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Grammar Fundamentals

Subjects : english, grammar
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence - even though it has a subject and a verb - e.g. ...because she is funny






2. Is - seem - are - was - were - be - been - get - stay -become






3. Words that show the relationship of dependent clause to the independent clause - e.g. as if than or as though once when






4. There are two main types of ______ - pronoun reference - pronoun number singular or plural.






5. An infinitive with an adverb between 'to' and the verb (e.g. - 'to boldly go')






6. Noun - Pronoun - Adjective - Adverb - Verb - Conjunction - Preposition - Article - Interjection - Expletive - Verbal






7. S - shape - C - color - R - race - A - age - M - material - These are not separated by commas






8. Used to show the relationship of a noun or pronoun to some other word in the sentence. Examples: in - under - near - behind - to - from - over






9. Can be subject - do - io - oc - obj. of preposition - appositive or predicate noun






10. The narrator tells a listener what he/she has done or said - using the personal pronoun "you." This point of view is rare.






11. Must place your word next to the one you're modifying






12. Tells whom or what the sentence is about - the person place or thing doing the verb






13. Tells what the subject is or does






14. Is - am - was - were - can - may - will - were - did - does






15. Phrases - Clauses - Objects (Direct and indirect) - Object of prepositions - Subject - Predicate






16. When a noun or pronoun is the direct object - indirect object or object of a preposition






17. Describes subject






18. A pronoun that points to or identifies a noun without explicitly naming it - This - that - these - those






19. Is the noun or pronoun that follows the preposition; example: The sands of the BEACH were white.






20. Names a quality of mental concept; intangible idea - feeling - quality - or characteristic: loyalty - curiosity - health - grace - sweetness






21. Answer these 5 questions - how - when - where - why - how often - and NOT






22. A sentence with two or more coordinate independent clauses - often joined by one or more conjunctions.






23. Would - Could - Should - May - Might - Must






24. Two sentences joined incorrectly with only a comma






25. A word or phrase apparently modifying an unintended word because of its placement in a sentence: e.g. "wearing a ball gown" in the sentence - "She sat on the lap of a fat man wearing a ball gown."






26. Part of a sentence; usually missing a predicate or a subject






27. Personal - Relative - Indefinite - Demonstrative -Reflexive - Intensive - Interrogative - Reciprocal






28. Clause contains a subject and a verb - AND it can stand alone






29. Verb whose past and past participle are formed by adding -ed or -d to the present - E.g. play-played- - like-liked






30. A group of words (usually two) that functions as a single part of speech






31. Describes a noun or pronoun on its own terms - without comparing it to anything else. example: This is a HOT day.






32. This error occurs when the number singular or plural pronoun does not match the subject is that they are replacing.






33. Tells that something will happen in the future; uses WILL with the verb; example: Dena WILL LAUGH at the jokes






34. Verb used as a command






35. Renames or describes the direct object






36. An expression including a subject and predicate but not constituting a complete sentence






37. includes all linking verbs and any action verbs that do not take an object; example: My friends CRIED - (his shoulder felt sore... 'sore' is a predicate adjective - not a direct object)






38. Sentence where independent clauses are joined incorrectly - Comma splice - I ate he slept. (Need semi-colon!)






39. When noun or pronoun is the subject of the verb






40. A form of a verb that generally appears with the word 'to' and acts as a noun - adjective - or adverb






41. Renames a noun






42. Tells to whom - for whom the action of the verb is done. Ex. "Claire threw JOSEPH the ball"






43. A word that begins a subordinate clause and relates it to another idea in the sentence: that - which - who - whom - whose






44. Any group of words that is missing either a Subject or a Verb.






45. Simple - Complex - Compound - Complex-compound






46. (Stands for a noun) I - me - mine - you - your - he - him - his - she - her - hers - it - its - we - us - our/ours - they - them - their/theirs






47. A clause that functions as an adjective and usually begins with a relative pronoun that is often omitted






48. A verb that requires a direct object to complete its meaning: they WASHED their new car.






49. A noun that is singular in form but refers to a group of people or things






50. When the action begins in the past and is completed in the past (I had hoped to be finished by November.)