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Grammar Fundamentals

Subjects : english, grammar
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Noun - Pronoun - Adjective - Adverb - Verb - Conjunction - Preposition - Article - Interjection - Expletive - Verbal

2. An expression including a subject and predicate but not constituting a complete sentence

3. A person - place - thing - animal - action - or quality

4. 'To be' + present participle (ing)

5. Phrases - Clauses - Objects (Direct and indirect) - Object of prepositions - Subject - Predicate

6. Word or phrase that shows strong emotion or surprise (whoa - look - ah)

7. A word or group of words that can function as a noun

8. A sentence that makes a statement or declaration

9. The narrator tells a listener what he/she has done or said - using the personal pronoun "you." This point of view is rare.

10. Prepositions function as ___or ___

11. A ___________ has one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.

12. This error occurs when the number singular or plural pronoun does not match the subject is that they are replacing.

13. Point of view presents the events of the story from a narrator's point of view (he - she - it - they - them - their - her - his - or character's names are used)

14. Describes a noun or pronoun on its own terms - without comparing it to anything else. example: This is a HOT day.

15. When a noun or pronoun is the direct object - indirect object or object of a preposition

16. Must place your word next to the one you're modifying

17. Part of a sentence; usually missing a predicate or a subject

18. A phrase beginning with a verb that describes the subject - e.g. Walking home from school - River Tam stopped by the store and bought candy.

19. A pronoun that does not refer to a specific - person - place - thing - or idea; examples: everyone - everything - everybody - anybody - many - most - few - each - some - someone - all - nothing - nobody - and no one

20. A phase that is related to a sentence in meaning though it has no grammatical relationship to the sentence.

21. Answer these 5 questions - how - when - where - why - how often - and NOT

22. includes all linking verbs and any action verbs that do not take an object; example: My friends CRIED - (his shoulder felt sore... 'sore' is a predicate adjective - not a direct object)

23. A noun that is singular in form but refers to a group of people or things

24. Two sentences joined incorrectly with only a comma

25. A word or phrase apparently modifying an unintended word because of its placement in a sentence: e.g. "wearing a ball gown" in the sentence - "She sat on the lap of a fat man wearing a ball gown."

26. Verbal acting like a noun

27. Simple - Complex - Compound - Complex-compound

28. Takes the place of a noun and begins with a capitol letter

29. A word that begins a subordinate clause and relates it to another idea in the sentence: that - which - who - whom - whose

30. It is supposed to be absolutely clear who is being referred to by a pronoun. If you cannot tell who a pronoun is referring to it is ambiguous and must be fixed.

31. Prepositional - Participial - Gerundive - Infinitive - Verb

32. S - shape - C - color - R - race - A - age - M - material - These are not separated by commas

33. Is the noun or pronoun that follows the preposition; example: The sands of the BEACH were white.

34. Used to show the relationship of a noun or pronoun to some other word in the sentence. Examples: in - under - near - behind - to - from - over

35. Renames subject

36. Takes the place of a noun or nouns; they show number and gender; example: singular: I - me - my - mine - you - your - yours - he - him - his - she - her - hers - it - its / plural: we - us - our - ours - you - your - yours - they - them - their - the

37. Subjective - Objective - Possessive

38. Tells to whom - for whom the action of the verb is done. Ex. "Claire threw JOSEPH the ball"

39. A sentence that has one independent clause

40. An infinitive with an adverb between 'to' and the verb (e.g. - 'to boldly go')

41. Clause contains a subject and a verb - AND it can stand alone

42. A sentence that asks a question--- "Why do I have to wash my hands ?"

43. A related group of words containing a subject and a predicate and expressing a complete thought.

44. Names a quality of mental concept; intangible idea - feeling - quality - or characteristic: loyalty - curiosity - health - grace - sweetness

45. Would - Could - Should - May - Might - Must

46. Verb whose past and past participle are formed by adding -ed or -d to the present - E.g. play-played- - like-liked

47. A sentence with two or more coordinate independent clauses - often joined by one or more conjunctions.

48. A noun that cannot be made plural via changing the ending - usually by adding "s"

49. Declaratory - Interrogative - Exclamatory - Imperative

50. An expression that cannot be understood if taken literally (ex- "Get your head out of the clouds").