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Grammar Fundamentals

Subjects : english, grammar
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. A word that describes or modifies a noun or pronoun - answer these 3 questions: which one - how many - what kind - e.g. articles

2. A phase that is related to a sentence in meaning though it has no grammatical relationship to the sentence.

3. Does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence - even though it has a subject and a verb - e.g. ...because she is funny

4. Noun - Pronoun - Adjective - Adverb - Verb - Conjunction - Preposition - Article - Interjection - Expletive - Verbal

5. Prepositional - Participial - Gerundive - Infinitive - Verb

6. Two sentences joined incorrectly with only a comma

7. A sentence that asks a question--- "Why do I have to wash my hands ?"

8. Sentence where independent clauses are joined incorrectly - Comma splice - I ate he slept. (Need semi-colon!)

9. Names a quality of mental concept; intangible idea - feeling - quality - or characteristic: loyalty - curiosity - health - grace - sweetness

10. The part of the sentence about which something is said or the person - place - or thing that does the action

11. Clause contains a subject and a verb - AND it can stand alone

12. Prepositions function as ___or ___

13. A sentence that communicate a strong emotion or surprise

14. Verbal acting like a noun

15. The _____ of a sentence receives the action of the verb

16. Tells what the subject is or does

17. A group of words (usually two) that functions as a single part of speech

18. Subjective - Objective - Possessive

19. Point of view presents the events of the story from a narrator's point of view (he - she - it - they - them - their - her - his - or character's names are used)

20. Describes subject

21. Personal - Relative - Indefinite - Demonstrative -Reflexive - Intensive - Interrogative - Reciprocal

22. Answer these 5 questions - how - when - where - why - how often - and NOT

23. An adjective used to compare two items; example: Today is HOTTER than yesterday. (Usually uses -er)

24. Pronoun that asks a question; examples: who - whom - whose - what - which

25. Phrases - Clauses - Objects (Direct and indirect) - Object of prepositions - Subject - Predicate

26. Verb whose past and past participle are formed by adding -ed or -d to the present - E.g. play-played- - like-liked

27. Tells that something will happen in the future; uses WILL with the verb; example: Dena WILL LAUGH at the jokes

28. A sentence with two or more coordinate independent clauses - often joined by one or more conjunctions.

29. Renames or describes the direct object

30. includes all linking verbs and any action verbs that do not take an object; example: My friends CRIED - (his shoulder felt sore... 'sore' is a predicate adjective - not a direct object)

31. Renames a noun

32. A word that expresses action or a state of being

33. A person - place - thing - animal - action - or quality

34. When a noun or pronoun is the direct object - indirect object or object of a preposition

35. A form of a verb that generally appears with the word 'to' and acts as a noun - adjective - or adverb

36. It is supposed to be absolutely clear who is being referred to by a pronoun. If you cannot tell who a pronoun is referring to it is ambiguous and must be fixed.

37. A verb that requires a direct object to complete its meaning: they WASHED their new car.

38. A word or group of words that can function as a noun

39. The word - phrase - or clause referred to by a pronoun.

40. A sentence in which the subject performs the action. (George built this house.)

41. Names a person - place - or thing that can be perceived by one or more of the senses

42. Part of a sentence; usually missing a predicate or a subject

43. There are two main types of ______ - pronoun reference - pronoun number singular or plural.

44. (Stands for a noun) I - me - mine - you - your - he - him - his - she - her - hers - it - its - we - us - our/ours - they - them - their/theirs

45. A sentence that makes a statement or declaration

46. Used to show the relationship of a noun or pronoun to some other word in the sentence. Examples: in - under - near - behind - to - from - over

47. Sentence - Clause - Phrase

48. Word or phrase that shows strong emotion or surprise (whoa - look - ah)

49. A word or phrase apparently modifying an unintended word because of its placement in a sentence: e.g. "wearing a ball gown" in the sentence - "She sat on the lap of a fat man wearing a ball gown."

50. The point of view in which the narrator is a character in the story - using words like I we - and us