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Grammar Fundamentals

Subjects : english, grammar
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. An infinitive with an adverb between 'to' and the verb (e.g. - 'to boldly go')

2. The part of the sentence about which something is said or the person - place - or thing that does the action

3. Sentence where independent clauses are joined incorrectly - Comma splice - I ate he slept. (Need semi-colon!)

4. A ____________ has two or more independent clauses connected with a comma and a coordinating conjunction - or a semi-colon.

5. Tells what the subject is or does

6. Verbal acting like a noun

7. Describes a noun or pronoun on its own terms - without comparing it to anything else. example: This is a HOT day.

8. Subordinating conjunction (He asked that she go.) - Relative pronoun (He took the test that was hard.) - Demonstrative pronoun (That was hard.) - Demonstrative adjective (That test was hard.) - Adverb (The test wasn't that bad.)

9. A sentence that communicate a strong emotion or surprise

10. A group of words (usually two) that functions as a single part of speech

11. Does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence - even though it has a subject and a verb - e.g. ...because she is funny

12. The point of view in which the narrator is a character in the story - using words like I we - and us

13. Names a person - place - or thing that can be perceived by one or more of the senses

14. Two sentences joined incorrectly with only a comma

15. A word that begins a subordinate clause and relates it to another idea in the sentence: that - which - who - whom - whose

16. A phase that is related to a sentence in meaning though it has no grammatical relationship to the sentence.

17. A noun that cannot be made plural via changing the ending - usually by adding "s"

18. Names a quality of mental concept; intangible idea - feeling - quality - or characteristic: loyalty - curiosity - health - grace - sweetness

19. A sentence that has one independent clause

20. A related group of words containing a subject and a predicate and expressing a complete thought.

21. There are two main types of ______ - pronoun reference - pronoun number singular or plural.

22. Words that show the relationship of dependent clause to the independent clause - e.g. as if than or as though once when

23. Tells whom or what the sentence is about - the person place or thing doing the verb

24. A phrase beginning with a verb that describes the subject - e.g. Walking home from school - River Tam stopped by the store and bought candy.

25. A phrase consisting of a preposition - a noun or pronoun that serves as the object of the preposition - and any modifiers

26. An expression including a subject and predicate but not constituting a complete sentence

27. Declaratory - Interrogative - Exclamatory - Imperative

28. An adjective used to compare two items; example: Today is HOTTER than yesterday. (Usually uses -er)

29. A sentence that makes a statement or declaration

30. Tells that something will happen in the future; uses WILL with the verb; example: Dena WILL LAUGH at the jokes

31. A sentence that makes a command

32. Personal - Relative - Indefinite - Demonstrative -Reflexive - Intensive - Interrogative - Reciprocal

33. The narrator tells a listener what he/she has done or said - using the personal pronoun "you." This point of view is rare.

34. (Stands for a noun) I - me - mine - you - your - he - him - his - she - her - hers - it - its - we - us - our/ours - they - them - their/theirs

35. The word - phrase - or clause referred to by a pronoun.

36. Noun - Pronoun - Adjective - Adverb - Verb - Conjunction - Preposition - Article - Interjection - Expletive - Verbal

37. includes all linking verbs and any action verbs that do not take an object; example: My friends CRIED - (his shoulder felt sore... 'sore' is a predicate adjective - not a direct object)

38. Simple - Complex - Compound - Complex-compound

39. Is - am - was - were - can - may - will - were - did - does

40. S - shape - C - color - R - race - A - age - M - material - These are not separated by commas

41. Prepositions function as ___or ___

42. A sentence in which the subject performs the action. (George built this house.)

43. Any group of words that is missing either a Subject or a Verb.

44. Verb whose past and past participle are formed by adding -ed or -d to the present - E.g. play-played- - like-liked

45. Takes the place of a noun and begins with a capitol letter

46. Renames a noun

47. An uncommon construction used to express with exactitude how a verb usage is to be interpreted

48. Would - Could - Should - May - Might - Must

49. 'To be' + present participle (ing)

50. A clause that functions as an adjective and usually begins with a relative pronoun that is often omitted