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AP Civil Liberties And Civil Rights

Subjects : civics, ap
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A legislative act that declares the guilt of an individual and metes out punishment without a judicial trial

2. The guarantee in the fifth amendment to the constitution that one may not be twice put in jepordy of life or loimb for the same offense.

3. This act made racial - religious - and sex discrimination by employers illegal and gave the government the power to enforce all laws governing civil rights - including desegregation of schools and public places.

4. A concept used by judges to weigh the competing interests or values in a case

5. Freedom of worship and religious practice

6. Actions that incite rebellion or discontent against duly established government

7. An advantage - benefit - or opportunity granted to an individual or group to which it has no right

8. A basic principle of american government that prohibits the mingling of church and state

9. A requirement of the fourteenth amendment that state laws may not arbitrarily discriminate against persons

10. A test used by the supreme court to determine the permissible bounds of free speech

11. (Written) (Oral) You cannot make false statements in public that might damage a persons reputiation unless you can prove it

12. A court order directing an official who has a person in custody to bring the prisoner to court and to show cause for his detention

13. Testimony by a person that reveals facts that amy result in a criminal prosecution against him

14. A native or naturalized member of a state or other political community

15. Protection against arbitrary actions by public officials

16. Using race or sex to give preferential treatment to some people.

17. The curbing of ideas either in speech or in writing before they are expressed

18. A policy designed to redress past discrimination against women and minority groups through measures to improve their economic and educational opportunities

19. A rule that provides that otherwise admissible evidence cannot be used in a criminal trial if it was the result of illegal police conduct

20. The power inherent in all government to take over private property - provided that it is taken for a public purpose and that just compensation is awarded.

21. The First Amendment guarantee that citizens may freely engage in the religious activities of their choice

22. The view that most of the protections of the Bill of Rights apply to state governments through the Fourteenth Amendment's due process clause.

23. Print slanderous statements against

24. A legal right guaranteed by the 15th amendment to the US constitution

25. Those liberties usually spelled out in a bill of rights or a constitution that guarantee the protection of persons - opinions - and property frome the arditrary interference of government officials.

26. An underlying assumption of the american political creed that men are endowed by their creator with certain rights that may not be abridged by government

27. A law designed to further secure the right to vote for blacks and to meet problems arising from racial upheavals in the south

28. The right of the people to congregate for the discussion of public questions and to organize into political parties or pressure groups for the purpose of influencing public policy

29. Laws passed by congress after the civil war to guarantee the rights of blacks

30. Methods by which police officers gather evidence and make arrests

31. The guarantee in the sixth amendment to the constitution that a defendant in a criminal case have the assistance of an attorney

32. The First Amendment guarantee that the government will not create and support an official state church

33. The great charter of freedom granted in 1215 by king john of england on demand of his barons

34. The right to publish and disseminate information without prior restraint - subject to penalties for abuse of the right

35. Positive acts of government designed to protect persons against arbitrary or discriminatory treatment by government or individuals.

36. A term used to describe the movement to equalize the right of men and women

37. The right to organize for political - religious - or other social purposes

38. Constitutional guarantees essential for personal liberty. freedoms of speech - press -religion -assembly -and petition - freedom from involuntary servitude - and the right to equal protection of the law.

39. A criminal law that is retroactive and that has an adverse effect upon one accused oa a crime

40. A request to a public official that seeks to correct a wrong or to influence public policy

41. The standard for determining the guilt of a person charged with a criminal offense

42. The right to speak without prior restraint - subject to penalties for abuse of the right

43. Words falsely spoken that damage the reputation of another

44. A privilege granted to a person that exempts him from prosecution for any self-incriminating testimony given by him before a court - grand jury - or investigating committee

45. A requirement that one profess belief in a particular religious faith or in a supreme being as a condition to holding public office

46. The guarantee in the second amendment of the right to keep weaponds - recognition that 'a well regulated militia is necessary to the security of a free state'

47. The existence of racially segregated facilities that are -however -not required by law.

48. The right to participate in the management of government and to influence public policy

49. The first civil rights law passed by congress since reconstruction - designed to secure the right to vote for blacks

50. Refusal to obey a law - usually on the ground that the law is morally reprehension.