Test your basic knowledge |

GRE Psychology: Physiological/behavioral Neuroscience 1

Subjects : gre, psychology
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Bumps on the brainstem - controls visual reflexes






2. Provide myelin in central nervous system






3. Stage 1 & 2 non-REM sleep (with sleep spindles) - lower-amplitude and slower frequency waves






4. Of cerebral cortex - responsible for vision






5. Increase in males during puberty causes genitals to matures and secondary sex characteristics to develop - example: testosterone






6. 16 hours of sleep a day - 6 hours






7. Dysfunction in certain cortical association area - language disorder from damage to Broca'S area - in left frontal lobe; can understand speech but has difficulty speaking (slow - laborious - omits words)






8. Released at neuromuscular junction to cause contraction of skeletal muscles - also involved in parasympathetic nervous system






9. Inactivated state of a neuron






10. Process in which neural pathways are connected and then some die out (children go through these process)






11. Beginning of neuron (dendrites)






12. Chambers filled with cerebrospinal fluid that insulate brain from shock






13. For female - the onset of the menstrual cycles - occurs during puberty






14. An amino acid - most abundant inhibitory neurotransmitter






15. Consists of myelencephalon - metencephalon - and reticular formation






16. Fatty - insulating sheath on some axons for faster conduction of axon impulses






17. Where soma and axon connect






18. Changes in a nerve cell'S charge as the result of stimulation - 2 forms: excitatory postsynaptic potential and inhibitory postsynaptic potential






19. Dysfunction in certain cortical association area - inability to organize movement






20. Fast frequency bursts of brain activity - inhibits processing to keep tranquil state






21. Released from the pituitary and facilitates birth and breast feeding - also involved in pair bonding (mother to child or romantic partners) -






22. Transmits impulses of neuron - bundles of these are nerve fibers (white matter); the wider nerve fiber - the faster its conduction






23. The process after a neurotransmitter has done its job - it is reabsorbed by the presynaptic cell






24. Used to implant electrodes into animals' brains in experiments






25. Aka cell body. largest central portion - and make up gray matter - has a nucleus that directs neuron'S activity






26. The basic unit of the nervous system - Consist of: Dentrites - cell body (soma) - axon hillock - axon - myelin sheath - nodes of Ranvier - Terminal buttons - cell membrane - synapse - glial cells






27. Provide myelin in peripheral nervous system






28. Of cerebral cortex - responsible for hearing - also Wernicke'S area (related to speech)






29. Base in hindbrain - rest in midbrain; oldest brain area; Controls alertness - thirst - sleep - involuntary muscles (i.e. heart)






30. Areas on cortex that correspond to certain functions; - the larger the area - the more sensitive and highly accessed the function - Damage to a particular area would result in certain dysfunction






31. Time after absolute refractory period - neuron can fire but needs a much stronger stimulus






32. Present in fast-acting - directed synapses






33. Bumps seen on cortex surface






34. Covers whole neuron - selective permeability - sometimes lets ions (positive charge) through






35. Extension of the spine - developed from base to the front






36. Made up of sympathetic nervous system and parasympathetic nervous system






37. Increase in female during puberty causes genitals to matures and secondary sex characteristics to develop






38. Or just synapse - the space between 2 neurons where they communication






39. Made up of somatic nervous system and autonomic nervous system






40. Incredible rage easily provoked when cerebral cortex is removed






41. Of mesencephalon - rest of reticular formation; Also involved in the sensorimotor system - analgesic effect of opiates






42. Jumping from one node of Ranvier to the next due to insulation by myelin sheath






43. Bundles of axon - Nerve fiber






44. Tough connective tissues that cover/protect brain and spinal cord






45. An amino acid - most abundant excitatory neurotransmitter.






46. Outer covering of spine - nerve fibers - axon bundles - myelin sheathing






47. PNS fibers that run towards CNS






48. REM-sleep - low-amplitude and fast-frequency waves that characterize waking states






49. Of pituitary - activates thyroid






50. Depolarization - + from outside allowed into cell - increase firing