Test your basic knowledge |

Grammar Fundamentals

Subjects : english, grammar
Instructions:
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
  • If you are not ready to take this test, you can study here.
  • Match each statement with the correct term.
  • Don't refresh. All questions and answers are randomly picked and ordered every time you load a test.

This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A sentence that makes a command






2. includes all linking verbs and any action verbs that do not take an object; example: My friends CRIED - (his shoulder felt sore... 'sore' is a predicate adjective - not a direct object)






3. A sentence in which the subject performs the action. (George built this house.)






4. Pronoun that asks a question; examples: who - whom - whose - what - which






5. A sentence that communicate a strong emotion or surprise






6. A sentence that makes a statement or declaration






7. A pronoun that points to or identifies a noun without explicitly naming it - This - that - these - those






8. Words that show the relationship of dependent clause to the independent clause - e.g. as if than or as though once when






9. Describes a noun or pronoun on its own terms - without comparing it to anything else. example: This is a HOT day.






10. A sentence that has one independent clause






11. Tells what the subject is or does






12. Any group of words that is missing either a Subject or a Verb.






13. Verbal acting like a noun






14. Phrases - Clauses - Objects (Direct and indirect) - Object of prepositions - Subject - Predicate






15. A verb that requires a direct object to complete its meaning: they WASHED their new car.






16. A word or group of words that can function as a noun






17. An adjective used to compare two items; example: Today is HOTTER than yesterday. (Usually uses -er)






18. A group of words (usually two) that functions as a single part of speech






19. Names a quality of mental concept; intangible idea - feeling - quality - or characteristic: loyalty - curiosity - health - grace - sweetness






20. A related group of words containing a subject and a predicate and expressing a complete thought.






21. Two sentences joined incorrectly with only a comma






22. Answer these 5 questions - how - when - where - why - how often - and NOT






23. Clause contains a subject and a verb - AND it can stand alone






24. Does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence - even though it has a subject and a verb - e.g. ...because she is funny






25. Personal - Relative - Indefinite - Demonstrative -Reflexive - Intensive - Interrogative - Reciprocal






26. Simple - Complex - Compound - Complex-compound






27. A sentence with two or more coordinate independent clauses - often joined by one or more conjunctions.






28. When noun or pronoun is the subject of the verb






29. There are two main types of ______ - pronoun reference - pronoun number singular or plural.






30. A clause that functions as an adjective and usually begins with a relative pronoun that is often omitted






31. The word - phrase - or clause referred to by a pronoun.






32. A noun that is singular in form but refers to a group of people or things






33. A phrase consisting of a preposition - a noun or pronoun that serves as the object of the preposition - and any modifiers






34. Prepositions function as ___or ___






35. This error occurs when the number singular or plural pronoun does not match the subject is that they are replacing.






36. Verb used as a command






37. The _____ of a sentence receives the action of the verb






38. A word that begins a subordinate clause and relates it to another idea in the sentence: that - which - who - whom - whose






39. A ____________ has two or more independent clauses connected with a comma and a coordinating conjunction - or a semi-colon.






40. Must place your word next to the one you're modifying






41. Names a person - place - or thing that can be perceived by one or more of the senses






42. Renames subject






43. Can be subject - do - io - oc - obj. of preposition - appositive or predicate noun






44. A sentence that asks a question--- "Why do I have to wash my hands ?"






45. A noun that can be made plural via changing the ending - usually by adding "s"






46. It is supposed to be absolutely clear who is being referred to by a pronoun. If you cannot tell who a pronoun is referring to it is ambiguous and must be fixed.






47. The narrator tells a listener what he/she has done or said - using the personal pronoun "you." This point of view is rare.






48. A word that describes or modifies a noun or pronoun - answer these 3 questions: which one - how many - what kind - e.g. articles






49. Tells to whom - for whom the action of the verb is done. Ex. "Claire threw JOSEPH the ball"






50. Is - am - was - were - can - may - will - were - did - does