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Agriculture Vocab

Subjects : science, agriculture
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Places where livestock are concentrated in a very small area and raised on hormones and hearty grains that prepare them for slaughter at a much more rapid rate

2. An agricultural activity associated with the raising of domesticated animals - such as cattle - horses - sheep - and goats

3. Also Neolithic Revolution. The period of time about 12 -000 years ago when the humans transitioned from hunting and gathering communities to agriculture and settlement bands due to the use of plant and animal domestication.

4. Crops not grown for sustenance to include tea - cacao - coffee - and tobacco

5. Malay word for wet rice - commonly but incorrectly used to describe a sawah

6. Commercial agriculture combined with characterized by integration of different steps in the food-processing industry - usually through ownership by large corporations

7. Any kind of agricultural activity that involves effective and efficient use of labor on small plots of land to maximize crop yield

8. Form of agriculture that uses mechanical goods such as machinery - tools - vehicles - and facilities to produce large amounts of agricultural goods - a process requiring very little human labor

9. A grass yielding grain for food

10. A form of subsistence agriculture in which people shift activity from one field to another; each field is used for crops for a relatively few years and left fallow for a relatively long period

11. Harvesting twice a year from the same field

12. Agricultural hearth

13. To beat out grain from stalks by trampling it

14. Type of specialized farming occuring only in the areas where the dry-summer Mediterranean climate prevails along the shores of the Mediterranean sea

15. Process that occurs when soils in arid areas are brought under cultivation through irrigation. In arid climates - water evaporates quickly off the ground surface - leaving salty residues that render the soil infertile

16. Husks of grain separated from the seed by threshing

17. Loss of the top fertile layer of soil is lost through erosion. It is a tremendous problem in areas with fragile soils - steep slopes - or torrential seasonal rains

18. The seasonal migration of livestock between mountains and lowland pastures

19. The process where plants are artificially selected and become accustomed to human provision and control.

20. The area surrounding a city from which milk is supplied

21. A form of commercial agriculture in which livestock graze over an extensive area

22. To remove chaff by allowing it to be blown away by the wind

23. Wheat planted in the spring and harvested in the late summer

24. Wheat planted in the fall and harvested in the early summer

25. Chemicals used on plants that do not harm the plants - but kill pests and have negative repercussions on other species who ingest the chemicals

26. Agriculture designed primarily to provide food for direct consumption by the farmer and the farmer's family

27. The period of time approximately 250 years after the start of the Second Agricultural Revolution continuing into the present - with three distinctive features. The lines distinguishing agriculture as primary - secondary - and tertiary activities are

28. Foods that are mostly products of organisms that have had their genes altered in a laboratory for specific purposes - such as disease resistance - increased productivity - or nutritional value allowing growers greater control - predictability - and e

29. The growing of fruits - vegetables - and flowers

30. Rice planted on dryland in a nursery - then moved to a deliberately flooded field to promote growth

31. Reproduction of plants by direct cloning from existing plants

32. Grass or other plants grown for feeding grazing animals - as well as land used for grazing

33. Degradation of land - especially in semiarid areas - primarily because of human actions like excessive crop platning - animal grazing - and tree cutting

34. Agriculture undertaken primarily to generate products for sale off the farm

35. Another name for shifting cultivation - so named because fields are cleared by slashing the vegetation and burning the debris

36. An agricultural economy found in communist nations in which the government controls both agricultural production and distribution

37. The use of genetically engineered crops in agricutlure and DNA manipulation in livestock in order to increase production. Example: radiation of meats and vegetables to prolong their freshness

38. In agriculture - the replacement of human labor with technology or machines

39. A patch of land cleared for planting through slashing and burning

40. An agricultural model that spatially describes agricultural activities in terms of rent. Activities that require intensive cultivation and cannot be transported over great distances pay higher rent to be close to the market. Conversely - activities t

41. An agricultural system characterized by low inputs of labor per unit land area

42. Commercial gardening and fruit farming - so named because truck was a Middle English word meaning bartering or the exchange of commodities

43. Seed of a cereal grain

44. The period of time in 17th and 18th century Europe where farming underwent significant changes. Tools and equipment were modified. Methods of soil preparation - fertilization - crop care - and harvesting improved. The general organization of agricult

45. Grain or fruit gathered from a field as a harvest during a particular season

46. Crops produced without the use of synthetic or industrially produced pesticides or fertilizers

47. The technique of separating metals from ores.

48. Rapid diffusion of new agricultural technology - especially new high-yield seeds and fertilizers

49. The process where animals are artificially selected and become accustomed to human provision and control.

50. Type of agriculture that requires large levels of manual labor to be successful