Test your basic knowledge |

GRE Psychology: Clinical And Abnormal Psychology

Subjects : gre, psychology
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. To change behaviour to be more desired or adaptive; successful in treating phobias - fetishes - OCD - sexual problems - and childhood disorders (especially nocturnal enuresis)

2. It is best used with normal people in search of growth

3. The branch of psychology that uses principles or research findings to solve people'S problems

4. Phlegmatic - low in activity and high in social contribution - dependent

5. Unconscious material always looking for a way to discharge repressed emotion

6. Justifying behaviour/feelings that cause guilt

7. General term that refers to theories that emphasize the positive - evolving free will in people (such as client-centered - Gestalt - or existential); optimistic about human nature; 'Third Force'

8. Methodology - theory developed from single case studies - which is not scientific

9. The part of mind that imposes learned or socialized drives - not something one is born with - but develops over time - influenced by moral and parental training

10. Secondary process; guided by ego and responds to environment by delaying gratification

11. Negative views about the self - the world - and the future; causes depression

12. Applies classical conditioning to relieve anxiety - repeatedly exposed to anxiety-producing stimulus so eventually the overexposure leads to lessened anxiety

13. Person'S outer mask - mediator to external world; masks in cultures

14. Inappropriately taking responsibility (e.g. 'our failed project was all my fault')

15. Not suited for low-functioning or disturbed clients

16. Act only on serotonin - most frequently prescribed because fewer side effects than tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) and monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs); Ex. fluoxetine (Prozac®) - paroxetine (Paxil®) - sertraline (Zoloft®)

17. Allows client to practice new behaviours and responses

18. Tricyclic chemical structure; ex. amitriptyline (Elavil®)

19. Sexual force

20. Delivers electric current to brain to induce convulsions; effective for severely depressed patients

21. Measures cognitive triad and gauges severity of diagnosed depression; determines number of depressive symptoms - for research and clinical settings

22. Skinner'S operant ideas that behaviour is related only to consequences

23. Conscious elements were openly acknowledged forces and unconscious elements (drives and wishes) were many layers below consciousness - Freud'S greatest contribution to psychology

24. Rollo May - individual constantly strives to rise above a simple behavioral existence and toward genuine and meaningful existence

25. Black and white thinking (e.g. 'if I don'T score 100% I have no future')

26. Proved experimentally that abnormal behaviour can be learned

27. Employs principles from cognitive and behavioral theory

28. Channelling threatening drives into acceptable outlets

29. Karen Horney and Harry Stack Sullivan - accepted some of freud'S ideas and reject others

30. Stress-inoculation training

31. Joseph Wolpe - applies classical conditioning to relieve anxiety - exposed to increasingly anxiety-provoking stimuli until anxiety is decreased - start from staring at a picture of snake and then eventually holding on

32. Male elements of a female

33. Provides tools and experience that client can use to be more assertive

34. Inherited from ancestors - common to all and contains archetypes

35. How a therapist feels about his/her patients; analyst'S transfer of unconscious feelings or wishes (central figures in analyst'S life) onto patient

36. When the therapist uses the patient'S transference to help him/her resolve problems that were the result of previous relationship by correcting the emotional experience in the therapist-patient relationship

37. Similar to behaviour therapy - addresses how a person thinks - rather than why the thought patterns developed; removing symptoms may not cure problem

38. Accusing others of having one'S own unacceptable feelings

39. Talking therapy - deep questions relating to perception and meaning of existence

40. The death instinct - including self-destructive behavior

41. Not allowing threatening material into awareness

42. Sanguine - high in activity and high in social contribution - healthy

43. Shifting unacceptable feelings/actions to a less threatening recipient

44. Primary process; human motivation to seek pleasure and avoid pain; id

45. Mistaking isolated incidents for the norm (e.g. 'no one will ever want to be with me')

46. Treatment for mental health problems shown to produce results in empirical studies; many argue only this is ethical; others argue controlled experiments not like real treatments - less useful and applicable

47. The part of mind that contains the unconscious biological drives and wishes - At birth: mental life is composed solely of the id and its biological drives (sex and aggression) - with development - the id also includes unconscious wishes

48. repressed drives and conflict become manifested in dysfunctional ways - psychic determinism

49. Patients react to the therapist like they react to their parents

50. Class of neurotransmitter that dopamine - serotonin - and norepinephrine belongs to