## Test your basic knowledge |

# Important Math Facts

**Instructions:**

- Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
- If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
- Match each statement with the correct term.
- Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.

**1. A _________ is a special kind of bar graph that shows frequency of data.**

**2. The surface area of a __________ is the sum of the areas of two circles and a rectangle.**

**3. The line or the fold is called the __________ .**

**4. An approximation of pi is 3.14 - or _______ .**

**5. When two or more numbers are multiplied - each number is called a _________ .**

**6. The ________ is used to represent the ratio of distance on the map to the actual distance.**

**7. To express a ______ as ________a - express the percent as a fraction with a denominator of 100 - then simplify.**

**8. In a power - the number used as a factor is the base. In 10³ - the ________ is 10. That is - 10³ = 10 X 10 X 10.**

**9. If a figure can be divided in half by a line so that the two halves match each other - the figure is __________ .**

**10. The rules to follow when more than one operation is used are called the ___________.**

**11. An _________ is a mathematical sentence that contains < - > - - ≤ - or ≥ .**

**12. An ________ is a mathematical sentence that contains the equal sign.**

**13. The symbol < is read as ________ .**

**14. In a __________ - an object slides from one position to another without changing its size or shape.**

**15. To ____________ - replace the divisor with its reciprocal and then multiply to get your answer.**

**16. An ___________ is a combination of numbers - variables - and operations.**

**17. When you add or subtract _________ that have the same or like denominators - you only add or subtract the numerators. The denominator stays the same.**

**18. To ______________ - if the denominators are unlike - write equivalent fractions with a common denominator. Subtract the fractions first - and rename if necessary. Then subtract the whole numbers. Simplify if possible.**

**19. To _________ - write the mixed numbers as improper fractions. Replace the divisor with its reciprocal and multiply.**

**20. To express a ______ as a _______ - rewrite the percent as a fraction with a denominator of 100 - and then express the fraction as a decimal.**

**21. To ___________ - multiply the numerators and then multiply the denominators. Write the product in lowest terms.**

**22. To __________ an algebraic expression means to substitute a value for the variables and apply the rules for order of operation.**

**23. To add or subtract fractions with unlike denominators - you need to change the fractions to equivalent fractions with ____________ before you find the sum or difference.**

**24. The _________ of a circle is twice the length of the radius.**

**25. A ___________ is a proportion with one fraction with a denominator of 1.**

**26. In a power - the number of times the base is used as a factor is the ________ . In 5³ - the exponent is 3.**

**27. A _________ is a symbol - usually a letter - used to represent a number.**

**28. The ____________ of a circle is always a little more than three times the diameter.**

**29. Make a __________ of an integer by using its placement on the number line.**

**30. Two angles are ___________ if the sum of their measures is 180°.**

**31. The set of all possible outcomes is _____________.**

**32. The _________ states that multiplying a sum by a number is the same as multiplying each addend by that number and then adding the two products. For example - 3(8 + 2) = (3 x 8) + (3 x 2).**

**33. The symbol ≤ is read as __________ .**

**34. A _________ is an equation that shows two ratios are equivalent.**

**35. A _______ is a ratio that compares a number to 100.**

**36. The ______________ are the numbers of pieces of data that can represent the whole set of data. These common measures of central tendency are mean - median - and mode.**

**37. The opposite of a positive integer is a ________ .**

**38. ___________ is a number that can be written using an exponent. For example - 3² means three to the second power.**

**39. _________ integers are the same distance from zero in opposite directions on the number line.**

**40. Together - the x coordinate and y coordinate form an ___________.**

**41. The ________ of an angle is the common endpoint of the rays forming the angle.**

**42. The set of ________ consists of the positive whole numbers - zero - and the opposites of the positive whole numbers.**

**43. A diagram used to show the total number of possible outcomes in a probability experiment is called a _____________.**

**44. To _____________ - express the mixed numbers as improper fractions - multiply - and simplify the results.**

**45. A _________ is a randomly-selected group that is used to represent a whole population.**

**46. A _______ is a comparison of two numbers with different units of measure.**

**47. Prime factorization can be written using ________ . For example - 2 x 2 x 3 = 2² x 3**

**48. ______________ are two events in which either one or the other must take place - but they cannot both happen at the same time. The sum of their probabilities is one.**

**49. To add mixed numbers with unlike denominators - write equivalent fractions with a ___________ . Add the whole numbers and add the fractions.**

**50. A _______ is the comparison of two numbers by division.**