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GRE Psychology: Clinical And Abnormal Psychology

Subjects : gre, psychology
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Full individual potential; Buddha - Jesus and mandala in cultures

2. First drugs for psychopathology; - usually to treat positive symptoms of schizophrenia (delusion and hallucination) by blocking dopamine receptors and inhibiting dopamine production (ex. Chlorpromazine (Thorazine) - and haloperidol (Haldol))

3. Tricyclic chemical structure; ex. amitriptyline (Elavil)

4. Phlegmatic - low in activity and high in social contribution - dependent

5. To provide relief from symptoms of psychopathology

6. Criticized effectiveness of psychotherapy after analyzing studies that indicated psychotherapy was no more successful than no treatment at all; other studies contradict this

7. Freud; pathological behaviour - dreams - unconscious behaviour (e.g. hysterical or neurotic women) are symptoms of underlying - unresolved conflict - which are manifested when the ego does not find acceptable ways to express conflict

8. Fritz Perls - Max Wertheimer - Kurt Koffka

9. Uses operant principle of negative reinforcement to increase anxiety - anxiety-reaction created where there was none; usually to treat addiction and fetishes

10. Reduces depressive symptoms - by taking opposite action of antimanics; depression appears to be from abnormally low levels of monoamines; increase production and transmission of various monoamines; - Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) - Monoamine oxid

11. Jung - universally meaningful concepts - passed through collective unconscious; - allow us to organize experiences with consistent themes and indicated by cross-cultural similarity in symbols - folklore - myths; - Common archetypes: persona - shadow

12. Analytical theory - Freud'S student - broke from Freud because Freud place too much emphasis on the libido

13. Use of medication to treat mental illness - do not cure but some are effective at alleviating symptoms; often used with therapy

14. Model based on learning; application of classical and operant conditioning principles to human abnormal behavior - change maladaptive behaviour through new learning; radical behavioralism - neobehaviouralism

15. Psychopathology is a signal that something wrong in makeup of psyche - clues about how one could be more aware

16. Unhealthy individuals are too much affected by inferior feelings to pursue the will to power - make excuses or have a 'yes -but' mentality - if they do pursue goals - these are likely to be self-serving and egotistical

17. Sexual force

18. Melancholic - low in activity and low in social contribution - withdrawn

19. In psychotherapy - in reaction to psychoanalysis and behavioralism

20. People in the process of realizing themselves - The individual is motivated by social needs and feelings of inferiority that arise when the current self does not match the self-ideal

21. repressed drives and conflict become manifested in dysfunctional ways - psychic determinism

22. Not allowing threatening material into awareness

23. Mistaking isolated incidents for the norm (e.g. 'no one will ever want to be with me')

24. Accusing others of having one'S own unacceptable feelings

25. Talking therapy - deep questions relating to perception and meaning of existence

26. Leader of humanistic movement; hierarchy of needs

27. General term that refers to theories that emphasize the positive - evolving free will in people (such as client-centered - Gestalt - or existential); optimistic about human nature; 'Third Force'

28. Inherited from ancestors - common to all and contains archetypes

29. Drug that changes metabolism of alcohol - resulting in severe nausea and vomiting when combined; countercondition alcoholics

30. Emphasized culture and society over instinct; suggested neuroticism expressed as movement toward - against - and away from people

31. To reduce feelings of inferiority and to foster social interest and social contribution in patients

32. Patients react to the therapist like they react to their parents

33. Joseph Wolpe - applies classical conditioning to relieve anxiety - exposed to increasingly anxiety-provoking stimuli until anxiety is decreased - start from staring at a picture of snake and then eventually holding on

34. 'objects' relationships: real others and one'S internalized image of others;

35. Abnormal behaviour is the result of learning and conditioning

36. Shifting unacceptable feelings/actions to a less threatening recipient

37. Class of neurotransmitter that dopamine - serotonin - and norepinephrine belongs to

38. abnormality derived from disturbances of awareness - client may not have insight or fully experience present situation (choosing not to acknowledge certain aspects)

39. Pavlov'S classical counterconditioning principles to create new responses to stimuli

40. Client-centered therapist should speak and act genuinely - not maintain a professional reserve (feelings and experiences of the therapist should match)

41. Methodology - theory developed from single case studies - which is not scientific

42. Therapist engages in a dialogue with client rather than leading toward a goal; client learns from dialogue - and together focus on here-and-now experience rather than talking about the past

43. The life instinct - including sex and love

44. Encourage people to stand apart from beliefs - biases and attitudes derived from the past - goal is to fully experience and perceive the present in order to become a while and integrated person

45. Material from individual'S own experiences - can become conscious

46. Male elements of a female

47. Imitating a central figure - such as a parent

48. Individual theory

49. Applied Freud ideas of child psychology and development

50. Skinner'S operant ideas that behaviour is related only to consequences