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Carpentry Roof Framing Vocab

Subjects : industries, carpentry
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A roof that slopes upward toward the ridge from four directions.






2. A type of roof that slopes in one direction only.






3. The triangular-shaped section on the end of a building formed by the rafters in a common or gable roof and the top plate line.






4. Term used to indicate the steepness of a roof; stated as unit rise on unit run - e.g. - 6 on 12.






5. A horizontal member of a roof frame that is placed on edge at the ridge and into which the upper ends of rafters are fastened.






6. Any line on the rafter that is horizontal when the rafter is in position.






7. The amount of slope to a roof expressed as ratio of the total rise to the span.






8. The length of a rafter along a measuring line without consideration to the width or thickness of the rafter.






9. Temporary or permanent bracing that runs perpendicular to the braced members.






10. The underside trim members of a cornice or any such overhanging assembly.






11. A compound miter cut on the end of certain roof rafters.






12. Extends from the wall plate to the ridge board - where its run is perpendicular to the plate.






13. The width of the larger portion of a building.






14. The triangular areas formed by the rake rafters and the wall plate at the ends of the building.






15. The amount a stair or rafter rises per unit of run.






16. The rafter placed at the intersection of two roof slopes in interior corners.






17. A type of roof that has two slopes of different pitches on each side of center.






18. The amount a stair or rafter rises per unit of run.






19. A horizontal member of a roof frame that is placed on edge at the ridge and into which the upper ends of rafters are fastened.






20. A type of roof that slopes in one direction only.






21. The underside trim members of a cornice or any such overhanging assembly.






22. The horizontal distance covered by a roof.






23. The total horizontal distance over which a rafter slopes.






24. A shortened common rafter that spans from the wall plate to a hip rafter.






25. Temporary or permanent bracing that runs perpendicular to the braced members.






26. Beveling the top edge of a hip rafter to line it up with adjacent roof surfaces.






27. A structure that projects out from a sloping roof to form another roofed area to provide a surface for the installation of windows.






28. An inverted gable roof.






29. The vertical distance that the roof rises from plate to ridge.






30. A rafter that runs from the plate to the ridge of the main roof.






31. Horizontal framing pieces in a cornice - installed to provide fastening for the soffit.






32. A structure that projects out from a sloping roof to form another roofed area to provide a surface for the installation of windows.






33. Supporting timbers at which rafters may intersect each other in a gambrel roof.






34. A notch cut in the underside of a rafter to fit on top of the wall plate.






35. A cut on the extreme lower end of a rafter.






36. The length of a stair stringer or rafter per unit of run.






37. Extends diagonally from the corner of the plate to the ridge at the intersection of two surfaces of a hip roof.






38. The length of a stair stringer or rafter per unit of run.






39. Term used to indicate the steepness of a roof; stated as unit rise on unit run - e.g. - 6 on 12.






40. A rafter running between two valley rafters.






41. Part of a common rafter - shortened for framing a hip rafter - a valley rafter - or both.






42. A cut on the rafter that is a combination of a level cut and a plumb cut; also called the bird's mouth.






43. Beveling the top edge of a hip rafter to line it up with adjacent roof surfaces.






44. Supporting timbers at which rafters may intersect each other in a gambrel roof.






45. Width of the smaller portion of a building with six or eight corners.






46. The length of a rafter along a measuring line without consideration to the width or thickness of the rafter.






47. The sloping portion of the gable ends of a building.






48. The horizontal distance covered by a roof.






49. A compound miter cut on the end of certain roof rafters.






50. A type of roof that pitches in two directions.