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Grammar Fundamentals

Subjects : english, grammar
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A person - place - thing - animal - action - or quality






2. Any one of a group of persons - places - things - or ideas and is generally not capitalized






3. Sentence - Clause - Phrase






4. Verbal acting like a noun






5. A noun that cannot be made plural via changing the ending - usually by adding "s"






6. There are two main types of ______ - pronoun reference - pronoun number singular or plural.






7. An expression including a subject and predicate but not constituting a complete sentence






8. Does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence - even though it has a subject and a verb - e.g. ...because she is funny






9. includes all linking verbs and any action verbs that do not take an object; example: My friends CRIED - (his shoulder felt sore... 'sore' is a predicate adjective - not a direct object)






10. Point of view presents the events of the story from a narrator's point of view (he - she - it - they - them - their - her - his - or character's names are used)






11. A sentence in which the subject performs the action. (George built this house.)






12. Phrases - Clauses - Objects (Direct and indirect) - Object of prepositions - Subject - Predicate






13. Sentence where independent clauses are joined incorrectly - Comma splice - I ate he slept. (Need semi-colon!)






14. Two sentences joined incorrectly with only a comma






15. Describes a noun or pronoun on its own terms - without comparing it to anything else. example: This is a HOT day.






16. Tells what the subject is or does






17. (Stands for a noun) I - me - mine - you - your - he - him - his - she - her - hers - it - its - we - us - our/ours - they - them - their/theirs






18. This error occurs when the number singular or plural pronoun does not match the subject is that they are replacing.






19. Personal - Relative - Indefinite - Demonstrative -Reflexive - Intensive - Interrogative - Reciprocal






20. Any group of words that is missing either a Subject or a Verb.






21. A sentence with two or more coordinate independent clauses - often joined by one or more conjunctions.






22. A word that describes or modifies a noun or pronoun - answer these 3 questions: which one - how many - what kind - e.g. articles






23. A phase that is related to a sentence in meaning though it has no grammatical relationship to the sentence.






24. A word or group of words that can function as a noun






25. Tells to whom - for whom the action of the verb is done. Ex. "Claire threw JOSEPH the ball"






26. Prepositional - Participial - Gerundive - Infinitive - Verb






27. An uncommon construction used to express with exactitude how a verb usage is to be interpreted






28. An infinitive with an adverb between 'to' and the verb (e.g. - 'to boldly go')






29. A form of a verb that generally appears with the word 'to' and acts as a noun - adjective - or adverb






30. A verb that requires a direct object to complete its meaning: they WASHED their new car.






31. Takes the place of a noun or nouns; they show number and gender; example: singular: I - me - my - mine - you - your - yours - he - him - his - she - her - hers - it - its / plural: we - us - our - ours - you - your - yours - they - them - their - the






32. Simple - Complex - Compound - Complex-compound






33. Subjective - Objective - Possessive






34. A verb used to state a fact or ask a question






35. A sentence that has one independent clause






36. The part of the sentence about which something is said or the person - place - or thing that does the action






37. A word that expresses action or a state of being






38. Names a person - place - or thing that can be perceived by one or more of the senses






39. Words that show the relationship of dependent clause to the independent clause - e.g. as if than or as though once when






40. A ____________ has two or more independent clauses connected with a comma and a coordinating conjunction - or a semi-colon.






41. A sentence that makes a command






42. Is - am - was - were - can - may - will - were - did - does






43. Verb used as a command






44. Can be subject - do - io - oc - obj. of preposition - appositive or predicate noun






45. A sentence that makes a statement or declaration






46. Is the noun or pronoun that follows the preposition; example: The sands of the BEACH were white.






47. Renames subject






48. Noun - Pronoun - Adjective - Adverb - Verb - Conjunction - Preposition - Article - Interjection - Expletive - Verbal






49. It is supposed to be absolutely clear who is being referred to by a pronoun. If you cannot tell who a pronoun is referring to it is ambiguous and must be fixed.






50. The word - phrase - or clause referred to by a pronoun.