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Technology Applications: General Concepts 1

Subjects : it-skills, literacy
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. An online system of web course design and delivery tools; Desire-to-Learn and BlackBoard are examples

2. Multimedia that allows user interactions so that the user can determine the direction of the program or presentation.

3. Circular reference of electronic spreadsheet formula happens when you enter a formula that includes functions referring back to the cell in which the formula is contained. When this happens - users receive an error message referring to circular refer

4. Motivation in which the act itself is the reward.

5. A single silicon chip that contains all of the CPU circuits for a computer system.

6. Also known as information design uses pictures - symbols - colors - and words to communicate ideas - illustrate information - or express relationships visually.

7. An image format used for drawn images - illustrations - clip art - or animations; It is universally acceptable on the Web. Images in the this format are restricted to 256 colors (best - actually 216 'web-safe' colors). The format is suited to images

8. An object-oriented scripting language that - like Java - is used to create dynamic websites

9. Device consisting of a transmitter - which senses the heartbeat from the heart's electrical impulses - and a wristwatch receiver - which receives and records each beat through radio transmission from the transmitter

10. Acronym for 'frequently asked questions.' Used on the Internet to disseminate basic information and to reduce repetitive queries.

11. In contrast to lossless compression - lossy compression refers to a technique of shrinking file sizes by giving away some precision of detail. JPEG images are an example of a file that is compressed this way. By reducing the quality of a picture when

12. Online sites that function like other dictionaries in that they give definitions for words and phrases in common usage - but provide the additional capability of looking up the word or phrase in one language (e.g. - French or German) and get the defi

13. American Standard Code for Information Interchange; a standard way of representing text - which allows different computer brands to 'talk' to one another. It is sometimes referred to as plain text or unformatted text.

14. Sequences of frames shown in a linear way with presentation software (e.g. - PowerPoint)

15. Pre-developed applications created with the Java programming language; make possible web page features such as animations and special effects - graphics and buttons - interactive displays -web data collection forms - and chatrooms

16. Video games that provide physical activity or exercise through interactive play

17. A measure of how much learners achieve per unit of time or dollar spent; for example - (Posttest - Pretest)/Time - or (Posttest - Pretest)/Cost.

18. Program stored on individual computers or on the school or district network in order to prevent access to Internet sites with inappropriate materials

19. Antidote utilities to detect - eliminate and protect from viruses - worms and Trojans. It typically contains an engine - a resident virus shield - virus databases or DAT files - a task scheduler - an e-mail scanner - and an update manager. It guards

20. An outline - preview - or other such pre-instructional cue used to promote retention of content to be learned.

21. The process of determining which digital tools and which methods for implementing them are the most appropriate responses to given educational needs and problems

22. One of the rights accorded to the owner of copyright is the right to reproduce or to authorize others to reproduce the work in copies or phonorecords. This right is subject to certain limitations found in sections 107 through 118 of the copyright law

23. The smallest amount of information that the CPU can deal with; a single binary digit.

24. Software tools that simplify the activity of making highly graphic materials such as awards certificates and greeting cards by offering sets of clip art and pre-designed templates to which people add their own content

25. A combination input and output device that allows a computer to communicate with another computer over telephone or cable TV lines; (short for modulator-demodulator) converts digital computer information into sound (and vice versa) for transmission o

26. A type of printer that forms letters on the page by shooting tiny electrically charged droplets of ink.

27. Similar to distance education - the notion of supporting learners - who may be situated locally or at a distance - with learning resources that may be distributed in space and time.

28. Content experts are also called subject matter experts (or SMEs). A content expert's roles and responsibilities include: researching the content - helping with storyboard - and writing all of the text. For many multimedia projects in education - SME

29. A school specialist who helps students and teachers to become effective users of ideas and information by providing access to materials - providing instruction - and working with teachers to design learning strategies to meet the needs of individual

30. Teaching/learning model based on cognitive learning theory; holds that learners should generate their own knowledge through experience-based activities rather than being taught it by teachers

31. The third phase in the Plan - Implement - Evaluate model. Focus is on assessment techniques used to determine the level of learning students have achieved and/or the effectiveness of the instructional materials.

32. A measure of the difference between what learners know before and after instruction; for example - Posttest - Pretest = Achievement.

33. A form of evaluation that involves having a knowledgeable person come into the classroom to watch a lesson in process - to comment on how well the materials and activities work - and to make suggestions for improvements.

34. A type of outsourcing in which many people are asked to give their input online to solve a problem that has proven resistant to efforts of single individuals or organizations

35. An agreement created by a school or other educational organization that describes the risks involved in Internet use; outlines appropriate - safe student behavior on the Internet; asks students if they agree to use the Internet under these conditions

36. A distance education technology that uses a speakerphone to extend a basic telephone call and permits instruction and interaction between individuals or groups at two or more locations.

37. The incorrect or less appropriate alternative answers for a given multiple-choice question. Also called foils.

38. Ancillary feature of word processors that identifies a range of grammatical and format errors such as improper capitalization - lack of subject-verb agreement - split infinitives - and so on.

39. A computer database program that can store and manipulate students' grades.

40. Good lighting consists of three elements: key light - fill light - and back light. The key light is usually located about 45 to the right or left of the camera - while the fill light is commonly located 30 to 45 from the camera - opposite the ke

41. An individual's preferred ways for processing and organizing information and for responding to environmental stimuli.

42. A revision of the HTML standard that provides many of the features of a Flash environment without using Flash

43. A printed copy of computer output.

44. A term used on the Twitter system for a prefix to a message (Tweet)consisting of a pound sign (#)and a topic name (e.g. - #ripstevejobs). Users begin a Tweet with a hash tag to allow others to identify posts and create their own messages on that topi

45. A term introduced by Whitehead in 1929 to mean skills that students learn in isolation but do not know how to transfer later to problems that require them

46. In order to display a full-color graphic image on a 256-color monitor - computers simulate the colors it cannot display by way of dithering - which is combining pixels from a 256-color palette into patterns that approximate other colors. At a distanc

47. Electronically transmitted private messages that can be sent from individuals to other individuals or groups.

48. The application of knowledge to solve problems or complete tasks that are realistic and meaningful.

49. An instructional plan for an individual student (usually one with special needs) that describes the student's current level of proficiency and also establishes short- and long-term goals for future focus. An IEP is typically developed through a confe

50. A unique electronic address for an individual or organization - analogous to a postal address.