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Carpentry Roof Framing Vocab

Subjects : industries, carpentry
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. The horizontal distance covered by a roof.






2. A type of roof that pitches in two directions.






3. The rafter placed at the intersection of two roof slopes in interior corners.






4. A cut on the rafter that is a combination of a level cut and a plumb cut; also called the bird's mouth.






5. A type of roof that has two slopes of different pitches on each side of center.






6. The width of the larger portion of a building.






7. A type of roof that has two different pitches on all sides of the building - with the lower slopes steeper than the upper.






8. A vertical member of the cornice finish installed on the tail end of rafters.






9. A type of roof that slopes in one direction only.






10. A short rafter running parallel to common rafters - cut between hip and valley rafters.






11. A roof that slopes upward toward the ridge from four directions.






12. A rafter that runs from the plate to the ridge of the main roof.






13. The vertical distance that the roof rises from plate to ridge.






14. A shortened common rafter that spans from the wall plate to a hip rafter.






15. A rafter running between two valley rafters.






16. Term used to indicate the steepness of a roof; stated as unit rise on unit run - e.g. - 6 on 12.






17. Any line on the rafter that is vertical when the rafter is in position.






18. Beveling the top edge of a hip rafter to line it up with adjacent roof surfaces.






19. The triangular-shaped section on the end of a building formed by the rafters in a common or gable roof and the top plate line.






20. The underside trim members of a cornice or any such overhanging assembly.






21. Any line on the rafter that is horizontal when the rafter is in position.






22. A roof that slopes upward toward the ridge from four directions.






23. Width of the smaller portion of a building with six or eight corners.






24. A rafter running between a valley rafter and the ridge.






25. The roof of irregular shaped buildings; valleys are formed at the intersection of the roofs.






26. The amount a stair or rafter rises per unit of run.






27. The length of a stair stringer or rafter per unit of run.






28. A cut on the extreme lower end of a rafter.






29. The vertical distance that the roof rises from plate to ridge.






30. A valley rafter that runs from the plate to the supporting valley rafter.






31. Studs that form the wall closing in the triangular area under a gable roof.






32. A structure that projects out from a sloping roof to form another roofed area to provide a surface for the installation of windows.






33. Extends diagonally from the corner of the plate to the ridge at the intersection of two surfaces of a hip roof.






34. A compound miter cut on the end of certain roof rafters.






35. A vertical member of the cornice finish installed on the tail end of rafters.






36. Information found printed on the body of a framing square; used to calculate the lengths of various components of a roof system.






37. The amount of slope to a roof expressed as ratio of the total rise to the span.






38. The triangular areas formed by the rake rafters and the wall plate at the ends of the building.






39. The length of a rafter along a measuring line without consideration to the width or thickness of the rafter.






40. A rafter running between two valley rafters.






41. A type of roof that has two slopes of different pitches on each side of center.






42. A common rafter cut shorter that does not contact either a top plate or a ridge.






43. An inverted gable roof.






44. Studs that form the wall closing in the triangular area under a gable roof.






45. Any line on the rafter that is horizontal when the rafter is in position.






46. Term used to indicate the steepness of a roof; stated as unit rise on unit run - e.g. - 6 on 12.






47. Width of the smaller portion of a building with six or eight corners.






48. The amount a stair or rafter rises per unit of run.






49. A compound miter cut on the end of certain roof rafters.






50. The first and last rafter of a gable roof - usually having a finish or trim applied to it; also called barge or fly rafter.