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GRE Psychology: Important Names

Subjects : gre, psychology
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Studied depth cues (esp. texture gradients) that help us to perceive depths

2. Studied locus of control

3. Devised divergent thinking test to measure creativity

4. Developed Young-_______ trichromatic theory of color vision; developed place-resonance theory of pitch perception

5. Propsed gain-loss principle (an evaluation that changes will have more effect thatn an evaluation that remains constant)

6. Trait theorist known for concept of functional autonomy; also distinguished between idiographic and nomothetic approaches to personality

7. Suggested _______ Principle: that a more-preferred activity could be used to reinforce a less-preferred activity

8. Studied feature detection in visual cortex and discovered simple - complex and hypercomplex cells

9. Physiologist who studied the autonomic nervous system - including 'fight or flight' reactions; investigated homeostasis; and with Bard - proposed _______-Bard theory of emotions

10. Found that the capacity of short-term memory is seven (plus or minus two) items

11. Object-relations theorist

12. Investigated the role of schemata in memory; concluded that memory is largely a reconstructive process.

13. Used the water-jar problem to study the effect of mental sets on problem solving

14. Developed self-perception theory as an alternative to cognitive dissonance theory.

15. English physiologist who first inferred the existence of synapse

16. Studied the capacity of sensory memory using the partial-report method

17. Proposed concept of belief in a just world

18. Used autokinetic effect to study conformity; also performed Robber'S Cave experiment and found that having superordinate goals increased intergroup cooperation

19. Developed balance theory to explain why attitudes change; also developed attribution theory and divided attributions into two categories: dispositional and situational

20. Devised the semantic feature-comparison model of semantic memory

21. Object-relations theorist

22. Empirical studies led to traveling wave theory of pitch perception which - at least partially - supported by Helmholtz'S place-resonance theory

23. Developed opponent process theory of color vision

24. Suggested that gender differences in conformity were not due to gender per se - but to differing social roles.

25. Suggested that masculinity and femininity were two separate dimensions; concept of androgyny

26. Studied need for achievement (nAch)

27. Performed prison simulation and used concept of deindividuation to explain results

28. Hypothesized that language determines how reality is perceived

29. Developed the visual cliff apparatus - which is used to study the development of depth perception

30. Canadian neurosurgeon who used electrodes and electrical stimulation techniques to 'map' out different parts of the brain during surgery

31. Proposed filter theory of attention

32. Proposed the James-Lange two-factor theory of emotions

33. Proposed theory of evolution and natural selection as its centerpiece

34. Developed elaboration likelihood model of persuasion (central and peripheral routes to persuasion)

35. Behaviorist theorist who attempted to study psychoanalytic concepts within a behaviorist framework; also known for their work on approach-avoidance conflicts

36. Outlined eight stages of psychosocial development overing the lifespan

37. Devised the spreading activation model of semantic memory

38. Studied obedience by asking subjects to administer electroshock; proposed stimulus-overload theory to explain differences between city and country dwellers

39. Distinguished between the surface structure and deep structure of a sentence; studied transformational rules that could be used to transform one sentence into another

40. Studied field-dependence and field-independence using the rod and frame test

41. Object-relations theorist

42. Developed cognitive dissonance theory - also developed social comparison theory

43. Used factor analysis to study primary mental abilities - factors more specific than g but more general than s

44. Studied attitude change

45. Developed sociobiology

46. Behaviorist theorist known for his social learning theory; did modeling experiment using punching bag ('Bobo' doll)

47. Discovered the basic principles of classical conditioning

48. Developed ______ law as an alternative to Fechner'S Law

49. Developed method of systematic desensitization to eliminate problems

50. Studied insights in problem solving