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Agriculture Vocab

Subjects : science, agriculture
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. To beat out grain from stalks by trampling it






2. The area surrounding a city from which milk is supplied






3. The seasonal migration of livestock between mountains and lowland pastures






4. To remove chaff by allowing it to be blown away by the wind






5. Process that occurs when soils in arid areas are brought under cultivation through irrigation. In arid climates - water evaporates quickly off the ground surface - leaving salty residues that render the soil infertile






6. Grass or other plants grown for feeding grazing animals - as well as land used for grazing






7. Malay word for wet rice - commonly but incorrectly used to describe a sawah






8. Rice planted on dryland in a nursery - then moved to a deliberately flooded field to promote growth






9. An agricultural activity associated with the raising of domesticated animals - such as cattle - horses - sheep - and goats






10. Crops including items like peanuts and pineapples - which are produced - usually in developing countries - for export






11. Chemicals used on plants that do not harm the plants - but kill pests and have negative repercussions on other species who ingest the chemicals






12. A form of subsistence agriculture in which farmers must expend a relatively large amount of effort to produce the maximum feasible yield from a parcel of land






13. Commercial gardening and fruit farming - so named because truck was a Middle English word meaning bartering or the exchange of commodities






14. The deliberate modification of Earth's surface through the cultivation of plants and the rearing of animals to obtain sustenance or economic gain






15. Crops produced without the use of synthetic or industrially produced pesticides or fertilizers






16. A patch of land cleared for planting through slashing and burning






17. A machine that cuts grain standing in the field






18. When cash crops are grown on large estates






19. The technique of separating metals from ores.






20. Any kind of agricultural activity that involves effective and efficient use of labor on small plots of land to maximize crop yield






21. The period of time in 17th and 18th century Europe where farming underwent significant changes. Tools and equipment were modified. Methods of soil preparation - fertilization - crop care - and harvesting improved. The general organization of agricult






22. Form of agriculture that uses mechanical goods such as machinery - tools - vehicles - and facilities to produce large amounts of agricultural goods - a process requiring very little human labor






23. Area located in the crescent-shaped zone near the southeastern Mediterranean coast (including Iraq - Syria - Lebanon - and Turkey) - which was once a lush environment and one of the first hearths of domestication and thus agricultural activity






24. Crops not grown for sustenance to include tea - cacao - coffee - and tobacco






25. The use of genetically engineered crops in agricutlure and DNA manipulation in livestock in order to increase production. Example: radiation of meats and vegetables to prolong their freshness






26. Also Neolithic Revolution. The period of time about 12 -000 years ago when the humans transitioned from hunting and gathering communities to agriculture and settlement bands due to the use of plant and animal domestication.






27. The most productive farmland






28. Agriculture designed primarily to provide food for direct consumption by the farmer and the farmer's family






29. Agricultural hearth






30. Harvesting twice a year from the same field






31. The rapid economic changes that occurred in agriculture and manufacturing in England in the late 18th century and that rapidly spread to other parts of the developed world






32. Type of specialized farming occuring only in the areas where the dry-summer Mediterranean climate prevails along the shores of the Mediterranean sea






33. A form of subsistence agriculture in which people shift activity from one field to another; each field is used for crops for a relatively few years and left fallow for a relatively long period






34. Seed of a cereal grain






35. A grass yielding grain for food






36. Commercial agriculture combined with characterized by integration of different steps in the food-processing industry - usually through ownership by large corporations






37. A large farm in tropical and subtropical climates that specializes in the production of one or two crops for sale - usually to a more developed country






38. Loss of the top fertile layer of soil is lost through erosion. It is a tremendous problem in areas with fragile soils - steep slopes - or torrential seasonal rains






39. Reproduction of plants by direct cloning from existing plants






40. In agriculture - the replacement of human labor with technology or machines






41. A type of agricultural activity based on nomadic animal husbandry or the raising of livestock to provide food - clothing - and shelter






42. An agricultural economy found in communist nations in which the government controls both agricultural production and distribution






43. Agriculture undertaken primarily to generate products for sale off the farm






44. Rapid diffusion of new agricultural technology - especially new high-yield seeds and fertilizers






45. Foods that are mostly products of organisms that have had their genes altered in a laboratory for specific purposes - such as disease resistance - increased productivity - or nutritional value allowing growers greater control - predictability - and e






46. Each town or market is surrounded by a cet of more-or-less concentric rings within which particular commodities or crops dominated.






47. The process where animals are artificially selected and become accustomed to human provision and control.






48. Places where livestock are concentrated in a very small area and raised on hormones and hearty grains that prepare them for slaughter at a much more rapid rate






49. The period of time approximately 250 years after the start of the Second Agricultural Revolution continuing into the present - with three distinctive features. The lines distinguishing agriculture as primary - secondary - and tertiary activities are






50. System of planting crops on ridge tops - in order to reduce farm production costs and promote greater soil conservation