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Grammar Fundamentals

Subjects : english, grammar
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Verb used as a command

2. Must place your word next to the one you're modifying

3. An uncommon construction used to express with exactitude how a verb usage is to be interpreted

4. Tells to whom - for whom the action of the verb is done. Ex. "Claire threw JOSEPH the ball"

5. The part of the sentence about which something is said or the person - place - or thing that does the action

6. A pronoun that does not refer to a specific - person - place - thing - or idea; examples: everyone - everything - everybody - anybody - many - most - few - each - some - someone - all - nothing - nobody - and no one

7. Tells whom or what the sentence is about - the person place or thing doing the verb

8. S - shape - C - color - R - race - A - age - M - material - These are not separated by commas

9. Names a quality of mental concept; intangible idea - feeling - quality - or characteristic: loyalty - curiosity - health - grace - sweetness

10. An infinitive with an adverb between 'to' and the verb (e.g. - 'to boldly go')

11. Describes subject

12. Declaratory - Interrogative - Exclamatory - Imperative

13. Subordinating conjunction (He asked that she go.) - Relative pronoun (He took the test that was hard.) - Demonstrative pronoun (That was hard.) - Demonstrative adjective (That test was hard.) - Adverb (The test wasn't that bad.)

14. A sentence with two or more coordinate independent clauses - often joined by one or more conjunctions.

15. A noun that can be made plural via changing the ending - usually by adding "s"

16. A pronoun that points to or identifies a noun without explicitly naming it - This - that - these - those

17. A group of words (usually two) that functions as a single part of speech

18. Takes the place of a noun or nouns; they show number and gender; example: singular: I - me - my - mine - you - your - yours - he - him - his - she - her - hers - it - its / plural: we - us - our - ours - you - your - yours - they - them - their - the

19. Is the noun or pronoun that follows the preposition; example: The sands of the BEACH were white.

20. A sentence that asks a question--- "Why do I have to wash my hands ?"

21. A word that begins a subordinate clause and relates it to another idea in the sentence: that - which - who - whom - whose

22. A verb used to state a fact or ask a question

23. A sentence that makes a command

24. Does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence - even though it has a subject and a verb - e.g. ...because she is funny

25. An adjective used to compare two items; example: Today is HOTTER than yesterday. (Usually uses -er)

26. An expression that cannot be understood if taken literally (ex- "Get your head out of the clouds").

27. A noun that cannot be made plural via changing the ending - usually by adding "s"

28. A phrase beginning with a verb that describes the subject - e.g. Walking home from school - River Tam stopped by the store and bought candy.

29. Sentence where independent clauses are joined incorrectly - Comma splice - I ate he slept. (Need semi-colon!)

30. An expression including a subject and predicate but not constituting a complete sentence

31. Prepositions function as ___or ___

32. Verbal acting like a noun

33. Subjective - Objective - Possessive

34. Two sentences joined incorrectly with only a comma

35. A related group of words containing a subject and a predicate and expressing a complete thought.

36. Tells what the subject is or does

37. Part of a sentence; usually missing a predicate or a subject

38. Names a person - place - or thing that can be perceived by one or more of the senses

39. includes all linking verbs and any action verbs that do not take an object; example: My friends CRIED - (his shoulder felt sore... 'sore' is a predicate adjective - not a direct object)

40. A verb that requires a direct object to complete its meaning: they WASHED their new car.

41. Verb whose past and past participle are formed by adding -ed or -d to the present - E.g. play-played- - like-liked

42. Tells that something will happen in the future; uses WILL with the verb; example: Dena WILL LAUGH at the jokes

43. A word that expresses action or a state of being

44. Is - seem - are - was - were - be - been - get - stay -become

45. Can be subject - do - io - oc - obj. of preposition - appositive or predicate noun

46. Any group of words that is missing either a Subject or a Verb.

47. A ____________ has two or more independent clauses connected with a comma and a coordinating conjunction - or a semi-colon.

48. Is - am - was - were - can - may - will - were - did - does

49. A word or group of words that can function as a noun

50. A ___________ has one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.