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Building Construction Management Vocab

Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. ...






2. Lumber that ranges from 2 in. to 4 in. thick. The actual dimensions are smaller than the nominal dimensions.






3. A structural frame assembly composed primarily of dimension lumber studs - floor joists - and roof rafters and panels of wood-based sheathing materials. Usually 16' OC.






4. A glass obtained by heating annealed glass to a high temperature and then suddenly cooling it - Which makes it four times stronger than annealed glass; used as safety glass because it breaks into pieces that are small and blunt enough not to cause in






5. Wood into which preservatives have been pressure injected to retard termite infestation and fungal decay. Using a different preservative - the pressure treatment can also be used for increasing the fire resistance of wood.






6. Unreinforced precast concrete panels that have glass fibers reinforcing the concrete. Consists of the GFRC skin - light-gauge steel backup frame - and anchors connecting the two together.






7. Method of sawing a log by sawing in one or two directions only. The grain pattern varies from nearly parallel to the wide face to perpendicular. vs. A method of sawing lumber where the log is cut radially into four quarters and then sawed along radia






8. A glass obtained by heating annealed glass to a high temperature and then suddenly cooling it - Which makes it four times stronger than annealed glass; used as safety glass because it breaks into pieces that are small and blunt enough not to cause in






9. Hollow Core Slabs: Precast - prestressed concrete slabs that contain voids in their central region that reduce dead loads by 40-50%. - Planks: Precast concrete slabs that are solid.






10. M = Least amount of lime; O = Most lime; N = Second most lime; S = Second least lime






11. A type of concrete foundation where one large - combined footing is used for several columns and load-bearing walls - often for the entire building. A concrete slab-on-ground used as foundation for light frame buildings is the simplest type of mat fo






12. Piles made of interlocking sheet steel driven into the ground to support an excavation. Shoring: Temporary vertical or inclined supports used in concrete formwork or excavation.






13. 10' - 15' discontinuous trenches are dug down to bedrock and filled with a bentonite slurry. Concrete is then pumped from the bottom up to create a waterproof wall for excavation pits.






14. Design-Bid-Build






15. Concrete: A composite material consisting of portland cement - coarse aggregate (crushed stone) - fine aggregate (sand) - and water.






16. Contiguous Bored Concrete Piles: Closely spaced - reinforced concrete piles. Often has shock-crete sprayed on the front to make a wall. Secant Piles: Two sets of interlocking contiguous piles.






17. The ability of a building assembly to endure fire - measured in hours or minutes of time and determined from standardized full-scale tests.






18. ...






19. Stone panels attached to a backup wall or curtain wall frame.






20. A panelized material applied to the exterior surfaces of wood or light-gauge steel frame members to add rigidity to the frame and to serve as a base for (wall) cladding or roofing.






21. Load=bearing or non-load bearing wall to which exterior cladding is adhered or anchored.






22. Flat glass obtained by heating and then gradually cooling it to relieve internal stresses that develop during the early stage of its manufacturing process. Annealed glass is the basic form of flat glass.






23. Snug-tight = hand tightened by a worker. Slip-Critical = hand tightened - then extra tightening to a certain tensile strength. Shear resistance is provided by the friction between the connected surfaces.






24. A type of concrete foundation where one large - combined footing is used for several columns and load-bearing walls - often for the entire building. A concrete slab-on-ground used as foundation for light frame buildings is the simplest type of mat fo






25. Method of sawing a log by sawing in one or two directions only. The grain pattern varies from nearly parallel to the wide face to perpendicular. vs. A method of sawing lumber where the log is cut radially into four quarters and then sawed along radia






26. Flat glass obtained by heating and then gradually cooling it to relieve internal stresses that develop during the early stage of its manufacturing process. Annealed glass is the basic form of flat glass.






27. One-Way Slab: An elevated reinforced concrete slab where most of the load on the slab is carried to the supporting beams in one direction; a four-sided - supported rectangular slab whose length is greater than or equal to twice its width. Two Way Sla






28. Unreinforced precast concrete panels that have glass fibers reinforcing the concrete. Consists of the GFRC skin - light-gauge steel backup frame - and anchors connecting the two together.






29. A glass that reflects incoming visible radiation due to a very thin metal oxide coating on one side.






30. A thin layer of material over a back-up component.






31. Concrete: A composite material consisting of portland cement - coarse aggregate (crushed stone) - fine aggregate (sand) - and water.






32. Soldier Piles are placed into pre-drilled holes that are filled with concrete after the piles are set. Excavation begins - and as the pit is dug deeper - lagging is bolted to the soldier piles to support them.






33. A structural frame assembly composed primarily of dimension lumber studs - floor joists - and roof rafters and panels of wood-based sheathing materials. Usually 16' OC.






34. Snug-tight = hand tightened by a worker. Slip-Critical = hand tightened - then extra tightening to a certain tensile strength. Shear resistance is provided by the friction between the connected surfaces.






35. Pile: Driven or drilled long - slender foundation element. Pile: a piece of machinery used to drive piles into the ground.






36. Construction Management






37. Wood into which preservatives have been pressure injected to retard termite infestation and fungal decay. Using a different preservative - the pressure treatment can also be used for increasing the fire resistance of wood.






38. Floating: The process of smoothing a freshly placed concrete surface after it has been struck (leveled).






39. An L-shaped steel pin that connects to the GFRC skin with a bonding pad and is welded to the supporting light-gauge steel frame.






40. A stuccolike exterior finish that includes a layer of foam insulation - fiberglass reinforcing mesh - and one or two coats of a polymer-based finish - also called synthetic stucco.






41. A rafter is one of a series of sloped structural members that extends from the ridge or the hip down to the downslope perimeter of the eave - designed to support the roof deck and its loads.






42. Fabricated at the manufacture's plant. Reinforced in both directions. Uses a steel stud backup wall.






43. Type 1: General Use - Type 2: -Type 3: High Early Strength - Type 4: Low Heat of Hydration - Type 5: Sulfate Resistant






44. Fabricated at the manufacture's plant. Reinforced in both directions. Uses a steel stud backup wall.






45. Schematic Design






46. Type 1: General Use - Type 2: -Type 3: High Early Strength - Type 4: Low Heat of Hydration - Type 5: Sulfate Resistant






47. A legal document that regulates the design and construction of buildings to ensure that the buildings meet minimum standards of health - safety - and welfare.






48. Used where columns are lightly loaded or bear on soils with a high bearing capacity.






49. The combination of high-strength steel strands - sleeves - and end anchorages used for post-tensioning concrete.






50. Sump: Dig sump pits that are sufficiently below the elevation of the excavation - then use sump pumps to drain the water out of the pits and pump it away from the site. Well Point: A number of vertical pipes are sunk around the perimeter of the excav