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Grammar Fundamentals

Subjects : english, grammar
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A sentence that makes a command

2. includes all linking verbs and any action verbs that do not take an object; example: My friends CRIED - (his shoulder felt sore... 'sore' is a predicate adjective - not a direct object)

3. A sentence in which the subject performs the action. (George built this house.)

4. Pronoun that asks a question; examples: who - whom - whose - what - which

5. A sentence that communicate a strong emotion or surprise

6. A sentence that makes a statement or declaration

7. A pronoun that points to or identifies a noun without explicitly naming it - This - that - these - those

8. Words that show the relationship of dependent clause to the independent clause - e.g. as if than or as though once when

9. Describes a noun or pronoun on its own terms - without comparing it to anything else. example: This is a HOT day.

10. A sentence that has one independent clause

11. Tells what the subject is or does

12. Any group of words that is missing either a Subject or a Verb.

13. Verbal acting like a noun

14. Phrases - Clauses - Objects (Direct and indirect) - Object of prepositions - Subject - Predicate

15. A verb that requires a direct object to complete its meaning: they WASHED their new car.

16. A word or group of words that can function as a noun

17. An adjective used to compare two items; example: Today is HOTTER than yesterday. (Usually uses -er)

18. A group of words (usually two) that functions as a single part of speech

19. Names a quality of mental concept; intangible idea - feeling - quality - or characteristic: loyalty - curiosity - health - grace - sweetness

20. A related group of words containing a subject and a predicate and expressing a complete thought.

21. Two sentences joined incorrectly with only a comma

22. Answer these 5 questions - how - when - where - why - how often - and NOT

23. Clause contains a subject and a verb - AND it can stand alone

24. Does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence - even though it has a subject and a verb - e.g. ...because she is funny

25. Personal - Relative - Indefinite - Demonstrative -Reflexive - Intensive - Interrogative - Reciprocal

26. Simple - Complex - Compound - Complex-compound

27. A sentence with two or more coordinate independent clauses - often joined by one or more conjunctions.

28. When noun or pronoun is the subject of the verb

29. There are two main types of ______ - pronoun reference - pronoun number singular or plural.

30. A clause that functions as an adjective and usually begins with a relative pronoun that is often omitted

31. The word - phrase - or clause referred to by a pronoun.

32. A noun that is singular in form but refers to a group of people or things

33. A phrase consisting of a preposition - a noun or pronoun that serves as the object of the preposition - and any modifiers

34. Prepositions function as ___or ___

35. This error occurs when the number singular or plural pronoun does not match the subject is that they are replacing.

36. Verb used as a command

37. The _____ of a sentence receives the action of the verb

38. A word that begins a subordinate clause and relates it to another idea in the sentence: that - which - who - whom - whose

39. A ____________ has two or more independent clauses connected with a comma and a coordinating conjunction - or a semi-colon.

40. Must place your word next to the one you're modifying

41. Names a person - place - or thing that can be perceived by one or more of the senses

42. Renames subject

43. Can be subject - do - io - oc - obj. of preposition - appositive or predicate noun

44. A sentence that asks a question--- "Why do I have to wash my hands ?"

45. A noun that can be made plural via changing the ending - usually by adding "s"

46. It is supposed to be absolutely clear who is being referred to by a pronoun. If you cannot tell who a pronoun is referring to it is ambiguous and must be fixed.

47. The narrator tells a listener what he/she has done or said - using the personal pronoun "you." This point of view is rare.

48. A word that describes or modifies a noun or pronoun - answer these 3 questions: which one - how many - what kind - e.g. articles

49. Tells to whom - for whom the action of the verb is done. Ex. "Claire threw JOSEPH the ball"

50. Is - am - was - were - can - may - will - were - did - does