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Grammar Fundamentals

Subjects : english, grammar
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. An infinitive with an adverb between 'to' and the verb (e.g. - 'to boldly go')






2. A sentence with two or more coordinate independent clauses - often joined by one or more conjunctions.






3. Is - seem - are - was - were - be - been - get - stay -become






4. Describes a noun or pronoun on its own terms - without comparing it to anything else. example: This is a HOT day.






5. Pronoun that asks a question; examples: who - whom - whose - what - which






6. A phrase consisting of a preposition - a noun or pronoun that serves as the object of the preposition - and any modifiers






7. Is the noun or pronoun that follows the preposition; example: The sands of the BEACH were white.






8. Renames or describes the direct object






9. An expression including a subject and predicate but not constituting a complete sentence






10. Tells what the subject is or does






11. A sentence that has one independent clause






12. A clause that functions as an adjective and usually begins with a relative pronoun that is often omitted






13. A sentence that makes a statement or declaration






14. (Stands for a noun) I - me - mine - you - your - he - him - his - she - her - hers - it - its - we - us - our/ours - they - them - their/theirs






15. Phrases - Clauses - Objects (Direct and indirect) - Object of prepositions - Subject - Predicate






16. Used to show the relationship of a noun or pronoun to some other word in the sentence. Examples: in - under - near - behind - to - from - over






17. A noun that is singular in form but refers to a group of people or things






18. There are two main types of ______ - pronoun reference - pronoun number singular or plural.






19. The _____ of a sentence receives the action of the verb






20. Subjective - Objective - Possessive






21. Tells to whom - for whom the action of the verb is done. Ex. "Claire threw JOSEPH the ball"






22. An expression that cannot be understood if taken literally (ex- "Get your head out of the clouds").






23. S - shape - C - color - R - race - A - age - M - material - These are not separated by commas






24. Any one of a group of persons - places - things - or ideas and is generally not capitalized






25. Noun - Pronoun - Adjective - Adverb - Verb - Conjunction - Preposition - Article - Interjection - Expletive - Verbal






26. Verbal acting like a noun






27. 'To be' + present participle (ing)






28. Part of a sentence; usually missing a predicate or a subject






29. A word that describes or modifies a noun or pronoun - answer these 3 questions: which one - how many - what kind - e.g. articles






30. An uncommon construction used to express with exactitude how a verb usage is to be interpreted






31. A pronoun that does not refer to a specific - person - place - thing - or idea; examples: everyone - everything - everybody - anybody - many - most - few - each - some - someone - all - nothing - nobody - and no one






32. It is supposed to be absolutely clear who is being referred to by a pronoun. If you cannot tell who a pronoun is referring to it is ambiguous and must be fixed.






33. Names a person - place - or thing that can be perceived by one or more of the senses






34. Personal - Relative - Indefinite - Demonstrative -Reflexive - Intensive - Interrogative - Reciprocal






35. A verb that requires a direct object to complete its meaning: they WASHED their new car.






36. Renames subject






37. A person - place - thing - animal - action - or quality






38. A noun that cannot be made plural via changing the ending - usually by adding "s"






39. A pronoun that points to or identifies a noun without explicitly naming it - This - that - these - those






40. includes all linking verbs and any action verbs that do not take an object; example: My friends CRIED - (his shoulder felt sore... 'sore' is a predicate adjective - not a direct object)






41. A phrase beginning with a verb that describes the subject - e.g. Walking home from school - River Tam stopped by the store and bought candy.






42. A word or group of words that can function as a noun






43. Verb used as a command






44. Simple - Complex - Compound - Complex-compound






45. Verb whose past and past participle are formed by adding -ed or -d to the present - E.g. play-played- - like-liked






46. Takes the place of a noun or nouns; they show number and gender; example: singular: I - me - my - mine - you - your - yours - he - him - his - she - her - hers - it - its / plural: we - us - our - ours - you - your - yours - they - them - their - the






47. Word or phrase that shows strong emotion or surprise (whoa - look - ah)






48. Sentence where independent clauses are joined incorrectly - Comma splice - I ate he slept. (Need semi-colon!)






49. A sentence that makes a command






50. Must place your word next to the one you're modifying