Test your basic knowledge |

Technology In Action - 2

Subjects : it-skills, literacy
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. The layout and structure of the network.






2. The time it takes a storage device to locate its stored data.






3. A server that manages all client-requested printing jobs for all printers on the network.






4. A network in which the nodes are located within a small geographic area.






5. 'The set of programs on a computer that helps a user carry out tasks such as word processing - sending e-mail - balancing a budget - creating presentations - editing photos - taking an online course - and playing games.'






6. A power-management mode that saves the current state of the current system to the computer's hard drive.






7. A computer deployed to provide remote storage space or to act as a repository for files that users can access.






8. Programs for incorporating and arranging graphics and text to produce creative documents.






9. The space on the hard drive where the operating system stores data if there isn't enough random access memory (RAM) to hold all of the programs you're currently trying to run.






10. 'A special signal sent to all network nodes - alerting them that a data collision has occurred.'






11. The set of computer programs or instructions that tells the computer what to do and enables it to perform different tasks.






12. A concentric circle that serves as a storage area on a hard drive platter.






13. A simplified licensing scheme that enables copyright holders to grant certain rights to a work while retaining other rights.






14. A wide area network (WAN) that links users in a specific geographic area (such as within a city or county).






15. The ability of an operating system to perform more than one process at a time.






16. A network used to connect wireless devices (such as Bluetooth-enabled devices) in close proximity to each other.






17. A measure of the difference in light intensity between the brightest white and the darkest black colors that a monitor can produce. If the contrast ratio is too low - colors tend to fade when the brightness is adjusted to a high or low setting.






18. A collection of software programs that have been bundled together as a package.






19. A portion of the hard drive containing all the different configurations (settings) used by the Windows operating system (OS) as well as by other applications.






20. A single copper wire surrounded by layers of plastic insulation and sheathing; used mainly in cable television and cable Internet service. Key Terms






21. 'A form included in many productivity applications that provides the basic structure for a particular kind of document - spreadsheet - or presentation.'






22. 'A device on a network such as a router - hub - and switch that moves data signals around the network.'






23. A server that processes and delivers incoming and outgoing e-mail.






24. 'A section of a hard drive platter - wedge-shaped from the center of the platter to the edge.'






25. A temporary storage area on the hard drive where the operating system 'swaps out' or moves the data or instructions from random access memory (RAM) that have not recently been used. This process takes place when more RAM space is needed.






26. 'One of two recognized DVD formats that enables you to both read - record (R) - and rewrite (RW) data on the disc.'






27. A business program used for storing sales and client contact information in one central database.






28. A small segment of data that is bundled for sending over transmission media. Each packet contains the address of the computer or peripheral device to which it is being sent.






29. 'A program with a specific purpose that must guarantee certain response times for particular computing tasks - or else the machine's application is useless. Real-time operating systems are found in many types of robotic equipment.'






30. 'The first job the basic input/output system (BIOS) performs - ensuring that essential peripheral devices are attached and operational. This process consists of a test on the video card and video memory - a BIOS identification process (during which t






31. The set of programs that enables a computer's hardware devices and application software to work together; it includes the operating system and utility programs.






32. (1) A set of rules for exchanging data and communication. (2) The first part of the Uniform Resource Locator (URL) indicating the set of rules used to retrieve the specified document. The protocol is generally followed by a colon; two forward slashes






33. The process of installing only those features of a software program that a user wants on the hard drive.






34. 'A device that enables the computer (or peripheral) to communicate with the network using a common data communication language - or protocol.'






35. 'An application program that helps business owners manage their finances more efficiently by providing tools for tracking accounting transactions such as sales - accounts receivable - inventory purchases - and accounts payable.'






36. 'An open source operating system based on UNIX. Because of the stable nature of this operating system - it is often used on Web servers.'






37. A type of network in which users are responsible for creating their own data backups and for providing security for their computers.






38. A device that absorbs a signal so that it is not reflected back onto parts of the network that have already received it.






39. A specialized computing device designed to store and manage network data.






40. A cable that transmits data at close to the speed of light along glass or plastic fibers.






41. 'A device that reads information from a magnetic strip on the back of a credit card-like access card (such as a student ID card); card readers are easily programmed by adding authorized ID card numbers - Social Security numbers - and so on.'






42. A signal that tells the operating system that it is in need of immediate attention.






43. Any object that a user carries to identify him- or herself and that grants the user access to a computer system or computer facility.






44. A program for editing digital video.






45. The most popular transmission media option for Ethernet networks. UTP cable is composed of four pairs of wires that are twisted around each other to reduce electrical interference.






46. A hard drive that is installed inside the system unit.






47. An expansion card that attaches to the motherboard inside the system unit and that enables the computer to produce sounds by providing a connection for the speakers and microphone.






48. 'A method of optical storage for digital data - developed for storing high-definition media. It has the largest storage capacity of all optical storage options.'






49. 'Program code made publicly available for free; it can be copied - distributed - or changed without the stringent copyright protections of proprietary software products.'






50. A printer that sprays ink or uses laser beams to make marks on the paper. The most common nonimpact printers are inkjet and laser printers.