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Elementary Psychology

Subject : psychology
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Name given to a substantial and long-sustained increase in intelligence test scores measured in many parts of the world

2. Gap between current outcomes and the comparison level (CL) - compared to TV - family - friends - past partners - etc

3. Evaluation or opinion that an individual has toward something

4. Ability to concentrate & hold information in your mind

5. Worry that father will cut their penis off

6. Do I have a unified sense of self? [adolescence]

7. Beliefs about the object

8. Foot in the door vs door in the face

9. Influence resulting from a person's willingness to accept others opinions about reality

10. 1) untestable 2) evidence that social roles may be more important 3) too deterministic

11. Use of rewards to reinforce behavior

12. Limited resources - creates conflict over these resources - leads to hostility between groups

13. Can I form a committed relationship with another individual? [adolescence]

14. Anti-psychotic drugs (Thorazine - Haidol) - no cure - only treatment

15. We behave as we do because it was adaptive for our ancestors

16. Men: easy to reproduce - want fertility - Women: pregnancy-> picky - want stability

17. Focus on identifying different types of events that are considered stressful by most people - Ex: Catastrophic Events - Major Life Events - Daily Hassles

18. Depressed mood - loss of interest/pleasure - change in appetite/weight - sleep disturbance - psychomotor agitation - feelings of worthlessness/guilt

19. Oedipus complex - realize father is a sexual rival/more powerful - castration complex - learn to identify with father

20. First developed to treat depression - attempts to remove irrational thoughts/beliefs that were thought to be the cause of the problem

21. Prior testing - medication - educational history - significant medical events

22. Completely unconscious - home of sex & aggression instincts - guided by pleasure principal - comes out in dreams

23. Measuring the ability to concentrate - similarities: how are a thermometer and a ruler alike? - vocabulary: what does covert mean? - information: who was George Washington Carver?

24. Infrequent & uncommon - rarity alone is not enough - many mental disorders are not really rare (Depression)

25. Beliefs about the object

26. Discomfort created when our attitudes do not match our behavior

27. Intended to predict your ability to learn a new skill

28. Emotions about the object

29. Digit span: repeat a set of numbers backwards - arithmetic: If Jessica has 3 packs of gum with 4 packs each - how many sticks will she have for herself if she gives 2 sticks each to 3 friends

30. Stop smoking - cut down on alcohol consumption - exercise to relieve stress and maintain healthy weight - eat healthy

31. Good stressor that motivates the individual to make necessary changes - Ex: being too hot motivates you to take off coat

32. Focus on irrational distorted thoughts - identify distortions - change them to be more realistic

33. Most common type of therapy - combo of behavioral and cognitive therapy - focus on changing thoughts and behaviors using learning and conditioning methods

34. Bio: genetic factors - physiology - Pysch: cognition - emotion - motivation - Social: society/media - community - family

35. Ask for a large favor first - followed up with something much smaller - if you say no - you may feel guilty and may say yes to a more reasonable request

36. Calm reaction - they know they are coming back

37. Learned behaviors weaken over time if not reinforced - remove maladaptive behavior by removing any reinforcement for it - removal of phobias/anxiety

38. Overt behavior consistent with social norms that are not privately accepted (external)

39. Interpret ambiguous items where answers are meaningful - Ex: Rorschach Inkblots

40. Measure personality in basic units - named factors A - B - C - etc. - identified 16 factors - [ex=intelligence - boldness - insecurity - self-discipline - tension]

41. Satisfaction & dependence/alternatives

42. Bio: genetic factors - physiology - Pysch: cognition - emotion - motivation - Social: society/media - community - family

43. Can I form a committed relationship with another individual? [adolescence]

44. Mix of biology and psychology - biological predisposition & perhaps environmental stressor involved

45. Pleasure from your own sexual organs - start of masturbation

46. Uncontrollable and inescapable exposure to stressors that can lead to disease/disability - Ex: distant - chronic - acute

47. Logical thinking - develop conservation - [Piaget]

48. Highlight negative thoughts - therapists work to change thoughts and focus on interpretation of events

49. High in consistency - distinctiveness - consensus - the situation is the cause

50. Abstract thinking develops - final stage - [Piaget]