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Grammar Fundamentals

Subjects : english, grammar
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Takes the place of a noun or nouns; they show number and gender; example: singular: I - me - my - mine - you - your - yours - he - him - his - she - her - hers - it - its / plural: we - us - our - ours - you - your - yours - they - them - their - the

2. An infinitive with an adverb between 'to' and the verb (e.g. - 'to boldly go')

3. Would - Could - Should - May - Might - Must

4. A group of words (usually two) that functions as a single part of speech

5. Noun - Pronoun - Adjective - Adverb - Verb - Conjunction - Preposition - Article - Interjection - Expletive - Verbal

6. Tells what the subject is or does

7. A pronoun that points to or identifies a noun without explicitly naming it - This - that - these - those

8. A clause that functions as an adjective and usually begins with a relative pronoun that is often omitted

9. Answer these 5 questions - how - when - where - why - how often - and NOT

10. The _____ of a sentence receives the action of the verb

11. A word that describes or modifies a noun or pronoun - answer these 3 questions: which one - how many - what kind - e.g. articles

12. A sentence that makes a command

13. (Stands for a noun) I - me - mine - you - your - he - him - his - she - her - hers - it - its - we - us - our/ours - they - them - their/theirs

14. The point of view in which the narrator is a character in the story - using words like I we - and us

15. Verb whose past and past participle are formed by adding -ed or -d to the present - E.g. play-played- - like-liked

16. A sentence that asks a question--- "Why do I have to wash my hands ?"

17. A noun that is singular in form but refers to a group of people or things

18. Describes a noun or pronoun on its own terms - without comparing it to anything else. example: This is a HOT day.

19. A ___________ has one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.

20. Used to show the relationship of a noun or pronoun to some other word in the sentence. Examples: in - under - near - behind - to - from - over

21. A word that expresses action or a state of being

22. When a noun or pronoun is the direct object - indirect object or object of a preposition

23. An uncommon construction used to express with exactitude how a verb usage is to be interpreted

24. A noun that cannot be made plural via changing the ending - usually by adding "s"

25. The word - phrase - or clause referred to by a pronoun.

26. A ____________ has two or more independent clauses connected with a comma and a coordinating conjunction - or a semi-colon.

27. A verb that requires a direct object to complete its meaning: they WASHED their new car.

28. A sentence with two or more coordinate independent clauses - often joined by one or more conjunctions.

29. Renames or describes the direct object

30. Point of view presents the events of the story from a narrator's point of view (he - she - it - they - them - their - her - his - or character's names are used)

31. A word or phrase apparently modifying an unintended word because of its placement in a sentence: e.g. "wearing a ball gown" in the sentence - "She sat on the lap of a fat man wearing a ball gown."

32. Pronoun that asks a question; examples: who - whom - whose - what - which

33. There are two main types of ______ - pronoun reference - pronoun number singular or plural.

34. Takes the place of a noun and begins with a capitol letter

35. S - shape - C - color - R - race - A - age - M - material - These are not separated by commas

36. Verb used as a command

37. A related group of words containing a subject and a predicate and expressing a complete thought.

38. A pronoun that does not refer to a specific - person - place - thing - or idea; examples: everyone - everything - everybody - anybody - many - most - few - each - some - someone - all - nothing - nobody - and no one

39. Does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence - even though it has a subject and a verb - e.g. ...because she is funny

40. When noun or pronoun is the subject of the verb

41. Word or phrase that shows strong emotion or surprise (whoa - look - ah)

42. Is the noun or pronoun that follows the preposition; example: The sands of the BEACH were white.

43. 'To be' + present participle (ing)

44. Verbal acting like a noun

45. A person - place - thing - animal - action - or quality

46. An adjective used to compare two items; example: Today is HOTTER than yesterday. (Usually uses -er)

47. Must place your word next to the one you're modifying

48. Phrases - Clauses - Objects (Direct and indirect) - Object of prepositions - Subject - Predicate

49. An expression that cannot be understood if taken literally (ex- "Get your head out of the clouds").

50. Tells that something will happen in the future; uses WILL with the verb; example: Dena WILL LAUGH at the jokes