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Carpentry Roof Framing Vocab

Subjects : industries, carpentry
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Term used to indicate the steepness of a roof; stated as unit rise on unit run - e.g. - 6 on 12.






2. The length of a rafter along a measuring line without consideration to the width or thickness of the rafter.






3. Increasing the depth of the hip rafter seat cut so that the centerline of its top edge will lie in the plane of adjacent roof surfaces.






4. Temporary or permanent bracing that runs perpendicular to the braced members.






5. A type of roof that has two different pitches on all sides of the building - with the lower slopes steeper than the upper.






6. A structure that projects out from a sloping roof to form another roofed area to provide a surface for the installation of windows.






7. Studs that form the wall closing in the triangular area under a gable roof.






8. A horizontal distance of a stair tread or horizontal segment of the total run of a rafter.






9. A shortened common rafter that spans from the wall plate to a hip rafter.






10. Term used to indicate the steepness of a roof; stated as unit rise on unit run - e.g. - 6 on 12.






11. The underside trim members of a cornice or any such overhanging assembly.






12. A type of roof that has two different pitches on all sides of the building - with the lower slopes steeper than the upper.






13. Width of the smaller portion of a building with six or eight corners.






14. The vertical distance that the roof rises from plate to ridge.






15. A vertical member of the cornice finish installed on the tail end of rafters.






16. The triangular-shaped section on the end of a building formed by the rafters in a common or gable roof and the top plate line.






17. The width of the larger portion of a building.






18. The length of a stair stringer or rafter per unit of run.






19. A horizontal member of a roof frame that is placed on edge at the ridge and into which the upper ends of rafters are fastened.






20. The horizontal distance covered by a roof.






21. The sloping portion of the gable ends of a building.






22. The triangular areas formed by the rake rafters and the wall plate at the ends of the building.






23. A cut on the rafter that is a combination of a level cut and a plumb cut; also called the bird's mouth.






24. A cut on the rafter that is a combination of a level cut and a plumb cut; also called the bird's mouth.






25. The triangular areas formed by the rake rafters and the wall plate at the ends of the building.






26. A type of roof that has two slopes of different pitches on each side of center.






27. A rafter that runs from the plate to the ridge of the main roof.






28. The amount of slope to a roof expressed as ratio of the total rise to the span.






29. The rafter placed at the intersection of two roof slopes in interior corners.






30. Part of a common rafter - shortened for framing a hip rafter - a valley rafter - or both.






31. A vertical member of the cornice finish installed on the tail end of rafters.






32. A common rafter cut shorter that does not contact either a top plate or a ridge.






33. The amount a stair or rafter rises per unit of run.






34. The length of a stair stringer or rafter per unit of run.






35. The roof of irregular shaped buildings; valleys are formed at the intersection of the roofs.






36. A structure that projects out from a sloping roof to form another roofed area to provide a surface for the installation of windows.






37. Supporting timbers at which rafters may intersect each other in a gambrel roof.






38. The sloping portion of the gable ends of a building.






39. A shortened common rafter that spans from the wall plate to a hip rafter.






40. A horizontal member of a roof frame that is placed on edge at the ridge and into which the upper ends of rafters are fastened.






41. A rafter that runs from the plate to the ridge of the main roof.






42. A compound miter cut on the end of certain roof rafters.






43. A rafter running between two valley rafters.






44. The roof of irregular shaped buildings; valleys are formed at the intersection of the roofs.






45. A cut on the extreme lower end of a rafter.






46. Width of the smaller portion of a building with six or eight corners.






47. A roof that slopes upward toward the ridge from four directions.






48. A type of roof that has two slopes of different pitches on each side of center.






49. The vertical distance that the roof rises from plate to ridge.






50. Any line on the rafter that is horizontal when the rafter is in position.