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Carpentry Roof Framing Vocab

Subjects : industries, carpentry
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Beveling the top edge of a hip rafter to line it up with adjacent roof surfaces.






2. A vertical member of the cornice finish installed on the tail end of rafters.






3. A rafter running between two valley rafters.






4. Extends diagonally from the corner of the plate to the ridge at the intersection of two surfaces of a hip roof.






5. A structure that projects out from a sloping roof to form another roofed area to provide a surface for the installation of windows.






6. A type of roof that has two different pitches on all sides of the building - with the lower slopes steeper than the upper.






7. The first and last rafter of a gable roof - usually having a finish or trim applied to it; also called barge or fly rafter.






8. The width of the larger portion of a building.






9. A shortened common rafter that spans from the wall plate to a hip rafter.






10. The sloping portion of the gable ends of a building.






11. A type of roof that has two slopes of different pitches on each side of center.






12. A horizontal member of a roof frame that is placed on edge at the ridge and into which the upper ends of rafters are fastened.






13. A cut on the extreme lower end of a rafter.






14. A horizontal member placed close to the ridge at right angles to the plate.






15. A type of roof that pitches in two directions.






16. A shortened common rafter that spans from the wall plate to a hip rafter.






17. The roof of irregular shaped buildings; valleys are formed at the intersection of the roofs.






18. Extends diagonally from the corner of the plate to the ridge at the intersection of two surfaces of a hip roof.






19. Part of a common rafter - shortened for framing a hip rafter - a valley rafter - or both.






20. A short rafter running parallel to common rafters - cut between hip and valley rafters.






21. Supporting timbers at which rafters may intersect each other in a gambrel roof.






22. A type of roof that slopes in one direction only.






23. A rafter running between a valley rafter and the ridge.






24. A structure that projects out from a sloping roof to form another roofed area to provide a surface for the installation of windows.






25. Extends from the wall plate to the ridge board - where its run is perpendicular to the plate.






26. The length of a stair stringer or rafter per unit of run.






27. Beveling the top edge of a hip rafter to line it up with adjacent roof surfaces.






28. The horizontal distance covered by a roof.






29. The intersection of two roof slopes at interior corners.






30. The sloping portion of the gable ends of a building.






31. The amount a stair or rafter rises per unit of run.






32. The intersection of two roof slopes at interior corners.






33. A type of roof that has two different pitches on all sides of the building - with the lower slopes steeper than the upper.






34. A notch cut in the underside of a rafter to fit on top of the wall plate.






35. The length of a stair stringer or rafter per unit of run.






36. A horizontal member of a roof frame that is placed on edge at the ridge and into which the upper ends of rafters are fastened.






37. Studs that form the wall closing in the triangular area under a gable roof.






38. The underside trim members of a cornice or any such overhanging assembly.






39. A notch cut in the underside of a rafter to fit on top of the wall plate.






40. The roof of irregular shaped buildings; valleys are formed at the intersection of the roofs.






41. Any line on the rafter that is vertical when the rafter is in position.






42. A rafter that runs from the plate to the ridge of the main roof.






43. The triangular-shaped section on the end of a building formed by the rafters in a common or gable roof and the top plate line.






44. Part of a common rafter - shortened for framing a hip rafter - a valley rafter - or both.






45. The vertical distance that the roof rises from plate to ridge.






46. Horizontal framing pieces in a cornice - installed to provide fastening for the soffit.






47. A short rafter running parallel to common rafters - cut between hip and valley rafters.






48. Extends from the wall plate to the ridge board - where its run is perpendicular to the plate.






49. Information found printed on the body of a framing square; used to calculate the lengths of various components of a roof system.






50. A cut on the rafter that is a combination of a level cut and a plumb cut; also called the bird's mouth.