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Civil Engineering Vocab

Subject : engineering
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A device that admits surface waters to the storm water drainage system. Also see CURB INLET and CATCH BASIN.

2. The movement of water through very small spaces due to molecular forces.

3. Broken stones - boulders - or other materials placed compactly or irregularly on levees or dikes for the protection of earth surfaces against the erosive action of waves.

4. Regulations specifying the type of construction methods and materials that are allowable on a project.

5. Federal agency responsible for producing and managing many federally-funded public service programs - especially those affecting housing and public spaces.

6. An agency of the U.S. Department of the Interior charged with the planning and administration of all parks and monuments in the federal park system. The NPS is often referred to as the largest single employer of landscape architects in the United Sta

7. Record of an area's natural and man-made resources - including vegetation - animal life - geological characteristics and mankind's presence in such forms as housing - highways and even hazardous wastes.

8. A coordinating agency formed in 1961 for state boards that administer licensing exams and maintain records for landscape architects to practice.

9. A wastewater treatment process used to convert dissolved or suspended materials into a form more readily separated from the water being treated. Usually the process follows primary treatment by sedimentation. The process commonly is a type of biologi

10. A strip of unspoiled - often treed - agricultural or other outlying land used to separate or ring urban areas.

11. The lowest point of the channel inside a pipe - conduit - or canal.

12. A layer - usually of concrete or mortar - for providing continuous support to such items as bricks - slabs - pipes.

13. A large pipe to which a series of smaller pipes are connected. Also called a HEADER.

14. A sewer line that receives wastewater from many tributary branches and sewer lines and serves as an outlet for a large territory or is used to feed an intercepting sewer.

15. Tamping or rolling of a material to achieve a surface or density that is able to support predicted loads.

16. Sedimentation basin overflow weir. A plate with Vnotches along the top to ensure a uniform flow rate and avoid shortcircuiting.

17. Masonry composed of irregularly shaped stones laid without regularity of coursing - but well bonded.

18. The science and management of land - especially rural - agricultural land.

19. Installation of pumps to lift wastewater to a higher elevation in places where flat land would require excessively deep sewer trenches. Also used to raise wastewater from areas too low to drain into available collection lines. These stations may be e

20. A professional society that represents landscape architects in the United States and Canada and seeks to better the practice and understanding of landscape architecture through education - research - state registration and other programs.

21. A tank used to store a chemical solution of known concentration for feed to a chemical feeder. A day tank usually stores sufficient chemical solution to properly treat the water being treated for at least one day. Also called an AGE TANK.

22. A 19th- and 20th-century planned community traditionally featuring careful mixes of housing - open space - commercial activity and recreation. Examples include Reston - Va. - and Columbia - Md. - in the United States - and Harlow and Stevenage in Gre

23. Downstream opening or discharge end of a pipe - culvert - or canal.

24. That part of rain or other precipitation that runs off the surface of a drainage area and does not enter the soil or the sewer system as inflow.

25. A wall that supports any vertical load in addition to its own weight.

26. The form of the land. Contour lines are map lines connecting points of the same ground elevation and are used to depict and measure slope and drainage. Spot elevations are points of a specific elevation.

27. The change to an area's natural resources - including animal and plant life - resulting from use by man. Some projects may require conducting of an 'environmental impact study' before development can proceed.

28. A small tank (usually covered) or a storage facility used to store water for a home or farm. Often used to store rainwater.

29. A pipe or conduit that carries wastewater or drainage water. The term 'collection line' is often used also.

30. A flat board or plate - deflector - guide or similar device constructed or placed in flowing water or slurry systems to cause more uniform flow velocities - to absorb energy - and to divert - guide - or agitate liquids (water - chemical solutions - s

31. A manhole which fills and allows raw wastewater to flow out onto the street or ground.

32. The creative illustration - planning and specification of space for the greatest possible amount of harmony - utility - value and beauty.

33. Subsurface water in the saturation zone from which wells and springs are fed. In a strict sense the term applies only to water below the water table. Also called 'phreatic water' and 'plerotic water.'

34. The linear or a real dimension over which a higher component transmits load to a lower component

35. A groundwater table that is changed by artificial means. Examples of activities that artificially raise the level of a groundwater table include agricultural irrigation - dams and excessive sewer line exfiltration. A groundwater table can be artifici

36. The elements of supply inherent to an area that can be used to satisfy human needs - including air - soil - water - native vegetation - minerals and wildlife.

37. The prepared and compacted base on which a manhole is constructed.

38. A device made of pipe fittings used to prevent sewer gases escaping from the branch or lateral sewer from entering a building sewer.

39. The natural elements with which landscape architects work - such as plant materials and the soil itself.

40. A branch of biology dealing with the relationship between living things and their environment.

41. Not easily penetrated. The property of a material or soil that does not allow - or allows only with great difficulty - the movement or passage of water.

42. A dimensioned drawing indicating the form of an existing area and the physical objects existing in it and those to be built or installed upon it.

43. The pipes - conduits - structures - equipment - and processes required to collect - convey - and treat domestic and industrial wastes - and dispose of the effluent and sludge.

44. A receptacle designed to collect and retain grease and fatty substances usually found in kitchens or from similar wastes. It is installed in the drainage system between the kitchen or other point of production of the waste and the building wastewater

45. In the United States - a certification of individuals entitled to use the term 'landscape architect' or to practice landscape architecture or both - by means of examination and required degree and experience criteria.

46. That part of the precipitation falling on a drainage area which does not escape as surface stream flow during a given period. It is the difference between total precipitation and total runoff during the period - and represents evaporation - transpira

47. A sewer pipe to which building laterals are connected. Also called a COLLECTION MAIN.

48. Masonry composed of roughly shaped stones - well bonded and brought at irregular intervals vertically to discontinuous but approximately level beds or courses.

49. The height to which something is elevated - such as the height above sea level.

50. A downspout or pipe installed to drain a roof gutter to a storm drain or other means of disposal.