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Carpentry Roof Framing Vocab

Subjects : industries, carpentry
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Extends diagonally from the corner of the plate to the ridge at the intersection of two surfaces of a hip roof.






2. A rafter running between a valley rafter and the ridge.






3. A horizontal member placed close to the ridge at right angles to the plate.






4. Term used to indicate the steepness of a roof; stated as unit rise on unit run - e.g. - 6 on 12.






5. The width of the larger portion of a building.






6. Width of the smaller portion of a building with six or eight corners.






7. A cut on the extreme lower end of a rafter.






8. A rafter running between two valley rafters.






9. A shortened common rafter that spans from the wall plate to a hip rafter.






10. Beveling the top edge of a hip rafter to line it up with adjacent roof surfaces.






11. The total horizontal distance over which a rafter slopes.






12. Any line on the rafter that is vertical when the rafter is in position.






13. Term used to indicate the steepness of a roof; stated as unit rise on unit run - e.g. - 6 on 12.






14. A compound miter cut on the end of certain roof rafters.






15. The intersection of two roof slopes at interior corners.






16. The vertical distance that the roof rises from plate to ridge.






17. The amount a stair or rafter rises per unit of run.






18. Width of the smaller portion of a building with six or eight corners.






19. A horizontal member placed close to the ridge at right angles to the plate.






20. A type of roof that has two slopes of different pitches on each side of center.






21. A horizontal member of a roof frame that is placed on edge at the ridge and into which the upper ends of rafters are fastened.






22. Increasing the depth of the hip rafter seat cut so that the centerline of its top edge will lie in the plane of adjacent roof surfaces.






23. A roof that slopes upward toward the ridge from four directions.






24. A rafter running between two valley rafters.






25. Part of a common rafter - shortened for framing a hip rafter - a valley rafter - or both.






26. A type of roof that slopes in one direction only.






27. The sloping portion of the gable ends of a building.






28. A rafter that runs from the plate to the ridge of the main roof.






29. The sloping portion of the gable ends of a building.






30. A type of roof that pitches in two directions.






31. Any line on the rafter that is horizontal when the rafter is in position.






32. The length of a stair stringer or rafter per unit of run.






33. Any line on the rafter that is horizontal when the rafter is in position.






34. A compound miter cut on the end of certain roof rafters.






35. The length of a stair stringer or rafter per unit of run.






36. A valley rafter that runs from the plate to the supporting valley rafter.






37. The underside trim members of a cornice or any such overhanging assembly.






38. The length of a rafter along a measuring line without consideration to the width or thickness of the rafter.






39. A type of roof that has two different pitches on all sides of the building - with the lower slopes steeper than the upper.






40. A valley rafter that runs from the plate to the supporting valley rafter.






41. A horizontal member of a roof frame that is placed on edge at the ridge and into which the upper ends of rafters are fastened.






42. Extends from the wall plate to the ridge board - where its run is perpendicular to the plate.






43. The amount a stair or rafter rises per unit of run.






44. Horizontal framing pieces in a cornice - installed to provide fastening for the soffit.






45. Information found printed on the body of a framing square; used to calculate the lengths of various components of a roof system.






46. A rafter that runs from the plate to the ridge of the main roof.






47. Supporting timbers at which rafters may intersect each other in a gambrel roof.






48. A vertical member of the cornice finish installed on the tail end of rafters.






49. Extends from the wall plate to the ridge board - where its run is perpendicular to the plate.






50. Any line on the rafter that is vertical when the rafter is in position.