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Grammar Fundamentals

Subjects : english, grammar
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. (Stands for a noun) I - me - mine - you - your - he - him - his - she - her - hers - it - its - we - us - our/ours - they - them - their/theirs

2. Verbal acting like a noun

3. Tells to whom - for whom the action of the verb is done. Ex. "Claire threw JOSEPH the ball"

4. Tells that something will happen in the future; uses WILL with the verb; example: Dena WILL LAUGH at the jokes

5. A word or group of words that can function as a noun

6. A sentence in which the subject performs the action. (George built this house.)

7. A sentence that has one independent clause

8. A clause that functions as an adjective and usually begins with a relative pronoun that is often omitted

9. A ___________ has one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.

10. A verb that requires a direct object to complete its meaning: they WASHED their new car.

11. The part of the sentence about which something is said or the person - place - or thing that does the action

12. A related group of words containing a subject and a predicate and expressing a complete thought.

13. Renames subject

14. A noun that cannot be made plural via changing the ending - usually by adding "s"

15. Describes a noun or pronoun on its own terms - without comparing it to anything else. example: This is a HOT day.

16. Verb whose past and past participle are formed by adding -ed or -d to the present - E.g. play-played- - like-liked

17. Used to show the relationship of a noun or pronoun to some other word in the sentence. Examples: in - under - near - behind - to - from - over

18. An infinitive with an adverb between 'to' and the verb (e.g. - 'to boldly go')

19. Subjective - Objective - Possessive

20. Answer these 5 questions - how - when - where - why - how often - and NOT

21. Verb used as a command

22. Renames or describes the direct object

23. Must place your word next to the one you're modifying

24. Sentence where independent clauses are joined incorrectly - Comma splice - I ate he slept. (Need semi-colon!)

25. Noun - Pronoun - Adjective - Adverb - Verb - Conjunction - Preposition - Article - Interjection - Expletive - Verbal

26. Subordinating conjunction (He asked that she go.) - Relative pronoun (He took the test that was hard.) - Demonstrative pronoun (That was hard.) - Demonstrative adjective (That test was hard.) - Adverb (The test wasn't that bad.)

27. Two sentences joined incorrectly with only a comma

28. Is the noun or pronoun that follows the preposition; example: The sands of the BEACH were white.

29. Point of view presents the events of the story from a narrator's point of view (he - she - it - they - them - their - her - his - or character's names are used)

30. Renames a noun

31. When the action begins in the past and is completed in the past (I had hoped to be finished by November.)

32. An expression including a subject and predicate but not constituting a complete sentence

33. Can be subject - do - io - oc - obj. of preposition - appositive or predicate noun

34. Names a quality of mental concept; intangible idea - feeling - quality - or characteristic: loyalty - curiosity - health - grace - sweetness

35. Word or phrase that shows strong emotion or surprise (whoa - look - ah)

36. A phrase beginning with a verb that describes the subject - e.g. Walking home from school - River Tam stopped by the store and bought candy.

37. Is - seem - are - was - were - be - been - get - stay -become

38. A group of words (usually two) that functions as a single part of speech

39. A sentence that makes a command

40. A form of a verb that generally appears with the word 'to' and acts as a noun - adjective - or adverb

41. When noun or pronoun is the subject of the verb

42. 'To be' + present participle (ing)

43. A word that describes or modifies a noun or pronoun - answer these 3 questions: which one - how many - what kind - e.g. articles

44. Prepositional - Participial - Gerundive - Infinitive - Verb

45. A ____________ has two or more independent clauses connected with a comma and a coordinating conjunction - or a semi-colon.

46. Names a person - place - or thing that can be perceived by one or more of the senses

47. It is supposed to be absolutely clear who is being referred to by a pronoun. If you cannot tell who a pronoun is referring to it is ambiguous and must be fixed.

48. A verb used to state a fact or ask a question

49. Personal - Relative - Indefinite - Demonstrative -Reflexive - Intensive - Interrogative - Reciprocal

50. Takes the place of a noun or nouns; they show number and gender; example: singular: I - me - my - mine - you - your - yours - he - him - his - she - her - hers - it - its / plural: we - us - our - ours - you - your - yours - they - them - their - the