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AP Psychology

Subjects : psychology, ap
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Nerve cell that transmits messages between sensory and motor neurons

2. Ends of axons that secrete neurotransmitters

3. Motivation theory - drive reduction; maintained that the goal of all motivated behavior is the reduction or alleviation of a drive state - mechanism through which reinforcement operates

4. Parenting style characterized by emotional warmth - high standards for behavior - explanation and consistent enforcement of rules - and inclusion of children in decision making

5. The way words and groups of words combine to form phrases - clauses - and sentences.

6. Behavior targeted at individuals or groups and intended to hold them apart and treat them differently.

7. A bell-shaped graphic representation of data showing what percentage of the population falls under each part of the curve

8. Study that focuses on biological foundations of behavior and mental processes; overlaps with neuroscience

9. Endocrine gland that produces a large amount of hormones; it regulates growth and helps control other endocrine glands; located on underside of brain; sometimes called the 'master gland'

10. An anxiety disorder characterized by persistent anxiety occurring on more days than not for at least 6 months - sometimes with increased activity of the autonomic nervous system - apprehension - excessive muscle tension - and difficulty in concentrat

11. Perspective that emphasizes the uniqueness of the individual and the idea that humans have free will

12. Memory; studied memorization of meaningless words

13. Sleep researcher who discovered and coined the phrase 'rapid eye movement' (REM) sleep.

14. Clues participants discover about the purpose of a study that suggest how they should respond

15. Commonly occurring behavior can reinforce a less frequent behavior

16. The measurement of public opinion through the use of sampling and questioning

17. Perspective developed by freud - which assumes that psychological problems are the result of anxiety resulting from unresolved conflicts and forces of which a person might be unaware

18. Group of abnormalities that occur in the babies of mothers who drink alcoholic beverages during pregnancy

19. Dividing the chromosomes into smaller fragments that can be characterized and ordered so that the fragments reflect their respective locations on specific chromosomes

20. The most frequently occurring score in a set of data

21. Neuroscience/biopsychology; studied split brain patients

22. Studies as identical and rhetorical twins to determine relative influence of heredity and environment on human behavior

23. Reflex that causes a newborn to turn the head toward a light touch on lips or cheek

24. Style of parenting marked by emotional coldness - imposing rules and expecting obedience

25. Studies of hereditability it be a behavioral traits using animals that have been inbred to produce strains that are genetically similar to one another

26. Process by which a conditioned response becomes associated with a stimulus that is similar but not identical to the original conditioned stimulus

27. Intelligence; found that specific mental talents were highly correlated - concluded that all cognitive abilities showed a common core which he labeled 'g' (general ability)

28. The period during which the reproductive system matures; it begins with an increase in the production of sex hormones - which signals the end of childhood

29. The study of language - including speech sounds - meaning - and grammar.

30. Theory that suggests that organisms learn new responses by observing the behavior of a model and then imitating it; aka. Social learning theory

31. The space between two neurons where neurotransmitters are secreted by terminal buttons and received by dendrites

32. A feature of thought and problem solving that includes the tendency to generate or recognize ideas considered to be high-quality - original - novel - and appropriate.

33. The procedure of withholding the unconditioned stimulus and presenting the conditioned stimulus alone - which gradually reduces the probability of the conditioned response

34. Type of schizophrenia characterized by hallucinations and delusions of persecution or grandeur (or both) - and sometimes irrational jealousy.

35. The view that knowledge should be acquired through observation and often an experiment

36. When a researcher's expectations unknowingly create a situation that affects the results

37. Type of schizophrenia characterized by severely disturbed thought processes - frequent incoherence - disorganized behavior - and inappropriate affect.

38. Devices or instruments used to assess personality - in which examinees are shown a standard set of ambiguous stimuli and asked to respond to the stimuli in their own way.

39. Dissociative disorder characterized by the sudden and extensive inability to recall important personal information - usually of a traumatic or stressful nature.

40. An eating disorder characterized by an obstinate and willful refusal to eat - a distorted body image - and an intense fear of being fat

41. An interdisciplinary area of study that includes behavioral - neurological - and immune factors and their relationship to the development of disease

42. Ability of a test to measure what it is supposed to measure and to predict what it is supposed to predict

43. Morality based on one's own individual moral principles (i.e. - conscience)

44. Child development; investigated how culture & interpersonal communication guide development; zone of proximal development; play research

45. Branching extensions of neuron that receives messages from neighboring neurons

46. The scientific study of behavior and mental processes

47. Assesses and counsels students - consults with educators and parents - and performs behavioral intervention when necessary

48. Revised Binet's IQ test and established norms for American children; tested group of young geniuses and followed in a longitudinal study that lasted beyond his own lifetime to show that high IQ does not necessarily lead to wonderful things in life

49. Interpersonal psychoanalysis; groundwork for enmeshed relationships - developed the Self-System - a configuration of personality traits

50. Perspective that focuses on the mental processes involved in perception - learning - memory - and thinking