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Grammar Fundamentals

Subjects : english, grammar
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Names a quality of mental concept; intangible idea - feeling - quality - or characteristic: loyalty - curiosity - health - grace - sweetness

2. An adjective used to compare two items; example: Today is HOTTER than yesterday. (Usually uses -er)

3. An infinitive with an adverb between 'to' and the verb (e.g. - 'to boldly go')

4. An uncommon construction used to express with exactitude how a verb usage is to be interpreted

5. A verb that requires a direct object to complete its meaning: they WASHED their new car.

6. Is the noun or pronoun that follows the preposition; example: The sands of the BEACH were white.

7. A verb used to state a fact or ask a question

8. S - shape - C - color - R - race - A - age - M - material - These are not separated by commas

9. A word that expresses action or a state of being

10. It is supposed to be absolutely clear who is being referred to by a pronoun. If you cannot tell who a pronoun is referring to it is ambiguous and must be fixed.

11. Personal - Relative - Indefinite - Demonstrative -Reflexive - Intensive - Interrogative - Reciprocal

12. The _____ of a sentence receives the action of the verb

13. 'To be' + present participle (ing)

14. Is - seem - are - was - were - be - been - get - stay -become

15. Tells that something will happen in the future; uses WILL with the verb; example: Dena WILL LAUGH at the jokes

16. A clause that functions as an adjective and usually begins with a relative pronoun that is often omitted

17. A group of words (usually two) that functions as a single part of speech

18. A related group of words containing a subject and a predicate and expressing a complete thought.

19. Words that show the relationship of dependent clause to the independent clause - e.g. as if than or as though once when

20. Verb whose past and past participle are formed by adding -ed or -d to the present - E.g. play-played- - like-liked

21. Takes the place of a noun or nouns; they show number and gender; example: singular: I - me - my - mine - you - your - yours - he - him - his - she - her - hers - it - its / plural: we - us - our - ours - you - your - yours - they - them - their - the

22. An expression that cannot be understood if taken literally (ex- "Get your head out of the clouds").

23. A word or phrase apparently modifying an unintended word because of its placement in a sentence: e.g. "wearing a ball gown" in the sentence - "She sat on the lap of a fat man wearing a ball gown."

24. Verb used as a command

25. A phrase consisting of a preposition - a noun or pronoun that serves as the object of the preposition - and any modifiers

26. Prepositional - Participial - Gerundive - Infinitive - Verb

27. Is - am - was - were - can - may - will - were - did - does

28. Renames or describes the direct object

29. Subordinating conjunction (He asked that she go.) - Relative pronoun (He took the test that was hard.) - Demonstrative pronoun (That was hard.) - Demonstrative adjective (That test was hard.) - Adverb (The test wasn't that bad.)

30. Phrases - Clauses - Objects (Direct and indirect) - Object of prepositions - Subject - Predicate

31. Would - Could - Should - May - Might - Must

32. The part of the sentence about which something is said or the person - place - or thing that does the action

33. Describes a noun or pronoun on its own terms - without comparing it to anything else. example: This is a HOT day.

34. When the action begins in the past and is completed in the past (I had hoped to be finished by November.)

35. A ____________ has two or more independent clauses connected with a comma and a coordinating conjunction - or a semi-colon.

36. A noun that can be made plural via changing the ending - usually by adding "s"

37. Sentence where independent clauses are joined incorrectly - Comma splice - I ate he slept. (Need semi-colon!)

38. Noun - Pronoun - Adjective - Adverb - Verb - Conjunction - Preposition - Article - Interjection - Expletive - Verbal

39. A person - place - thing - animal - action - or quality

40. Answer these 5 questions - how - when - where - why - how often - and NOT

41. A ___________ has one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.

42. An expression including a subject and predicate but not constituting a complete sentence

43. A phase that is related to a sentence in meaning though it has no grammatical relationship to the sentence.

44. Simple - Complex - Compound - Complex-compound

45. A word that describes or modifies a noun or pronoun - answer these 3 questions: which one - how many - what kind - e.g. articles

46. A sentence that makes a command

47. A sentence that has one independent clause

48. This error occurs when the number singular or plural pronoun does not match the subject is that they are replacing.

49. A word that begins a subordinate clause and relates it to another idea in the sentence: that - which - who - whom - whose

50. Can be subject - do - io - oc - obj. of preposition - appositive or predicate noun