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GRE Psychology: Clinical And Abnormal Psychology

Subjects : gre, psychology
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. To reduce feelings of inferiority and to foster social interest and social contribution in patients

2. Person'S dark side - often projected onto others; devils and evil spirits in cultures

3. In psychotherapy - in reaction to psychoanalysis and behavioralism

4. Correct maladaptive cognitions

5. Use unconscious messages to become more aware and closer to full potential

6. Unconscious material always looking for a way to discharge repressed emotion

7. Carl Gustav Jung - the psyche was directed toward life and awareness (rather than sex) - In each personal the psyche contains conscious and unconscious elements (personal and collective unconscious)

8. Justifying behaviour/feelings that cause guilt

9. Class of neurotransmitter that dopamine - serotonin - and norepinephrine belongs to

10. Delivers electric current to brain to induce convulsions; effective for severely depressed patients

11. Material from individual'S own experiences - can become conscious

12. Skinner'S operant ideas that behaviour is related only to consequences

13. To change behaviour to be more desired or adaptive; successful in treating phobias - fetishes - OCD - sexual problems - and childhood disorders (especially nocturnal enuresis)

14. Treating symptoms rather than underlying problem

15. Goal is to increase sense of being and meaningfulness - to alleviate neurotic anxiety

16. Child clients; during play a child may convey emotions - situations - or disturbances conveyed might otherwise go unexpressed

17. The part of mind that contains the unconscious biological drives and wishes - At birth: mental life is composed solely of the id and its biological drives (sex and aggression) - with development - the id also includes unconscious wishes

18. Initially: Freud preferred a topographic model of mental life - Then: Mental life was structural - meaning that mental life has particular organization other than layers (ego - id - superego)

19. How a therapist feels about his/her patients; analyst'S transfer of unconscious feelings or wishes (central figures in analyst'S life) onto patient

20. Use of medication to treat mental illness - do not cure but some are effective at alleviating symptoms; often used with therapy

21. Individual'S mental life consists of a constant push-pull between the competing forces of the id - superego and environment. - each areas struggles for acknowledgement and expression - how well a persons' ego handles this determines his mental health

22. General term that refers to theories that emphasize role of unconscious (including individual or analytical)

23. Aaron Beck

24. Donald Meichenbaum - prepares people for foreseeable stressors

25. Memories that serve as representations of important childhood experiences

26. Aim to affect neurotransmitters; commonly dopamine - serotonin - norepinephrine (monoamines)

27. 'Joseph Breuer' the central process in which a patient reports thoughts without censure or guidance - Freud: because unconscious material is always looking for a way out - the patient can uncover and express repressed material through free associatio

28. Psychodynamic approach in which unconscious feelings do play a role - examination of a person'S lifestyle and choices (motivations - perceptions - goals - and resources)

29. repressed drives and conflict become manifested in dysfunctional ways - psychic determinism

30. Proved experimentally that abnormal behaviour can be learned

31. Drugs that take away symptoms do not provide interpersonal support

32. Safe outlets for unconscious material and wish-fulfillment - valuable for analysts; manifest content provides information about latent content

33. psychodynamic approach - because unconscious elements are addressed - in order to be more aware - unconscious material is explored through analyzing dreams - artwork - personal symbols

34. Includes elements of cognitive - behavioural - and emotion theory; intertwined thoughts and feelings produce behavior

35. Inappropriately taking responsibility (e.g. 'our failed project was all my fault')

36. Karen Horney and Harry Stack Sullivan - accepted some of freud'S ideas and reject others

37. Revolves around philosophical issues particularly the issue of meaning; one`s greatest struggles are being vs. nonbeing - and meaningfulness vs. meaninglessness; will to meaning

38. Male elements of a female

39. Patients react to the therapist like they react to their parents

40. Ritualistic activity to relieve anxiety about unconscious drives

41. Primary process; human motivation to seek pleasure and avoid pain; id

42. The death instinct - including self-destructive behavior

43. Embracing feelings or behaviours opposite to true threatening feelings one has

44. Tricyclic chemical structure; ex. amitriptyline (Elavil)

45. Patients are seen 4-5 times a week and for many years - Initially: hypnosis - Then: free association - Transference - countertransference

46. Fritz Perls - Max Wertheimer - Kurt Koffka

47. B.F. Skinner - Ivan Pavlov - Joseph Wolpe

48. Not allowing threatening material into awareness

49. Reduces depressive symptoms - by taking opposite action of antimanics; depression appears to be from abnormally low levels of monoamines; increase production and transmission of various monoamines; - Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) - Monoamine oxid

50. Imitating a central figure - such as a parent