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CLEP Common Literary Forms And Genres

Subjects : clep, literature
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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1. A novel - such as Jean-Paul Sartre's Nausea - that the author uses as a platform for discussing ideas. Character and plot are of secondary importance.

2. A narrative work that reports true events.

3. A story about the origins of a culture's beliefs and practices - or of supernatural phenomena - usually derived from oral tradition and set in an imagined supernatural past.

4. A play such as Shakespeare's A Winter's Tale that mixes elements of tragedy and comedy.

5. A novel written in the form of letters exchanged by characters in the story - such as Samuel Richardson's Clarissa or Alice Walker's The Color Purple. This form was especially popular in the 1700s.

6. A nonrealistic story - in verse or prose - that features idealized characters - improbable adventures - and exotic settings.

7. A work of prose fiction that is much shorter than a novel (rarely more than forty pages) and focused more tightly on a single event.

8. A novel that tells a nonfictional - autobiographical story but uses novelistic techniques - such as fictionalized dialogue or anecdotes - to add color - immediacy - or thematic unity.

9. A novel that focuses on the social customs of a certain class of people - often with a sharp eye for irony. Jane Austen's novels are prime examples of this genre.

10. A fictional prose narrative of significant length.

11. A poem that contains words that a fictional or historical character speaks to a particular audience. Alfred - Lord Tennyson's 'Ulysses' is a famous example.

12. Originally - a realistic novel detailing a scoundrel's exploits. The term grew to refer more generally to any novel with a loosely structured - episodic plot that revolves around the adventures of a central character.

13. A genre of fiction that presents an imagined future society that purports to be perfect and utopian but that the author presents to the reader as horrifyingly inhuman.

14. A work of didactic literature that aims to influence the reader on a specific social or political issue.

15. An autobiographical work. Rather than focus exclusively on the author's life - it pays significant attention to the author's involvement in historical events and the characterization of individuals other than the author.

16. A work that exposes to ridicule the shortcomings of individuals - institutions - or society - often to make a political point. Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels is one of the most well known examples in English.

17. A short poetic composition that describes the thoughts of a single speaker.

18. Literature intended to instruct or educate. For example - Virgil's Georgics contains farming advice in verse form.

19. Any composition not written in verse.

20. A German term - meaning 'formation novel -' for a novel about a child or adolescent's development into maturity - with special focus on the protagonist's quest for identity. James Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man is a notable example.

21. A composition that is meant to be performed. The term often is used interchangeably with play.

22. Works that express a preference for the natural over the artificial in human culture - and a belief that the life of primitive cultures is preferable to modern lifestyles.

23. A story meant to be performed in a theater before an audience. Most are written in dialogue form and are divided into several acts. Many include stage directions and instructions for sets and costumes.

24. A story about a heroic figure derived from oral tradition and based partly on fact and partly on fiction.

25. A lengthy narrative that describes the deeds of a heroic figure - often of national or cultural importance - in elevated language. Strictly - the term applies only to verse narratives like Beowulf or Virgil's Aeneid - but it is used to describe prose

26. A concise expression of insight or wisdom: 'The vanity of others offends our taste only when it offends our vanity' (Friedrich Nietzsche - Beyond Good and Evil).

27. A humorous imitation of a serious work of literature. The humor often arises from the incongruity between the imitation and the work being imitated. For example - Alexander Pope's The Rape of the Lock uses the high diction of epic poetry to talk abou

28. A formal poem that laments the death of a friend or public figure - or - occasionally - a meditation on death itself. In Greek and Latin poetry - the term applies to a specific type of meter (alternating hexameters and pentameters) regardless of cont

29. A humorous and often satirical imitation of the style or particular work of another author.

30. A play that confronts a contemporary social problem with the intent of changing public opinion on the matter.

31. A play consisting of a single act - without intermission and running usually less than an hour.

32. A short play based on a biblical story.

33. The nonfictional story of a person's life. James Boswell's Life of Johnson is one of the most celebrated examples.

34. A romance that describes the adventures of medieval knights and celebrates their strict code of honor - loyalty - and respectful devotion to women.

35. Fiction that concerns the nature of fiction itself - either by reinterpreting a previous fictional work or by drawing attention to its own fictional status.

36. The brief narration of a single event or incident.

37. A short prose or verse narrative - such as those by Aesop - that illustrates a moral - which often is stated explicitly at the end.

38. The nonfictional story of a person's life - told by that person.

39. A form of high-energy comedy that plays on confusions and deceptions between characters and features a convoluted and fast-paced plot.

40. A speech - often in verse - by a lone character. The most famous example being the 'To be or not to be' speech in Shakespeare's Hamlet.

41. A ritualized form of Japanese drama that evolved in the 1300s involving masks and slow - stylized movement.

42. A serious lyric poem - often of significant length - that usually conforms to an elaborate metrical structure.

43. A fiction genre - popularized in the 1940s - with a cynical - disillusioned - loner protagonist.

44. An invented narrative - as opposed to one that reports true events.

45. A particularly compressed and truncated short story. They are rarely longer than 1 -000 words.

46. A short pastoral poem in the form of a dialogue between two shepherds. Virgil's Eclogues is the most famous example of this genre.

47. Traditionally - a folk song telling a story or legend in simple language - often with a refrain.

48. A play from the Middle Ages featuring saints or miraculous appearances by the Virgin Mary.

49. A novel in which the author's aim is to tell a story that illuminates and draws attention to contemporary social problems with the goal of inciting change for the better. Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin - which exposed the horrors of Africa

50. A play written in the fifteenth or sixteenth centuries that presents an allegory of the Christian struggle for salvation.