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CLEP Biology: Principles Of Behavior

Subjects : clep, science, biology
  • Answer 34 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. ______________ to living in a social group include tension between members - spread of illness and parasites - and reduced reproductive potential.

2. Behavior has ___________ basis and can evolve. Behavior evolves to adapt an individual to reproduce; also to capture resources and avoid predators.

3. Fraternal twins in same family are often different; __________ twins reared apart are often similar.

4. _______________ involves marking or defending a particular area against competitors.

5. Stags compete for females to form a _____________--a group that mates only with him.

6. ______________ rituals prepare sexes for mating; they allow recognition and help a female choose a mate.

7. The third stage of Piaget's Cognitive Theory of Development is the __________ stage - in which the child develops organized - logical thought - and the ability to classify objects.

8. _________________ - another form of learning - involves a sensitive period. A famous example of this is where a scientist imitated a mother duck's quacking in front of a group of ducklings just after they had hatched.

9. Continuous human female sexual receptivity may help ensure that the male remains to care for its young. It is noted that tribal systems of more than one husband or wife provide for ___________ survival and success of genes.

10. Some animals are largely ____________ and join with a member of the opposite sex only to reproduce.

11. _____________ is the ultimate auditory communication. Nonhuman primates are limited to about 40 distinct vocalizations with limited meaning.

12. _________________ may be chemicals (e.g. - pheromones - urine - and feces). Moths attract males with tail gland pheromones; cats mark territory with urine - etc. and antelope mark with eye gland secretions.

13. ______________ is a durable change in behavior brought about by experience.

14. __________ ______ chicks beg food from parents by pecking at parents' beaks; their accuracy improves with practice.

15. _______________ is an action by a sender that influences the behavior of a receiver.

16. _________ may decrease reproductive success while benefiting reproductive success of another member of group.

17. Honeybees combine tactile and auditory signals to indicate direction of a food source. A bee that has located a good source of pollen returns to the hive and conducts a __________ dance.

18. Females who produce few eggs are selective about their mates; this is called Sexual ____________.

19. The ______-______ hypothesis states that females chose mates on basis of traits that attract them to females.

20. ___________________ involves reinforcing a particular behavior to strengthen the relationship between a stimulus and a response.

21. ___________ communication (sounds) have advantages. It is faster than chemical communication. And - it is effective both night and day. For example - whale songs have six basic themes for sexual and group identification.

22. _______________ is an application of evolutionary biology principles to the social behavior in animals.

23. ___________ communication occurs when one animal touches another.

24. A ___________ is a chemical released to cause a predictable reaction of another member of the species.

25. Certain animals - such as bats and dolphins - have a sensory system called _____________ - in which high-pitched sounds are emitted and their echoes interpreted to determine the direction and distance of objects.

26. In social bees and wasps - the queen is diploid but the _________ is haploid; they are 75 percent related to their nest mates but only 50 percent related to their own offspring if they reproduced; thus - it is an advantage to care for the queen and h

27. Migratory __________ that are caged and prevented from migrating exhibit migratory restlessness.

28. Females mate with dominant males when ______________ is near; dominant males protect all young.

29. ___________ members are organized in a cooperative manner extending beyond sexual or parental behavior.

30. ______________ to living in a social group might include help to avoid predators - raise young - and find food.

31. _________ _______ Patterns (FAPs) are always performed the same way and are elicited by a sign stimulus.

32. In humans - Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget assigned four stages to child development. First - the ____________ stage (first two years) involves nonverbal hands-on learning.

33. Baboons have a _______________ hierarchy. It is a ranking within a group where higher ranking individuals acquire more resources.

34. __________ is an observable coordinated response to environmental stimuli. Mechanistic questions are answered by describing how an animal is biologically equipped to behave.