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Carpentry Roof Framing Vocab

Subjects : industries, carpentry
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A type of roof that pitches in two directions.






2. A type of roof that has two slopes of different pitches on each side of center.






3. Supporting timbers at which rafters may intersect each other in a gambrel roof.






4. A horizontal member of a roof frame that is placed on edge at the ridge and into which the upper ends of rafters are fastened.






5. The amount a stair or rafter rises per unit of run.






6. A shortened common rafter that spans from the wall plate to a hip rafter.






7. A type of roof that pitches in two directions.






8. A notch cut in the underside of a rafter to fit on top of the wall plate.






9. A structure that projects out from a sloping roof to form another roofed area to provide a surface for the installation of windows.






10. A structure that projects out from a sloping roof to form another roofed area to provide a surface for the installation of windows.






11. A valley rafter that runs from the plate to the supporting valley rafter.






12. Width of the smaller portion of a building with six or eight corners.






13. A notch cut in the underside of a rafter to fit on top of the wall plate.






14. A common rafter cut shorter that does not contact either a top plate or a ridge.






15. Extends diagonally from the corner of the plate to the ridge at the intersection of two surfaces of a hip roof.






16. Any line on the rafter that is vertical when the rafter is in position.






17. A compound miter cut on the end of certain roof rafters.






18. A rafter running between a valley rafter and the ridge.






19. The triangular-shaped section on the end of a building formed by the rafters in a common or gable roof and the top plate line.






20. Extends from the wall plate to the ridge board - where its run is perpendicular to the plate.






21. A type of roof that slopes in one direction only.






22. An inverted gable roof.






23. The sloping portion of the gable ends of a building.






24. The first and last rafter of a gable roof - usually having a finish or trim applied to it; also called barge or fly rafter.






25. Extends from the wall plate to the ridge board - where its run is perpendicular to the plate.






26. A short rafter running parallel to common rafters - cut between hip and valley rafters.






27. A vertical member of the cornice finish installed on the tail end of rafters.






28. The underside trim members of a cornice or any such overhanging assembly.






29. The length of a stair stringer or rafter per unit of run.






30. Temporary or permanent bracing that runs perpendicular to the braced members.






31. The amount of slope to a roof expressed as ratio of the total rise to the span.






32. Term used to indicate the steepness of a roof; stated as unit rise on unit run - e.g. - 6 on 12.






33. A horizontal distance of a stair tread or horizontal segment of the total run of a rafter.






34. Horizontal framing pieces in a cornice - installed to provide fastening for the soffit.






35. A type of roof that has two different pitches on all sides of the building - with the lower slopes steeper than the upper.






36. The vertical distance that the roof rises from plate to ridge.






37. The horizontal distance covered by a roof.






38. A horizontal member placed close to the ridge at right angles to the plate.






39. Studs that form the wall closing in the triangular area under a gable roof.






40. The length of a stair stringer or rafter per unit of run.






41. Width of the smaller portion of a building with six or eight corners.






42. A rafter running between a valley rafter and the ridge.






43. Term used to indicate the steepness of a roof; stated as unit rise on unit run - e.g. - 6 on 12.






44. A short rafter running parallel to common rafters - cut between hip and valley rafters.






45. The rafter placed at the intersection of two roof slopes in interior corners.






46. The underside trim members of a cornice or any such overhanging assembly.






47. The width of the larger portion of a building.






48. A cut on the rafter that is a combination of a level cut and a plumb cut; also called the bird's mouth.






49. An inverted gable roof.






50. The horizontal distance covered by a roof.