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Carpentry Roof Framing Vocab

Subjects : industries, carpentry
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A vertical member of the cornice finish installed on the tail end of rafters.






2. A short rafter running parallel to common rafters - cut between hip and valley rafters.






3. The amount of slope to a roof expressed as ratio of the total rise to the span.






4. A structure that projects out from a sloping roof to form another roofed area to provide a surface for the installation of windows.






5. A rafter running between a valley rafter and the ridge.






6. A type of roof that pitches in two directions.






7. Part of a common rafter - shortened for framing a hip rafter - a valley rafter - or both.






8. The sloping portion of the gable ends of a building.






9. The amount a stair or rafter rises per unit of run.






10. Studs that form the wall closing in the triangular area under a gable roof.






11. The triangular areas formed by the rake rafters and the wall plate at the ends of the building.






12. The horizontal distance covered by a roof.






13. Supporting timbers at which rafters may intersect each other in a gambrel roof.






14. A horizontal member of a roof frame that is placed on edge at the ridge and into which the upper ends of rafters are fastened.






15. Information found printed on the body of a framing square; used to calculate the lengths of various components of a roof system.






16. Term used to indicate the steepness of a roof; stated as unit rise on unit run - e.g. - 6 on 12.






17. The rafter placed at the intersection of two roof slopes in interior corners.






18. Horizontal framing pieces in a cornice - installed to provide fastening for the soffit.






19. The roof of irregular shaped buildings; valleys are formed at the intersection of the roofs.






20. A cut on the rafter that is a combination of a level cut and a plumb cut; also called the bird's mouth.






21. A horizontal member of a roof frame that is placed on edge at the ridge and into which the upper ends of rafters are fastened.






22. A vertical member of the cornice finish installed on the tail end of rafters.






23. The roof of irregular shaped buildings; valleys are formed at the intersection of the roofs.






24. A structure that projects out from a sloping roof to form another roofed area to provide a surface for the installation of windows.






25. A valley rafter that runs from the plate to the supporting valley rafter.






26. A rafter running between a valley rafter and the ridge.






27. A shortened common rafter that spans from the wall plate to a hip rafter.






28. A roof that slopes upward toward the ridge from four directions.






29. A type of roof that has two different pitches on all sides of the building - with the lower slopes steeper than the upper.






30. Term used to indicate the steepness of a roof; stated as unit rise on unit run - e.g. - 6 on 12.






31. A notch cut in the underside of a rafter to fit on top of the wall plate.






32. The vertical distance that the roof rises from plate to ridge.






33. A common rafter cut shorter that does not contact either a top plate or a ridge.






34. An inverted gable roof.






35. A rafter that runs from the plate to the ridge of the main roof.






36. A compound miter cut on the end of certain roof rafters.






37. The sloping portion of the gable ends of a building.






38. Width of the smaller portion of a building with six or eight corners.






39. A horizontal distance of a stair tread or horizontal segment of the total run of a rafter.






40. A type of roof that has two different pitches on all sides of the building - with the lower slopes steeper than the upper.






41. The width of the larger portion of a building.






42. Increasing the depth of the hip rafter seat cut so that the centerline of its top edge will lie in the plane of adjacent roof surfaces.






43. A cut on the rafter that is a combination of a level cut and a plumb cut; also called the bird's mouth.






44. Extends from the wall plate to the ridge board - where its run is perpendicular to the plate.






45. Horizontal framing pieces in a cornice - installed to provide fastening for the soffit.






46. The first and last rafter of a gable roof - usually having a finish or trim applied to it; also called barge or fly rafter.






47. Studs that form the wall closing in the triangular area under a gable roof.






48. Beveling the top edge of a hip rafter to line it up with adjacent roof surfaces.






49. A common rafter cut shorter that does not contact either a top plate or a ridge.






50. The triangular areas formed by the rake rafters and the wall plate at the ends of the building.