Test your basic knowledge |

Technology In Action - 2

Subjects : it-skills, literacy
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. 'A special signal sent to all network nodes - alerting them that a data collision has occurred.'






2. A simplified licensing scheme that enables copyright holders to grant certain rights to a work while retaining other rights.






3. A portion of the hard drive containing all the different configurations (settings) used by the Windows operating system (OS) as well as by other applications.






4. A software program or hardware device designed to prevent unauthorized access to computers or networks.






5. 'Unlike the command- and menu-driven interfaces used in earlier software - GUIs display graphics and use the point-and-click technology of the mouse and cursor - making them much more user-friendly.'






6. 'A prediction - named after Gordon Moore - the cofounder of Intel; states that the number of transistors on a CPU chip will double every two years.'


7. A drive that uses the same kind if memory that flash drives use - but can reach data in only a tenth of the time a flash drive requires.






8. A UTP cable type that provides more than 1 GB of throughput.






9. A computer that provides resources to other computers on a network.






10. 'A device on a network such as a router - hub - and switch that moves data signals around the network.'






11. A Windows utility that shows programs currently running and permits you to exit nonresponsive programs when you click End Task.






12. The set of programs that enables a computer's hardware devices and application software to work together; it includes the operating system and utility programs.






13. A method of optical storage for digital data that has greater storage capacity than compact discs.






14. A Windows utility that removes unnecessary files from the hard drive.






15. How a user sets up his or her computer and other equipment to minimize risk of injury or discomfort.






16. An index of all sector numbers that the hard drive stores in a table to keep track of which sectors hold which files.






17. 'A collection of related pieces of information stored together for easy reference; in database terminology - a file or table is a group of related records.'






18. 'A specialized logic chip that is dedicated to quickly displaying and calculating visual data such as shadows - textures - and luminosity.'






19. A technology that permits quicker processing of information by enabling a new set of instructions to start executing before the previous set has finished.






20. A port that can connect a wide variety of peripherial devices to the computer - including keyboards - printers - mice - smartphones - PDAs - flash drives - and digital cameras.






21. 'The set of minimum storage - memory capacity - and processing standards recommended by the software manufacturer to ensure proper operation of a software application.'






22. A network configuration in which the computers and peripherals are laid out in a configuration resembling a circle. Data flows around the circle from device to device in one direction only.






23. A Windows utility that enables you to schedule tasks to run automatically at predetermined times with no interaction necessary on your part.






24. A computer that provides resources to other computers on a network.






25. A specially designed computer that can perform comples calculations extremely rapidly; used in situations in which complex models requiring intensive mathmatical calcualtions are needed (such as weather forecasting or atomic energy research).






26. Any of the main files of an operating system.






27. The language computers use to process data into information - consisting of only the values 0 and 1.






28. The science of using nanostructures to build devices on an extremely small scale.






29. Measured in degrees - this tells how far you can move to the side of (or above or below) the monitor before the image quality degrades to unacceptable levels.






30. A self-regulatory body established in 1994 by the Entertainment Software Association that rates computer and video games according to the age appropriateness of content.






31. A large printer that uses a computer-controlled pen to produce oversize pictures that require precise continuous lines to be drawn - such as maps and architectural plans.






32. A program or hardware mechanism that controls which computer is allowed to use the transmission media in a network at a certain time.






33. See local bus.






34. A server that manages all client-requested printing jobs for all printers on the network.






35. A type of computing that relates to emotion or deliberately tries to influence emotion.






36. A device that uses some unique characteristic of human biology to identify authorized users.






37. 'A thin - round - metallic storage plate stacked onto the hard drive spindle.'






38. 'Programs that enable a user to perform various tasks generally required in home - school - and business. Examples include word processing - spreadsheet - presentation - personal information management (PIM) - and database programs.'






39. 'Programs for managing finances - such as Intuit's Quicken and Microsoft Money - which include electronic checkbook registers and automatic bill payment tools.'






40. A system of networking connections in which all devices are connected to a central cable called the bus (or backbone).






41. A device that routes packets of data between two or more networks.






42. The 802.11 standard for wireless data transmissions established by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).






43. 'A type of network design in which users are not responsible for creating their own data backups or providing security for their computers; instead - those tasks are handled by a centralized server - software - and a system administrator.'






44. 'An open source operating system based on UNIX. Because of the stable nature of this operating system - it is often used on Web servers.'






45. Interface between user and computer in which the user enters commands to communicate with the computer system.






46. 'Small blocks of memory - located directly on and next to the central processing unit (CPU) chip - that act as holding places for recently or frequently used instructions or data that the CPU accesses the most. When these instructions or data are sto






47. A device that holds all permanently stored programs and data; can be located inside the system unit or attached to the system unit via a USB port.






48. The maximum speed at which data can be transmitted between two nodes on a network; usually measured in megabits per second (Mbps).






49. A network that uses public communication pathways (usually the Internet) to provide branch offices or employees who are not at the office with secure access to the company network. VPNs maintain privacy by using secure data communication protocols.






50. 'The process of identifying a computer user - based on a login or username and password. The computer system determines whether the computer user is authorized and what level of access is to be granted on the network.'