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Grammar Fundamentals

Subjects : english, grammar
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence - even though it has a subject and a verb - e.g. ...because she is funny

2. Is - seem - are - was - were - be - been - get - stay -become

3. Words that show the relationship of dependent clause to the independent clause - e.g. as if than or as though once when

4. There are two main types of ______ - pronoun reference - pronoun number singular or plural.

5. An infinitive with an adverb between 'to' and the verb (e.g. - 'to boldly go')

6. Noun - Pronoun - Adjective - Adverb - Verb - Conjunction - Preposition - Article - Interjection - Expletive - Verbal

7. S - shape - C - color - R - race - A - age - M - material - These are not separated by commas

8. Used to show the relationship of a noun or pronoun to some other word in the sentence. Examples: in - under - near - behind - to - from - over

9. Can be subject - do - io - oc - obj. of preposition - appositive or predicate noun

10. The narrator tells a listener what he/she has done or said - using the personal pronoun "you." This point of view is rare.

11. Must place your word next to the one you're modifying

12. Tells whom or what the sentence is about - the person place or thing doing the verb

13. Tells what the subject is or does

14. Is - am - was - were - can - may - will - were - did - does

15. Phrases - Clauses - Objects (Direct and indirect) - Object of prepositions - Subject - Predicate

16. When a noun or pronoun is the direct object - indirect object or object of a preposition

17. Describes subject

18. A pronoun that points to or identifies a noun without explicitly naming it - This - that - these - those

19. Is the noun or pronoun that follows the preposition; example: The sands of the BEACH were white.

20. Names a quality of mental concept; intangible idea - feeling - quality - or characteristic: loyalty - curiosity - health - grace - sweetness

21. Answer these 5 questions - how - when - where - why - how often - and NOT

22. A sentence with two or more coordinate independent clauses - often joined by one or more conjunctions.

23. Would - Could - Should - May - Might - Must

24. Two sentences joined incorrectly with only a comma

25. A word or phrase apparently modifying an unintended word because of its placement in a sentence: e.g. "wearing a ball gown" in the sentence - "She sat on the lap of a fat man wearing a ball gown."

26. Part of a sentence; usually missing a predicate or a subject

27. Personal - Relative - Indefinite - Demonstrative -Reflexive - Intensive - Interrogative - Reciprocal

28. Clause contains a subject and a verb - AND it can stand alone

29. Verb whose past and past participle are formed by adding -ed or -d to the present - E.g. play-played- - like-liked

30. A group of words (usually two) that functions as a single part of speech

31. Describes a noun or pronoun on its own terms - without comparing it to anything else. example: This is a HOT day.

32. This error occurs when the number singular or plural pronoun does not match the subject is that they are replacing.

33. Tells that something will happen in the future; uses WILL with the verb; example: Dena WILL LAUGH at the jokes

34. Verb used as a command

35. Renames or describes the direct object

36. An expression including a subject and predicate but not constituting a complete sentence

37. includes all linking verbs and any action verbs that do not take an object; example: My friends CRIED - (his shoulder felt sore... 'sore' is a predicate adjective - not a direct object)

38. Sentence where independent clauses are joined incorrectly - Comma splice - I ate he slept. (Need semi-colon!)

39. When noun or pronoun is the subject of the verb

40. A form of a verb that generally appears with the word 'to' and acts as a noun - adjective - or adverb

41. Renames a noun

42. Tells to whom - for whom the action of the verb is done. Ex. "Claire threw JOSEPH the ball"

43. A word that begins a subordinate clause and relates it to another idea in the sentence: that - which - who - whom - whose

44. Any group of words that is missing either a Subject or a Verb.

45. Simple - Complex - Compound - Complex-compound

46. (Stands for a noun) I - me - mine - you - your - he - him - his - she - her - hers - it - its - we - us - our/ours - they - them - their/theirs

47. A clause that functions as an adjective and usually begins with a relative pronoun that is often omitted

48. A verb that requires a direct object to complete its meaning: they WASHED their new car.

49. A noun that is singular in form but refers to a group of people or things

50. When the action begins in the past and is completed in the past (I had hoped to be finished by November.)