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AP Government Supreme Court Cases

Subjects : civics, ap
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1. The right to privacy is involved in this case that overturned a Connecticut law preventing Planned Parenthood from giving married persons information or medical advice on how to prevent conception.

2. This case was decided that when the accused requests a lawyer - he/she must be given one.

3. Separate but equal facilities remained for over 50 years because of the impact of this case.

4. Equal protection and the right to privacy were the issues in this case - which was decided that minors needed to have parental consent when obtaining an abortion but wives did not need the consent of the husband.

5. The Gun-Free School Zone Act of 1990 was declared unconstitutional because Congress had gone beyond its powers to affect interstate commerce.

6. This case was decided that people in the US are free to publish pamphlets contrary to the gov't under the 1st Amendment as long as there is not a call to action.

7. This famous 5 - 6 - and 14 amendment case established the rights of the accused to be read to a person who is in custody and being questioned for a specific crime.

8. The establishment clause is at the center of this case - which was decided that a public school may not require Bible readings or a prayer in school.

9. This original case involving affirmative action decided that race could be used in a university to fill quotas to achieve diversity in a student body.

10. This case established a 3-part test in determining if non-public schools can receive funding for schools.

11. A woman's right to privacy was upheld while the court placed limited restrictions on a woman's right to an abortion after her first trimester of pregnancy.

12. Teacher-led prayer in a school district was struck down as violating the establishment clause of the first amendment. It should remain 'a private matter.'

13. The decision in this case stated that illegally obtained evidence cannot be used in court - qhich upholds the exclusionary rule under the 4th Amendment

14. Another affirmative action case involving the University of Michigan's admission policy of awarding 20 points to minorities was declared unconstitutional.

15. This case said that speech may be abolished if it creates a clear and present danger - upholding the 1917 Espionage Act.

16. This case held that Africans had been illegally taken from Africa and that they were not citizens of Cuba or the property of Cubans.

17. Roger B. Taney declared that Congress could not decide where slavery was or was not legal - leading to the Civil War.

18. This case said that the President of the US is not above the law and is not immune because of executive privilege when a criminal investigation is in progress.

19. A school newspaper may be censored by an advisor/principal if it is unreasonable and in conflict with civilized values.

20. The ruling of this case stated that students in a high school may have freedom of speech and expression as long as it was not creating a disturbance and that a school DOES have the right to prevent such disturbances.

21. The decision in this case arose from the Brady Act. The court decided that Congress did not have the authority to require states to do background checks on those applying for a permit for a hand gun.

22. An indigent could not afford an attorney - and the court ruled that his 6th and 14th amendment rights to a court-appointed attorney were violated.

23. Presidential Executive Order 9066 was upheld - stating that the gov't can take away rights of citizens in times of emergency and peril for the good of the country.

24. In this case involving the Presidential Election Campaign Fund Act - the court determined that money equals speech - and that if a candidate did not take federal funds for campaignin - he/she could not be limited by the act.

25. This affirmative action case involved a person applying for admission to the University of Michigan's law school. The decision was that race may be a factor in determining admission but not the only factor.

26. This famous flag-burning case was decided in favor of the accused.

27. The court ruled that the Pentagon Papers - if published - would not be harmful to the national security and that there would be no prior restraint used in their publication.

28. This case overturned a previous case in that this court stated that separate facilities were unequal and begain racial integration in schools.