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Technology Applications: General Concepts 1

Subjects : it-skills, literacy
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A student-centered and teacher-guided instructional approach that engages students in investigating real world questions that they choose within a broad thematic framework. This instruction complements traditional instruction by providing a vehicle f

2. A combination input and output device that allows a computer to communicate with another computer over telephone or cable TV lines; (short for modulator-demodulator) converts digital computer information into sound (and vice versa) for transmission o

3. A special education law that requires schools to educate students with disabilities in least restrictive environments to the greatest extent of their abilities using plans tailored to the individual needs of the students.

4. Antidote utilities to detect - eliminate and protect from viruses - worms and Trojans. It typically contains an engine - a resident virus shield - virus databases or DAT files - a task scheduler - an e-mail scanner - and an update manager. It guards

5. A teaching and learning model based on behavioral and cognitive theories; students receive information from teachers and do teacher-directed activities

6. The software capability to copy images from web pages or computer applications and store them on your own computer.

7. Input/output devices that provide for storage and retrieval of programs and other types of data that must be stored over a long period of time. Also referred to as external or auxiliary memory.

8. 'Lossless' compression such as the GIF format is generally safer for recompression since it utilizes 'lossless' compression. Meaning when the GIF image is compressed - no information is lost from its contents. On the other hand - formats that utilize

9. Sometimes called paint or raster graphics - in which each pixel directly corresponds to a spot on the display screen. When scaled to larger sizes - this type of graphic looks jagged or aliased; Developed originally for use on Disk Operating System (D

10. Types of computer systems identified by their operating systems - e.g. - PCs with Windows operating systems or Macintoshes with Mac-OS operating systems

11. A printed copy of computer output.

12. The continuous evaluation of instruction before - during - and after implementation - which leads to continual revision and modification in order to increase student learning.

13. A type of mnemonic in which an unfamiliar new word is linked to a similar-sounding familiar word - which is used to create a visual image that incorporates the meaning of the new word.

14. Software used by architects and others to aid in the design of structures such as houses and cars

15. Fundamental to most operating systems is the concept of files and directories (or folders). A file system in most operating resembles an inverted tree with the roots at the top and branches at the bottom. This tree structure uses directories or folde

16. Devices that record data over time with sensors

17. A graphic representation of a real person in cyberspace; a three dimensional image that a person can choose to represent himself or herself in a virtual reality environment

18. Abbreviation for application - software that normally has an extension of .app and refers to any Internet application specifically designed to run on mobile devices such as smartphones

19. Various techniques designed to direct attention to certain aspects of information - including the use of bold - underlined - or italicized print; color - labels - and arrows for pictorial information; and speaking more loudly or more slowly to highli

20. Also called a mail server - this is the computer or software that operates an e-mail discussion list on the Internet. Interested individuals subscribe to the list and subsequently receive all e-mail that is sent to the listserv; on the Internet - a p

21. A committee composed of the parent - administrator - assessment personnel - regular education teacher - special education teacher - and other pertinent representatives who meet on a regular basis to make decisions in regard to admission - services -

22. A type of learning that refers to feelings - beliefs - and values that lead individuals to make consistent choices when given the opportunity.

23. Software that enables the user to enter - edit - store - retrieve - sort - and search through computer databases.

24. Activity when students submit their written or artistic products to a website

25. Actively collaborating with learners to determine what learning means and how it can be enhanced within each individual learner. An emphasis is placed on drawing on the learner's own unique talents - capacities - and experiences.

26. The use of the computer in the delivery of instruction.

27. Channels of communication that carry messages with an instructional purpose; the different ways and means by which information can be delivered to or experienced by a learner.

28. Software that protects a school's or company's entire computer system from attempts by others to gain unauthorized access to it and also prevents access by users to certain sites; or set up to prevent someone from going to certain locations on the In

29. In printing - halftone refers to the technique of simulating shades of gray or color by varying the size of dots in a grid - or the number of pixels in a given area.

30. A revision of the HTML standard that provides many of the features of a Flash environment without using Flash

31. An associational information-processing system in the text domain. In a hypertext system - text information is stored in nodes - and nodes are interconnected to other nodes of related information; in 1960 - Ted Nelson coined the term to describe a da

32. Term coined in 1984 by the president of the Aldus Corporation to refer to the activity of using software to produce documents that gives users a high degree of control over the composition and layout of material on a printed page - including both tex

33. A field of study focusing on the design of technology systems that align with human characteristics - needs - and capabilities.

34. An asynchronous communication medium in which two or more individuals exchange messages using personal computers connected via a network or telephone lines.

35. In a browser - a set of Internet locations or URLs organized so that a user can return to them quickly

36. Software programs designed to perform a specific function for the user - such as processing text - performing calculations - and presenting content lessons.

37. A communications service that allows users to create a private chat room which only members of a mutually agreed upon list may enter; the system alerts a user when someone from the IM list is online; IM also designates the act of instant messaging -

38. An abnormality or loss of function in a physical - anatomical - or psychological structure; may be congenital (present at birth) or acquired through accident or disease

39. The process of translating information into some meaningful form that can be remembered.

40. Music-making equipment controlled by a Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI) device

41. A rule of thumb or flexible guideline that can be adapted to fit each instructional situation.

42. An instructional arrangement whereby students with disabilities receive instruction and services in a general education setting with regular education peers.

43. Programs that allow users to create and manipulate geometric constructions and provide environments in which to make discoveries and conjectures related to geometry concepts and objects

44. An outline - preview - or other such pre-instructional cue used to promote retention of content to be learned.

45. A network created in 1969 by the U.S. government-funded Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) to enable communications among important defense sites in the event of a worldwide catastrophe such as a nuclear attack; later became the Internet

46. A built-in feature of word-processing software that automatically detects and corrects misspelled words and incorrect capitalization

47. Individuals who are learning English as their majority language for everyday uses - employment - and educational purposes. ELL also stands for English Language Learning

48. The third phase in the Plan - Implement - Evaluate model. Focus is on assessment techniques used to determine the level of learning students have achieved and/or the effectiveness of the instructional materials.

49. A distance education technology that uses a speakerphone to extend a basic telephone call and permits instruction and interaction between individuals or groups at two or more locations.

50. A worldwide radio-navigation system made possible by a bank of orbiting satellites and their ground stations to pinpoint exact geographic locations on earth; a device that cross-references a GPS signal with mapping software and shows the location to