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Grammar Fundamentals

Subjects : english, grammar
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers to obvious but it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A verb used to state a fact or ask a question

2. An adjective used to compare two items; example: Today is HOTTER than yesterday. (Usually uses -er)

3. A group of words (usually two) that functions as a single part of speech

4. A verb that requires a direct object to complete its meaning: they WASHED their new car.

5. An uncommon construction used to express with exactitude how a verb usage is to be interpreted

6. Names a person - place - or thing that can be perceived by one or more of the senses

7. Pronoun that asks a question; examples: who - whom - whose - what - which

8. Tells that something will happen in the future; uses WILL with the verb; example: Dena WILL LAUGH at the jokes

9. The point of view in which the narrator is a character in the story - using words like I we - and us

10. A phrase beginning with a verb that describes the subject - e.g. Walking home from school - River Tam stopped by the store and bought candy.

11. Renames subject

12. A sentence with two or more coordinate independent clauses - often joined by one or more conjunctions.

13. Words that show the relationship of dependent clause to the independent clause - e.g. as if than or as though once when

14. Answer these 5 questions - how - when - where - why - how often - and NOT

15. The word - phrase - or clause referred to by a pronoun.

16. Is - seem - are - was - were - be - been - get - stay -become

17. Verbal acting like a noun

18. An expression that cannot be understood if taken literally (ex- "Get your head out of the clouds").

19. A word or group of words that can function as a noun

20. Describes subject

21. Verb used as a command

22. A phrase consisting of a preposition - a noun or pronoun that serves as the object of the preposition - and any modifiers

23. Renames a noun

24. A sentence in which the subject performs the action. (George built this house.)

25. Subordinating conjunction (He asked that she go.) - Relative pronoun (He took the test that was hard.) - Demonstrative pronoun (That was hard.) - Demonstrative adjective (That test was hard.) - Adverb (The test wasn't that bad.)

26. Takes the place of a noun or nouns; they show number and gender; example: singular: I - me - my - mine - you - your - yours - he - him - his - she - her - hers - it - its / plural: we - us - our - ours - you - your - yours - they - them - their - the

27. Noun - Pronoun - Adjective - Adverb - Verb - Conjunction - Preposition - Article - Interjection - Expletive - Verbal

28. When the action begins in the past and is completed in the past (I had hoped to be finished by November.)

29. Sentence - Clause - Phrase

30. S - shape - C - color - R - race - A - age - M - material - These are not separated by commas

31. Describes a noun or pronoun on its own terms - without comparing it to anything else. example: This is a HOT day.

32. 'To be' + present participle (ing)

33. Personal - Relative - Indefinite - Demonstrative -Reflexive - Intensive - Interrogative - Reciprocal

34. Does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence - even though it has a subject and a verb - e.g. ...because she is funny

35. A sentence that asks a question--- "Why do I have to wash my hands ?"

36. The _____ of a sentence receives the action of the verb

37. Verb whose past and past participle are formed by adding -ed or -d to the present - E.g. play-played- - like-liked

38. Subjective - Objective - Possessive

39. A ___________ has one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.

40. Tells what the subject is or does

41. Declaratory - Interrogative - Exclamatory - Imperative

42. A noun that is singular in form but refers to a group of people or things

43. Any group of words that is missing either a Subject or a Verb.

44. A sentence that communicate a strong emotion or surprise

45. A word that describes or modifies a noun or pronoun - answer these 3 questions: which one - how many - what kind - e.g. articles

46. Tells whom or what the sentence is about - the person place or thing doing the verb

47. (Stands for a noun) I - me - mine - you - your - he - him - his - she - her - hers - it - its - we - us - our/ours - they - them - their/theirs

48. Prepositional - Participial - Gerundive - Infinitive - Verb

49. A pronoun that points to or identifies a noun without explicitly naming it - This - that - these - those

50. Simple - Complex - Compound - Complex-compound