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CLEP Macroeconomics Basics

Subjects : clep, economics
  • Answer 41 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Curve shifts to right

2. Custom and culture define how resources are produced and exchanged and how income is distributed - and technology is viewed as invasive

3. All resources are devoted to society's most desired goods and services

4. Curve shifts to left

5. (1) the economy is fully efficient meaning that it is operating at full production and full employment; (2) resources are fixed; (3) technology is fixed; and (4) there are only two products.

6. If a similar good is priced more cheaply - people will buy the cheaper substitute instead of the good itself (Coke - Pepsi; bananas - strawberries)

7. Points on the PPC

8. Curve shifts to left

9. A system of private ownership of resources using free markets and prices to determine economic activity; little government involvement

10. The point at which quantity demanded and quantity supplied meet

11. Indicates economic growth (society found more resources or developed better technology)

12. The amount of products that must be forgone in order to obtain an additional unit of any given product

13. Curve shifts to right

14. A point of production that is unattainable

15. All resources available being used (land - capital goods - and laborers)

16. All available resources are making the most valuable contributions to output

17. Indicates increasing opportunity costs

18. A graphical representation of opportunity costs

19. Amount of a good or service that consumers plan to buy in a given period of time and in given conditions

20. Slopes downward

21. At a lower price - people will buy more of a particular good because they do not have to sacrifice other goods at its expense

22. 1) the technique of production; (2) prices of resources needed to produce the good or service; (3) taxes and subsidies; (4) prices of other goods; (5) price expectations; and (6) the number of other sellers in the market.

23. Meaning - 'let it be -' this is a term that indicates little government involvement in the economy

24. (1) the price of the good; (2) the prices of related goods; (3) expected future prices; (4) income; (5) population; and (6) preferences

25. Achieved when society is producing at full employment and full production

26. A graphical representation of the boundary between what is attainable and what is not

27. A point of production that is inefficient

28. The least costly method of production is being used to produce the desired goods and services

29. As price rises - the corresponding quantity supplied also rises and likewise when the price falls - the quantity supplied decreases

30. A communist economy; the government determines what is produced and in what quantities and at what price

31. Items that satisfy wants indirectly by facilitating the production of consumer goods; economic growth is dictated by a society's production of capital goods

32. Desires are unlimited - resources are limited.

33. The amount of good or service that a producer plans to sell in a certain time frame

34. Results when the price is set below the equilibrium price

35. Most economies are not completely laissez-faire and not completely command - but some mixture

36. Results when the price is set above equilibrium price

37. Goods that satisfy needs or wants immediately and get used up

38. When something other than price changes in supply - the supply curve shifts left or right

39. The higher the price - the lower the quantity demanded. the lower the price - the higher the quantity demanded.

40. The science of efficiency; concerned with allocating these scarce resources so as to achieve maximum fulfillment of our material wants

41. When something other than price changes a demand - the demand curve shifts left or right