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Grammar Fundamentals

Subjects : english, grammar
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A person - place - thing - animal - action - or quality






2. It is supposed to be absolutely clear who is being referred to by a pronoun. If you cannot tell who a pronoun is referring to it is ambiguous and must be fixed.






3. A pronoun that does not refer to a specific - person - place - thing - or idea; examples: everyone - everything - everybody - anybody - many - most - few - each - some - someone - all - nothing - nobody - and no one






4. The _____ of a sentence receives the action of the verb






5. An uncommon construction used to express with exactitude how a verb usage is to be interpreted






6. 'To be' + present participle (ing)






7. A sentence that makes a statement or declaration






8. Renames subject






9. Part of a sentence; usually missing a predicate or a subject






10. A noun that cannot be made plural via changing the ending - usually by adding "s"






11. Subordinating conjunction (He asked that she go.) - Relative pronoun (He took the test that was hard.) - Demonstrative pronoun (That was hard.) - Demonstrative adjective (That test was hard.) - Adverb (The test wasn't that bad.)






12. Can be subject - do - io - oc - obj. of preposition - appositive or predicate noun






13. An expression that cannot be understood if taken literally (ex- "Get your head out of the clouds").






14. Tells to whom - for whom the action of the verb is done. Ex. "Claire threw JOSEPH the ball"






15. When noun or pronoun is the subject of the verb






16. An adjective used to compare two items; example: Today is HOTTER than yesterday. (Usually uses -er)






17. The point of view in which the narrator is a character in the story - using words like I we - and us






18. A pronoun that points to or identifies a noun without explicitly naming it - This - that - these - those






19. A sentence with two or more coordinate independent clauses - often joined by one or more conjunctions.






20. Describes subject






21. A sentence in which the subject performs the action. (George built this house.)






22. A sentence that has one independent clause






23. Is - am - was - were - can - may - will - were - did - does






24. Describes a noun or pronoun on its own terms - without comparing it to anything else. example: This is a HOT day.






25. Prepositions function as ___or ___






26. (Stands for a noun) I - me - mine - you - your - he - him - his - she - her - hers - it - its - we - us - our/ours - they - them - their/theirs






27. Clause contains a subject and a verb - AND it can stand alone






28. Names a person - place - or thing that can be perceived by one or more of the senses






29. Answer these 5 questions - how - when - where - why - how often - and NOT






30. Any one of a group of persons - places - things - or ideas and is generally not capitalized






31. A noun that is singular in form but refers to a group of people or things






32. A sentence that communicate a strong emotion or surprise






33. A form of a verb that generally appears with the word 'to' and acts as a noun - adjective - or adverb






34. A noun that can be made plural via changing the ending - usually by adding "s"






35. Any group of words that is missing either a Subject or a Verb.






36. A verb used to state a fact or ask a question






37. includes all linking verbs and any action verbs that do not take an object; example: My friends CRIED - (his shoulder felt sore... 'sore' is a predicate adjective - not a direct object)






38. Sentence where independent clauses are joined incorrectly - Comma splice - I ate he slept. (Need semi-colon!)






39. A sentence that asks a question--- "Why do I have to wash my hands ?"






40. Takes the place of a noun and begins with a capitol letter






41. A word that describes or modifies a noun or pronoun - answer these 3 questions: which one - how many - what kind - e.g. articles






42. A word or group of words that can function as a noun






43. A word that begins a subordinate clause and relates it to another idea in the sentence: that - which - who - whom - whose






44. Would - Could - Should - May - Might - Must






45. Tells whom or what the sentence is about - the person place or thing doing the verb






46. Word or phrase that shows strong emotion or surprise (whoa - look - ah)






47. Does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence - even though it has a subject and a verb - e.g. ...because she is funny






48. A verb that requires a direct object to complete its meaning: they WASHED their new car.






49. A sentence that makes a command






50. Takes the place of a noun or nouns; they show number and gender; example: singular: I - me - my - mine - you - your - yours - he - him - his - she - her - hers - it - its / plural: we - us - our - ours - you - your - yours - they - them - their - the