; can be located inside the system unit or attached to the system unit via a USB port.






15. The maximum speed at which data can be transmitted between two nodes on a network; usually measured in megabits per second (Mbps).






16. A single software program that incorporates the most commonly used tools of many productivity software programs.






17. A single point that creates the images on a computer monitor. Pixels are illuminated by an electron beam that passes rapidly back and forth across the back of the screen so that the pixels appear to glow continuously.






18. The access method that ring networks use to avoid data collisions.






19. 'Programs used to create and edit written documents such as papers - letters - and r






20. 'Programs for managing finances - such as Intuit's Quicken and Microsoft Money - which include electronic checkbook registers and automatic bill payment tools.'






21. A device that sends processed data and information out of a computer in the form of text - pictures (graphics) - sounds (audio) - or video.






22. 'Unlike the command- and menu-driven interfaces used in earlier software - GUIs display graphics and use the point-and-click technology of the mouse and cursor - making them much more user-friendly.'






23. An expansion card that enables a computer to produce sounds that are omnidirectional or three dimensional.






24. A network made up of local area networks (LANs) connected over long distances.






25. 'System that is used to control many 'back office' operations and processing functions such as billing - production - inventory management - and human resources management.'






26. A program that helps coordinate all print jobs being sent to the printer at the same time.






27. 'The essential component of the operating system that is responsible for managing the processor and all other components of the computer system. Because it stays in random access memory (RAM) the entire time the computer is powered on - the kernel is






28. How a user sets up his or her computer and other equipment to minimize risk of injury or discomfort.






29. The part of the system unit of a computer that is responsible for data processing ( the 'brains' of the computer); it is the largest and most important chip in the computer. The CPU controls all the functionsperformed by the computer's other componen






30. 'The exact location of a file - starting with the drive in which the file is located - and including all folders - subfolders (if any) - the file name - and the extension. (Example: C:Usersusername DocumentsIllustrationsEBronte.jpg)'






31. 1 -099 -511 -627 -776 bytes or 2^40 bytes( approximately 1 trillion bytes).






32. A server that provides client computers with access to information stored in a database.






33. 'A device connected to a network such as a computer - a peripheral (such as a printer) - or a communications device (such as a modem).'






34. Software that translates spoken words into typed text.






35. 'The set of minimum storage - memory capacity - and processing standards recommended by the software manufacturer to ensure proper operation of a software application.'






36. 'An application program that helps business owners manage their finances more efficiently by providing tools for tracking accounting transactions such as sales - accounts receivable - inventory purchases - and accounts payable.'






37. A type of network in which users are responsible for creating their own data backups and for providing security for their computers.






38. A device that uses some unique characteristic of human biology to identify authorized users.






39. A card installed in a system that connects with wireless access points on the network.






40. 'A server that handles all communications between the network and other networks - including managing Internet connectivity.'






41. An expansion card that enables a computer to connect other computers or to a cable modem to facilitate a high-speed Internet connection.






42. A small camera that sits on top of a computer monitor (connected to the computer by a cable) or is built into a notebook computer and is usually used to transfer live video.






43. Software that is developed for and customized to a specific industry's needs (such as a wood inventory system for a sawmill) as opposed to software that is useful across a range of industries (such as word processing software).






44. The radio waves or cable that transport data on a network.






45. A set of memory chips - located on the motherboard - which stores data and instructions that cannot be changed or erased; it holds all the instructions the computer needs to start up.






46. A computer that requests information from a server in a client/server network (such as your computer when you are connected to the Internet).






47. 'One of two recognized DVD formats that enables you to both read - record (R) - and rewrite (RW) data on the disc.'






48. 'A device designed to store media - share media across the network - and back up files on computers connected to a home network.'






49. A hardware device that uses lasers or light to read from - and maybe even write to - CDs - DVDs - or Blu-ray discs.






50. A server that keeps track of who is logging on to the network and which services on the network are available to each user.