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Carpentry Roof Framing Vocab

Subjects : industries, carpentry
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. The horizontal distance covered by a roof.






2. Width of the smaller portion of a building with six or eight corners.






3. The length of a rafter along a measuring line without consideration to the width or thickness of the rafter.






4. A horizontal distance of a stair tread or horizontal segment of the total run of a rafter.






5. Extends from the wall plate to the ridge board - where its run is perpendicular to the plate.






6. The triangular-shaped section on the end of a building formed by the rafters in a common or gable roof and the top plate line.






7. A cut on the extreme lower end of a rafter.






8. The underside trim members of a cornice or any such overhanging assembly.






9. Information found printed on the body of a framing square; used to calculate the lengths of various components of a roof system.






10. Any line on the rafter that is vertical when the rafter is in position.






11. A roof that slopes upward toward the ridge from four directions.






12. A compound miter cut on the end of certain roof rafters.






13. The triangular-shaped section on the end of a building formed by the rafters in a common or gable roof and the top plate line.






14. The total horizontal distance over which a rafter slopes.






15. The width of the larger portion of a building.






16. Supporting timbers at which rafters may intersect each other in a gambrel roof.






17. A rafter that runs from the plate to the ridge of the main roof.






18. Horizontal framing pieces in a cornice - installed to provide fastening for the soffit.






19. The rafter placed at the intersection of two roof slopes in interior corners.






20. A horizontal member placed close to the ridge at right angles to the plate.






21. A valley rafter that runs from the plate to the supporting valley rafter.






22. A type of roof that slopes in one direction only.






23. Horizontal framing pieces in a cornice - installed to provide fastening for the soffit.






24. A vertical member of the cornice finish installed on the tail end of rafters.






25. A cut on the extreme lower end of a rafter.






26. A rafter that runs from the plate to the ridge of the main roof.






27. A valley rafter that runs from the plate to the supporting valley rafter.






28. Studs that form the wall closing in the triangular area under a gable roof.






29. A structure that projects out from a sloping roof to form another roofed area to provide a surface for the installation of windows.






30. Term used to indicate the steepness of a roof; stated as unit rise on unit run - e.g. - 6 on 12.






31. The amount of slope to a roof expressed as ratio of the total rise to the span.






32. The amount a stair or rafter rises per unit of run.






33. A type of roof that pitches in two directions.






34. The sloping portion of the gable ends of a building.






35. Extends diagonally from the corner of the plate to the ridge at the intersection of two surfaces of a hip roof.






36. A short rafter running parallel to common rafters - cut between hip and valley rafters.






37. The length of a rafter along a measuring line without consideration to the width or thickness of the rafter.






38. A common rafter cut shorter that does not contact either a top plate or a ridge.






39. A horizontal member of a roof frame that is placed on edge at the ridge and into which the upper ends of rafters are fastened.






40. A type of roof that has two slopes of different pitches on each side of center.






41. The intersection of two roof slopes at interior corners.






42. Information found printed on the body of a framing square; used to calculate the lengths of various components of a roof system.






43. A type of roof that pitches in two directions.






44. A cut on the rafter that is a combination of a level cut and a plumb cut; also called the bird's mouth.






45. The amount of slope to a roof expressed as ratio of the total rise to the span.






46. The rafter placed at the intersection of two roof slopes in interior corners.






47. Increasing the depth of the hip rafter seat cut so that the centerline of its top edge will lie in the plane of adjacent roof surfaces.






48. Extends from the wall plate to the ridge board - where its run is perpendicular to the plate.






49. Temporary or permanent bracing that runs perpendicular to the braced members.






50. A rafter running between a valley rafter and the ridge.