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Carpentry Roof Framing Vocab

Subjects : industries, carpentry
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. The width of the larger portion of a building.






2. A roof that slopes upward toward the ridge from four directions.






3. The amount of slope to a roof expressed as ratio of the total rise to the span.






4. Studs that form the wall closing in the triangular area under a gable roof.






5. A common rafter cut shorter that does not contact either a top plate or a ridge.






6. A valley rafter that runs from the plate to the supporting valley rafter.






7. The width of the larger portion of a building.






8. A shortened common rafter that spans from the wall plate to a hip rafter.






9. The rafter placed at the intersection of two roof slopes in interior corners.






10. The length of a stair stringer or rafter per unit of run.






11. The length of a stair stringer or rafter per unit of run.






12. A horizontal member of a roof frame that is placed on edge at the ridge and into which the upper ends of rafters are fastened.






13. A type of roof that pitches in two directions.






14. A type of roof that pitches in two directions.






15. Width of the smaller portion of a building with six or eight corners.






16. Supporting timbers at which rafters may intersect each other in a gambrel roof.






17. A rafter that runs from the plate to the ridge of the main roof.






18. A compound miter cut on the end of certain roof rafters.






19. A cut on the extreme lower end of a rafter.






20. A horizontal member of a roof frame that is placed on edge at the ridge and into which the upper ends of rafters are fastened.






21. Part of a common rafter - shortened for framing a hip rafter - a valley rafter - or both.






22. Temporary or permanent bracing that runs perpendicular to the braced members.






23. An inverted gable roof.






24. Term used to indicate the steepness of a roof; stated as unit rise on unit run - e.g. - 6 on 12.






25. The sloping portion of the gable ends of a building.






26. The triangular areas formed by the rake rafters and the wall plate at the ends of the building.






27. A shortened common rafter that spans from the wall plate to a hip rafter.






28. A horizontal member placed close to the ridge at right angles to the plate.






29. A short rafter running parallel to common rafters - cut between hip and valley rafters.






30. A type of roof that has two slopes of different pitches on each side of center.






31. A rafter running between a valley rafter and the ridge.






32. A notch cut in the underside of a rafter to fit on top of the wall plate.






33. The vertical distance that the roof rises from plate to ridge.






34. The total horizontal distance over which a rafter slopes.






35. A type of roof that has two different pitches on all sides of the building - with the lower slopes steeper than the upper.






36. Horizontal framing pieces in a cornice - installed to provide fastening for the soffit.






37. A compound miter cut on the end of certain roof rafters.






38. The roof of irregular shaped buildings; valleys are formed at the intersection of the roofs.






39. The triangular-shaped section on the end of a building formed by the rafters in a common or gable roof and the top plate line.






40. Increasing the depth of the hip rafter seat cut so that the centerline of its top edge will lie in the plane of adjacent roof surfaces.






41. The vertical distance that the roof rises from plate to ridge.






42. Width of the smaller portion of a building with six or eight corners.






43. A cut on the extreme lower end of a rafter.






44. A horizontal member placed close to the ridge at right angles to the plate.






45. The total horizontal distance over which a rafter slopes.






46. Any line on the rafter that is horizontal when the rafter is in position.






47. The amount of slope to a roof expressed as ratio of the total rise to the span.






48. Extends diagonally from the corner of the plate to the ridge at the intersection of two surfaces of a hip roof.






49. A type of roof that has two different pitches on all sides of the building - with the lower slopes steeper than the upper.






50. Any line on the rafter that is horizontal when the rafter is in position.