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CLEP Political Science Us

Subjects : clep, political-science
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. (law) The right and power to interpret and apply the law.

2. Term of Senate/House

3. The branch of the United States government that is responsible for carrying out the laws.

4. Not allowed.

5. Federal employees are elected/hired based on merit.

6. An effort by a gov't agency to block the publication of material it deems libelous or harmful in some other way; censorship.

7. President is obligated to make recommendations for Congress's consideration.

8. Requires police to read the Miranda rights so they know they don't have to self incriminate.

9. A collection of essays expressing the political philosophy of the Founders and that were instrumental in bringing about the ratification of the Constitution.

10. Most common job of Senators

11. Civil liberties are rights that individuals have against government. Among our civil liberties are the right to free expression - the right to worship (or not) as we choose - and the right to be free from unreasonable searches and seizures. Only the

12. One of the Civil War amendments; guaranteed equal protection and due process.

13. State no longer had the authority to make private sexual behavior a crime.

14. 1896 - required segregation of the reaces on trolleys and other public carriers. Louisiana.

15. A slave that didn't have due process rights in a free state. 1857.

16. Address banking problems and Americas Central Bank.

17. The delegation of authority (especially from a central to a regional government).

18. The civil right to obtain a writ of habeas corpus as protection against illegal imprisonment.

19. de jure - 'by law'. Legally enforced practices - such as school segregation in the South before the 1960s. De facto - 'by fact'. Practices that occur even when there is no legal enforcement - such as school segregation in much of the US today.

20. Court found detainess held both at US and Guantanamo bay had the right to challenge their detention before a judge or other neutral decision maker.

21. Who formalized the political science curriculum in the United States?

22. Powers claimed by a president that are not expressed in the Constitution - but are inferred from it.

23. Gave an expansion of free speech. Money for candidates is a form of free speech by 1st amendment. Early 1970s.

24. Writer of the Declaration of Independence.

25. Reasserted the principle of congressional war power - required the president to inform Congress of any planned military campaign. 1973.

26. Temp. committees whose members are appointed by SotH and officer of the Senate. They are charged with reaching compromise on legislation once it has been passed by the House. Determine what laws are passed.

27. Save Our State - 1994 - Prohibit illegal aliens from using health care - public education - and other social services in the U.S. State of California.

28. The chief presiding officer of the HoR. The speaker is the most important party and House leader - can influence lefislative agenda - fate of individual pieces of legislation - and members positions with the House.

29. 1978 supreme court decision holding that a state university could not admit less qualified individuals solely because of their race.

30. In 1920 the 19th was ratified to give women the right to vote.

31. Congress because they're tied to the people.

32. Persuade people - power within his branch - and going public.

33. A practice in which banks refure to make loans to people living in certain geographic locations.

34. Courts usurp authority and make law rather than interpret constitution (otherwise known as judicial activism).

35. A practice whereby agreements are made between legislators in voting for or against a bill; vote trading.

36. The power to appoint high-ranking officials.

37. Legislation that gives tangible benefits to constituents in several districts or states in the hope of winning their votes in return.

38. % of House that get reelected

39. A system in which the president submits the name of a candidate for judicial appointment to the senators from the candidate's state before formally submitting it for full senate approval.

40. Congress has this power - only used twice.

41. The effort to oversee or to supervise how the executive branch carries out legislation.

42. A symbol of the inability of the government to under the Articles of Confederation to maintain order.

43. 13th - abolished slavery. 14th - guaranteed equal protection and due process. 15th - guarenteed voting rights for African American men.

44. The continuous holding of the floor by a party to prevent action. Needs 3/5 to end.

45. A Revolutionary War veteran who led a rebellion of farmers against tax collectors and the banks that were siezing their property.

46. A survey of the origins and development of the political system in the United States from the colonial days to modern times with an emphasis on the Constitution - various political structures such as the legislative - executive - and judicial branche

47. Regulation issued by the president that has the effect and formal status of legislation.

48. No arrest w/o probable cause - no improper searches and seizures.

49. Implemented following the successful revolt of the British colonies in North America against imperial rule - the articles served as the national government from 1781-1787.

50. Laws enacted by southern states following Reconstruction that discriminated against African American.