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Grammar Fundamentals

Subjects : english, grammar
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Tells what the subject is or does

2. A clause that functions as an adjective and usually begins with a relative pronoun that is often omitted

3. Verb whose past and past participle are formed by adding -ed or -d to the present - E.g. play-played- - like-liked

4. When the action begins in the past and is completed in the past (I had hoped to be finished by November.)

5. An adjective used to compare two items; example: Today is HOTTER than yesterday. (Usually uses -er)

6. Takes the place of a noun and begins with a capitol letter

7. Point of view presents the events of the story from a narrator's point of view (he - she - it - they - them - their - her - his - or character's names are used)

8. A form of a verb that generally appears with the word 'to' and acts as a noun - adjective - or adverb

9. A phrase consisting of a preposition - a noun or pronoun that serves as the object of the preposition - and any modifiers

10. Would - Could - Should - May - Might - Must

11. A pronoun that does not refer to a specific - person - place - thing - or idea; examples: everyone - everything - everybody - anybody - many - most - few - each - some - someone - all - nothing - nobody - and no one

12. Part of a sentence; usually missing a predicate or a subject

13. Simple - Complex - Compound - Complex-compound

14. A word that begins a subordinate clause and relates it to another idea in the sentence: that - which - who - whom - whose

15. Any one of a group of persons - places - things - or ideas and is generally not capitalized

16. A person - place - thing - animal - action - or quality

17. The point of view in which the narrator is a character in the story - using words like I we - and us

18. There are two main types of ______ - pronoun reference - pronoun number singular or plural.

19. Declaratory - Interrogative - Exclamatory - Imperative

20. Prepositional - Participial - Gerundive - Infinitive - Verb

21. A verb used to state a fact or ask a question

22. Words that show the relationship of dependent clause to the independent clause - e.g. as if than or as though once when

23. A noun that is singular in form but refers to a group of people or things

24. Noun - Pronoun - Adjective - Adverb - Verb - Conjunction - Preposition - Article - Interjection - Expletive - Verbal

25. A sentence that makes a statement or declaration

26. A sentence with two or more coordinate independent clauses - often joined by one or more conjunctions.

27. The _____ of a sentence receives the action of the verb

28. Clause contains a subject and a verb - AND it can stand alone

29. Answer these 5 questions - how - when - where - why - how often - and NOT

30. Can be subject - do - io - oc - obj. of preposition - appositive or predicate noun

31. Two sentences joined incorrectly with only a comma

32. A sentence in which the subject performs the action. (George built this house.)

33. This error occurs when the number singular or plural pronoun does not match the subject is that they are replacing.

34. A phase that is related to a sentence in meaning though it has no grammatical relationship to the sentence.

35. The word - phrase - or clause referred to by a pronoun.

36. Subordinating conjunction (He asked that she go.) - Relative pronoun (He took the test that was hard.) - Demonstrative pronoun (That was hard.) - Demonstrative adjective (That test was hard.) - Adverb (The test wasn't that bad.)

37. A sentence that makes a command

38. A phrase beginning with a verb that describes the subject - e.g. Walking home from school - River Tam stopped by the store and bought candy.

39. Sentence where independent clauses are joined incorrectly - Comma splice - I ate he slept. (Need semi-colon!)

40. The narrator tells a listener what he/she has done or said - using the personal pronoun "you." This point of view is rare.

41. A word or group of words that can function as a noun

42. includes all linking verbs and any action verbs that do not take an object; example: My friends CRIED - (his shoulder felt sore... 'sore' is a predicate adjective - not a direct object)

43. Pronoun that asks a question; examples: who - whom - whose - what - which

44. Does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence - even though it has a subject and a verb - e.g. ...because she is funny

45. A word or phrase apparently modifying an unintended word because of its placement in a sentence: e.g. "wearing a ball gown" in the sentence - "She sat on the lap of a fat man wearing a ball gown."

46. Any group of words that is missing either a Subject or a Verb.

47. Is the noun or pronoun that follows the preposition; example: The sands of the BEACH were white.

48. Word or phrase that shows strong emotion or surprise (whoa - look - ah)

49. It is supposed to be absolutely clear who is being referred to by a pronoun. If you cannot tell who a pronoun is referring to it is ambiguous and must be fixed.

50. An uncommon construction used to express with exactitude how a verb usage is to be interpreted