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Grammar Fundamentals

Subjects : english, grammar
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Clause contains a subject and a verb - AND it can stand alone






2. Renames subject






3. A person - place - thing - animal - action - or quality






4. Tells whom or what the sentence is about - the person place or thing doing the verb






5. Would - Could - Should - May - Might - Must






6. Is - seem - are - was - were - be - been - get - stay -become






7. Does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence - even though it has a subject and a verb - e.g. ...because she is funny






8. Noun - Pronoun - Adjective - Adverb - Verb - Conjunction - Preposition - Article - Interjection - Expletive - Verbal






9. Simple - Complex - Compound - Complex-compound






10. A noun that can be made plural via changing the ending - usually by adding "s"






11. Takes the place of a noun and begins with a capitol letter






12. A sentence that has one independent clause






13. An infinitive with an adverb between 'to' and the verb (e.g. - 'to boldly go')






14. Renames a noun






15. Verb used as a command






16. A form of a verb that generally appears with the word 'to' and acts as a noun - adjective - or adverb






17. An adjective used to compare two items; example: Today is HOTTER than yesterday. (Usually uses -er)






18. Names a person - place - or thing that can be perceived by one or more of the senses






19. It is supposed to be absolutely clear who is being referred to by a pronoun. If you cannot tell who a pronoun is referring to it is ambiguous and must be fixed.






20. Part of a sentence; usually missing a predicate or a subject






21. This error occurs when the number singular or plural pronoun does not match the subject is that they are replacing.






22. Any group of words that is missing either a Subject or a Verb.






23. A word that begins a subordinate clause and relates it to another idea in the sentence: that - which - who - whom - whose






24. When a noun or pronoun is the direct object - indirect object or object of a preposition






25. Sentence - Clause - Phrase






26. The word - phrase - or clause referred to by a pronoun.






27. A phase that is related to a sentence in meaning though it has no grammatical relationship to the sentence.






28. Prepositions function as ___or ___






29. Can be subject - do - io - oc - obj. of preposition - appositive or predicate noun






30. Prepositional - Participial - Gerundive - Infinitive - Verb






31. A phrase consisting of a preposition - a noun or pronoun that serves as the object of the preposition - and any modifiers






32. Pronoun that asks a question; examples: who - whom - whose - what - which






33. S - shape - C - color - R - race - A - age - M - material - These are not separated by commas






34. Declaratory - Interrogative - Exclamatory - Imperative






35. A noun that is singular in form but refers to a group of people or things






36. A related group of words containing a subject and a predicate and expressing a complete thought.






37. A pronoun that does not refer to a specific - person - place - thing - or idea; examples: everyone - everything - everybody - anybody - many - most - few - each - some - someone - all - nothing - nobody - and no one






38. When the action begins in the past and is completed in the past (I had hoped to be finished by November.)






39. A sentence with two or more coordinate independent clauses - often joined by one or more conjunctions.






40. Verbal acting like a noun






41. Point of view presents the events of the story from a narrator's point of view (he - she - it - they - them - their - her - his - or character's names are used)






42. A verb used to state a fact or ask a question






43. Takes the place of a noun or nouns; they show number and gender; example: singular: I - me - my - mine - you - your - yours - he - him - his - she - her - hers - it - its / plural: we - us - our - ours - you - your - yours - they - them - their - the






44. Words that show the relationship of dependent clause to the independent clause - e.g. as if than or as though once when






45. 'To be' + present participle (ing)






46. A word or group of words that can function as a noun






47. Subjective - Objective - Possessive






48. A word that describes or modifies a noun or pronoun - answer these 3 questions: which one - how many - what kind - e.g. articles






49. Subordinating conjunction (He asked that she go.) - Relative pronoun (He took the test that was hard.) - Demonstrative pronoun (That was hard.) - Demonstrative adjective (That test was hard.) - Adverb (The test wasn't that bad.)






50. Verb whose past and past participle are formed by adding -ed or -d to the present - E.g. play-played- - like-liked