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Carpentry Roof Framing Vocab

Subjects : industries, carpentry
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A short rafter running parallel to common rafters - cut between hip and valley rafters.






2. The triangular-shaped section on the end of a building formed by the rafters in a common or gable roof and the top plate line.






3. Any line on the rafter that is vertical when the rafter is in position.






4. A roof that slopes upward toward the ridge from four directions.






5. The total horizontal distance over which a rafter slopes.






6. Temporary or permanent bracing that runs perpendicular to the braced members.






7. The amount of slope to a roof expressed as ratio of the total rise to the span.






8. A vertical member of the cornice finish installed on the tail end of rafters.






9. The amount of slope to a roof expressed as ratio of the total rise to the span.






10. Studs that form the wall closing in the triangular area under a gable roof.






11. A horizontal member placed close to the ridge at right angles to the plate.






12. A horizontal member of a roof frame that is placed on edge at the ridge and into which the upper ends of rafters are fastened.






13. The roof of irregular shaped buildings; valleys are formed at the intersection of the roofs.






14. A compound miter cut on the end of certain roof rafters.






15. Extends from the wall plate to the ridge board - where its run is perpendicular to the plate.






16. Term used to indicate the steepness of a roof; stated as unit rise on unit run - e.g. - 6 on 12.






17. Temporary or permanent bracing that runs perpendicular to the braced members.






18. A rafter running between two valley rafters.






19. Information found printed on the body of a framing square; used to calculate the lengths of various components of a roof system.






20. An inverted gable roof.






21. Part of a common rafter - shortened for framing a hip rafter - a valley rafter - or both.






22. The width of the larger portion of a building.






23. A rafter running between a valley rafter and the ridge.






24. The total horizontal distance over which a rafter slopes.






25. A type of roof that has two slopes of different pitches on each side of center.






26. Horizontal framing pieces in a cornice - installed to provide fastening for the soffit.






27. A type of roof that has two different pitches on all sides of the building - with the lower slopes steeper than the upper.






28. A notch cut in the underside of a rafter to fit on top of the wall plate.






29. The rafter placed at the intersection of two roof slopes in interior corners.






30. A valley rafter that runs from the plate to the supporting valley rafter.






31. The length of a rafter along a measuring line without consideration to the width or thickness of the rafter.






32. The length of a stair stringer or rafter per unit of run.






33. The width of the larger portion of a building.






34. Extends diagonally from the corner of the plate to the ridge at the intersection of two surfaces of a hip roof.






35. The amount a stair or rafter rises per unit of run.






36. An inverted gable roof.






37. The underside trim members of a cornice or any such overhanging assembly.






38. A rafter that runs from the plate to the ridge of the main roof.






39. The horizontal distance covered by a roof.






40. A vertical member of the cornice finish installed on the tail end of rafters.






41. A common rafter cut shorter that does not contact either a top plate or a ridge.






42. Extends from the wall plate to the ridge board - where its run is perpendicular to the plate.






43. The rafter placed at the intersection of two roof slopes in interior corners.






44. The first and last rafter of a gable roof - usually having a finish or trim applied to it; also called barge or fly rafter.






45. Increasing the depth of the hip rafter seat cut so that the centerline of its top edge will lie in the plane of adjacent roof surfaces.






46. Supporting timbers at which rafters may intersect each other in a gambrel roof.






47. The sloping portion of the gable ends of a building.






48. A common rafter cut shorter that does not contact either a top plate or a ridge.






49. A cut on the rafter that is a combination of a level cut and a plumb cut; also called the bird's mouth.






50. Information found printed on the body of a framing square; used to calculate the lengths of various components of a roof system.