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Grammar Fundamentals

Subjects : english, grammar
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Subordinating conjunction (He asked that she go.) - Relative pronoun (He took the test that was hard.) - Demonstrative pronoun (That was hard.) - Demonstrative adjective (That test was hard.) - Adverb (The test wasn't that bad.)

2. Declaratory - Interrogative - Exclamatory - Imperative

3. Prepositions function as ___or ___

4. A noun that cannot be made plural via changing the ending - usually by adding "s"

5. A phrase consisting of a preposition - a noun or pronoun that serves as the object of the preposition - and any modifiers

6. Tells what the subject is or does

7. The narrator tells a listener what he/she has done or said - using the personal pronoun "you." This point of view is rare.

8. A sentence that makes a statement or declaration

9. A word that begins a subordinate clause and relates it to another idea in the sentence: that - which - who - whom - whose

10. A related group of words containing a subject and a predicate and expressing a complete thought.

11. Must place your word next to the one you're modifying

12. Renames or describes the direct object

13. A clause that functions as an adjective and usually begins with a relative pronoun that is often omitted

14. Tells that something will happen in the future; uses WILL with the verb; example: Dena WILL LAUGH at the jokes

15. Is the noun or pronoun that follows the preposition; example: The sands of the BEACH were white.

16. A word or phrase apparently modifying an unintended word because of its placement in a sentence: e.g. "wearing a ball gown" in the sentence - "She sat on the lap of a fat man wearing a ball gown."

17. Is - seem - are - was - were - be - been - get - stay -become

18. Part of a sentence; usually missing a predicate or a subject

19. When noun or pronoun is the subject of the verb

20. An adjective used to compare two items; example: Today is HOTTER than yesterday. (Usually uses -er)

21. Verb used as a command

22. A sentence in which the subject performs the action. (George built this house.)

23. A ___________ has one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.

24. The _____ of a sentence receives the action of the verb

25. The part of the sentence about which something is said or the person - place - or thing that does the action

26. A sentence that communicate a strong emotion or surprise

27. Names a person - place - or thing that can be perceived by one or more of the senses

28. Describes a noun or pronoun on its own terms - without comparing it to anything else. example: This is a HOT day.

29. An expression including a subject and predicate but not constituting a complete sentence

30. Tells whom or what the sentence is about - the person place or thing doing the verb

31. A ____________ has two or more independent clauses connected with a comma and a coordinating conjunction - or a semi-colon.

32. Verbal acting like a noun

33. Renames subject

34. A word or group of words that can function as a noun

35. It is supposed to be absolutely clear who is being referred to by a pronoun. If you cannot tell who a pronoun is referring to it is ambiguous and must be fixed.

36. Does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence - even though it has a subject and a verb - e.g. ...because she is funny

37. Simple - Complex - Compound - Complex-compound

38. The word - phrase - or clause referred to by a pronoun.

39. A verb that requires a direct object to complete its meaning: they WASHED their new car.

40. Is - am - was - were - can - may - will - were - did - does

41. When the action begins in the past and is completed in the past (I had hoped to be finished by November.)

42. Tells to whom - for whom the action of the verb is done. Ex. "Claire threw JOSEPH the ball"

43. The point of view in which the narrator is a character in the story - using words like I we - and us

44. Point of view presents the events of the story from a narrator's point of view (he - she - it - they - them - their - her - his - or character's names are used)

45. Can be subject - do - io - oc - obj. of preposition - appositive or predicate noun

46. Clause contains a subject and a verb - AND it can stand alone

47. An infinitive with an adverb between 'to' and the verb (e.g. - 'to boldly go')

48. Verb whose past and past participle are formed by adding -ed or -d to the present - E.g. play-played- - like-liked

49. 'To be' + present participle (ing)

50. A phase that is related to a sentence in meaning though it has no grammatical relationship to the sentence.