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AP Civil Liberties And Civil Rights

Subjects : civics, ap
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A legislative act that declares the guilt of an individual and metes out punishment without a judicial trial

2. The right of the people to congregate for the discussion of public questions and to organize into political parties or pressure groups for the purpose of influencing public policy

3. Methods by which police officers gather evidence and make arrests

4. A basic principle of american government that prohibits the mingling of church and state

5. A native or naturalized member of a state or other political community

6. Constitutional guarantees essential for personal liberty. freedoms of speech - press -religion -assembly -and petition - freedom from involuntary servitude - and the right to equal protection of the law.

7. The standard for determining the guilt of a person charged with a criminal offense

8. A criminal law that is retroactive and that has an adverse effect upon one accused oa a crime

9. A privilege granted to a person that exempts him from prosecution for any self-incriminating testimony given by him before a court - grand jury - or investigating committee

10. Nonverbal communication - such as burning a flag or wearing an armband. The Supreme Court has accorded some symbolic speech protection under the first amendment.

11. A rule that provides that otherwise admissible evidence cannot be used in a criminal trial if it was the result of illegal police conduct

12. An underlying assumption of the american political creed that men are endowed by their creator with certain rights that may not be abridged by government

13. A court order directing an official who has a person in custody to bring the prisoner to court and to show cause for his detention

14. A term used to describe the movement to equalize the right of men and women

15. (Written) (Oral) You cannot make false statements in public that might damage a persons reputiation unless you can prove it

16. Protection against arbitrary deprivation of life - liberty - or property.

17. Those liberties usually spelled out in a bill of rights or a constitution that guarantee the protection of persons - opinions - and property frome the arditrary interference of government officials.

18. The First Amendment guarantee that the government will not create and support an official state church

19. Words falsely spoken that damage the reputation of another

20. The guarantee in the fifth amendment to the constitution that one may not be twice put in jepordy of life or loimb for the same offense.

21. Laws passed by congress after the civil war to guarantee the rights of blacks

22. The first civil rights law passed by congress since reconstruction - designed to secure the right to vote for blacks

23. Print slanderous statements against

24. Using race or sex to give preferential treatment to some people.

25. The right to speak without prior restraint - subject to penalties for abuse of the right

26. A legal right guaranteed by the 15th amendment to the US constitution

27. The existence of racially segregated facilities that are -however -not required by law.

28. A concept used by judges to weigh the competing interests or values in a case

29. Testimony by a person that reveals facts that amy result in a criminal prosecution against him

30. The view that most of the protections of the Bill of Rights apply to state governments through the Fourteenth Amendment's due process clause.

31. The first ten amendments to the united states constitution. it contains a listing of the rights a person enjoys that cannot be infringed upon by the government

32. The power inherent in all government to take over private property - provided that it is taken for a public purpose and that just compensation is awarded.

33. A policy designed to redress past discrimination against women and minority groups through measures to improve their economic and educational opportunities

34. The guarantee in the sixth amendment to the constitution that a defendant in a criminal case have the assistance of an attorney

35. The right to organize for political - religious - or other social purposes

36. Freedom of worship and religious practice

37. The curbing of ideas either in speech or in writing before they are expressed

38. Refusal to obey a law - usually on the ground that the law is morally reprehension.

39. Positive acts of government designed to protect persons against arbitrary or discriminatory treatment by government or individuals.

40. A requirement that one profess belief in a particular religious faith or in a supreme being as a condition to holding public office

41. The power inherent in state governments to protect the health - safety - morals - and welfare of the people

42. A belief that differences among people are rooted in ethnic stock

43. The First Amendment guarantee that citizens may freely engage in the religious activities of their choice

44. The right to participate in the management of government and to influence public policy

45. A requirement of the fourteenth amendment that state laws may not arbitrarily discriminate against persons

46. The separation of the white and black races in public and private facilities

47. A law designed to further secure the right to vote for blacks and to meet problems arising from racial upheavals in the south

48. A test used by the supreme court to determine the permissible bounds of free speech

49. Actions that incite rebellion or discontent against duly established government

50. An advantage - benefit - or opportunity granted to an individual or group to which it has no right