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Grammar Fundamentals

Subjects : english, grammar
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Tells to whom - for whom the action of the verb is done. Ex. "Claire threw JOSEPH the ball"

2. Renames or describes the direct object

3. A noun that cannot be made plural via changing the ending - usually by adding "s"

4. A sentence that asks a question--- "Why do I have to wash my hands ?"

5. A noun that can be made plural via changing the ending - usually by adding "s"

6. A sentence that communicate a strong emotion or surprise

7. Does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence - even though it has a subject and a verb - e.g. ...because she is funny

8. When the action begins in the past and is completed in the past (I had hoped to be finished by November.)

9. Must place your word next to the one you're modifying

10. A pronoun that points to or identifies a noun without explicitly naming it - This - that - these - those

11. The point of view in which the narrator is a character in the story - using words like I we - and us

12. When noun or pronoun is the subject of the verb

13. Pronoun that asks a question; examples: who - whom - whose - what - which

14. The word - phrase - or clause referred to by a pronoun.

15. A form of a verb that generally appears with the word 'to' and acts as a noun - adjective - or adverb

16. Sentence where independent clauses are joined incorrectly - Comma splice - I ate he slept. (Need semi-colon!)

17. A word that begins a subordinate clause and relates it to another idea in the sentence: that - which - who - whom - whose

18. Is - am - was - were - can - may - will - were - did - does

19. Simple - Complex - Compound - Complex-compound

20. A group of words (usually two) that functions as a single part of speech

21. Subjective - Objective - Possessive

22. Verbal acting like a noun

23. Part of a sentence; usually missing a predicate or a subject

24. A phrase beginning with a verb that describes the subject - e.g. Walking home from school - River Tam stopped by the store and bought candy.

25. Used to show the relationship of a noun or pronoun to some other word in the sentence. Examples: in - under - near - behind - to - from - over

26. A phrase consisting of a preposition - a noun or pronoun that serves as the object of the preposition - and any modifiers

27. There are two main types of ______ - pronoun reference - pronoun number singular or plural.

28. Names a person - place - or thing that can be perceived by one or more of the senses

29. An uncommon construction used to express with exactitude how a verb usage is to be interpreted

30. A related group of words containing a subject and a predicate and expressing a complete thought.

31. Personal - Relative - Indefinite - Demonstrative -Reflexive - Intensive - Interrogative - Reciprocal

32. An expression including a subject and predicate but not constituting a complete sentence

33. Phrases - Clauses - Objects (Direct and indirect) - Object of prepositions - Subject - Predicate

34. Tells that something will happen in the future; uses WILL with the verb; example: Dena WILL LAUGH at the jokes

35. A sentence that has one independent clause

36. Names a quality of mental concept; intangible idea - feeling - quality - or characteristic: loyalty - curiosity - health - grace - sweetness

37. Declaratory - Interrogative - Exclamatory - Imperative

38. Two sentences joined incorrectly with only a comma

39. The narrator tells a listener what he/she has done or said - using the personal pronoun "you." This point of view is rare.

40. A pronoun that does not refer to a specific - person - place - thing - or idea; examples: everyone - everything - everybody - anybody - many - most - few - each - some - someone - all - nothing - nobody - and no one

41. Verb used as a command

42. Prepositional - Participial - Gerundive - Infinitive - Verb

43. An expression that cannot be understood if taken literally (ex- "Get your head out of the clouds").

44. A sentence that makes a statement or declaration

45. A ___________ has one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.

46. Word or phrase that shows strong emotion or surprise (whoa - look - ah)

47. Is - seem - are - was - were - be - been - get - stay -become

48. This error occurs when the number singular or plural pronoun does not match the subject is that they are replacing.

49. A sentence with two or more coordinate independent clauses - often joined by one or more conjunctions.

50. Can be subject - do - io - oc - obj. of preposition - appositive or predicate noun