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Carpentry Roof Framing Vocab

Subjects : industries, carpentry
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A horizontal distance of a stair tread or horizontal segment of the total run of a rafter.






2. Increasing the depth of the hip rafter seat cut so that the centerline of its top edge will lie in the plane of adjacent roof surfaces.






3. Horizontal framing pieces in a cornice - installed to provide fastening for the soffit.






4. The total horizontal distance over which a rafter slopes.






5. A notch cut in the underside of a rafter to fit on top of the wall plate.






6. A horizontal member placed close to the ridge at right angles to the plate.






7. Any line on the rafter that is horizontal when the rafter is in position.






8. The amount of slope to a roof expressed as ratio of the total rise to the span.






9. Beveling the top edge of a hip rafter to line it up with adjacent roof surfaces.






10. A type of roof that has two slopes of different pitches on each side of center.






11. Term used to indicate the steepness of a roof; stated as unit rise on unit run - e.g. - 6 on 12.






12. The triangular areas formed by the rake rafters and the wall plate at the ends of the building.






13. A notch cut in the underside of a rafter to fit on top of the wall plate.






14. Supporting timbers at which rafters may intersect each other in a gambrel roof.






15. Information found printed on the body of a framing square; used to calculate the lengths of various components of a roof system.






16. Extends diagonally from the corner of the plate to the ridge at the intersection of two surfaces of a hip roof.






17. A type of roof that has two slopes of different pitches on each side of center.






18. A compound miter cut on the end of certain roof rafters.






19. An inverted gable roof.






20. A vertical member of the cornice finish installed on the tail end of rafters.






21. A valley rafter that runs from the plate to the supporting valley rafter.






22. A rafter that runs from the plate to the ridge of the main roof.






23. A type of roof that has two different pitches on all sides of the building - with the lower slopes steeper than the upper.






24. The intersection of two roof slopes at interior corners.






25. A cut on the extreme lower end of a rafter.






26. The triangular areas formed by the rake rafters and the wall plate at the ends of the building.






27. Width of the smaller portion of a building with six or eight corners.






28. A shortened common rafter that spans from the wall plate to a hip rafter.






29. The total horizontal distance over which a rafter slopes.






30. An inverted gable roof.






31. The amount a stair or rafter rises per unit of run.






32. Any line on the rafter that is vertical when the rafter is in position.






33. The horizontal distance covered by a roof.






34. A horizontal member of a roof frame that is placed on edge at the ridge and into which the upper ends of rafters are fastened.






35. The intersection of two roof slopes at interior corners.






36. The roof of irregular shaped buildings; valleys are formed at the intersection of the roofs.






37. A horizontal member of a roof frame that is placed on edge at the ridge and into which the upper ends of rafters are fastened.






38. A type of roof that slopes in one direction only.






39. Extends from the wall plate to the ridge board - where its run is perpendicular to the plate.






40. Beveling the top edge of a hip rafter to line it up with adjacent roof surfaces.






41. A short rafter running parallel to common rafters - cut between hip and valley rafters.






42. A type of roof that pitches in two directions.






43. Any line on the rafter that is horizontal when the rafter is in position.






44. A short rafter running parallel to common rafters - cut between hip and valley rafters.






45. A type of roof that has two different pitches on all sides of the building - with the lower slopes steeper than the upper.






46. The length of a rafter along a measuring line without consideration to the width or thickness of the rafter.






47. A compound miter cut on the end of certain roof rafters.






48. Part of a common rafter - shortened for framing a hip rafter - a valley rafter - or both.






49. The vertical distance that the roof rises from plate to ridge.






50. The sloping portion of the gable ends of a building.