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Grammar Fundamentals

Subjects : english, grammar
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Words that show the relationship of dependent clause to the independent clause - e.g. as if than or as though once when

2. A pronoun that does not refer to a specific - person - place - thing - or idea; examples: everyone - everything - everybody - anybody - many - most - few - each - some - someone - all - nothing - nobody - and no one

3. Part of a sentence; usually missing a predicate or a subject

4. A phrase beginning with a verb that describes the subject - e.g. Walking home from school - River Tam stopped by the store and bought candy.

5. Two sentences joined incorrectly with only a comma

6. It is supposed to be absolutely clear who is being referred to by a pronoun. If you cannot tell who a pronoun is referring to it is ambiguous and must be fixed.

7. Is - seem - are - was - were - be - been - get - stay -become

8. includes all linking verbs and any action verbs that do not take an object; example: My friends CRIED - (his shoulder felt sore... 'sore' is a predicate adjective - not a direct object)

9. Point of view presents the events of the story from a narrator's point of view (he - she - it - they - them - their - her - his - or character's names are used)

10. A form of a verb that generally appears with the word 'to' and acts as a noun - adjective - or adverb

11. When noun or pronoun is the subject of the verb

12. Is - am - was - were - can - may - will - were - did - does

13. Subjective - Objective - Possessive

14. A sentence that asks a question--- "Why do I have to wash my hands ?"

15. A phrase consisting of a preposition - a noun or pronoun that serves as the object of the preposition - and any modifiers

16. Tells to whom - for whom the action of the verb is done. Ex. "Claire threw JOSEPH the ball"

17. Can be subject - do - io - oc - obj. of preposition - appositive or predicate noun

18. Describes subject

19. A word that begins a subordinate clause and relates it to another idea in the sentence: that - which - who - whom - whose

20. Word or phrase that shows strong emotion or surprise (whoa - look - ah)

21. The word - phrase - or clause referred to by a pronoun.

22. Noun - Pronoun - Adjective - Adverb - Verb - Conjunction - Preposition - Article - Interjection - Expletive - Verbal

23. Is the noun or pronoun that follows the preposition; example: The sands of the BEACH were white.

24. A word or phrase apparently modifying an unintended word because of its placement in a sentence: e.g. "wearing a ball gown" in the sentence - "She sat on the lap of a fat man wearing a ball gown."

25. Names a quality of mental concept; intangible idea - feeling - quality - or characteristic: loyalty - curiosity - health - grace - sweetness

26. A verb used to state a fact or ask a question

27. A noun that can be made plural via changing the ending - usually by adding "s"

28. An expression that cannot be understood if taken literally (ex- "Get your head out of the clouds").

29. Tells what the subject is or does

30. A related group of words containing a subject and a predicate and expressing a complete thought.

31. Simple - Complex - Compound - Complex-compound

32. Renames or describes the direct object

33. A word that expresses action or a state of being

34. Names a person - place - or thing that can be perceived by one or more of the senses

35. Declaratory - Interrogative - Exclamatory - Imperative

36. Describes a noun or pronoun on its own terms - without comparing it to anything else. example: This is a HOT day.

37. S - shape - C - color - R - race - A - age - M - material - These are not separated by commas

38. A ___________ has one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.

39. A sentence that makes a statement or declaration

40. An expression including a subject and predicate but not constituting a complete sentence

41. A clause that functions as an adjective and usually begins with a relative pronoun that is often omitted

42. A ____________ has two or more independent clauses connected with a comma and a coordinating conjunction - or a semi-colon.

43. Renames a noun

44. Verb whose past and past participle are formed by adding -ed or -d to the present - E.g. play-played- - like-liked

45. Renames subject

46. 'To be' + present participle (ing)

47. Any group of words that is missing either a Subject or a Verb.

48. A noun that cannot be made plural via changing the ending - usually by adding "s"

49. Must place your word next to the one you're modifying

50. A sentence with two or more coordinate independent clauses - often joined by one or more conjunctions.