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Grammar Fundamentals

Subjects : english, grammar
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A pronoun that does not refer to a specific - person - place - thing - or idea; examples: everyone - everything - everybody - anybody - many - most - few - each - some - someone - all - nothing - nobody - and no one

2. Declaratory - Interrogative - Exclamatory - Imperative

3. The part of the sentence about which something is said or the person - place - or thing that does the action

4. A ____________ has two or more independent clauses connected with a comma and a coordinating conjunction - or a semi-colon.

5. Phrases - Clauses - Objects (Direct and indirect) - Object of prepositions - Subject - Predicate

6. Takes the place of a noun or nouns; they show number and gender; example: singular: I - me - my - mine - you - your - yours - he - him - his - she - her - hers - it - its / plural: we - us - our - ours - you - your - yours - they - them - their - the

7. A phrase consisting of a preposition - a noun or pronoun that serves as the object of the preposition - and any modifiers

8. A form of a verb that generally appears with the word 'to' and acts as a noun - adjective - or adverb

9. Part of a sentence; usually missing a predicate or a subject

10. A verb that requires a direct object to complete its meaning: they WASHED their new car.

11. The point of view in which the narrator is a character in the story - using words like I we - and us

12. An expression including a subject and predicate but not constituting a complete sentence

13. A word or phrase apparently modifying an unintended word because of its placement in a sentence: e.g. "wearing a ball gown" in the sentence - "She sat on the lap of a fat man wearing a ball gown."

14. Verb whose past and past participle are formed by adding -ed or -d to the present - E.g. play-played- - like-liked

15. It is supposed to be absolutely clear who is being referred to by a pronoun. If you cannot tell who a pronoun is referring to it is ambiguous and must be fixed.

16. An expression that cannot be understood if taken literally (ex- "Get your head out of the clouds").

17. Must place your word next to the one you're modifying

18. A word or group of words that can function as a noun

19. Word or phrase that shows strong emotion or surprise (whoa - look - ah)

20. Verb used as a command

21. Is - am - was - were - can - may - will - were - did - does

22. Noun - Pronoun - Adjective - Adverb - Verb - Conjunction - Preposition - Article - Interjection - Expletive - Verbal

23. When the action begins in the past and is completed in the past (I had hoped to be finished by November.)

24. Renames subject

25. Sentence where independent clauses are joined incorrectly - Comma splice - I ate he slept. (Need semi-colon!)

26. Takes the place of a noun and begins with a capitol letter

27. A noun that can be made plural via changing the ending - usually by adding "s"

28. A verb used to state a fact or ask a question

29. A person - place - thing - animal - action - or quality

30. The narrator tells a listener what he/she has done or said - using the personal pronoun "you." This point of view is rare.

31. A word that begins a subordinate clause and relates it to another idea in the sentence: that - which - who - whom - whose

32. Any group of words that is missing either a Subject or a Verb.

33. Verbal acting like a noun

34. Renames a noun

35. Renames or describes the direct object

36. Personal - Relative - Indefinite - Demonstrative -Reflexive - Intensive - Interrogative - Reciprocal

37. Two sentences joined incorrectly with only a comma

38. A clause that functions as an adjective and usually begins with a relative pronoun that is often omitted

39. Prepositional - Participial - Gerundive - Infinitive - Verb

40. A phrase beginning with a verb that describes the subject - e.g. Walking home from school - River Tam stopped by the store and bought candy.

41. A ___________ has one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.

42. Simple - Complex - Compound - Complex-compound

43. This error occurs when the number singular or plural pronoun does not match the subject is that they are replacing.

44. Answer these 5 questions - how - when - where - why - how often - and NOT

45. A sentence with two or more coordinate independent clauses - often joined by one or more conjunctions.

46. Tells that something will happen in the future; uses WILL with the verb; example: Dena WILL LAUGH at the jokes

47. Is - seem - are - was - were - be - been - get - stay -become

48. Does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence - even though it has a subject and a verb - e.g. ...because she is funny

49. The word - phrase - or clause referred to by a pronoun.

50. A related group of words containing a subject and a predicate and expressing a complete thought.