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CLEP Political Science Us

Subjects : clep, political-science
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Affecting ambassadors and other public ministers and consuls and disputes between the states.

2. Writer of the Declaration of Independence.

3. The chief presiding officer of the HoR. The speaker is the most important party and House leader - can influence lefislative agenda - fate of individual pieces of legislation - and members positions with the House.

4. President of the body at the Constitutional Convention.

5. An agency of the United States government that is created by an act of Congress and is independent of the executive departments.

6. A practice whereby agreements are made between legislators in voting for or against a bill; vote trading.

7. % of votes to override a presidential veto

8. A case brought by someone to help him or her and all others who are similarly situated.

9. A system in which the president submits the name of a candidate for judicial appointment to the senators from the candidate's state before formally submitting it for full senate approval.

10. 1896 - required segregation of the reaces on trolleys and other public carriers. Louisiana.

11. President is obligated to make recommendations for Congress's consideration.

12. Delegate - member of Congress acts on the express preference of his constituents. Trustee - member is more loosely tied to constituents and makes the decisions she thinks best.

13. High-ranking military officers who represent the Navy - Army - Air Force and Marines. They assist the civilian leaders of the Department of Defense-advise the president on security matters.

14. Legislation that gives tangible benefits to constituents in several districts or states in the hope of winning their votes in return.

15. Federal employees are elected/hired based on merit.

16. The delegation of authority (especially from a central to a regional government).

17. 13th - abolished slavery. 14th - guaranteed equal protection and due process. 15th - guarenteed voting rights for African American men.

18. Gave an expansion of free speech. Money for candidates is a form of free speech by 1st amendment. Early 1970s.

19. The 1803 case in which Chief Justice John Marshall and his associates first asserted the right of the Supreme Court to determine the meaning of the U.S. Constitution. The decision established the Court's power of judicial review over acts of Congress

20. First ten amendments to the US Constitution - ratified in 1971; ensure the rights and liberties to the people.

21. The continuous holding of the floor by a party to prevent action. Needs 3/5 to end.

22. A rule that gov't action toward religion is permissible if it is secular in purpose. Separation of law and religion.

23. Wrote the final version of the Constitution.

24. Civil liberties are rights that individuals have against government. Among our civil liberties are the right to free expression - the right to worship (or not) as we choose - and the right to be free from unreasonable searches and seizures. Only the

25. What document was heavily influenced by Locke's philosophies?

26. 30 minutes.

27. Congress because they're tied to the people.

28. An adviser to the court on some matter of law who is not a party to the case.

29. A practice in which banks refure to make loans to people living in certain geographic locations.

30. Term of Senate/House

31. Attended the Constitutional Convention and recorded the debate proceedings. Also contributed to the Federalist Papers.

32. Save Our State - 1994 - Prohibit illegal aliens from using health care - public education - and other social services in the U.S. State of California.

33. Courts usurp authority and make law rather than interpret constitution (otherwise known as judicial activism).

34. No excessive bail and no cruel/unusual punishment.

35. In 1920 the 19th was ratified to give women the right to vote.

36. Regulation issued by the president that has the effect and formal status of legislation.

37. A slave that didn't have due process rights in a free state. 1857.

38. A Revolutionary War veteran who led a rebellion of farmers against tax collectors and the banks that were siezing their property.

39. Constitutional powers that are assigned to one governmental agency but that are exercised by another agency with the express permission of the first.

40. WWll - 1941

41. The power to appoint high-ranking officials.

42. An effort by a gov't agency to block the publication of material it deems libelous or harmful in some other way; censorship.

43. A legal rule stating who is authorized to start a lawsuit.

44. Persuade people - power within his branch - and going public.

45. Who formalized the political science curriculum in the United States?

46. Number of Supreme Court Justices

47. Law should not punish speech unless there was a clear and present danger of producing harmful actions

48. A survey of the origins and development of the political system in the United States from the colonial days to modern times with an emphasis on the Constitution - various political structures such as the legislative - executive - and judicial branche

49. No arrest w/o probable cause - no improper searches and seizures.

50. de jure - 'by law'. Legally enforced practices - such as school segregation in the South before the 1960s. De facto - 'by fact'. Practices that occur even when there is no legal enforcement - such as school segregation in much of the US today.