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Grammar Fundamentals

Subjects : english, grammar
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Clause contains a subject and a verb - AND it can stand alone

2. Renames subject

3. A person - place - thing - animal - action - or quality

4. Tells whom or what the sentence is about - the person place or thing doing the verb

5. Would - Could - Should - May - Might - Must

6. Is - seem - are - was - were - be - been - get - stay -become

7. Does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence - even though it has a subject and a verb - e.g. ...because she is funny

8. Noun - Pronoun - Adjective - Adverb - Verb - Conjunction - Preposition - Article - Interjection - Expletive - Verbal

9. Simple - Complex - Compound - Complex-compound

10. A noun that can be made plural via changing the ending - usually by adding "s"

11. Takes the place of a noun and begins with a capitol letter

12. A sentence that has one independent clause

13. An infinitive with an adverb between 'to' and the verb (e.g. - 'to boldly go')

14. Renames a noun

15. Verb used as a command

16. A form of a verb that generally appears with the word 'to' and acts as a noun - adjective - or adverb

17. An adjective used to compare two items; example: Today is HOTTER than yesterday. (Usually uses -er)

18. Names a person - place - or thing that can be perceived by one or more of the senses

19. It is supposed to be absolutely clear who is being referred to by a pronoun. If you cannot tell who a pronoun is referring to it is ambiguous and must be fixed.

20. Part of a sentence; usually missing a predicate or a subject

21. This error occurs when the number singular or plural pronoun does not match the subject is that they are replacing.

22. Any group of words that is missing either a Subject or a Verb.

23. A word that begins a subordinate clause and relates it to another idea in the sentence: that - which - who - whom - whose

24. When a noun or pronoun is the direct object - indirect object or object of a preposition

25. Sentence - Clause - Phrase

26. The word - phrase - or clause referred to by a pronoun.

27. A phase that is related to a sentence in meaning though it has no grammatical relationship to the sentence.

28. Prepositions function as ___or ___

29. Can be subject - do - io - oc - obj. of preposition - appositive or predicate noun

30. Prepositional - Participial - Gerundive - Infinitive - Verb

31. A phrase consisting of a preposition - a noun or pronoun that serves as the object of the preposition - and any modifiers

32. Pronoun that asks a question; examples: who - whom - whose - what - which

33. S - shape - C - color - R - race - A - age - M - material - These are not separated by commas

34. Declaratory - Interrogative - Exclamatory - Imperative

35. A noun that is singular in form but refers to a group of people or things

36. A related group of words containing a subject and a predicate and expressing a complete thought.

37. A pronoun that does not refer to a specific - person - place - thing - or idea; examples: everyone - everything - everybody - anybody - many - most - few - each - some - someone - all - nothing - nobody - and no one

38. When the action begins in the past and is completed in the past (I had hoped to be finished by November.)

39. A sentence with two or more coordinate independent clauses - often joined by one or more conjunctions.

40. Verbal acting like a noun

41. Point of view presents the events of the story from a narrator's point of view (he - she - it - they - them - their - her - his - or character's names are used)

42. A verb used to state a fact or ask a question

43. Takes the place of a noun or nouns; they show number and gender; example: singular: I - me - my - mine - you - your - yours - he - him - his - she - her - hers - it - its / plural: we - us - our - ours - you - your - yours - they - them - their - the

44. Words that show the relationship of dependent clause to the independent clause - e.g. as if than or as though once when

45. 'To be' + present participle (ing)

46. A word or group of words that can function as a noun

47. Subjective - Objective - Possessive

48. A word that describes or modifies a noun or pronoun - answer these 3 questions: which one - how many - what kind - e.g. articles

49. Subordinating conjunction (He asked that she go.) - Relative pronoun (He took the test that was hard.) - Demonstrative pronoun (That was hard.) - Demonstrative adjective (That test was hard.) - Adverb (The test wasn't that bad.)

50. Verb whose past and past participle are formed by adding -ed or -d to the present - E.g. play-played- - like-liked