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CLEP Political Science Us

Subjects : clep, political-science
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Federal employees are elected/hired based on merit.

2. Address banking problems and Americas Central Bank.

3. Process that executive and independent agencies use to create - or promulgate - regulations.

4. One of the authors of the Federalist papers.

5. No arrest w/o probable cause - no improper searches and seizures.

6. Makes gov't have heavy burden of proof to regulate & restrict speech.

7. No excessive bail and no cruel/unusual punishment.

8. A case brought by someone to help him or her and all others who are similarly situated.

9. 13th - abolished slavery. 14th - guaranteed equal protection and due process. 15th - guarenteed voting rights for African American men.

10. A symbol of the inability of the government to under the Articles of Confederation to maintain order.

11. State no longer had the authority to make private sexual behavior a crime.

12. Reasserted the principle of congressional war power - required the president to inform Congress of any planned military campaign. 1973.

13. Persuade people - power within his branch - and going public.

14. An adviser to the court on some matter of law who is not a party to the case.

15. High-ranking military officers who represent the Navy - Army - Air Force and Marines. They assist the civilian leaders of the Department of Defense-advise the president on security matters.

16. Court found detainess held both at US and Guantanamo bay had the right to challenge their detention before a judge or other neutral decision maker.

17. A slave that didn't have due process rights in a free state. 1857.

18. Law should not punish speech unless there was a clear and present danger of producing harmful actions

19. The chief presiding officer of the HoR. The speaker is the most important party and House leader - can influence lefislative agenda - fate of individual pieces of legislation - and members positions with the House.

20. Courts usurp authority and make law rather than interpret constitution (otherwise known as judicial activism).

21. Congress because they're tied to the people.

22. Allows the right to a legal representation in all felony cases.

23. Affecting ambassadors and other public ministers and consuls and disputes between the states.

24. Not allowed.

25. Constitutional powers that are assigned to one governmental agency but that are exercised by another agency with the express permission of the first.

26. Most common job of Senators

27. A survey of the origins and development of the political system in the United States from the colonial days to modern times with an emphasis on the Constitution - various political structures such as the legislative - executive - and judicial branche

28. Requires police to read the Miranda rights so they know they don't have to self incriminate.

29. Who formalized the political science curriculum in the United States?

30. The branch of the United States government that is responsible for carrying out the laws.

31. Wrote the final version of the Constitution.

32. Ability of courts to exclude evidence obtained in violation of the 4th amendment.

33. A collection of essays expressing the political philosophy of the Founders and that were instrumental in bringing about the ratification of the Constitution.

34. (law) The right and power to interpret and apply the law.

35. In 1920 the 19th was ratified to give women the right to vote.

36. 1978 supreme court decision holding that a state university could not admit less qualified individuals solely because of their race.

37. A government agency that operates like a business corporation - created to secure greater freedom of action and flexibility for a particular program.

38. Interstate Commerce Commission 1887. Created over railroad problems.

39. Gave equal right to black people covering voting - employment - public accommodation - and educations.

40. % of votes to override a presidential veto

41. de jure - 'by law'. Legally enforced practices - such as school segregation in the South before the 1960s. De facto - 'by fact'. Practices that occur even when there is no legal enforcement - such as school segregation in much of the US today.

42. The power to appoint high-ranking officials.

43. Temp. committees whose members are appointed by SotH and officer of the Senate. They are charged with reaching compromise on legislation once it has been passed by the House. Determine what laws are passed.

44. The effort to oversee or to supervise how the executive branch carries out legislation.

45. Powers claimed by a president that are not expressed in the Constitution - but are inferred from it.

46. WWll - 1941

47. Legal requirement that the state must respect all of the legal rights that are owed to a person.

48. One of the Civil War amendments; guaranteed equal protection and due process.

49. Congress has this power - only used twice.

50. An inability to regulate interstate and foreign trade - lack of a chief executive and a national court system - and its rule that amendments must be approved by unanimous consent.