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Grammar Fundamentals

Subjects : english, grammar
  • Answer 50 questions in 15 minutes.
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  • Match each statement with the correct term.
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This is a study tool. The 3 wrong answers for each question are randomly chosen from answers to other questions. So, you might find at times the answers obvious, but you will see it re-enforces your understanding as you take the test each time.
1. Names a person - place - or thing that can be perceived by one or more of the senses

2. A pronoun that does not refer to a specific - person - place - thing - or idea; examples: everyone - everything - everybody - anybody - many - most - few - each - some - someone - all - nothing - nobody - and no one

3. A form of a verb that generally appears with the word 'to' and acts as a noun - adjective - or adverb

4. A sentence that communicate a strong emotion or surprise

5. Simple - Complex - Compound - Complex-compound

6. Any group of words that is missing either a Subject or a Verb.

7. The point of view in which the narrator is a character in the story - using words like I we - and us

8. A noun that cannot be made plural via changing the ending - usually by adding "s"

9. Pronoun that asks a question; examples: who - whom - whose - what - which

10. Noun - Pronoun - Adjective - Adverb - Verb - Conjunction - Preposition - Article - Interjection - Expletive - Verbal

11. A word that begins a subordinate clause and relates it to another idea in the sentence: that - which - who - whom - whose

12. Tells what the subject is or does

13. The narrator tells a listener what he/she has done or said - using the personal pronoun "you." This point of view is rare.

14. S - shape - C - color - R - race - A - age - M - material - These are not separated by commas

15. Verb whose past and past participle are formed by adding -ed or -d to the present - E.g. play-played- - like-liked

16. Sentence where independent clauses are joined incorrectly - Comma splice - I ate he slept. (Need semi-colon!)

17. A phrase consisting of a preposition - a noun or pronoun that serves as the object of the preposition - and any modifiers

18. An expression that cannot be understood if taken literally (ex- "Get your head out of the clouds").

19. Verb used as a command

20. Declaratory - Interrogative - Exclamatory - Imperative

21. includes all linking verbs and any action verbs that do not take an object; example: My friends CRIED - (his shoulder felt sore... 'sore' is a predicate adjective - not a direct object)

22. A verb that requires a direct object to complete its meaning: they WASHED their new car.

23. When the action begins in the past and is completed in the past (I had hoped to be finished by November.)

24. A phrase beginning with a verb that describes the subject - e.g. Walking home from school - River Tam stopped by the store and bought candy.

25. Prepositional - Participial - Gerundive - Infinitive - Verb

26. When noun or pronoun is the subject of the verb

27. Prepositions function as ___or ___

28. A clause that functions as an adjective and usually begins with a relative pronoun that is often omitted

29. Is - am - was - were - can - may - will - were - did - does

30. A sentence that asks a question--- "Why do I have to wash my hands ?"

31. An expression including a subject and predicate but not constituting a complete sentence

32. Tells that something will happen in the future; uses WILL with the verb; example: Dena WILL LAUGH at the jokes

33. A word or phrase apparently modifying an unintended word because of its placement in a sentence: e.g. "wearing a ball gown" in the sentence - "She sat on the lap of a fat man wearing a ball gown."

34. Subordinating conjunction (He asked that she go.) - Relative pronoun (He took the test that was hard.) - Demonstrative pronoun (That was hard.) - Demonstrative adjective (That test was hard.) - Adverb (The test wasn't that bad.)

35. A sentence with two or more coordinate independent clauses - often joined by one or more conjunctions.

36. Is the noun or pronoun that follows the preposition; example: The sands of the BEACH were white.

37. An uncommon construction used to express with exactitude how a verb usage is to be interpreted

38. Clause contains a subject and a verb - AND it can stand alone

39. Renames or describes the direct object

40. A ___________ has one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.

41. A related group of words containing a subject and a predicate and expressing a complete thought.

42. Is - seem - are - was - were - be - been - get - stay -become

43. Word or phrase that shows strong emotion or surprise (whoa - look - ah)

44. Describes subject

45. The part of the sentence about which something is said or the person - place - or thing that does the action

46. A word or group of words that can function as a noun

47. Verbal acting like a noun

48. A pronoun that points to or identifies a noun without explicitly naming it - This - that - these - those

49. A noun that can be made plural via changing the ending - usually by adding "s"

50. Words that show the relationship of dependent clause to the independent clause - e.g. as if than or as though once when