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Carpentry Roof Framing Vocab

Subjects : industries, carpentry
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A type of roof that has two slopes of different pitches on each side of center.






2. The intersection of two roof slopes at interior corners.






3. Term used to indicate the steepness of a roof; stated as unit rise on unit run - e.g. - 6 on 12.






4. The width of the larger portion of a building.






5. The triangular areas formed by the rake rafters and the wall plate at the ends of the building.






6. The roof of irregular shaped buildings; valleys are formed at the intersection of the roofs.






7. Any line on the rafter that is vertical when the rafter is in position.






8. A roof that slopes upward toward the ridge from four directions.






9. A horizontal member of a roof frame that is placed on edge at the ridge and into which the upper ends of rafters are fastened.






10. Horizontal framing pieces in a cornice - installed to provide fastening for the soffit.






11. The triangular-shaped section on the end of a building formed by the rafters in a common or gable roof and the top plate line.






12. A rafter running between a valley rafter and the ridge.






13. A common rafter cut shorter that does not contact either a top plate or a ridge.






14. A vertical member of the cornice finish installed on the tail end of rafters.






15. A type of roof that pitches in two directions.






16. The amount a stair or rafter rises per unit of run.






17. The total horizontal distance over which a rafter slopes.






18. A compound miter cut on the end of certain roof rafters.






19. A structure that projects out from a sloping roof to form another roofed area to provide a surface for the installation of windows.






20. A cut on the rafter that is a combination of a level cut and a plumb cut; also called the bird's mouth.






21. A cut on the rafter that is a combination of a level cut and a plumb cut; also called the bird's mouth.






22. The vertical distance that the roof rises from plate to ridge.






23. A horizontal member of a roof frame that is placed on edge at the ridge and into which the upper ends of rafters are fastened.






24. A horizontal distance of a stair tread or horizontal segment of the total run of a rafter.






25. Term used to indicate the steepness of a roof; stated as unit rise on unit run - e.g. - 6 on 12.






26. The length of a rafter along a measuring line without consideration to the width or thickness of the rafter.






27. A roof that slopes upward toward the ridge from four directions.






28. A valley rafter that runs from the plate to the supporting valley rafter.






29. A horizontal member placed close to the ridge at right angles to the plate.






30. Information found printed on the body of a framing square; used to calculate the lengths of various components of a roof system.






31. Part of a common rafter - shortened for framing a hip rafter - a valley rafter - or both.






32. A rafter running between two valley rafters.






33. Extends diagonally from the corner of the plate to the ridge at the intersection of two surfaces of a hip roof.






34. The length of a stair stringer or rafter per unit of run.






35. The total horizontal distance over which a rafter slopes.






36. A rafter that runs from the plate to the ridge of the main roof.






37. The first and last rafter of a gable roof - usually having a finish or trim applied to it; also called barge or fly rafter.






38. Supporting timbers at which rafters may intersect each other in a gambrel roof.






39. The sloping portion of the gable ends of a building.






40. Temporary or permanent bracing that runs perpendicular to the braced members.






41. A vertical member of the cornice finish installed on the tail end of rafters.






42. A short rafter running parallel to common rafters - cut between hip and valley rafters.






43. A structure that projects out from a sloping roof to form another roofed area to provide a surface for the installation of windows.






44. A type of roof that slopes in one direction only.






45. The vertical distance that the roof rises from plate to ridge.






46. The horizontal distance covered by a roof.






47. A horizontal member placed close to the ridge at right angles to the plate.






48. A shortened common rafter that spans from the wall plate to a hip rafter.






49. Increasing the depth of the hip rafter seat cut so that the centerline of its top edge will lie in the plane of adjacent roof surfaces.






50. The triangular areas formed by the rake rafters and the wall plate at the ends of the building.