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Certified Legal Research

Subject : certifications
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Into seven regions.

2. Are catalogued under topics and subtopics assigned to key numbers - using the TARP method. T - thing or subject matter involved in the case; A - Action (cause of action) or ground for defense to an action; R - Relief sought; P - parties - meaning the

3. For a particular reporter or a particular group of reporters.

4. Ratio decidendi- court's reasoning or basis for its holding and decision

5. United States Code (U.S.C.)

6. Legal encyclopedia published by Lawyers Co-op

7. Identifies the court issuing the opinion - the parties - and the docket number assigned to the case

8. Rule of law for which the case is cited as precedent; it is the legal effect of the facts of the case

9. Extensive selected annotations that follows each reported case.

10. Slip opinions compiled in two different sets of advance sheets: (1) United States Law Week (U.S.L.W) - published weekly by the Bureau of National Affairs and (2) United States Supreme Court Bulletin - published by Commerce Clearing House.

11. A reference to a legal authority - such as a constitution - statute - case - administrative rule - or other authority.

12. USOC - also known as the Blue Book - is universally accepted authority on legal citations - which is published jointly by the law reviews of Columbia - Harvard - the University of Pennsylvania - and Yale Law Schools.

13. Regardless of how it may have been shown in the lower courts.

14. The cited authority presents helpful background information about the proposition

15. The three branches of government that make up each legal system- legislative - judicial and executive

16. Opinion issued by one or more judges of the appellate court which agrees with the result reached by the majority but disagrees with the reasoning of the majority opinion. There can be more than one.

17. 1. name of the act 2. abbreviation of Public Law and the public law number 3. volume number of the Statutes at Large 4. abbreviation for Statutes at Large 5. page number where the statutes begins; and 6. the year when the statute was passed as law.

18. Fed. R. Crim. P. 42

19. Is a finding tool ONLY - usually compiled by the publisher of the case reporter to which it relates. NEVER cite as legal authority for any purpose.

20. Is the same case published in more than one case reporter and should not be used when citing to U.S. Supreme Court cases; cite to U.S. Reports ONLY - for state cases must be cited if they exist.

21. The rules and regulations of federal administrative agencies are cited either to the Code of Federal Regulations (arranged by topic and cited as C.F.R.) or to the Federal Register (arranged chronologically and cited as Fed. Reg.).

22. Surnames are used for individual parties (Watson v. Jones).

23. Caption - date of decision - parallel citations - headnote or syllabus - statement of facts - opinion - holding - rationale - dicta - decision

24. Issued by a private - non-government publisher (primary law - secondary law - encyclopedia - or other).

25. Combined digest to access all federal courts.

26. The abbreviation for the agency typically is used in the case name (FCC - SEC - etc.).

27. A system where every topic and subtopic is assigned its own key number

28. An unofficial publication of law that uses the key number system to aid the researcher

29. 1. the title (chapter) number 2. abbreviation for the Code of Federal Regulation 3. section number symbol and the section number; and 4. year of publication

30. S. Ct.

31. Avery v. Exxon Co. - 397 U.S. 812 (1991).

32. 1. number of the Code title2. abbreviation for the United States Code 3. section symbol - followed by the number of the Code section; and4. date of the Code volume in which the most recent version of the section can be found

33. Decisions concerning federal rules of procedure

34. Secondary authority that is leading annotated law reporter published by Lawyers Co-op. Distinguishing feature not the cases that it reports - but the extensive editorial commentary that follows each reported case - Restatements of Law Published by th

35. Mandatory legal authority that consists of constitutions - statutes - case law - rules of procedure - rules of evidence - administrative rules - court rules - executive orders

36. 1. U.S. Constitutional provision and amendments 2. Federal statutes 3. Federal procedural rules 4. Federal cases (U.S. - F.3d - the F.Supp.) 5. State cases (official reporter - then regional reporter) 6. Federal administrative rules and regulations 7

37. Supplemented by an individual - cumulative pocket part found at the back of each volume in the series.

38. Statutes that are collected into a statutory code that are arranged by topic

39. Refers to a previously cited authority. May not be used to refer to constitutions - statutes - or cases previously cited in full in legal memoranda and briefs; however - it may be used in genearl text - in books - and in law review articles.

40. Fed. R. Civ. P. 12

41. The Federal Reporter

42. 1. case name 2. case reporter in which the case is published (include volume number - abbreviation of case reporter - and page where case begins); 3. identity of court issuing the opinion 4. year in which the decision was issued; and 5. subsequent hi

43. The cited authority directly supports the proposition; other authorities also could have been cited but were not cited to avoid duplication

44. Supplemented by an individual - cumulative pocket part found at the back of each volume in the series.

45. 22 C.F.R.

46. United States Supreme Court Reports - Lawyers' Edition

47. Both state and federal.

48. Legal document that carries the most weight and embodies the government's authority to exist and serves as an outline for the exercise of governmental powers.

49. Supplemented by the A.L.R.2d Later Case Service - which is kept current with a semi-annual supplement pamphlet.

50. Only those state appellate court cases which are significant (indicates a change in the law or a new trend in legal thinking).