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Grammar Fundamentals

Subjects : english, grammar
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A word that begins a subordinate clause and relates it to another idea in the sentence: that - which - who - whom - whose

2. Prepositional - Participial - Gerundive - Infinitive - Verb

3. Any group of words that is missing either a Subject or a Verb.

4. Takes the place of a noun or nouns; they show number and gender; example: singular: I - me - my - mine - you - your - yours - he - him - his - she - her - hers - it - its / plural: we - us - our - ours - you - your - yours - they - them - their - the

5. Describes a noun or pronoun on its own terms - without comparing it to anything else. example: This is a HOT day.

6. includes all linking verbs and any action verbs that do not take an object; example: My friends CRIED - (his shoulder felt sore... 'sore' is a predicate adjective - not a direct object)

7. Verb whose past and past participle are formed by adding -ed or -d to the present - E.g. play-played- - like-liked

8. Point of view presents the events of the story from a narrator's point of view (he - she - it - they - them - their - her - his - or character's names are used)

9. This error occurs when the number singular or plural pronoun does not match the subject is that they are replacing.

10. A noun that cannot be made plural via changing the ending - usually by adding "s"

11. Tells what the subject is or does

12. Names a quality of mental concept; intangible idea - feeling - quality - or characteristic: loyalty - curiosity - health - grace - sweetness

13. It is supposed to be absolutely clear who is being referred to by a pronoun. If you cannot tell who a pronoun is referring to it is ambiguous and must be fixed.

14. Verbal acting like a noun

15. A pronoun that points to or identifies a noun without explicitly naming it - This - that - these - those

16. Tells to whom - for whom the action of the verb is done. Ex. "Claire threw JOSEPH the ball"

17. Takes the place of a noun and begins with a capitol letter

18. A phrase beginning with a verb that describes the subject - e.g. Walking home from school - River Tam stopped by the store and bought candy.

19. Can be subject - do - io - oc - obj. of preposition - appositive or predicate noun

20. Used to show the relationship of a noun or pronoun to some other word in the sentence. Examples: in - under - near - behind - to - from - over

21. Phrases - Clauses - Objects (Direct and indirect) - Object of prepositions - Subject - Predicate

22. Subjective - Objective - Possessive

23. A word that describes or modifies a noun or pronoun - answer these 3 questions: which one - how many - what kind - e.g. articles

24. A word or phrase apparently modifying an unintended word because of its placement in a sentence: e.g. "wearing a ball gown" in the sentence - "She sat on the lap of a fat man wearing a ball gown."

25. An expression that cannot be understood if taken literally (ex- "Get your head out of the clouds").

26. A clause that functions as an adjective and usually begins with a relative pronoun that is often omitted

27. Clause contains a subject and a verb - AND it can stand alone

28. Any one of a group of persons - places - things - or ideas and is generally not capitalized

29. Word or phrase that shows strong emotion or surprise (whoa - look - ah)

30. When noun or pronoun is the subject of the verb

31. Declaratory - Interrogative - Exclamatory - Imperative

32. A related group of words containing a subject and a predicate and expressing a complete thought.

33. Personal - Relative - Indefinite - Demonstrative -Reflexive - Intensive - Interrogative - Reciprocal

34. The point of view in which the narrator is a character in the story - using words like I we - and us

35. An infinitive with an adverb between 'to' and the verb (e.g. - 'to boldly go')

36. 'To be' + present participle (ing)

37. A sentence that makes a statement or declaration

38. S - shape - C - color - R - race - A - age - M - material - These are not separated by commas

39. Pronoun that asks a question; examples: who - whom - whose - what - which

40. Noun - Pronoun - Adjective - Adverb - Verb - Conjunction - Preposition - Article - Interjection - Expletive - Verbal

41. A pronoun that does not refer to a specific - person - place - thing - or idea; examples: everyone - everything - everybody - anybody - many - most - few - each - some - someone - all - nothing - nobody - and no one

42. A word or group of words that can function as a noun

43. A noun that is singular in form but refers to a group of people or things

44. Tells that something will happen in the future; uses WILL with the verb; example: Dena WILL LAUGH at the jokes

45. Renames subject

46. An adjective used to compare two items; example: Today is HOTTER than yesterday. (Usually uses -er)

47. The _____ of a sentence receives the action of the verb

48. Verb used as a command

49. A noun that can be made plural via changing the ending - usually by adding "s"

50. Answer these 5 questions - how - when - where - why - how often - and NOT