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Praxis 2 Elementary Education Vocab

Subjects : praxis, teaching
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Counting to 100

2. Simple maps to begin - instruct on simple symbols used - students construct a map

3. Work with units and tens - learning place value strategies

4. Use of place value and hundreds and thousands

5. Cognitive - behavioral - developmental - psychodynamic - sociological - ecological - eclectic

6. Formal measure that evaluates a student on a subject area by answering specific questions

7. Predict outcomes - create questions - monitor understanding - clarify - connect

8. Ability of a joint to move through its range of motion

9. Identify words in print - which is vocabulary development

10. Process of understanding letters in text represent phonemes in speech

11. What a government is and does - values of American democracy - role of Constitution - relationship of US to other nations - responsibilities of US citizen

12. New vocabulary - descriptive words - realistic viewpoints of people and environment

13. Discrepant event - question - inquiry

14. In the classroom the teacher and students take on roles similar to that of the parent and child respectively. Students must respond physically to the words of the teacher. The activity may be a simple game such as Simon Says or may involve more compl

15. Experiential Learning

16. The reader at the beginning stages of learning to read and developing an association of print with meaning. During this stage of reading development - children engage in reading play and retelling familiar stories from memory and using pictures to ma

17. 1. understand the problem - 2. determine essential information - 3. make a plan - 4. follow the plan - 5. check the answer

18. The history or study of words.

19. Art

20. Begin working with decimals

21. Zone of proximal development

22. Walking - running - hopping - leaping - sliding - galloping - skipping

23. Discovering - simplifying - and applying patterns in scientific discovery

24. Computers available and used throughout the world - students comfortable with electronic equipment - information readily available - electronics provides opportunities for investigation - learning needs can be addressed by use of technology - technol

25. Credited with coining the Multiple Intelligences Theory which is a pluralized way of understanding the intellect. Researchers believe that each person's level of intelligence is made up of autonomous faculties that can work individually or in concert

26. An attachment to the end or beginningof base or root words. A generic term that describes prefixes and suffixes word parts 'fixed to' either the beginnings of words (prefixes) or the ending of words (suffixes). For example - the word disrespectfulhas

27. A minimal sound unit of speech that - when contrasted with another phoneme - affects the naming of words in a language - such as /b/ in book contrasts with /r/ in rook - /l/ in look. Phonemes are the smallest units of sound that change the meanings o

28. Individual's basic understanding of numbers and operations and how to apply this knowledge to solve dilemmas and make decisions about mathematical problems and concepts

29. Uses a letter or group of letters for every speech sound heard

30. Comprehending that sounds in language are represented by printed or written symbols

31. Credited to Carl Rogers who suggested that all human beings have a natural propensity to learn. The role of the teacher is to facilitate learning via: setting a positive classroom climate for learning; clarifying the purposes and rules; organizing an

32. Teaching reading and spelling that stresses basic symbol - sound relationships and their application in decoding words in beginning instruction.

33. Determines a student's understanding and performance of specific criteria

34. Is an instructional approach that encourages students to work collaboratively as partners or in small groups on clearly defined tasks.

35. The notion that letters making a word have corresponding sounds - thus letters and sounds can be placed together to build words.

36. Learning is formal knowledge(rules) - acquistion - at the subconsious level (child's acquiring his first language).

37. Meaningful context - acceptance of all learners - flexible structure - supportive classroom - integration - focused expectations - context skill development - collaboration and scaffolding - authentic assessments

38. Two or more individuals reading aloud from the same text in unison to enhance oral reading fluency.

39. (1849-1936) discovered 'conditioning' and initially believed that all behavior was reflexive. Pavlov thought that all learning - whether the elicited responses in animals - or of highly conceptual behaviors in humans was due to the mechanisms of clas

40. Improving social skills through the use of appropriate behaviors

41. The structural (grammar) organization of English that regulates how words are combined into sentences. Word order is important in English and during the pre - school years - children learn to understand - ask questions - construct statements - and ma

42. A technique to examine students' collective abilities via real - world challenges that requires them to apply their relevant skills and knowledge.

43. Suggests that behavior is somewhat controlled by association and illustrated after a neutral stimulus accepts the eliciting properties of an unconditioned stimulus through the pairing of some unconditioned stimulus with the neutral stimulus.

44. Promotes understanding of alphabetic principles and relationship between phonemes and graphemes

45. Integrates the variable for selected investigation

46. Learning the lingusitic rules will help you develope competence of the new language

47. Utilize primary sources - incorporate fiction - use of timelines

48. Physical education

49. The teacher remains mainly silent - to give students the space they need to learn to talk. In this approach - it is assumed that the students' previous experience of learning from their mother tongue will contribute to learning the new foreign langua

50. Direct instruction