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Building Construction Management Vocab

Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Design-Bid-Build






2. Post-tentioning: Subjecting a concrete or masonry member to compressive stresses by tensioning high-strength steel strands (wires) after the concrete has developed sufficient strength.






3. A type of tempered glass obtained from a process that reduces (or eliminates) the possibility of spontaneous breakage of tempered glass during its service life.






4. Shallow Foundation: Used for all types of buildings and bear directly on the upper soil levels. Deep Foundation: Used where soil on the surface does not have adequate strength or is unstable. Consists of piles or piers.






5. Design Development






6. Concrete: A composite material consisting of portland cement - coarse aggregate (crushed stone) - fine aggregate (sand) - and water.






7. Shoring placed under concrete to support it while it cures.






8. Advantages: High early strength Disadvantages: Very expensive






9. A glass that reflects incoming visible radiation due to a very thin metal oxide coating on one side.






10. Design Development






11. A large-diameter - deep reinforced-concrete foundation element made by drilling a hole into the ground and filling it with concrete; an enclosure that permits excavation work to be carried out under water.






12. 10' - 15' discontinuous trenches are dug down to bedrock and filled with a bentonite slurry. Concrete is then pumped from the bottom up to create a waterproof wall for excavation pits.






13. A beam that spans between columns on the exterior face of a frame structure.






14. Sheet steel that is hot-dip galvanized.






15. Include the width and height of the exit enclosures - fire resistance of materials used therein - and illumination levels in the exit enclosures.






16. Differential: The building's foundation settles at different rates at different points. Uniform: The building's foundation settles at a uniform rate.






17. Prescriptive codes give a clear - defined method for meeting a requirement. Performance codes allow the designer to decide how to meet the end requirement that must be met.






18. Design-Build






19. Used commonly for load-bearing wood - masonry - or concrete walls.






20. Method of sawing a log by sawing in one or two directions only. The grain pattern varies from nearly parallel to the wide face to perpendicular. vs. A method of sawing lumber where the log is cut radially into four quarters and then sawed along radia






21. ...






22. Hollow Core Slabs: Precast - prestressed concrete slabs that contain voids in their central region that reduce dead loads by 40-50%. - Planks: Precast concrete slabs that are solid.






23. Wrought iron is corrosive resistant - time consuming to make - and contains about .02% carbon. VS. Mild Steel contains .1-2.5% carbon and is much stronger and easier to make.






24. A fastener that connects an exterior cladding to the supporting frame to resist lateral loads






25. Two pieces of glass laminated under heat and pressure to a plastic interlayer to form a fused unit.






26. Include the width and height of the exit enclosures - fire resistance of materials used therein - and illumination levels in the exit enclosures.






27. Place where materials are stored on or near the project site.






28. Concrete: A composite material consisting of portland cement - coarse aggregate (crushed stone) - fine aggregate (sand) - and water.






29. A document that describes regulations for the use of land in a particular jurisdiction.






30. Rebar: An deformed steel bar used as concrete reinforcement. Welded-Wire Reinforcement: A prefabricated rectangular grid of steel wires spot-welded together at intersections - used as reinforcement in concrete slabs.






31. One-Way Slab: An elevated reinforced concrete slab where most of the load on the slab is carried to the supporting beams in one direction; a four-sided - supported rectangular slab whose length is greater than or equal to twice its width. Two Way Sla






32. Advantages: High early strength Disadvantages: Very expensive






33. A structural frame assembly composed primarily of dimension lumber studs - floor joists - and roof rafters and panels of wood-based sheathing materials. Usually 16' OC.






34. A type of glass made by adding a metallic pigment during manufacture.






35. Friction Pile: Bears the load by using friction between it and the ground around it by having a tapered form. End-Bearing Piles: Most of the load is transferred to the bottom of the pile.






36. Friction Pile: Bears the load by using friction between it and the ground around it by having a tapered form. End-Bearing Piles: Most of the load is transferred to the bottom of the pile.






37. Lengths of dimension lumber - glued and laminated together to create a structural member of a large cross section.






38. Load=bearing or non-load bearing wall to which exterior cladding is adhered or anchored.






39. Lumber that ranges from 2 in. to 4 in. thick. The actual dimensions are smaller than the nominal dimensions.






40. Rebar: An deformed steel bar used as concrete reinforcement. Welded-Wire Reinforcement: A prefabricated rectangular grid of steel wires spot-welded together at intersections - used as reinforcement in concrete slabs.






41. Floating: The process of smoothing a freshly placed concrete surface after it has been struck (leveled).






42. The combination of high-strength steel strands - sleeves - and end anchorages used for post-tensioning concrete.






43. Shallow Foundation: Used for all types of buildings and bear directly on the upper soil levels. Deep Foundation: Used where soil on the surface does not have adequate strength or is unstable. Consists of piles or piers.






44. Sump: Dig sump pits that are sufficiently below the elevation of the excavation - then use sump pumps to drain the water out of the pits and pump it away from the site. Well Point: A number of vertical pipes are sunk around the perimeter of the excav






45. Exterior wall cladding system suspended from or supported by the structural frame of the building.






46. Use air-entrainment in the concrete mix






47. The ability of a building assembly to endure fire - measured in hours or minutes of time and determined from standardized full-scale tests.






48. Control Joint: A sawed or tooled joint on the top surface of a concrete slab-on-ground; a continuous vertical joint in a concrete masonry wall. Cold Joint: A nonmovement joint resulting when fresh concrete is placed against previously placed concrete






49. ...






50. Flat glass obtained by heating and then gradually cooling it to relieve internal stresses that develop during the early stage of its manufacturing process. Annealed glass is the basic form of flat glass.