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Grammar Fundamentals

Subjects : english, grammar
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. (Stands for a noun) I - me - mine - you - your - he - him - his - she - her - hers - it - its - we - us - our/ours - they - them - their/theirs

2. Declaratory - Interrogative - Exclamatory - Imperative

3. A word that describes or modifies a noun or pronoun - answer these 3 questions: which one - how many - what kind - e.g. articles

4. When noun or pronoun is the subject of the verb

5. A ____________ has two or more independent clauses connected with a comma and a coordinating conjunction - or a semi-colon.

6. Two sentences joined incorrectly with only a comma

7. Takes the place of a noun and begins with a capitol letter

8. Is the noun or pronoun that follows the preposition; example: The sands of the BEACH were white.

9. Verb used as a command

10. A sentence that makes a statement or declaration

11. When the action begins in the past and is completed in the past (I had hoped to be finished by November.)

12. A pronoun that does not refer to a specific - person - place - thing - or idea; examples: everyone - everything - everybody - anybody - many - most - few - each - some - someone - all - nothing - nobody - and no one

13. Clause contains a subject and a verb - AND it can stand alone

14. includes all linking verbs and any action verbs that do not take an object; example: My friends CRIED - (his shoulder felt sore... 'sore' is a predicate adjective - not a direct object)

15. A verb that requires a direct object to complete its meaning: they WASHED their new car.

16. Personal - Relative - Indefinite - Demonstrative -Reflexive - Intensive - Interrogative - Reciprocal

17. 'To be' + present participle (ing)

18. Renames or describes the direct object

19. An expression including a subject and predicate but not constituting a complete sentence

20. Any one of a group of persons - places - things - or ideas and is generally not capitalized

21. A pronoun that points to or identifies a noun without explicitly naming it - This - that - these - those

22. A sentence with two or more coordinate independent clauses - often joined by one or more conjunctions.

23. Words that show the relationship of dependent clause to the independent clause - e.g. as if than or as though once when

24. Sentence - Clause - Phrase

25. The word - phrase - or clause referred to by a pronoun.

26. Subjective - Objective - Possessive

27. A person - place - thing - animal - action - or quality

28. An adjective used to compare two items; example: Today is HOTTER than yesterday. (Usually uses -er)

29. Tells what the subject is or does

30. A phrase beginning with a verb that describes the subject - e.g. Walking home from school - River Tam stopped by the store and bought candy.

31. A sentence that asks a question--- "Why do I have to wash my hands ?"

32. The narrator tells a listener what he/she has done or said - using the personal pronoun "you." This point of view is rare.

33. Verbal acting like a noun

34. Verb whose past and past participle are formed by adding -ed or -d to the present - E.g. play-played- - like-liked

35. A verb used to state a fact or ask a question

36. Names a person - place - or thing that can be perceived by one or more of the senses

37. Can be subject - do - io - oc - obj. of preposition - appositive or predicate noun

38. Any group of words that is missing either a Subject or a Verb.

39. A group of words (usually two) that functions as a single part of speech

40. An uncommon construction used to express with exactitude how a verb usage is to be interpreted

41. Answer these 5 questions - how - when - where - why - how often - and NOT

42. A noun that can be made plural via changing the ending - usually by adding "s"

43. A sentence in which the subject performs the action. (George built this house.)

44. A form of a verb that generally appears with the word 'to' and acts as a noun - adjective - or adverb

45. It is supposed to be absolutely clear who is being referred to by a pronoun. If you cannot tell who a pronoun is referring to it is ambiguous and must be fixed.

46. S - shape - C - color - R - race - A - age - M - material - These are not separated by commas

47. A word or group of words that can function as a noun

48. Sentence where independent clauses are joined incorrectly - Comma splice - I ate he slept. (Need semi-colon!)

49. A sentence that has one independent clause

50. Part of a sentence; usually missing a predicate or a subject