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Carpentry Roof Framing Vocab

Subjects : industries, carpentry
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Studs that form the wall closing in the triangular area under a gable roof.






2. The amount a stair or rafter rises per unit of run.






3. A horizontal member of a roof frame that is placed on edge at the ridge and into which the upper ends of rafters are fastened.






4. Part of a common rafter - shortened for framing a hip rafter - a valley rafter - or both.






5. A short rafter running parallel to common rafters - cut between hip and valley rafters.






6. Horizontal framing pieces in a cornice - installed to provide fastening for the soffit.






7. A rafter running between two valley rafters.






8. A common rafter cut shorter that does not contact either a top plate or a ridge.






9. A vertical member of the cornice finish installed on the tail end of rafters.






10. Studs that form the wall closing in the triangular area under a gable roof.






11. Beveling the top edge of a hip rafter to line it up with adjacent roof surfaces.






12. Any line on the rafter that is vertical when the rafter is in position.






13. A horizontal distance of a stair tread or horizontal segment of the total run of a rafter.






14. An inverted gable roof.






15. Term used to indicate the steepness of a roof; stated as unit rise on unit run - e.g. - 6 on 12.






16. The width of the larger portion of a building.






17. The triangular-shaped section on the end of a building formed by the rafters in a common or gable roof and the top plate line.






18. A valley rafter that runs from the plate to the supporting valley rafter.






19. The total horizontal distance over which a rafter slopes.






20. A compound miter cut on the end of certain roof rafters.






21. Information found printed on the body of a framing square; used to calculate the lengths of various components of a roof system.






22. The vertical distance that the roof rises from plate to ridge.






23. The rafter placed at the intersection of two roof slopes in interior corners.






24. Extends from the wall plate to the ridge board - where its run is perpendicular to the plate.






25. Width of the smaller portion of a building with six or eight corners.






26. The rafter placed at the intersection of two roof slopes in interior corners.






27. The amount of slope to a roof expressed as ratio of the total rise to the span.






28. The triangular areas formed by the rake rafters and the wall plate at the ends of the building.






29. The horizontal distance covered by a roof.






30. The sloping portion of the gable ends of a building.






31. Extends diagonally from the corner of the plate to the ridge at the intersection of two surfaces of a hip roof.






32. Horizontal framing pieces in a cornice - installed to provide fastening for the soffit.






33. A rafter that runs from the plate to the ridge of the main roof.






34. Supporting timbers at which rafters may intersect each other in a gambrel roof.






35. The underside trim members of a cornice or any such overhanging assembly.






36. Beveling the top edge of a hip rafter to line it up with adjacent roof surfaces.






37. A rafter running between a valley rafter and the ridge.






38. The length of a rafter along a measuring line without consideration to the width or thickness of the rafter.






39. A vertical member of the cornice finish installed on the tail end of rafters.






40. A horizontal member of a roof frame that is placed on edge at the ridge and into which the upper ends of rafters are fastened.






41. A type of roof that slopes in one direction only.






42. The intersection of two roof slopes at interior corners.






43. The triangular-shaped section on the end of a building formed by the rafters in a common or gable roof and the top plate line.






44. A type of roof that pitches in two directions.






45. Information found printed on the body of a framing square; used to calculate the lengths of various components of a roof system.






46. A valley rafter that runs from the plate to the supporting valley rafter.






47. Any line on the rafter that is vertical when the rafter is in position.






48. A horizontal member placed close to the ridge at right angles to the plate.






49. The roof of irregular shaped buildings; valleys are formed at the intersection of the roofs.






50. An inverted gable roof.