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Grammar Fundamentals

Subjects : english, grammar
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A word that describes or modifies a noun or pronoun - answer these 3 questions: which one - how many - what kind - e.g. articles

2. Any group of words that is missing either a Subject or a Verb.

3. A phase that is related to a sentence in meaning though it has no grammatical relationship to the sentence.

4. A word that begins a subordinate clause and relates it to another idea in the sentence: that - which - who - whom - whose

5. Tells to whom - for whom the action of the verb is done. Ex. "Claire threw JOSEPH the ball"

6. The _____ of a sentence receives the action of the verb

7. An expression that cannot be understood if taken literally (ex- "Get your head out of the clouds").

8. A sentence that makes a command

9. Two sentences joined incorrectly with only a comma

10. Verb whose past and past participle are formed by adding -ed or -d to the present - E.g. play-played- - like-liked

11. A sentence that makes a statement or declaration

12. The point of view in which the narrator is a character in the story - using words like I we - and us

13. Word or phrase that shows strong emotion or surprise (whoa - look - ah)

14. Prepositions function as ___or ___

15. This error occurs when the number singular or plural pronoun does not match the subject is that they are replacing.

16. Sentence - Clause - Phrase

17. Names a quality of mental concept; intangible idea - feeling - quality - or characteristic: loyalty - curiosity - health - grace - sweetness

18. A ___________ has one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.

19. Takes the place of a noun and begins with a capitol letter

20. Phrases - Clauses - Objects (Direct and indirect) - Object of prepositions - Subject - Predicate

21. An infinitive with an adverb between 'to' and the verb (e.g. - 'to boldly go')

22. Point of view presents the events of the story from a narrator's point of view (he - she - it - they - them - their - her - his - or character's names are used)

23. Renames or describes the direct object

24. Subjective - Objective - Possessive

25. Words that show the relationship of dependent clause to the independent clause - e.g. as if than or as though once when

26. There are two main types of ______ - pronoun reference - pronoun number singular or plural.

27. A noun that is singular in form but refers to a group of people or things

28. A clause that functions as an adjective and usually begins with a relative pronoun that is often omitted

29. A form of a verb that generally appears with the word 'to' and acts as a noun - adjective - or adverb

30. A word or phrase apparently modifying an unintended word because of its placement in a sentence: e.g. "wearing a ball gown" in the sentence - "She sat on the lap of a fat man wearing a ball gown."

31. Answer these 5 questions - how - when - where - why - how often - and NOT

32. A word or group of words that can function as a noun

33. Prepositional - Participial - Gerundive - Infinitive - Verb

34. A sentence that communicate a strong emotion or surprise

35. Noun - Pronoun - Adjective - Adverb - Verb - Conjunction - Preposition - Article - Interjection - Expletive - Verbal

36. A pronoun that does not refer to a specific - person - place - thing - or idea; examples: everyone - everything - everybody - anybody - many - most - few - each - some - someone - all - nothing - nobody - and no one

37. Describes a noun or pronoun on its own terms - without comparing it to anything else. example: This is a HOT day.

38. Must place your word next to the one you're modifying

39. A verb that requires a direct object to complete its meaning: they WASHED their new car.

40. includes all linking verbs and any action verbs that do not take an object; example: My friends CRIED - (his shoulder felt sore... 'sore' is a predicate adjective - not a direct object)

41. A word that expresses action or a state of being

42. Subordinating conjunction (He asked that she go.) - Relative pronoun (He took the test that was hard.) - Demonstrative pronoun (That was hard.) - Demonstrative adjective (That test was hard.) - Adverb (The test wasn't that bad.)

43. A phrase beginning with a verb that describes the subject - e.g. Walking home from school - River Tam stopped by the store and bought candy.

44. A sentence that asks a question--- "Why do I have to wash my hands ?"

45. A related group of words containing a subject and a predicate and expressing a complete thought.

46. Tells whom or what the sentence is about - the person place or thing doing the verb

47. A group of words (usually two) that functions as a single part of speech

48. Any one of a group of persons - places - things - or ideas and is generally not capitalized

49. Does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence - even though it has a subject and a verb - e.g. ...because she is funny

50. Describes subject