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Carpentry Roof Framing Vocab

Subjects : industries, carpentry
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. The triangular areas formed by the rake rafters and the wall plate at the ends of the building.






2. A shortened common rafter that spans from the wall plate to a hip rafter.






3. The sloping portion of the gable ends of a building.






4. Supporting timbers at which rafters may intersect each other in a gambrel roof.






5. The amount of slope to a roof expressed as ratio of the total rise to the span.






6. A horizontal distance of a stair tread or horizontal segment of the total run of a rafter.






7. The amount a stair or rafter rises per unit of run.






8. The roof of irregular shaped buildings; valleys are formed at the intersection of the roofs.






9. A rafter that runs from the plate to the ridge of the main roof.






10. The triangular-shaped section on the end of a building formed by the rafters in a common or gable roof and the top plate line.






11. The triangular-shaped section on the end of a building formed by the rafters in a common or gable roof and the top plate line.






12. Any line on the rafter that is horizontal when the rafter is in position.






13. A rafter running between a valley rafter and the ridge.






14. The amount a stair or rafter rises per unit of run.






15. A roof that slopes upward toward the ridge from four directions.






16. Term used to indicate the steepness of a roof; stated as unit rise on unit run - e.g. - 6 on 12.






17. A rafter running between two valley rafters.






18. The length of a rafter along a measuring line without consideration to the width or thickness of the rafter.






19. An inverted gable roof.






20. The rafter placed at the intersection of two roof slopes in interior corners.






21. The length of a stair stringer or rafter per unit of run.






22. A horizontal member of a roof frame that is placed on edge at the ridge and into which the upper ends of rafters are fastened.






23. A rafter running between a valley rafter and the ridge.






24. Temporary or permanent bracing that runs perpendicular to the braced members.






25. The underside trim members of a cornice or any such overhanging assembly.






26. A type of roof that has two different pitches on all sides of the building - with the lower slopes steeper than the upper.






27. The amount of slope to a roof expressed as ratio of the total rise to the span.






28. Extends diagonally from the corner of the plate to the ridge at the intersection of two surfaces of a hip roof.






29. A structure that projects out from a sloping roof to form another roofed area to provide a surface for the installation of windows.






30. A common rafter cut shorter that does not contact either a top plate or a ridge.






31. The vertical distance that the roof rises from plate to ridge.






32. A notch cut in the underside of a rafter to fit on top of the wall plate.






33. A type of roof that has two slopes of different pitches on each side of center.






34. A type of roof that has two slopes of different pitches on each side of center.






35. Term used to indicate the steepness of a roof; stated as unit rise on unit run - e.g. - 6 on 12.






36. The roof of irregular shaped buildings; valleys are formed at the intersection of the roofs.






37. The rafter placed at the intersection of two roof slopes in interior corners.






38. A vertical member of the cornice finish installed on the tail end of rafters.






39. Information found printed on the body of a framing square; used to calculate the lengths of various components of a roof system.






40. Studs that form the wall closing in the triangular area under a gable roof.






41. A common rafter cut shorter that does not contact either a top plate or a ridge.






42. Width of the smaller portion of a building with six or eight corners.






43. The vertical distance that the roof rises from plate to ridge.






44. The intersection of two roof slopes at interior corners.






45. The width of the larger portion of a building.






46. Beveling the top edge of a hip rafter to line it up with adjacent roof surfaces.






47. A type of roof that pitches in two directions.






48. Increasing the depth of the hip rafter seat cut so that the centerline of its top edge will lie in the plane of adjacent roof surfaces.






49. An inverted gable roof.






50. The horizontal distance covered by a roof.